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The 

Genealogical Quarterly 

Magazine 



DEVOTED TO 



GexNealogy, History, Heil^ldry, 
Revolutionary and Colonial Records. 



Salem Press Historical and Genealogical Record^ Vol. X, 

Maga-zine of New England History^ Vol. X. 

Putnani s Historical Magazine^ Vol. VIII. 



JAN.-DEC, 1900. 
Vol. I. 



EBEN PUTNAM, Publisher and Editor, 
Salem, Mass. 



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COJ^TSJ^TS 



[An index will be furnished with the following number.] 

PAGE 

Marriage Notices, Whole United States, 1 785-1 794, W-Z 3 

Marriages Recorded at Salem, Mass., 1714-52 ...'..- 14 

Dunstable, Mass., Cemetery Inscriptions 25 

Newington, Conn., Inhabitants, 1776 • • • 28 

Kingston, N. H., Church Gathering, 1725 37 

Marriages Recorded in St. John's Parish, Prince George Co., Md., 1 786-1794. 39 

Essex Co., Mass., Deeds, Vol. I, 1654-1636 47 

Earliest Records of St. James' Episcopal Church, Great Barrington, Mass., 
1770. [Including Nobletown, Lanesboro, Sheffield, Stockbridge, New 
Concord, Egremont, New Canaan, Tyrringham, Williamstown, Spencer- 
town, Stephantown, Burnetfield, Arlington, Partridgefield, Lenox, New 

Lebanon, Sandesfield.] 53 

Queries — Bradford-Mower, 52; Hunter, 67; Bishop, 73; Peck, Denison, 

Brown, Jones, 74. 
Book Notes — The First Meeting House in Salem, 68. Jennings Family, 71. 
Annals of Yarmouth and Barrington, N. S., 72. Goldthwaite Gen- 
ealogy, 73. 

Some Directions for Compiling and Palilishing Family Histories 75 

Part II, The Printed Book 108 

Eligibility in " Heriditary " Societies, with Bibliography 89 

Surnames, with Special Reference to the United States 96 

Abstracts from Essex Co., Mass., Probate Records, 1675-1676 118 

Earliest Records of St. James' Episcopal Church, Great Barrington, Mass., 
1 772- 1 793, includinuf Nobletown, Lanesboro, Lenox, New Concord, 
Canaan, New Lebanon, Sandesfield, Sheffield, Egremont, New Ashford. 126 

Killingly, Conn., Church Records I40 

Regnal Year of English Sovereigns 148 

Chittenden County, Vt., Probate, Vol. I .150 

Queries — Mower-Jackson 154 

Book Notes — Old Families of Norwich, Conn 147 






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CONTENTS 

PAG5 

Some Sources of Information Regarding Pennsylvania and New Jersey 

Genealogy 155 

Book Notes — Year Book of the Holland Society of New York, 1900. Rec- 
ords of the American Catholic Historical Society. A History of the 
English Church during the Civil Wars and the Commonwealth, 1640- 

1660 175 

Earliest Records of St. James' Episcopal Church, Great Barrington, Mass., 

to 1794 .179 

Records and Record Searching in England. [A comprehensive survey of the 
character of English records — a description of printed and original 

sources — written for Americans.] 188 

Notes — Kingsley, Holman, Jackson, Cummings, Sprague, Eames vs. Polly, 

Monotomy Fields, Old Planters' Society 224 

Earliest Records of St. James' Episcopal Church, Great Barrington, Mass., 
Part n. Outlying towns embraced in the parish, 1 773-1793. Sheffield, 

Egrcniont, Stockbridge, Lennox 227 

Day Book of Leonard Parkhurst, Gent., of marches to suppress Shay's Re- 
bellion 233 

Vital Records from Manuscript of Elijah Briggs, of Berkeley, Mass. — XVIUth 

Century 234 

Some Remarks on Family Traditions and Family Origins 239 

Marriages, St. John's Parish, Prince George County, Md., 1 700-1800 . . . 246 

Extracts from Vol. VL, Deeds, Rockingham Co., N. H 250 

Gen. Ira Allen, of Vermont, and His Part in Colchester's History 255 

Burlington, Vt., Marriages, 1789-1820 279 

Essex County, Mass., Court Records 282 

Book Notes 286 






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Edited £.:d Published by Eben Putnam, 



VOL. X. 



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WHOLE NO. 93. 



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Pittr-'jin's 
HIstcricel 
Magazine, 
i892-1300. 
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mHE GElsT]ALOGICAL QUAETEELY MAGAZIFB 
is published in April, July, October, and December, at 
Four Dollars per ami - on, (or three dollars if paid in advance). 
Single numbers, One Dollar. 



CONTENTS. 



Marriage Notices, whole United States, (Concluded) ..... 

Marriages recorded at Salem, Mass., . . . . . . . . 

Dunstable, Mass., Cemetery Inscriptions, . . . . 

Newington, Conn., Inhabitants 1776, .... . . 

Kingston, N. H., Church Gathering, . . ... 

Marriages recorded in St. John's Parish. Prince George County, Md., . 

Essex, Mass., Deeds, .... 

Earliest Records of St. o^ames Episcopal Church, Great Harrington, Mass., 
Book Notices, . . . . . . . . . . , . . 

Notes and Queries, . . . . . . . . ... . . 



3 
14 
25 
2-S 
37 
39 
47 
53 
67 
73 



Box 199, Salem, Mass., to whom subscriptions are payable. / 

Exchanges and books for review should be addressed to Eben Pctnam. 
49 NoKTii Pkospect St., Buklingtox, Vt. 



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MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 

Continued from page 301 ^ Vol. VII. 

Watson, Betsy, m. Thomas Russell. 

Watson, Elkanali. At Marblehead, Mr. E. W., of Plymouth, 

to Mrs. Glover, of Marblehead. W. Feb. 1, '92. 
Watson, Ellen, m. John Davis. 
Watts, Hannah, m. Capt. James Brown. 
Watts, Hannah, m. David West.^ 
Watts, SamueL By the Rev. Dr. Stillman, Mr. S. W., to Miss 

Joanna Harden. W. Jan. 5, '91. 
Wayne, Nancy, m. Isaac Tapley. 
Weare, Nabby, m. Joseph Alexander. 
Weaver, Betsey, m. John Greenwood. 
Webb, Abigail, m. Capt. Henry Burbeck. 
Webb, Abigail, m. Micah Simmons. 
Webb, Deborah, m. Josepli Barrett, jun. 
Webb, Martha, m. Matthew Dennison D'Orville. 
Webb, Nathan. In this town, Mr. N. W., mer., to Miss Sally 

Leach, both of this town. S. July 19, '91. 
Webb, Sally, m. Ebenezer Jennison. 
Webber, Joseph. Mr. J. W., tailor, to Miss Polly Winnet. 

W. Mch. 9, '85. 

' When Worth unites in Virtue's hand. 
• Tfie fiappineas to aye must stand.'' 

Webster, Hannah, m. Rev. John Foster. 

Webster, Noah, jun. In this town, N. W., jun., Esq., of Hart- 
ford, to Miss Rebecca Greenleaf, daughter of William Green- 
leaf, Esq., of this town. W. Oct. 28, '89. 

Webster, Polly, m. William D. Doak. 

Webster, Dr. Redford. On Sunday evening. Doctor R. W., 
to Miss Hannah White, daughter of Mr. John White. W. 
Sept. 5, '87. 

Wedgery, William. In this town, W. W., Esq., of New Glou- 
cester, to Mi's. Elizabeth Daffome, of this town. S. Oct. 30, 
'90. 

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4 MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 

Weed, Mrs. Elizabeth, m. Dea. Jacob Burgiss. 

Weeks, Walter. [At Portsmoutli.] Mr. W. W., to Miss Sarah 
Talton. S. Nov. 22, '94. 

Weiss, Lucy, lu. John Wyeth. 

Weld, Miss, m. Ebenezer T. Andrews. 

Weld, Benjamin. On Sunday evening last, B. W., Esq., Deput}^ 
Collector of this District, to the amiable Miss Nabby Perkins, 
daughter of Col. William Perkins, Commandant at Castle Is- 
land. W. Sept. 12, '92. 

AVeld, Ezra Waldo. At Worcester, I\Ir. E. W. W., printer, of 
Springfield, to Miss ]\Iary Wheeler, daughter of Joseph Wheel- 
er, Esq. W. Apr. 7, '90. 

Weld, Polly, m. William Morgan. 

Welles, Arnokl, jun. Last evening, Mr. A. W., jun., merchant, 
to the amiable Miss Betsy Warren, eldest daughter of the late 
General Warren. W. Sept. 7, '85. 

Wells, Dea. At Roxbury, Dea. Wells, to the amiable Miss 
Childs. W. Sept. 18, '93. 

Wells, ]Miss, m. Joseph Tuttle. 

Wells, Ashbee, at Hartford, Mr. A. W., jun., to Miss Mary 
Hopkins. S. Oct. 4, '94. 

Welsli, Betsey, m. Nathaniel Hancock. 

Welsh, Ezra. At Charlestown, by the Rev. M. Morse, Mr. 
E. W., to Miss Rachel Mallett. W. Dec. 30, '89. 

Welsh, Grace, m. Samuel Payson. 

Welsli, Nancy, m. Daniel Butler. 

Wench, Capt. At Wiscasset, Capt. W., to Miss Priscilla Ford. 
W. Jan. 8, *94.. 

WeiK'hester, Sukey, m. Abijah Savens. 

Weiitwoiih, Kezia, m. Joab Hunt. 

Weniworth, Nancy, m. Capt. John Wardrobe. 

Wesson, William. At Woburn, Mr. W. W., of this town, to 
Miss Polly Nevei-s, of that place. W. Sept. 19, '92. 

West, David. In this town, last evening, Mr. D. W., to Miss 
Hannah Watts. W. Feb. 4, '89. 



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MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 5 

West, Francis. At Philadelphia, F. \V., Esq., to Miss Nixon. 

W. Jan. 23, '93. 
West, Sally, m. Asa Graham. 
Western, Nathan. At Lincohi, Mr. N. W., to Miss Nancy Fox. 

W. Nov. 26, '88. 
Whales, Joseph. At Lancaster, Mr. J. W., merchant, to Miss 

Eliza Willard, both of that place. W. Jan. 29, '94. 
Wheaton, Caleb. In this town, Mr. C. AV., to Miss EHzabeth 

DaU. S. Oct. 29, '91. 
Wheaton, Joseph. At Halifax, Capt. J. W., to Miss Sally 

Fletcher, both of Rutland, in this Commonwealth. W. Sept. 

6, '86. 
Wheaton, Nathaniel. At Rehol)oth, Mr. N. W., aged 66, to the 

amia])le Mrs. Elizabeth Yialli, aged 56 years. W. June 6, '92. 
Wheaton, Polly, m. Samuel Davis. 
Wheeler, Miss, m. Abraham K. Whiting. 
Wheeler, Benjamin. Last Thursday evening, by the Rev. Mr. 

Everet, jMr. B. W., merchant, to Miss Polly Shepherd [of 

this town]. S. Sept. 30, '86. 
Wheeler, Eliza, m. Charles Groves. 
Wheeler, Ephraim. At Norwich, Mr. E. W., of Montville, 

aged 77, to Miss Hitty Williams, aged 24. S. Mch. 17, '92. 
Wheeler, Dr. John. At Menotomy, Dr. J. W., of Dover (N. 

H.), to Miss Rebeccah Harris, of Maiden. S. Mch. 16, '93. 
Wheeler, Capt. John. In this town, Capt. J. W., to Mrs. 

Goodenow. S. June 14, '94. 
Wheeler, Mrs. Mary, m. William Saxon. 
Wheeler, Mary, m. Ezra Waldo Weld. 
Wheeler, Polly, m. William Wyman. 
Wheeler, Sally, m. Barzillia Homes. 
Wheeler, Sanmel S. [In this town.] Mr. S. S. W., to Miss 

Faith Bass. S. Nov. 8, '94. 
Wheeler, Thomas. Last Sunday evening, by the Rev. Mr. 

West, Mr. T. W., to the amiable Miss Massy Riggs. W. Feb. 

1, '92. 






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6 MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 

Wheeler, William. In this town, Mr. W. W., to Miss Polly 
Jones. W. Nov. 28, '92. 

Wheelock, Elizabeth, m. John Rice. 

Wheelock, Kezia, m. Abijah Drmy. 

Wheelwright, Capt. Benjamin. In this town, Capt. B. W., to 
Miss Rebecca Gardner. S. May 31, '94. 

Wheelwright, Lot. In this town, ]\Ir. L. W., to Miss Susanna 

. Wilson of Cambridge. S. Dec. 14, '93. 

Wheelwright, Sally, m. David Tyler. 

Wheston, Francis. [In this town] Mr. F. W., to Miss Elizabeth 
Downs. W. Mch. 13, '93. 

Whipple, Amy, m. Henry Charles Jones. 

Whipple, Hannah, m. Francis Blanchard. 

Whipple, James, jun. At Grafton, ]Mr. J. W. jun., to Miss Sal- 
ly Meriam. W. Dec. 19, '92. 

Whipple, Polly, m. John Botang. 

Whippy, Lucinda, m. John Hawkins. 

Whiston, Obediah. [In this town] Mr. O. W., to Miss Isabella 
Dawes. S. Aug. 23, '94. 

White, Miss, m. Bailey Bartlett. 

White, Rev. Calvin. The Rev. C. W., minister at Hanover, to 
the accomplished Miss Phoebe Camp, of New-Ark. W. Mch. 
28, '92. 

Wliite, Ebenezer. In this towr», Mr. E. W. to Miss Polly Bar- 
ber [both of this town.] S. June 7, '94. 

White, Hannah, m. Amesa Tyler. 

White, Hannah, m. Ebenezer Richards. 

White, Hannah, m. Dr. Redford Webster. 

White, Jarathmael. At Dartmouth, Mr. J. W. of Westport, to 
Miss Alice Howland, of Dartmouth. S. Dec. 7, '93. 

White, Leonard. At Newbury, Mr. L. W., of Haverhill, to i\Iiss 
Polly Dalton, daughter to the Hon. Mr. Dalton. S. Sept. 6, '94. 

White, Mrs. Lydia, m. Andrew Cotton. 

White, Mary, m. Moses Brown. 

White, Poll}', m. Hugh Maglone. 



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MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 7 

White, Russell. At Daiibur}^ (Conn.), Mr. R. W., to Miss Su- 
sannah Burr. W. Apr. 18, '92. 

White, Sally, m. Andrew Blackman. 

White, Sally, m. William Clouston. 

Whitheacl, Deborah, m. Thomas Davenport. 

Whitemore, Joseph. Last evening, by the Rev. Dr. Stillman, 
Mr. J. W. to Miss Elizabeth Cooper. W. June 27, '92. 

Whitfield, Miss, m. Mr. Collins. 

Whiting, Abraham K. At Great Barrington, Mr. A. K. W. to 
Miss Wheeler. S. Nov. 23, '93. 

Whiting, Charlotte, m. William Leverett. 

Whiting, Samuel. Last Thursday evening, Mr. S. W., to Miss 
Hannah Hill. S. Feb. 6, '90. 

Whiting, Sukey, m. Bathuel Boyd. 

Whitman, Susanna, m. Oliver Allen. 

Whitman, Thomas. Mr. T. W., to Mrs. Jenny Norcross, both 
of this town. W. Oct. 6, '90. 

Whitney, Aron. At Shurburn, Mr. A. W., to Miss Ede Fisk, 
both of that town. S. May 17, '94. 

Whitney, Ezra. Mr. E. W., to Miss Betsy Marshall [of this 
town]. S. May 31, '88. 

Whitney, John. On Thursday evening last, J. W., Esq., mer- 
chant of the State of Georgia, to the amiable Mrs. Bridget 
Seymore, of Wesport. S. June 2, '92. 

Whitney, Mi-s. Mary, m. Col. Benjamin Hoppin. 

Whitney, Silas. Li this town, Mr. S. W. to Miss Polly 
McClur>^ W. Feb. 12, '94. 

Whitemore, Sarah, m. Wilham Borroughs. 

Whitteriield, Miss, m. Mr. Smith. 

Wickham, Eliza, m. Dr. Walter C. Gardiner. 

Wicks, Sally, m. Capt. Beiijamin North. 

Widereriield, Betsy, m. Benjamin Spear. 

Wieder, Christopher. At Green Castle, Mr. C. W., to Mrs. 
Margaret Hawson ; their ages added together made one hun- 
dred and thirty-two years. W. Feb. 22, '92. 



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8 MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 

Wiggen, Capt. Simon, at Exeter, Capt. S. W. to Miss Joanna 
Thurston. S. July 28, '92. 

Wigglesworth, Peggy, m. Rev. John Andrews. 

Wiggles worth, Sally, m. Francis B. Belquet. 

Wight, Rev. Ebenezer. The Rev. E. W. of this town, to 
Miss Katy Fuller of Dedham. S. Dec. 24, '85. 

Wild, David. In this town, by the Rev. Mr. Eckley, on Thurs- 
day evening, Mr. D. W., merchant, to Mrs. Bryant. S. Jan. 
7, '92. 

Wild, Jonathan. In this town, ^Ir. J. W. to Miss ]\Iary Ridg- 
way, daughter to Mr. Samuel Ridgway. W. Jan. 23, '93. 

Wilde, Rebecca, m. Daniel Farrington. 

Wilde, Samuel Sumner, at Taunton, Mr. S. S. W., to Miss Eu- 
nice Cobb, third daughter of the Hon. Gen. Cobb, of that 
place. W. June 13,^ '92. 

Wilkinson, Betsy, m. Capt. Charles Porter. 

Wilkinson, INIrs. Mary, m. William Wilson. 

Willard, Catherine, m. John Amoiy, jun. 

Willard, Eliza, m. Joseph Whales. 

Willard, Ora, m. William Hollister. 

Williams, Abigail, m. Dr. John Bartlett. 

Williams, Major Abraham. At Sandwich, Major A. W., to Miss 
Nabby Freeman, eldest daughter of Nathaniel Freeman, Esq., 
of that place. W. Jan. 11, 1786. 

Williams, Abraham. At Stockbridge, Mr. A. W. to Miss Sally 
Tolman. S. Nov. 30, '93. 

Williams, Capt. Benjamin S. In this town, Capt. B. S. W., to 
Miss Lydia Coates. S. Aug. 21, '90. 

Williams, Betsey, m. William Hyslop, jun. 

Williams, Caroline, m. Josiah D wight. 

Williams, Charity, m. Robert jNlorse. 

Williams, Hannah, m. Ebenezer Heath. 

Williams, Hitty, m. Ephraim Wheeler. 

Williams, Jane, m. Cotton Brown Brooks. 



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MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 9 

Williams, Jeremiah. Mr. J. W., to the amiable Miss Matilda 
Davis, younger daughter of the Hon. Caleb Davis, Esq., of 
this town. W. Aug., 29, '87. She died June 11, 1793, aged 
31. Notice W. June 12. 

Williams, Jerusha, m. Ithamar Fairbanks. 

Williams, John. At Gloucester, by Rev. Mr. Murray, Mr. J. W., 
of Boston, to Miss Sally Pearce, of that place. W. July 15, '89. 

Williams, John. At Watertown, Mr. J. W. to Miss Rhoda Wil- 
lington. W. Nov. 19, '91. 

Williams, Mary, m. William Pratt. 

Williams, Nancy, m. Rev. Mr. Smith. 

Williams, Patty, m. Capt. Lemuel Toby. 

Williams, Prudence, m. Rev. Bezaleel Howard. 

Williams, Rachel, m. James Holt Leathesby. 

Williams, Robert. At Cape Ann, Mr. R. W., of this town, 
merchant, to Miss Bethiah Pearce. W. May 30, '87. 

Williams, Sally, m. William Deblois. 

Williams, Tiiomas. Mr. T. W., to Miss Susanna Atwood. S. 
May 8, '90. 

Williams, Timothy. At Roxbury, T. W. Esq., Attorney at Law, 
to Miss Elizabeth M'Carthy, daughter to the late Capt. D. 
M'Carthy. W. Oct. 26, '91. 

Williams, William. In this town, Mr. W. W., hatter, to Miss 
Betsey Blake. S. Aug. 8, '89. 

Williamson, Hon. Hugh. At New York, the Hon. H. W., Esq., 
Delegate in Congress from North Carolina, to Miss Apthrop, 
daughter of Charles Ward Apthorp, Esq. W. Jan. 14, '89. 

Willington, Rhoda, m. John Williams. 

Willis, Nathaniel. In Virginia, Mr. N. W., Printer, to Miss 
Mary Cartmill, daughter of Mr. Nathaniel Cartmill, of Fred- 
erick county — an agreeable young lady. W. Mch. 11, '89. 

Willson, Hon. James. By the Rev. Dr. Thacher, the Hon. J. 
W., Esq., one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of the 
United States, to the amiable Miss Hannah Gray, of this 
town. S. Sept. 21, '93. 



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10 MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 

Wilmer, Simon. At Worton (Maryland), S. W., Esq., to Mrs. 

Sarah Crocket. S. Oct. 27, '92. 
Wilson, Dolly, m. John Thorndike. 
Wilson, Mrs. Sukey, m. Ebenezer Lealand. 
Wilson, Susanna, m. Lot Wheelwright. 
Wilson, William. At New York, Mr. W. W., Merchant, to 

Miss Agnes Kerr, both of that city. S. July 1, '86. 
Wilson, Capt. William. At New London, Capt. W. W. to 

Miss Polly Clay. S. Feb. 9, 93. 
Wilson, William. At Woodhouse, (Eng.) Mr. W. W., aged 91, 

to Mrs. Mary Wilkmson, aged 75. W. Jan. 2, '93. 
Winnek, Jolm. At Menotomy, ]Mr. J. W., of this town, to Mrs. 

Betsey Hower, of that place. W. June 25, '88. 
Winnet, Polly, ni. Joseph Webber. 
Winship, Abiel. At Dorchester, Mr. A. W., of this town, to 

Miss AUice Shepard, of Dorchester. W. Oct. 24, '92. 
Winsliip, Thomas. At Lexington, Mr. T. W., to Miss Anna 

Harrington. W. Apr. 24,*93. 
Winslow, Isaac, jun. On Sunday evening last, Mr. I. W. Jun., 

to Miss Mary Russell, only daughter of Mr. Joseph Russell, 

of this town. W. May 14, '88. 
Winslow, iNIary, m. Henry Warren. 

Winslow, Ruth Stockbridge, m. Rev. Joseph Crocker Shaw. 
Winslow, Sally, m. Samuel Coverly. 
Winslow, Sally Tyng, m. Samuel Waldo. 
Winthrop, Miss, m. David Sears. 
Winthrop, Thomas Lindal. Last evening, at his excellency the 

Governour's, T. L. W., Esq., to Miss Temple, Daughter of 

the Hon. John Temple, Esq., his Britannick Majesty's Con- 

sul-General. W. July 26, '86. 
Wise, Hannah, m. Edward Curtis. 
Wiswal, Elijah. At Norton, Mr. E. W. to Miss Nancy Verry. 

S. May 26, '92. 
Wiswal, Oliver. Mr. O. W., to iSIiss Ruthy Angier. S. Dec. 
27, '88. 



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MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 11 

Witherspoon, Rev. President. At Philadelphia, Rev. President 
W. to Mrs. Dills. S. June 18, '91. 

Withington, Enos, at Dorchester. On Sunday morning last, 
Mr. E. W., of Brooklyn, to Miss Patience Leeds, of Dor- 
chester. W. Oct. 15, '94. 

Withington, Polly, m. Capt. James Robinson. 

Withington, Ruth, m. Dea. Jabez Sumner. 

Withington, Samuel. At Dorchester, on Thursday evening, 
Mr. S. W., to the amiable Miss Lucy Tileston. S. Dec. 
11, '90. 

Wolf, Sabina, m. Hugh H. Brackenridge. 

Wood, Abiel, jun., at Pownalborough, i\Ir. A. W. jun., mer., to 
Miss Hannah Hodge. S. Nov. 30, '93. 
See entry for Dec. 4, IV 93. 

Wood, Abiel, jun., at Wiscasset, by the Rev. Mr. Bradford, Mr. 
A. W., jun., merchant, to Miss Hannah Hodge, daughter 
to Capt. Robert Hodge, late of Newcastle. W. Dec. 4, '93. 

Wood, Ann, m. Dr. Benjamin Starr Hoyt. 

Wood, Capt. Peleg, jun. At Newport, Capt. P. W., jun., to 
Miss Betsey Warner, eldest daughter of Capt. Oliver R. War- 
ner, of that town. S. Nov. 15, '94. 

Wood, Mrs. Ruth, m. Rev. Titus Theodore Barton. 

Wood, Ruth, m. Nathaniel Gorham. 

Wood, ]\lrs. Sarah, m. Deacon Thomas Thompson. 

Wood, Sybel, m. Wesson Bedon. 

AVoodbridge, William. At Newport, (R. I.) Mr. W. W. of 
Medford, in this State, to Miss Nancy Channing, of Newport. 
S. Nov. 23, '93. 

Woodburn, Nancy, m. Dr. Samuel Rice. 

Woodman, Phineas. [In this town]. Mr. P. W. to Miss 
Susannah Robbins. S. Nov. 3, '92. 

Woodruff, N. At Litchfield (C), Mr. N. W., aged 65, to Mrs. 
Umberfield, aged 46. W. Feb. 29, '92. 

Woodward, Nabby, m. Rev. Samuel Kendall. . 



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12 MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 

Woodward, Obadiah. At Chesterfield (Vt.), Mr. O. C, of 
Halifax, to Miss Cloe Steaples, of the same place. W. Aug. 
22, '92. 

Woodward, Samuel. At Charlestown, last Wednesday evening, 
Mr. S. W., of Roxbury, to Miss Louisa Hooper, of that town. 
S. Feb. 25, '86. 

Woolsey, Margery, m. Robert Giles. 

Woolsey, William W. At Greenfield, Mr. W. W. W., of New 
York, to Miss Elizabeth Dwight, of Northampton, in this state. 
S. Apr. 21, '92. 

Worcester, Leonard. At Hadley, Mr. L. W., printer, of Wor- 
cester, to Miss Betsey Hopkins, of Hadley, daughter to the 
Rev. Samuel Hopkins, of Hadley. S. Nov. 16, '93. 

Worthington, Frances, m. Hon. Fisher Ames. 

Worthington, Mary, m. Hon. Jonathan Bliss. 

Wright, Aaron, jun. At West Springfield, Mr. A. W., jun., to 
Miss Helena Door Breck. W. Oct. 29, '94. 

Wright, Nancy, m. George Kirk. 

Wyer, Mrs. Alice, m. Thomas Bartlett. 

Wyer, Eunice, m. Joshua Swain. 

Wyer, Robert, jun. Mi". R. W., jun., to Miss Lucretia Tucker- 
man [both of this town.] S. Oct. 23, '90. 

Wyeth, John. At Harrisburg (Pen.), Mr. J. W., printer, to 
Miss Lucy Weiss, daughter of Lewis Weiss, Esq., of Philadel- 
phia. S. June 15, '93. 

Wyman, Simeon. [In this town] Mr. S. W. to Miss Susannah 
Edwards. W. Oct. 31, '92. 

Wyman, William. Mr. W. W., to Miss Polly Wheeler. S. Aug. 
14, '90. 

Wyncoop, John. In Ulster county (N. Y.), Mr. J. W., to Miss 
Margaret Jansen, after a courtship of forty-five years. This 
happy^ but not liasty^ couple were between 60 and 70 years of 
age when united in the silken bands of Hymen. W. Jan. 
25, '92. 

Wynn, Peggy, m. William Rea. 



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MARRIAGE NOTICES, WHOLE UNITED STATES. 13 

Yates, Richard. At Coventry (England), Mr. R. Y., aged 88, 
to Miss Hannah Palmer, aged 69 ; infirmity and old age, was 
obliged to be conveyed in a carriage to the temple of Hymen. 
S. Nov. 10, '92. 

Yorkison, Fanny, m. Ralph Patchan. 

Young, Miss, m. Gershon Burr. 

Young, Alexander. [In this town] Mr. A. Y., printer, to Miss 
Christiani Stutson. W. Jan. 9, '93. 

Young, Polly, ra. Francis Gray. 



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MARRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEfl, flASS. 



Copied by Charles H. Peeston. 

(^Continued from page 244, Vol. VII, N. S.) 

[Unless otherwise designated " both of Salem " is under- 
stood.] 

June 28, 1744. Stephen Foster of Andover and Abigail Smith 

of Salem. 
July 12, 1744. John Preston and Hannah Putnam. 
Sept. 27, 1744. Benj. Dealand jun. and Eliz. Felton. 
Nov. 8, 1744. John Felton jun. and Eliz. Smith, and Timothy 
^ Prince and Mary Putnam. 
Jan. 36, 1744-5. Jona. Moulton and Anna Flint. 
Jan. 31, 1741-5. Joseph Putnam jun. and Mar}^ Porter. 
Feb. 26, 1744-5. Bartholomew Brown and Sarah Rea. 
June 20, 1745. Caleb Putnam jun., and Eliz. Nurse. 
Nov. 4, 1745. John Baker jun., of Ipswich and Eunice Pope of 

Salem. 
Nov. 7, 1745. Edward Carleton of Haverhill and the Widow 

Elizabeth Houlton of Salem. 
March 27, 1746. Stephen Pope and Mary Buffum. 
June 25, 1746. Samuel Green and Meribah Herrington. 
Oct. 3, 1746. Peter Labaree and Ptuth Putnam. 
Jan. 8, 1746-7. John Flint and Huldah Putnam. 
Feb. 19, 1746-7. Thaddeus Riddan of Lynn and Eliz. Brown 

of Salem. 
Feb. 10, 1746-7. John Venney and Mehetable Upton. 
June 17, 1747. Gilbert Tapley and Phebe Upton (Putnam in 

copy). 
June 24, 1747. Reuben Harriman of Haverhill district in New 

Hampshire and Mehitable Putnam of Salem. 
June 29, 1747. Pliilip Preston and Ruth Putnam. 
July 9, 1747. Amos Buxton and Mary Johnson. 
July 28, 1747. Joseph Doughty jun., and Eliz. Twiss. 
August 27, 1747. Jonathan Kettle and ye widow Mary Porter. 

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MARFwIAGES RECOKDED AT SALEM, MASS. 15 

Sept. 2, 1747. Samuel Porter jun. and Sarah Eliot. 

Nov. 3, 1747. Joseph Aborn and Sarah Masury, and George 
Edmonds of Lynn and Esther Boyce of Salem. 

Dec. 8, 1747. John Waters and ye widow Abigail Putnam. 

Dec. 22, 1747. Thomas Nichols of Sutton and Martha Prince 
of Salem. 

Dec. BO, 1747. John Very and Eliz. Nurse. 

Jan. 6, 1747-S. Saml. Stuart of Souhegan-west and Sarah Tar- 
bell of Salem. 

July 20, 1748. James Swinnarton and Emma Putnam. 

July 28, 1748. Amos Smith and Mary Smith (daughter of 
Nathan Smith). 

Aug. 25, 1748. William Custice and Mary Flint. 

Sept. 1, 1748. Job Swinnarton of Salem and Sarah Hutchin- 
son of Middleton. 

Oct. 20, 1748. Soloman Martain of Andover and the Widow 
Sarah Whipple of Salem. 

Dec. 8, . Josiah Hutchinson of I^Iiddleton and Sarah^Dean 

of Salem. 

Dec. 15, . Humphry Peirce of Wenham and Sarah An- 
drew of Salem. 

Jan. 5, 1748-9. Samuel Williams jun. of Pomfret and Mary 
Pope of Salem. 

April 6, 1749. Daniel Marsh and Abigail Twiss. 

May 18, 1749. Archelaus Putnam jun. and Martha Nurse. 

June (), 1749. John Moulton jun, and Mehetable Mackintire. 

June 27, 1749. Samuel Bagnel and Widow Eliz. Phippen. 

July 10, 1749. John Needham and Ruth Twiss. 

July 12, 1749. Samuel Pearse and Mary King. 

Oct. 17, 1749. Zechariah Goodale and Experience Majury. 

Feb. 15, 1749-50. John Tapley and Eliz. Buxton. 

May 24, 1750. Samuel Cheever and Eliz. Dissamore. 

Ma}' 25, 1750. Israel Cheever of Salem and Ruth Perkins of 
Topsfield. 

June 21, 1850. Ezra Putnam of Middleton and Lucy Putnam 
of Salem. 






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16 MARRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEM, MASS. 

June 28, 1750. Jeremiah Page of Medford and Sarah Andrew 

of Salem. 
July 11, 1750. Nathan Smith, jun., and Mary Flint. 
Aug. 28, 1750. William Twiss, jun., and Elizabeth Cook, jun. 
Sept. 24, 1750. John Sheldon and Susanna Majury. 
Nov. 29, 1750. Ebenezer Nurse, jun., and Hannah Rea. 
May 10, 1751. Samuel White and Martha Pritchet. 
July 4, 1751. Joseph Cross and Ann Upton. 
Aug. 29, 1751. Joseph Elson and Hephzibah Rea. 
Oct. 31, 1751. Jonathan Town of Topsfield and Mary Dean 

of Salem. 
Nov. 5, 1751. William Putnam and Eliz. Putnam. 
Nov. 26, 1751, Joseph Brown and Bethiah Hutchinson. 
Dec. 19, 1751. Nathaniel Goodale and Elizabeth Prince. 
Jan. ^2, 1751-2. Samuel Kimball of Andover and Widow Ruth 

Preston of Salem. 
Jan. 9, 1751-2. Mr. Ebenezer Nurse and Widow Amee Cross. 
Feb. 27, 1751-2. Samuel Endicott, jun., and Mary Putnam. 



Returns of marriages made by the Rev. Mr. Benj. Prescot, 
May 22, 1718 :— 
John Sibley and Zervia Goold. 

Eben'r Snow of Oborn (z. e. Woburn) and Mary Pudney. 
Benj. Nurse and Sarah Boston of Lynn. 
Dec. 8, 1714. Samuel Woodin and Mary Parnell. 
Dec. 9, 1714. Tho : Nelson and Alies Marsh. 
Dec. 22, 1714. Daniel Twist and Mary Aborn. 
Jan. 26, 1714-15. Benj. Hutchinson and Abigail Foster. 
Feb. 17, 1714-15. Nath'l Flint and Sarah Cutler. 
Nov. 22, 1715. Freeborn Reeves and Mary Felton. 
Nov. 30, 1715. Jona. Hayward and Abigail Fuller. 
Dec. 22, 1715. Samuel Small and Hannah Stacy. 
Jan. 19, 1715-16. Joseph Pope and Mehitable Putnam. 
Feb. 7, 1715-16. Benj. Hutchinson, Jr., and Sarah Tarbell. 
Nov. 21, 1716. Daniel Mackintire and Abigail Frail. 



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MARRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEM, MASS. 17 

Dec. 7, 1716. El'r Browne and Sarah Putnam. 

Jan. 3, 1716-17. Jona. Flint and Hannah Swinerton. 

Jan. 3, 1716-17. Is'l Richards and Susanna Baily. 

Jan. 31, 1716-17. Jno. Deal and Abigail Putnam. 

March 26, 1717. John Putnam and Rachel Buxton. 

April 11, 1717. George Needham and Rachel Goold. 

May 16, 1717. Samuel Rich and Elizabeth Tompkins. 

May 16, 1717. George Cloyce and Lydia Deal. 

June 5, 1717. Walter Smith and Ruth Fuller. 

July 18, 1717. John Walden, Jr., and Abigail Cutler. 

Sept. 19, 1717. William King and Rebecca Wakefield. 

Sept. 26, 1717. Thaddeus Reddin and Sarah Prince. .-^^^^^ 

Nov. 25, 1717. Saml. Pudney and Martha Gloyde. 

Jan. 9, 1717-18. Isaac Wilson and iNIary Stone. 

March 6, 1717-18. Robert Wilson and Mary Proctor. 

March 11, 1717-18. Wm. Henfield and Hannah Hutchinson. 

March 20, 1718. Sauil. Phippen and Rebecca Beadle. 

April 3, 1718. Jona. Green and Mary Trask. 

April 11, 1718. George Flint and Sarah Aborn. 

April 17, 1718. Tho : Palfrey and Elizabeth Derby. 

Returns of marriages made by the Rev. Mr. Benj. Prescot, 
March 19, 1718-19 :— 

June 11, 1718. Ebenr. Chevers and Sarah White. 

June 17, 1718. John Kettle and Mehitable Browne. 

July 23, 1718. Nath'l Whitamore and Mary Roundy. 

July 24, 1718. Saml. Newhall and Mary Stone. 

Aug. 6, 1718. George Bigs by and Mary Porter. 

Aug. 13, 1718. Ebenr. Hutchinson and Hannah Gold. 

Aug. 18, 1718. Paul Langdon and Mary Stacy. 

Sept. 3, 1718. Danl. Roff of Concord and Eliza. Wilkins. 

Sept. 16, 1718. Seth Putnam and Ruth Whipple. 

Sept. 16, 1718. Jona. Vesey and Mary Simonds. 

Oct., 1718. Wm. Stockwell and Mary Green. 

Nov. 20, 1718. John Twist and Abigail Pudney. 

Nov. 25, 1718. Nathan Bixby and Abigail Rogers. 



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18 MAKRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEM, MASS. 

Nov. 25, 1718. Benj. Pudney and Abigail Baily. 
Dec. 1, 1718. John Havson and Rachel Knights. 
Dec. 18, 1718. Israel Josliu and Sarah Baily. 
Jan., 1718-9. Jona. Felton and Rebeckah Needham. 
Mar. 18, 1718-9. Nath'l Jackson of Plymouth and Hannah 
Roach. 

Returns of marriages made by the Rev. Mr. Benj. Prescott, 
March 23, 1719-20 :— 

June 25, 1719. Jno. Kettle and Mary Batchelder. 

Oct. 8, 1719. Thorndike Verry and Sarah Twist. 

Nov. 3. Cain M'Ckennie of Marblehead and Eliza. Herrick. 

Nov. 20. Jno. Roffe and ]Mary Mackentire. 

Nov. 24. Jno. Felton, Marblehead, and Sarah Foot. 

Dec. 3. Wra. Weyman, Oburn, and Prudence Putnam. 

Jan. 7, 1719-20. Tho : Hutchins and Southwick. 

Jan. 15, 1719-20. Saml. Moulton and Sarah Green. 
Mar. 8. Jno. Davison and Sarah Overton. 

By the Rev. Benj. Prescott, 1720 :— 

June 7. Robert Vener and Margt. Reeves. * 

June 9. Joseph Carrel, Sr., and Rebk. Chapman. 

Sept. 22. Sam'l "Wooden and Abigail Crocker. 

Dec. 1. Nathl. Goold and Eliza. French. 

Dec. 5. David Marsh and Sarah Felton. ^ 

Dec. 14. Isaac Putnam and Anna Fuller. 

Dec. 27. Uzziel Rea and Mary Porter. 

Feb. 2. Jasper Swinerton and Mary Taylor. 

Feb. 16. Saml. Foster and Sarah Small. 

Apr. 5, 1721. Thorndk. Proctor, Jr., and Abigl. Wilson. 

April 6. Jno. Felton and Mary Waters. 

April 18. Joseph Carryl, Jr., and Mary Foster. 

Apr. 27. Saml. Pearse and Hannah Browne. 

1721. By the Rev. Mr. Benj. Prescott:— 
May 21. John Jacobs and Lydia Cooke. 
June 8. Jos. Marsh and Provided Goold. 



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MARRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEM, MASS. 19 

July 20. Benj. Gillingham and Eliza. Flint. 

Nov. 15. Philip Mackentire and Hepsibah Wooden. 

Nov. 30. John Waters and Eliza. Gardner. 

1722. 

April 3. John Oaks and Mary Goodale. 

April 11. Henry Cook and Rachel Dyer. 

April 25. Benj. Southwick and Abigail Burt. 

July 26. Joseph Swinerton, Jr., and Hannah Fuller. 

Aug. 22. Joseph Fowler of Ipswich and Widow Mary Trask 

of Salem. 
Oct. 5. James Gloid of Abbington and Hannah Pudney of 

Salem. 
Dec. 11. Jona. Perkins of Topsfield and Eliza. Porter of Salem. 
Jan. 3. Abel Rea and Hannah Goodale. 
Jan. 3. John Mackentire and Mehitable Whitamore. 
Jan. 9. William Twist and Lydia Marsh. 
March 6. Saral. Flint and Ruth Putnam. 

1723. 

April IG. Thos. Marston and Bethiah Guppy. 

May 1. Zorobble Endicott of Boxford and Eliza. Endicott of 

Salem. 
May 11. Nathan Proctor and Mary Reed. 
May 23. Thos. Mackentire and Mary Mackentire. 
May 24. Hazadh. Smith and Ruth Swinerton. 
May 30. Thos. Eliot of Boxford and Lucy Flint of Salem. 
June 27. Nathl. Goodale and Lydia Whipple. 
July 11. Robt. Baker and Abigail Trask. 
Aug. 22. Wm. Stacey of Marblehead and Mary Houlton of 

Salem. 
Oct. 29. John Carrell of Boxford and Lydia Bailey of Salem. 
Nov. 11. Benj. Browne of Salem and Mehitabel Fluent of 

Beverly. 
Nov. 27. Abrah. Fowler and Mary Meachem. 
Nov. 28. Isaac Aborne and Mary Whitamore. 
Dec. 3. Wm. Fisk of Andover and Mary Kenney of Salem. 



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20 MARRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEM, MASS. 

Dec. 17. Nath'l Tarbox of Lynn and Ruth Frail of Salem. 
Dec. 12. Jona. Hill of Marblehead and Deborah Goold of 

Salem. 
Feb. 11. Saml. Berry of Salem and Moriah Potter of Lynn. 
March 11. Jepthah Putnam and Ruth Fuller. 

1724. 
Mar. 24. Uriah Abbot of Andover and Sarah Mitchel of Salem. 
March 27. Joseph Pudney and Mehitabel Giles. 
April 9. Ebenr. Southwick and Sarah Proctor. 
April 23. Thos. Lull of Ipswich and Miriam Trask of Salem. 
May 18. Saml. Masury and Mary Woodmancy. 
Aug. 13. Joseph Verry and Ruth Foster. 
Aug. 20. Saml. King and Marj^ Browne. 
Oct. 6. John Bickford and Eliza. Hay ward. 
Oct. 21. Nath'l Esty and Ruth Goodale. 
Oct. 29. Christo. Denice and Eliza. Burton. 
Nov. 5. Isaac Whitaker and Ruth Grinslet. 
Nov. 5. Benj. Orne and Eliza. King. 
Nov. 12. Joseph Whipple and Sarah Swinerton. 
Dec. 3. David Prince and Phebe Fuller. 
Dec. 81. Saml. Simonds and Susannah Herbert. 
Jan. 1. George Stoning and Mary Annis. 

1725. 

June 9. Benj. Creesey and Christian Trask. 
Sept. 18. Eben Marsh and Deliverance French. 

Oct. 7. Jona. INlarsh, Sr., and Hannah Buffington. 

Oct. 12. Cornelius Cutler and Abigail King. 

Oct. 21. Benj. Chevers and Mercy Wilkins. 

Dec. 1. Ebenr. Proctor and Mary Houlton. 

Dec. 2. Jona. Gardner and Eliza. Gardner. 
Dec. 23. Nath'l Whitamore and Deliverance Crowel. 
Feb. 24. Paul Hayward and Mehitabel Porter. 

1726. 
April 7. Jonathan Marsh and Esther Osborn. 
April 13. James Goold of Salem and Margt. Chadwell of Lynn. 









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MAERIAGES RECOKDED AT SALEM, MASS. 21 

May. Roger Derby and Lydia Buxton. 

July 12. Joseph Osborn and Rachel Foster. 

July 18. Israel Wilkins of Topsfield and Margaret Case of 

Salem. 
Aug. 2. John Bishop of Pein brook and Anne Kenney of Salem. 
Aug. 18. Jonathan Harwood and Sarah Boice. 
Sept. 8. Jonathan Buxton and Jane Hutchinson. 
Nov. 8. Samuel Upton and Ruth Whipple. 
Dec. 16. John Salter of Marblehead and Lydia Goodale of 

Salem. 
Dec. 20. Abiah Cottes and Widow Charity Trow. 
Jan. 6. Henry Newman of Lynn and Ruth Goldthwaite of 

Salem. , 

Jan. 17. Isaac Cook and Eliza. Waters. 
Feb. 2. Jonathan King and Alice Verry. 
Feb. 23. Samuel Marsh and Eliza. Flint. 
March 2. Caleb Downing of Lynn and Maiy Goold of Salem. 

1727. 

April 5. Ebenr. Hutchinson and Widow Hannah Shaw. 

April 13. Daniel Shaw and Hannah Foster. 

June 29. Jonathan Twist and Abigail Trask. 

Oct. 12. Alex'r Hambleton and Mary Carryl. "^ 

Oct. 16. Eleazer Marsh of Killingsly and Sarah Stimson of 

Salem. 
Nov. 16. Benj. Trask of Salem and Abigail Gilbert of Beverly. 
Nov. 16. Robert Meachem of Beverly and Sarah Trask of Salem, 
Dec. 14. John Proctor and Lydia Waters. 
Dec. 19. John Trask and Eliza. Reed. 
Jan. 4. Joseph King and Anna Trask. 
Jan. 18. John Boice and Eliza. Osborne. 

1728. 

June 6. Wm. Twiss and Mary Doughty. 
Jan. 7. Alex'r Johnson and Mary Smith. 
Jan. 7. Daniel Clarke of Topsfield and Widow Hannah Derby 
of Salem. 



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22 MARRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEM, MASS. 

Jan. 28. Othniei Wilkins and Mary Vebey. 

Feb. 18. Thomas Gardner and Eunice Waters. 

Feb. 25. Caleb Wallis and Ruth Verry. 

Feb. 26. Solomon Richardson of Middleton and Eliza. Goodale 

of Salem. 
March 5. John Twiss and Eliza. Trask. 

1734. 

March 28. Joseph Stacey and Sarah Trask. 

May 21. Joshua Goodale and Experience Judd. 

June 4. John Trask and Dorcas Rogers. 

June 28. Elias Trask and Esther Page. 

Oct. 14. Saml. Collins (Salisbury) and Esther Goodale. 

Nov. 7. Moses Stewart and Lydia Lyndsey. 

Nov. 28. Jona. Moulton and Desire Marsh. 

Jan. 30, 1734-5. Jona. Hutchinson and Eliza. Ganson. 

1735. 

May 14. Wm. Ellinwood of Beverly and Widow Mary Swin- 

erton of Salem. 
May 15. Thos. Andrew and Sarah Jacobs. 
July 10. Eben'r Proctor and Widow Sarah Hutchinson. 
July 21. Zach. Curtis and Abigail Gray.^r: V"* 
July 28. Samuel Cook and Eliza. Douglas. <^ 
July 31. Abell Prince and Hannah Eatton. 
Sept. 29. Wm. Smith and INIary Hetjeunn (Heffenun). 
Sept. 10. Eben'r Russel and Susanna Russel. 
Oct. 10. Saml. Lander and Rachel Battis. 
Oct. 16. Eliezer Mackentire and Martha Pudney. 
Nov. 13. Saml. Hutchinson and Eliza. Judd. 
Nov. 20. Bartho. Putnam and Ruth Gardner. 
Dec. 25. Eben'r King and Mary Southwick. 
Jan. 2. Abell Robinson and Ann Stanley. 
Feb. 5. Malachi Felton and Abigail Jacobs. 
March 18. Jona. Proctor and Desire Jacobs. 

1736. 

April 13. Ezekiel Cutler of Killingley and Katherine Marsh. 



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MARRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEM, MASS. 23 

May 6. Mr. Lawrence Lutwych and Mrs. Sarah Lindall. 
May 6. Gabriel Holman and Eliza. Reeves*-'^^-'^ 
June 15. Isaac Very and Eliza. Giles. 

By the Rev. Mr. Benj. Prescott: — 
Nov. 11. Joseph Felton and Mary Trask. 
Nov. 11. Joseph King and Jemima Verry. 
Nov. 14. David Felton and Sarah Holton. 
Dec. 1. Mr. John Trask and Mrs. Mary Mansfield. 
Feb. 18. Nath'l Goldthwayt and Rebeckah Goldthwayt. 

1737. 
April 27. Benj. Porter and Hannah Giles.- 

June 7. Jona. Moulton and Rebeckah Dagget. 

Aug. 9. Uriah Wilkins of Middleton and Sarah Smith. 

Aug. 25. James Taylor and Abigail Felton. 

Sept. 1. Samuel Porter and Hannah Flint. 

Sept. 28. Zach. King and Hannah Southwick. 

Nov. 29. Nat. Waters and Mary Gardner. 

Dec. 20. James Giles and Martha Nurse. 

Dec. 29. Mr. Daniel Epes and Mrs. Hannah Prescott. 

1738. 

May 18. John Endicott and Eliza Jacobs. 

Aug. 24. Richard Downing and Temperence Darby. 

Sept. 10. Eben'r Peel and Hannah Buxton. 

Sept. 18. Daniel Parrot and Eliza. Phippen. 

Nov. 9. John Webb and Eliz. Callam. 

Nov. 23. John Proctor, 4th, and Mary Goldthwayt. 

Nov. 30. John Nichols, Middleton, and Martha Green. 

Feb. 2. Jeremiah Farrington, Lynn, and Eliza. Evans. 

March 13. Thos. Green, Boston, and Mary Evans. 

1739. 
Sept. 20. Eliphalet Taylor of Southborough and Ruth Flint. 
Feb. 21. Caleb Balch, Beverly, and Jerusha Porter. 

1740. 
April 27. John Langford and Sarah Goldthwayt. 



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24 MARRIAGES RECORDED AT SALEM, MASS. 

Oct. 19. Benj. Abbot and Eliza. Luscomb. 

Oct. 10. Benj. Tyler and Martha Luscomb. 

Nov. 11. Wm. Henfield and Mary Dissmore. 

Nov. 23. Jos. Dennis and Sarah Gardner. 

Dec. 25. Timothy Upton and Hannah Stacy. 

Dec. 31. John Stacey and Margt. Richardson of Marblehead. 



DUNSTABLE, MASS., GEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS. 



iCorUinued from page 151, Vol. VU, N. S.) 

In Memory of Susannah Fletcher, dau. of Mr. Jonathan 
Fletcher and Mrs. Lucy, his wife, who died Oct. 15 1778, Aged 
12. 4. 9. 

Frances Fletcher, son of Mr. Thomas Fletcher and Mrs. Rachel, 
his wife who died Oct. 7 1778. Aged 1 year 2 months and 20 
days. 

Rebekah Fletcher, dau. of Thomas and Rachel who died April 
9th 1773. Aged 1 year 4 months and 9 days. (Fallen to the 
right, hard to read.) 

Wm. Fletcher, son of Mr. Jonathan & Mrs. Lucy Fletcher, 
died Oct. 21 1778, 6 yrs. 1. 22. 

In Memory of Mr. Joseph Pike who departed this Life Mar. 28 
1778 in the 88th year of his Age. (Much sunk and moss-cov- 
ered.) 

In Memory of Mrs. Betty Stevens, wife of Lieut. Josiah Ste- 
vens who died July 28th 1800. Aged 27 years. 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Abigail Blood, wife of Mr. Robert 
Blood, who departed this Life, Aug. 14th 1767, In her 31st 
year. 

Sacred to the memory of Mr. David Taylor who died Dec. 15 
1809 ^t 88. (A very beautiful willow and urns.) 
(This was a soldier of the Revolution.) 

In Memory of Mrs. Hannah Taylor, wife of Mr. David Taylor, 
who died Oct. 3rd 1800 Aged 81 years. 

Behold and see as you pass by, 
As you are now so once was I ; 
As I am now fo you must be. 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

(25) 



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26 DUNSTABLE, MASS., CEMETEKY INSCRIPTIONS. 

Mary Dandridge, Dau. of Mr. John and Mrs. Sarah French, 
died Feb. 14 1817 .^t. 4 yrs. and 5 months. 

Erected in Memory of Mr. Adford Jaquith who died July ye 
16th 1791. In the 82 year of his Age. 

In Memory of Mrs. Margaret Jaquith ye wife of Mr. Adford Ja- 
quith who departed this Life Jan. 24 1776 In the 62 year of 
her Age. 

In Memory of Mrs. Mary Read wife of Mr. Timothy Read fen. 
who departed this Life Nov. 3 1778 in 71st year of her Age. 

In Memory of Mr. Timothy Read who departed this Life April 
26th 1799 in the 86th year of his Age. 

In Memory of Betty Read Daughter of Mr. Elezer Read & Mrs. 
Rachel his wife Born Dec. 17th 1781 Died May 8th 1789. 

In Memory of Leanerd Read fon of Mr. Eleazer Read and Mrs. 
Rachel his wife who died Sept. 27 1778, 1 3^*. 4 mos. and 21 
(** days " is sunk). 

Here lies the Body of Mifs Scibel Read (Daughter of Mr. Tim- 
othy Read Junr & Mrs. Susannah his wife) who departed this 
Life July ye 27 1781 Aged 18 years 3 months and 6 days. 

Dear friends for me pray Do not Weep, 
I am not dead but here Do Sleep ; 
Within this folid Lump of Clay 
Until the Resuriection day. 
And here indeed I must remain 
Till Christ shall Raise me up again. 

In Memory of Sarah Batterfield, Dau. of Capt. Leonard But- 
terfield & Mrs. Joanna his wife who died Oct ye 28th 1778 
Aged 9. 8. 2. 

In Memory of Sarah Butterfield, Dau. of Capt. Leonard & Mrs. 
Olive Butterfield who died 30 June 1809 in the 31st year of her 
age. 









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DUNSTABLE, MASS., CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS. 27 

In Memory of John Butterfield fon of Capt. Leonard Butter- 
field & Mrs. Olive his wife who died Oct 18th 1778 Aged 10 
months and 18 days. 

Sacred to the Memory of Olive Butterfield, Relict of Capt. 
Leonard Butterfield who died Jan. 26 1817 ^t 79. 

Erected in Memory of Capt. Leonard Butterfield who departed 
this Life Nov. 17 1800 Aged 60 years. 

Here lies Rachel Pike, Relict of Benjamin Pike who departed 
this Life 26th Dec. AD 1754 Aged 7 years 4 mos. and 14 days. 

Here lies Mrs. Lvella Pike, Relict of Benjamin Pike who de- 
parted this Life 15th Dec. AD. 1754 Aged 1 yr 5 mos and 20 

d. (Extremely difficult to get at.) 

Here lies Benj. Pike fon of Mr. Benj. Pike & Mrs. Elisabeth 
who died Sept. 1 1757 aged 7 months and 1 day. 



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NEWINGTON, CONN., INHABITANTS, 1776. 



{Continued from page 297^ Volume VII.) 

[Note. — The wife is indicated by a star. A dagger indicates that the 
entry was made later than the date of the census.] 

Born. 
Eunice Kilborn Feb. 10, 1719 





Timothy Kilborn 






Prudence* *' 






Seth 


Oct. 27, 1754 




Happy " 


Aug. 25, 1757 


* 


Simon " 


Nov. 23, 1759 


- 


260 Abigail " 


Sept. 16, 1764 




Timothy Kilborn, Jr. 


May 4, 1752 




Mary* " 






Henry Kirkham, 


Aug. 30, 1728 




Mary* 


Oct. 10, 1734 




Samuel 


Mar. 14, 1759 




John 


Nov, 5, 1760 




Eunice, " 


May, 1764 




Abigail '* 


Mar. 1, 1766 




270 Sarah 


Feb., 1770 




Samuel Landres 






Sarah* 






Samuel " 


Mar. 30, 1765 




Sarah " 






Vannaras *' 


July 7, 1770 




Lemuel " 






Hannah *' 




> 


Luther Latimer 


Oct. 6, 1744 


y 


Dorothy* " 


Dec. 8, 1744 




280 Uzziel 


Nov. 1, 1769 




Esther '* 


Mar. 17, 1772 




Olive- 


Mar., 1776 



Lois Latimer 
Sarah " 

Benjamin Landres Apr., 1768 

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NEWINGTON, CONN., INHABITANTS, 1776. 



29 



David Lowrey 
Lucy* '' 
Lucy 
Mary Lowreyf 


July 26, 1771 
Dec. 1, 1778 


John Lusk 
Jane* " 


May 5, 1703 
Dec. 25, 1708 


290 James Lusk 
Abigail* " 
Lovet '' 
Abigail Belden Luskf 


Apr. 17, 1746 
Aug. 10, 1753 


Mary Lusk 
Elijah " 
Levi " 




Morris 




Abisha Marks 

* a 




Asahel 
Bildadt ^' 


June 15, 1771 
Sept. 2,1777 


300 Jedidiah Mills 
Sarah* 
Betsey " 
Sallyt 
Juliaj '' 


Feb., 1756 
Sept. 20, 1776 
Feb. 21, 1778 
Aug. 31, 1779 


Zebulon Mygatt 




Samuel Richards 
Lydia* " 
William *' 
Pelatiah " 
Lucretia " 
Seth 
810 Selah 


Oct., 1727 

Apr. 22, 1725 

Oct. 9, 1755 

Sept. 5, 1759 

Jan. 4, 1762 

Oct. 5, 1764 

Sept. 17, 1767 


Joseph Richards 

* 4t 


Oct., 1740 



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NEWINGTON, CONN., INHABITANTS, 1776. 



Thomas Richards 
Joseph " 
Oliver " 
Janna " 


Apr. 16, 1765 

June 14, 1767 

July 8, 1769 


Unni Robbins 
Mary* 
Unni " 
320 Prudence " 
Martin '' 
Abigail " 


Apr. 18, 1743 
Nov. 29, 1765 
Jan. 23, 1767 
Dec. 30, 1770 
Apr. 18, 1775 


David Russel 




Thankful Seymour 


Mar., 1712 


Elias Seymour 
Elizabeth* ^^ 
Jerusha " 
David 

Nancy " 

330 Elizabeth " 

Theodoref " 

Eunice! " 


Apr. 28, 1746 
Aug. 12, 1746 
Mar. 24, 1770 
May 24, 1772 
Apr. 17, 1774 
Sept. 19, 1775 
June 22, 1778 


Abel Seymour 
George ** 
Ashbel '' 
Thankful '* 
Lois ** 


Feb. 13, 1741 
July 16, 1742 
Jan. 25, 1748 
Apr. 5, 1750 
Oct. 10, 1754 


Luscinda Smith 




Joseph Steel 
Olive* " 




John Squier 
340 Rozette* *' 
Lois " 
Rozette " 
John 

Lucy " 
Rhoda " 


Dec. 29, 1761 

May, 1769 

Dec, 1770 

1773 



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NEWINGTON, CONN., INHABITANTS, 1776. 



31 



Elisha Stoddard 


Aug. 19, 1736 


Dorothy* " 


Sept. 26, 1741 


Chloet 


Apr. 16, 1777 


Elishat 


Sept. 10, 1779 


Simeon t '' 


Sept. 12, 1782 


Eli Stoddard 


Feb., 1739 


Abigail* " 


Aug. 28, 1747 


350 Levi 


Apr. 9, 1771 


Roxalana " 


Dec. 9, 1772 


Mary " 


Aug. 9, 1775 


BeDJamin Stoddard 


Feb. 2, 1742 


Rhoda 


Oct. 31, 1754 


Solomon Stoddard 




Anne* 




Anne " 


Jan. 11, 1760 


Jonathan Stoddard 


Jan., 1738 


Sahara* " 


July 28, 1739 


360 Anne 


June 29, 1763 


Sahara 


July 27, 1765 


Jennet " 


Aug. 31, 1767 


Honor " 


July 16, 1770 


Jonathan " 


1772 


Olive '' 


June 3, 1775 


Enoch Stoddard 


Jan. 10, 1746 


Dinah* '' 


Aug., 1749 


Jehiel '' 


Oct., 1769 


Abigail " 


Feb., 1776 


370 Joseph Stoddard 


Aug. 21, 1747 


Mary* 


Jan. 29, 1748 


Joseph " 


Dec, 1768 


Zebulon 


Aug., 1770 


Jesse 


July, 1772 


Mary 




Percyt 


Nov., 1778 


Candacet '' 




David Stoddard 


Sept. 23, 1749 



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32 . NEWINGTON, CONN., INHABITANTS, 1776. 

Hannah Whaples Apr. 30, 1703 



Ephraim Whaples 
Elizabeth* " 




380 Huldah 


Sept. 25, 1733 


Ephraim " 
Elisha 


April 22, 1736 
Sept. 8, 1737 


Daniel Warner 




Edward Weaver 




Hannah " 


Feb. 20, 1767 


Mary " 


Sept. 9, 1769 


Eli Whaples 

* a 


Mar., 1739 


390 Sarah 


Mar., 1765 


Reuben " 


Feb. 28, 1768 


Honour " 


Jan., 1770 


Elisha 


Feb., 1772 


Phebe 


May 9, 1774 


Abigail " 
Samuelf '* 


July 28, 1780 


Robert Welles, Capt. 
Abigail* '' 
Sarah 


Sept. 7, 1710 

Sept., 1718 

Jan. 22, 1738 


Abigail 


Apr. 6, 1749 


400 Appleton '^ 
Rhoda '' 


June 16, 1753 
July 29, 1756 


Robert Welles, Jun'r 


Feb. 17, 1740 


Abigail* '' 


June 16, 1741 


Robert 


Sept. 27, 1761 


Abigail 


Jan. 5, 1764 


Absalom " 


Mar. 14, 1766 


Hannah *' 




William Welles 


Jan. 14, 1707 


Martha* *' 


Oct. 27, 1749 


410 Levi Welles 


July 10, 1765 



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NEWINGTON, CONN., INHABITANTS, 1776. 



33 



Elijah Welles 
Sarah* " 
Chester " 
Saraht 
Almaf " 



Lemuel Whittlesey 
420 Hannah* 
Hannah 
Roger 
Dorothy 
Lemuel 
Chauncey 

Elizabeth Willard 

Daniel Willard 

Dorothy* " 

Josiah " 
430 Honour 

Hannah " 

William " 

Daniel '^ 

Lydia " 

Ezekiel Winchell 

David Woolcott 

Abif^ail* " 
Eunice " 

David Woolcott 
440 Hannah* " 
Hannah *' 
Lydia " 



Oct. 26, 1744 
Dec. 18,1750 
May 16, 1775 
Sept. 9, 1777 



James Welles 


Feb. 10, 1748 


Lucy* " 




James '* 


Sept. 6, 1772 


Lucy ** 


'■ 


Clara " 




Austinf " 


Nov. 23, 1778 


Beulahf 





May 16, 1740 

Apr. 22, 1742 

•June 8, 1765 

Dec, 1767 

Mar. 17, 1770 

July, 1772 

Oct., 1774 

July 2, 169- 

July 31, 1710 

Oct. 21, 1716 

Aug. 9, 1739 

Nov. 5, 1746 

Dec. 21, 1748 

Nov. 23, 1750 
Apr. 7, 1753 

May 25, 1757 



Mar. 3, 1710 
Mar. 15, 1709 
May 26, 1748 

Aug. 26, 1744 

Jan. 4, 1770 
Jan. 6, 1772 



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34 



NEWINGTON, CONN., INHABITANTS, 1776. 



Elizabeth Woolcott 
David " 



Feb. 1, 1774 
Jan. 1, 1776 



George Wolcott 

Elizabeth* 

George 

William 

Betsey f 

Sallyt 

Josiah 



Jan., 1748 
Oct., 1751 
Aug. 16, 1774 
Apr. 24, 1776 
Apr. 18, 1780 
June 20, 1782 
June 21, 1771 



450 Sion Wint worth 



460 



Caleb Wolcott 
Jerusha* " 
Eunice " 
Elizur " 

Esther Wright 

John 

Michael 

Sarah 

Esther 

Lydia 



May 12, 1754 



Jan. 13, 1762 

Jan. 19, 1765 

Oct., 1767 

Apr., 1771 

May, 1773 



Guinea 

Prince 

Step 

Pomp 

Mingo 

Katern 



Colored Servants. 



Dec. 26, 1763 



Recapitulation, 



Whites, 
Colored, 



460 

7 



Total, 467 



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newington, conn., inhabitants, 1776. 35 

Families formed opw come into the Society since August, 

1776. 

James Mitchell 

Hannah* " 

James " Jun. Jan., 1774 



William " 


July 30, 1779 


Pelatiah Haydon 


June, 1768 


Lemuel Churchell 
Martha " 


Mar. 14, 1766 
Oct., 1769 


Ethan Lusk 


Oct. 2, 1770 


Ezekiel Deming 


Apr., 1763 


Samuel Churchell 
Mercy* " 
Chislen *' 


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Joseph Churchell 
Rhoda* 




Nathaniel Churchell 
Eunice* " 




Joseph Curtiss 
Rebecca* *' 


June, 1756 


Elias Deming 

Martha* " 




John Hurlbut 
Phebe* ** 
Lucy ** 
Mary " 


Apr. 10, 1751 

Jan. 23, 1778 
Jan. 29, 1782 


Jedidiah Smith 
Elizabeth* " 




Benajah Bordman 
Martha* " 
Mekins " 





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36 NEWINGTON, CONN., INHABITANTS, 1776. 



Edward Howard 


July 6, 1763 


Amos Buck 
Abigail* " 
Dorothy " 




Ashbel Seymour 
Abigail* " 
Ashbel 
Erastus *' 


Dec. 6, 1777 
July 2, 1779 


Elias Deming 
Martha* *' 
Enos " 
•William " 


Aug. 20, 1779 


Samuel Pratt 
Hannah* " 
Huldah " 
Lydia " 


Apr. 14, 1779 
Jan. 13, 1780 



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KINGSTON, N. H., CHURCH GATHERING, 



Communicated by Chas. H.Preston. 



An account of the families 
Kevd. Mr. Ward Clark took 
Sept. ye 29, 1725. 
Saml. Easeman, Esqr., 
Capt. Jonathan Sanborn, 
Lieut. John Sweat, 
Lieut. Saml. Colcord, 
Ensign John Fifield, 
Ensign Tristram Sanborn, 
Sergt. Cornelius Clough, 
Sergt. Joseph Young, 
Sergt. Moses Sleeper, 
Sergt. Ebenr. Stevens, 
Daniel Ladd, 
Ebenr. Sleeper, 
Widow Mary Sleeper, 
Richard Clifford, 
Phillips Moodey, 
John Magoon, 
Isaac Clifford, 
Benjamin Judkins, 
James Prescott, 
Joshua Prescot, 
Benjamin Wadleigh, 
Robert Stockman, 
Saml. Stevens, 
Saml. Judkins, 
Nathl. French, 
Jedijah Philbrick, 
John Ladd, 
William Long, 
Simon French, 
Saml. Easman, Jr., 



belonging to Kingston when the 
the charge of the church, — viz., 

Mr. Benjamin Choate, 
Thomas Webster, 
James Bean, ^ 
Saml. Winslow, 
Old Goodman Severns, 
Ephraim Severns, 
Saml. Welch, 
Abraham Watson, 
Joseph Sleeper, 
Thomas Dent, 
John Webster, 
Thomas Webster, Jr., 
Richard Hubbard, 
Jacob Flanders, 
Ralph Blazdel, 
Thomas George, 
Jeremiah Quimby, 
Theophilus Griffin, -^ 
Moses Rowel, 
Ichabod Rcbie, 
Saml. Sanborn, 
James Healet, 
William Buzzel, 
John Sweat, Jr., 
Ebenr. Webster, 
Nathan Batchelor, 
Ichabod Clough, 
Ebenr. Fellows, 
Joseph Greely, 
Widow Muzzey, -^ 
(37) 






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38 KINGSTON, N. H., CHUKCH GATHERING. 

Daniel Bean, Jonathan Collings, a Quaker, 

Saml. Bean, David Quimby. 

Jonathan Sanborn, In all eighty and one. 

Jacob Oilman, 

Phillip Hun toon, 

Phillip Huntoon, Jr., 

John Huntoon, 

Widow Newton, 

Joseph Bean, 

Widow Coleman, 

Jeremiah Hubbard, 

Widow Hubbard, 

Moses Elkins, 

Widow Elizabeth Sleeper, 

Joseph Fifield, 

Saml. Tucker, 

Aron Sleeper, ye aged, 



A list of Communicants at the first gathering of the Church 
at Kingston at the fast before the ordination of the Revd. 
Mr. Ward Clark. 

Ward Clark, Pastor, Mary Colcord, 

Samuel Easeman, Esqr. Hannah Huntoon, 

Aron Sleeper, Jme Hubbard, 

Ichabod Robie, Hannah Elkins, 

James Prescot, Sarah Filield, 

Thomas Webster, Elizabeth Sanborn, 

Moses Elkins, Mehitable Sanborn, 

Moses Sleeper, Deborah Clifford, 

Jeremiah Hubbard, Margaret Sleeper, 

Jonathan Sanborn, Jr., Mercy Hubbard, 

Ebenezer Sleeper, Mercy Sanborn, Capt. Sanborn's 
Capt. Jonathan Sanborn, wife. 



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MARRIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN'S PARI5H, 
PRINCE GEORGE COUNTY, MARYLAND. 



Copied by Miss Helen Bevan. 

[St. John's Parish, was formerly Piscataway or King George's 
Parish, Charles County. The register is now in possession of the 
Protestant Episcopal Library, Baltimore. The records are in a most 
delapidated condition, and the entries were not made with regulari- 
ty. A list of children, with dates of birth, usually follows the en- 
try of marriages among the " birth records."] 

1786. 
[By Rev. Joseph Messenger, St. John's Parish.] 
Jan. 1. John Cawood, Elizabeth Ward. 
Jan. 8. William Morris, Anu Hugar. 
Jan. 12. Philip Evans, Mary M. Hurley. 
Feb. 19. John Hancock Beanes : Henrietta Dyer. 
Feb. 19. Baptist Hardy, Ester Osborn. 
April 6. Thos. Loctimore, Ann Ford. 
June 4. Saml. Hutchinson, Ann Brown. 
July 2. Geo. Hatton, Eleanor Dent (by license). 
Aug. 13. Lancelot Wade, Patty Fenly (by license). 
Aug. 17. Jos. Spires Swayne, Amelia Ann Hilton (by license). 
Sept. 4. William Arnold, Elizabeth Arnold. 
Sept. 4. Leven Club, Rhoda Short. 
Oct. 12. John Stone Webster, Mary Lynn. 
Oct. 12. John Allen, Ann Piles. 

Oct. 20. . Stephen Cawood, Catharine Hebsabah Emerson. 
Nov. 27. John Dancy, Rebecca Hardy. 
Dec. 21. John Evans, Verlinda Willcoxon. 
Dec. 27. Zac. Burch, Mildred Robey. 
Dec. 27. James Pomphrey, Usley Osbern. 
Dec. 31. Levin Summers, Elizabeth Wilcoxen. 

1787. 
Feb. 5. John Blackburn, Elizabeth Magruder. 
Feb. 13. Benj. Whitmore, Eleanor Longly (by publication). 

(39) 



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40 MAKRIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN'S PARISH. 

March 11. Denis Curtin, Ann Freeman (by publication). 

March 18. Robt. Evans, Lucy Jones. 

April 8. John Dent, Eleanor Cecil. 

April 8. James Freeman, Ann Webster. 

April 10. Thomas Simpson, Ruth King. 

April 10. John Feudal Beall, Margaret Beall Hanson. 

May 10. James Beall, Ann Mitchell. 

May 13. Gilbert Whitney, Sarah Conner. 

May 13. Bazil Smallwood, Kary Gauff. 

May 15. Philip Stewart, Mary Marshall. 

May 22. James Handley, Mary Magruder. 

June 5. Isaac Jenkins, Mary Galwith. 

June 14. Jacob Crawford, Elizabeth Prator. 

June 18. Smallwood Cawood, Elizabeth Smalwood. 

Aug. 5. Robt. Abercromby, Martha Smallwood. 

Aug. 5. John Goadard, Susannah Thorn. 

Aug. 12. James Magness, Hannah Wise. 

Sept. 25. Saml. Scot, Ann Tarlton. 

Oct. 7. Benj. Graves, Elizabeth Crown. 

Oct. 18. Henry Main, Mary Berries Ford. 

Nov. 10. Ladoc Butt, Margaret Grantt. 

Dec. 6. Peter Prin, Jane Wedgeworth. 

Dec. 6. Basil Riston, Ann Bonafield. 

Dec. 6. Thomas Wise, Mildred Robertson. 

Dec. 16. John Smallwood, Cloe Wilson. 

Dec. 16. James Everson, Elizabeth Northay. 

Dec. 18. Joseph Pope, Jun., Amelia Pope. 

Dec. 20. John Hurly, Sarah Evans. 

Dec. 25. John Anderson, Jean Gibbs. 

Dec. 27. John Marshall, Rachel Wigfield. 

Dec. 29. Joshua Cissell, Mary Readen. 

1788. 
Jan. 3. John Hawkins Lowe, Barbara Magruder. 
Jan. 3. Richard Thralls, Lucy Mullikin. 
Jan. 5. Benj. Vermillian, Priscilla Parr. 
Jan. 15. John Osbern, Sarah Magruder. 



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MARRIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN'S PARISH. 41 

Jan. 29. Aquila Lanham, Ann Thompson. 
Jan. 31. George Jones, Elizabeth Wilson. 
Feb. 3. Joseph Simpson, Rachel Galworth. 
Feb. 10. John Gittine, Mary Clements. 
March 3. Singleton Waugh, Elizabeth Wilworth. 
March 5. John William Smith, Rachel Low. 
March 23. John Adams, Susannah Brown. 
April 22. John Simpson, Mary Dent Morris. 
John Scot, Mary Crampkin. 
Basil Talbott, Keziah Lowe. 
Samuel Hanson, Elizabeth Fendall Marshall. 
Nathaniel Weden, Catharine Ogden. 
William Wise, Elizabeth Ross. 
Henry Bureley, Frances Nicolson. 
James Thompson, Rhoda Athay. 
John McClanan, Ann MacGill. 
1789. 
Hezekiah Young, Charity Joy Ford. 
John Grimes, Sarah King. 
William Manley, Sarah Brown. 
Elisha Lovelace, Ann Jones. 
Bennett Beall, Ann Morriss. 
John Hunt, Priscilla Brown. 
Basil Hurly, Mary Soper. 

Charles Tippett, Eleanor Boswell [by Rev. Edward 
Jones.] 
March 20. Allen Burrell, Susannah Wood. 
June 7. Paterick McEldery, Mary Clagett. 
July 12. John Bean Lanham, Susannah Day. 
Sept. 26. Jos. Loudon Barrett, Elizabeth Williams. 
Sept. 13. Ezekiel Masters, Casandra Norton. 
Sept. 26. Archibald Osburn, Rachel Longly. 
Sept. 29. William Williams, Rachael Conn. 
Oct. 6. Luke Day, Mary How. 
Oct. 25. John Frasier, Mary Lanham. 
Nov. 1. Mordecai Jacob, Mary Coe. 



May 


12. 


June 19. 


Aug, 


.10. 


Sept 


.25. 


Nov. 


20. 


Nov. 


,23. 


Nov. 


30. 


Dec. 


21. 


Jan. 


6. 


Jan. 


6. 


Jan. 


7. 


Jan. 


7. 


Jan. 


5. 


Jan. 


15. 


Feb. 


15. 


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42 MAREIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN^S PARISH. 

Nov. 3. Jesse Hardy, Sarah Wheat. 

Nov. 24. . James Adams, Elizabeth Welch. 

Nov. 26. Charles Wise, Elizabeth Ceilings. 

Dec. 3. Josias Simpson, Sarah Phillips. 

Dec. 13. John Downs, Elizabeth Underwood. 

Dec. 22. Leonard Townshend, Sarah Eleanor Young. 

Dec. 24. Zepheniah Stone, Priscilla Pope. 

Dec. 27. William Emberson, Mary Ann Sim(p)son. 

Dec. 27. Thos. Jones, Winifred Thorn. 

1790. 
Jan. 3. Elhanah Boswell, Ann Marland. 
Jan. 5. William Hurly, Sarah Taylor. 
Jan. 7. Thos. Sweringer, Els. Pope. 
Jan. 14. Hugh Lewis, Susauah Gicgory. 
Jan. 14. Saml. Philips, Eleanor Ball. 
Jan. 15. Saml. Dod, Ann Marthus. 
Jan. 15. Thomas B. Morris, Casandra Thrall. 
Jan. 19. Thos. Berkley, Priscilla Bean. 
Jan. 24. Wm. Richards, Cloe Smallwood. 
Jan. 20. Jos. Jones, Viletor Padgett. 
Feb. 2. Adam Nigill, Ann Barnes. 
Feb. 4. Nich. Free, Catherine Nigill. 
Feb. 4. Henry Barnes, Ann Lanham. 
Feb. 4. John Stewart, Mary Dove. 
Feb. 7. Elisha Riston, Ann Mayoh. 
Feb. 9. Butler Jones, Elizab. Linsay. 
Feb. 9. Jno. Marshall, Elizabeth Fendall Fry-Ford. 
Feb. 11. Chas. Robinson, Yilitter Jones. 
Feb. 11. Saml. Thomson, Ann Walker. 
Feb. 14. Geo. Sinklar, Cloe Rhyon. 
Feb. 14. Josias Lanham, Cloe Mason, 
Feb. 23.* Orland Tucker, Eliza Ann Lanham. 
Feb. 20. Jack Clements, Ann Clements. 
Feb. 20. Henry B. Thorn, Mary Thorn. 
March 6. Henry Lausdale, Aminta Wilson. 



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MAKRIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN'S PARISH. 43 

March 23. Josias Winn Richardson, Eleanor Vernidion. 

April 4. Saml. Upton, Mary Ann Lanhara. 

July 31. Janes Lowe, Eliza b. Wig. 

Aug. 26. Giles Vermilion, Ann Cross. 

Aug. 26. John Kyle, Willey Clarke. 

Sept. 19. Thos. Lindsey, Rebecca Frasier. 

Oct. 26. Henry Davis, Mary Normon Morris. 

Nov. 13. Zeph. Athay, Lucy Duckett. 

Nov. 28. Nathaniel Washington, jMargaret Hawkins. 

Dec. 2. Moses Jones, Drucilla Ball. 

Dec. 6. Caleb Vernon, Cloe Atchison. 

Dec. 4. John Emberson, Rebecca Simpson. 

Dec. 14. Henry Nichols, IClizab. Blake. 

Doc. 23. Geo. Boan, Araminta Jones. 

Dec. 23. Wm. Hurley, Rebecca Soaper. 

Dec. 23. Samuel Rideout, Mary Grafton Addison. 

Dec. 23. Stephen Whitmore, Sarah Vernidion 

Dec. 25. Marshew Beckett, Amie Higgins. 

Dec. 27. Michael Robey, Elizab. Jarman. 

Dec. 30. James Thompson, Mary Philips. 

1791. 

Jan. 2. James Stewart, Massey Burgess. 

Jan. 6. Robt. B. Beall, Elizab. Berry. 

Jan. 20. Richd. Turner, Elizab. Williams. 

Jan. 23. Bazil Barnes, ^lary Lanham. 

Jan. 27. John Moody, Brillicina Thomas. 

Jan. 27. Thomas Jefferson, Hally Baney Robey. 

Feb. 11. John Payne, Elizb. Locker. 

Feb. 11. John White, Aurelia Cohagan. 

Feb. 16. Archibald White, Mary Nash. 

Feb. 24. John Hillary, Verlinda Williams. 

Feb. 27. John Downs Landham, Susannah Allen. 

March 6. Paul Talbortt, Sarah Ann Bryan. 

March 8. Asa Moore, Elizabeth Thomas. 



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44 MARRIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN'S PARISH. 

March -g Benj. Tarman, Letter Fields. 
March 13. Robt. Hay, Anna Magruder. 
April 3. Joshua Masters, EKzab. Selby. 
April 24. Hunphrey Mochabey, Verlinda Stations. 
April 24. Henry Harvey, Sarah McDamal. 
May 12. Zeph. Prater, Nancy Jinkens. 
May 14. Wm. Smith, ]\Iary Ann ^Yebster. 
June 12. Archibald Ford, Elizab. Athey. 
June 12. Negro Jack and Negro Peggy were married by con- 
sent of Mrs. Chapman. 
June 26. Wm. Jones, Darkey Mocber. 
June 27. Henry Burch, Susannah Suit. 
June 30. Henry Velum, Sarah Togood. 
June 30. Thos. Larc}', INIary HoUey. 
July 21. Hernun Willett, Elizab. Sommers. 
July 21. Joshua Jefferies, Charlott Hobbs. 
Aug. 4. John King, Elizab. Dorrell. 
Aug. 4. John ]Milany, Elizab. Ferrell. 
Sept. 2. John Lloyd, Mary Marther. 
Sept. 18. Joseph Athey, Jem. Smith. 
Sept. 18. Benj. Jeffries, Eleanor Berry. 
Sept. 19. Philip Boswele, Charlott Paires. 
Sept. 26. Acquila Wilson, Sarah Taylor. 
Nov. Nathan Soper, Ann Derey. 
Dec. 13. Joseph Wheet, Rachel Bryan. 
Dec. 14. James Short, Mary McCasllin. 
Dec. 14. James Lucas, Mary Free. 
Dec. 16. John Harbot, Lucy Sherwood. 
Dec. 16. John Stewett, Arianna Ross. 
Dec. 22. Jas. Walters, Elizab. Bershers. 
Dec. 26. Josiah Sprigg, Mary Crawford. 
Dec. 26. James Crawford, Margaret Wilson. 

1792. 
Jan. 1. Andrew Eraser, Catherine Lanbam. 



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MARRIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN'S PARISH. 45 

Jan. 3. Walter Ray, Rebecca Bershears. 

Jan. 12. Acquilla Johns, Mary Bayl3^ 

Feb. 4. Wm. Pomphrey, Mary Rollings. 

Feb. 6. Festrer Wilson, Mary Suit. 

Feb. 16. Reason Low, Sarah Cole. 

Feb. 22. Wm. Scott, Rebecca Hardey. 

March 27. Isaac Lansdale, Kitty Mordock Brook. 

April 7. James Carrold, Susanna Galwith. 

April 3. Henry Low, Peggy Low. 

April 10. Zach. Posey, Elizabeth Hamilton. 

April 21. Middleton Michel, Rebecca Reston. 

June 7. John Barton, Judith Adams. 

June 14. Stephen Cawood, Elizab. Ann Fendale. 

June 24. Benson Soper, Elizab. Rcdgway. 

Sept. 6. Christian Wirt, Mary Weaver. 

Sept. 30. Thos. Lee IMitchell, Elizabeth Wilson. 

Oct. 6. Alexander Gibbons, Rebecca Keith. 

Nov. 3. James Peters, Sarah Heasener. 

Dec. 2. John Bowles Jones, Mary Padgell. 

Dec. li. Wm. IMitchell, Mary White. 

Dec. 16. Philip Stewart, ^lary Fell Baynes. 

Dec 16. Acquila Emmerson, Susanna Simpson. 

1793. 

Jan. 2. Nathaniel Sumners, Sarah Scarn. 

Jan. 13. James Hunt, Unice Loveless. 

Jan. 15. Edward Day, Sarah How. 

Jan. 31. Wm. Willing, Mary Darny. 

Feb. 7. Perry Jones, Liney Gantle. 

Feb. 12. Wm. Jones, Sarah "King. 

Feb. 10. Bryan Hamson, Lucy Hatton. 

Feb. 26. John Urqurt, Ann Low. 

March 4. John Williams, Elizabeth Barrell. 

May 20. Philip L. Webster, Elizab. Been. 



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46 MARRIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN'S PARISH. 

1794. 

March. Stephen Waters, Jane Duckett. 

Apr. 20. Thos. Harvey, Elizab. Ann Simpson. 

May 1. Walter Beale, Jean Waring. 

May 4. Alvin Osburn, Elizab. Gibbs. 

May 8. Jonathan Beale, Elizab. Williams. 

June 22. Azariah Guttings, Mary Selby. 

July 31. David Looker, Sarah Payne. 

July 31. Philip Soper, Elizab. Tape. 

Aug. 28. John Wise, Usley Mitchell. 

Sept. 7. Thos. Burch, Vilenda Harvey. 

Sept. 14. John Walker Breshears, Casther Soper. 

Nov. 16. Jesse Talbot, Mildred Lanham. 

Nov. 18. Lorin Simpson, Elizab. Burch. 

Nov. 20. Josey Harrison, Turtin Ann Jenkins. 

Nov. 25. Gilbert Whitney, Ann Milony. 

Nov. 30. Mordicai Ridgway, Eleanor Soper. 

Nov. 30. Lancelot Crow, Elizab. Beigue. 

Dec. 7. Charles Cox, Ann King. 

Dec. 13. Wm. Barclay, Mary Evans. 

Dec. 21. Caleb Vermilion, Mary Busey. 

Dec. 23. Joseph Gill, Mary Fenley. 

Dec. 30. Richd. Beall, Cassandra Hillery. 



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ESSEX, MASS., DEEDS. 



(Continued from page S93, Volume Vlll.n.s.) 

10 Oct., 1654. 
Jonathan Porter of Salem, planter, hath sold unto 
James Chichester his dwelling house, with the land 
adjoining, being about 1| acres, for and in considera- 
tion that the said James shall freely allow and give meat, 
drink and lodging unto his wife, Eunice Porter, duringj her 
widowhood, in case the said Jonathan shall dye befor her, as 
by deed;dated 2 Oct., 1654. 

19 Oct., 1654. 
A caveat for John Woody and Thomas Flynt, who 
bought of John Pickering his farm, which he bought 
of Mr. Higginson, being 150 acres of meadow and 
pasture, more or less, as by deed dated 18 Oct., 1654. 

(62) 27 Oct., 1654. 
John Jackson of Salem, mariner, for £3, hath sold 
I acre of salt marsh lyinfy in the South field, between 

Salem. ■* J t=> ' 

goodman Rayes and goodman Archer's salt ,'marsh, 
unto Jonathan Porter, as by a deed dated the 2 Oct., 1654. 

27 Oct., 1654. 

Jonathan Porter hath assigned all his right and 

g^ ^ interest to the three-quarters of an acre of salt marsh 

in the next record above mentioned unto Francis 

Skerry of Salem, husbandman, as by a writing dated 3 Oct., 

1C54. 

9-2-1655. 

Samuel Archard of Salem, carpenter, hath sold unto 

Salem Jo^in Beckett of do., shipwright, one dwelling house 

and three acres of land behind it, more or less, for 

^16, between Edward Harnett and Richard Lambert's, as by 

deed dated 9 Apr., 1655. 

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48 ESSEX, MASS., DEEDS. 



Salem. 



Nathan Birdsall of Salem sells five acres to Henry 
Cooke of Salem, having (65) Joseph Pope on the 
north and Richard Bishop on the south, as by deed 
dated 16 Feb., 1654. 

14, 2mo., 1655. 

Receipts of Thomas Marriner of Newfoundland to 

Boston. ^^^' J<^^^ Phillips of Boston, for two hhds. of malt, 

four new nets, two dozen new lines, to be returned to 

said Phillips or his assigns on demand 20 Aug., 1650. Witnessed 

by Paul Mansfield. 

[27] 14, 2 mo., 1655. 

Thomas Marriner of Newfoundland acknowledges 

Boston indebtedness to Mr. John Phillips of Boston of 

X 38-2-0, to be repaid in good merchble salt, one-half 

before first of May next, other half before the first of July next, 

at the price of 12 sh. the hhd., and for payment QQ6) Marriner 

binds himself in X60. 20 Aug., 1650. In witness of John 

Pillips, John Gill. 

28, 2 mo., 1655. 

John Shepley of Wenham hath sold unto William 

wenham ^^^ke of Wenham a dwelling house, with an outhouse 

attatched, and ten acres of ground adjoining, lying in 

Wenham, butting with a bound tree by the mill, and so running 

up to the meeting house due north 100 pole and 16 pole wide to 

Robert Gowing's lot eastward, with the appurtenances, as by 

deed of 28, 2 mo., 1655. 

15, 3 mo., 1655. 

Richard Graves hath sold unto John Putnam his 

Salem, g^^^t of fortie acres of upland scituate & being be- 

tweene ye land of John Ruck & William (67) 

Hathorne & William Nickolls, in ye township of Salem, for 

fiftie-five shillings, as by a deede bearing date ye 12: 3 mo.: 1655. 

Richard Graves hath sold unto John Gedney two 

acres joining to Henry Cooke's on the one side and 

Michael Ward on the other, for 42sh. 6d., as by deed 

of 1 Jan., 1649. 



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ESSEX, MASS., DEEDS. 49 

v' 16, 3 mo., 1655. 
Thomas Rix and Margeritt, his wife, for five pounds 
Salem ^^^^ *^ John Gidney four acres next the pasture land 
of John Gidney, toward Ipswich ferry, in the town- 
ship of Salem, as by deed, 15, 3 mo., 1655. 

3, 6 mo., 1655. 

Allice Vermaz, widow, sometime of Salem, for ten 

Salem pounds, sells to Henry Skerry of Salem, cordwinder, 

ten acres in the North field between land of Daniel 

Ray, on the east, and Thomas Watson and Thomas Tuck on the 

west, butting on North river ; also five acres of meadow in 

Wenham (68), meadow joining on the land given Henry Skerry 

and Francis Skerry by the town of Salem, as by deed dated 3, 

6mo., 1655. 

[28] 6, 6 mo., 1655. 

Robert Brett of Salem sells to George Emery IJ 

Salem ^cres of meadow between the lands of Samuel Archer 

on the southeast and the meadow of John Jackson on 

the northwest, which said meadow lies on both sides of the 

Cross river that comes out of , Forest river, in the township of 

Salem ; by deed of 6 Aug., 1655. 

9, 6 mo., 1655. 
William Lord of Salem, cutler, for twenty pounds, 
Salem ^^^^^ ^^ Robert Britt of Salem two acres of upland, 
between the lands of Nath'l Pickman on the west 
and the house of Wm. Golt and John Miller on the east, butting 
upon the burying place, and thence upward to the street in 
the township of Salem, as by deed, 6, 6 mo., 1655. 
(69) 23-6 mo.,-1655. 
Roger Haskall of Bass River, husbandman^ within 
Salem. ^^® bounds of Salem, for eight pounds, hath sold to 
Richard Dodge of do., husbandman, forty acres, 
Beaver pond on one side and said Dodge's bounds on the other, 
oii\j 6 acres of meadow that lyeth within this compass, and said 
Richard is to have a watering place of the said Roger for his 
cattle, all in Salem ; by deed of 28 Feb., 1654. 



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60 ESSEX, MASS., DEEDS. 

23-6 mo.-1655. 
Thomas Chubb and Avis, his wife, of Manchester, 
„ ^ , for twelve pounds, sell to William Pitt and Moses 

Mancnester. . 

Maverick of Marblehead a dwelling house, with fifty 
acres of land on which the house standeth, being between the 
bounds of Manchester on the east northerly, and the meadow 
land of said Pitt and Maverick which they bought of John 
Home; as by deed of 17, 2 mo., 1655. 

(70) 
John Home of Salem, for fifty pounds, sells to 
Manchester. William Pitt and Moses Maverick of Marblehead 
eighty-five acres and a half, viz., of salt marsh ten 
acres and half ; of upland in the plain twenty-five acres ; of up- 
land beside fifty acres ; bounded on the northeast by Manchester 
lands, and on the southwest by farm land of Mr. John Black- 
leech, as by deed of 23, 2, 1653. 

John Lyon of Marblehead, fisherman, for fifteen 

hi ii ad poui^ds, hath sold to Moses Maverick his dwelling 

house, with half an acre of land thereto adjoining, 

lying between Mr. Walton's orchard and Henry Stacy's house 

lot in Marblehead, with appurtenances, dated 17, 6mo., 1653. 

[29] 23, 6 mo., 1655. 

William Hathorno of Salem, 'One of the attorneys 

Salem ^^ Mt8. Lydia Banc^ies, late of Salem, in New 

England, for 125 pounds, doth sell to Mr. Moses 

Maverick (71), David Cor wet hen, Arthur Sandin, William 

Charles, Jon. Peach the elder, and other the inhabitants of 

Marblehead, all that farm called the plaines farm lying in 

Salem, and adjoining to Mr. Peter's farm, being 400 acres, 

more or less, with all the housing, fencing, and appurtenances, 

excepting fifty acres and two ponds formerly granted to Mr, 

Downing ; as by an instrument dated 24, 7 mo., 1645. 

Thomas Putnam took up a stray sow, with seven small piggs 
by her side, the 9, 6 mo., 1655 ; appraised at 22sh. 



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ESSEX, MASS., DEEDS. 61 

19, 2 mo., 1656. 
Eobert Mansfield of Lynn, yeoman, and Elizabeth, 
, his wife, in consideration of their son, Andrew 

LiJlXJi. ' ' 

Mansfield, living with them until the time of his 
marriage as a faithful and obedient child, has granted to him as 
a child's portion a house and house lot, six acres, more or less, 
with the enclosure adjoining to the north end of it, the whole 
bounded easterly with land of Hugh Burt and the rocky hill 
of Andrew Mansfield, westerly by house lot of Thomas (72) 
Townsend and the street, butting northerly on the country 
highway, and southerly on the towne highway ; also the 
Kocky Hill adjoining the said house lot on the east, bounded 
with a close and house lot of said Andrew Mansfield and the 
house lot of Hugh Burt, and from the corner of Hugh Burt's 
lot by the descent of the hill near the highway to the swamp, 
and so at the descent of the hill by the swamp till we come 
unto the close of the said Andrew, and that without any division. 
Also a parcell of fresh meadow at the head of the second pond 
from the town which runneth to the water mill lying upon a 
trayangle usually called Mr. Sadler's marsh ; also three acres 
salt marsh in ye salt marsh before the town, bounded southerly 
by the marsh of Hugh Burt, northerly by the marsh of Mr. 
Handf ord, butting easterly on the land of Mr. Knowles. Also 
one acre of marsh in the first division in Rumney marsh, bounded 
easterly with the marsh of Capt. Bridges, westerly by the marsh 
of Mr. Burrull. Also three acres of salt marsh iu the second 
division in Rumney marsh, bounded easterly with marsh of 
Capt. Bridges, westerly of George Tayler. Also an acre of 
marsh in the second division in Rumney^ marsh, bounded east 
by marsh lately in tenure of Matliew West, and westerly with 
marsh of old Winter (73). Also four acres of salt marsh in the 
last divison in Rumney marsh, bounded easterly by marsh of 
Edward Burcham, butting southerly on the river, northerly 
on the marsh of Edmund Farrington, 'all which lands are in the 
bounds of the town of Lynn, and purchased of Mr. George 



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52 ESSEX, MASS., DEEDS. 

Tayler, widower, by the said Robert, except one three-acre lot 
in the second division in Rumney marsh and one one-acre lot 
in the same division, and two acres of salt marsh before the 
town and four acres in the last division in Rumney marsh ; 'as 
by deed dated 10, 4 mo., 1650. 

(To he continued,) 



Charles H. Browning, so well known through his books, 
'* Americans of Royal Descent," and his connection with the 
*< Order of the Crown," recently brought suit against a lady 
who declined to join the ''Order." Her declination was pub- 
lished in a New York paper, and, as she criticised both the 
"Older" and the books. Browning claimed that his reputa- 
tion as a genealogist had been impaired. Mr. Browning might 
easily find others as outspoken as ^Irs. Van Rensselaer. 



BPwAdford. — Edward Bradford and his wife Sarah lived in 
Falmouth shortly after the Revolution. They had children : 
Anne, Sally, Betheney, Roxand, Clarissa, Edward, Jany, Jep- 
tha, born 1791-1806. David, who died in 1817, supposed to 
be father of Edward. 

Wanted, information of Edward and David Bradford, espec- 
ially their presumed descent from Governor Bradford. Who 
was Sarah, the wife of Edward ? B. T. 

Mower. 
Proof wanted that Samuel Mower, born Sept. 26, 1689, died 
in Worcester, Mass., May 8, 1760, is or is not the Samuel 
Mower born in Lynn, Mass., Sept. 26, 1689, the same date as 
above, the son of Samuel and Joanna and grandson of Richard, 
.who came over in the ship *' Blessing" in 1635. 
Address : Ephraim Mower, 

South Norwalk, Conn. 



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EARLIEST RECORDS OF ST. JAMES' EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 
GREAT BARRINQTON, MASS.* 



(Continuedfrompage S93, Volume YIlLn.s.) 

August 22, baptized: 

Wm., Elijah and Sarah, sons and dau. of Elijah Bostwick and 

Rebecca, his wife. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Asa Warner, deceased, and Sarah, his wife. 
Thankful, dau. of Joel Curtiss and Thankful, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, August 26, 1770. Baptized : 

Eglie, dau. of Benj. Fray and Elizabeth, his wife. 
Jonah, son of Lemuel Cleveland and Margret, his wife. 
Molly, dau. of Francis Wolcot and Lydia, his wife. 
Margret, dau. of James Smith and Susannah, his wife. 
Robert, son of Peter Seism and Rachel, his wife. 
Peter, son of Robert Roropough and Hannah, his wife. 
Rhoda, dau. of John Baglcy and Prudence, his wife. 
Lois, dau. of Isaac Frimes and Margret, his wife. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph Lockwood and Nancy, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, Aug. 27, 1770. Baptized : 

Margret, wife of Isaac Grimes. 

Henry and Philander, sons of the above Isaac and Margret 
Grimes. 

Benjamin and Hannah, son and dau. of John Bagley and Pru- 
dence, his wife. 

Lanesborough, Sept. 9, 1770. Baptized : 
Maiy, wife of Uzziel Darrin. 

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64 RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

Great Harrington, Sept. 16, 1770. Baptized: 
David, son of Deodat Ingersoll and Christian, his wife. 
Christian, dau. of Michael Holenbeck and Elizabeth, his wife. 
Molly, dau. of Abraham Vandus en and Geese, his wife. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Peter Goud and Catherine, his wife. 

Sheffield, Sept. 20. Baptized : 

Joseph, adopted son of Jona. Plastage. 

Rachel, dau. of Job Westover and Rachel, his wife. 

Matthew, son of James Lindsey and Abigail, his wife. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Zachariah Spaldin and Rachel, his wife. 

Silence, dau. of Jona. Nichols and Joannah, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, Sept. 23, 1770. Baptized: 

Catherine and Hannah, twin daus. of Gabriel Burzee and Sa- 
rah, his wife. 
Anne, dau. of Aaron Pixley and Sarah, his wife. 
Benjamin, son of Hannah Mallery. 
Margery, dau. of Charles Duro. 

Lanesborough, Oct. 7th, 1770. Baptized : 
Stephan, son of Jacob Bacon and Ruth, his wife. 
Emlen, dau. of Reuben Garlick and Lucy, his wife. 

Nobletown, Oct. 14, 1770. Baptized : 

Mary, dau. of Nell McAarthur and Hannah, his wife. 

New Concord, Oct. 21, 1770. Baptized : 
Ezekiel and William, sons of James Lock wood and Sarah, his 
wife. 

Great Barrington, Oct. 28, 1770. Baptized : 
Sarah, dau. of Nicholas Spoor and Sarah, his wife. 
Gerrectt, son of Charles Persons and Catherine, his wife. 

Lanksboro, Novbr. 4, 1770. Baptized. : 

Mary, dau. of Joshua Lobdell and Sarah, his wife. 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 65 

Stock BRIDGE, Novbr. 6, 1770. Baptized: 

Olive, dau. of Charles Stone and Tripliena, his wife. 

Jacob and Sibbel, son and dau. of Titus Curtiss and Hannah, 

his wife. 
Justice, son of Eliphalet Fowler and Thankful, his wife. 

NOBLETOWN, Nov. 18, 1770. Baptized : 

Ann Head, an adult. 

Lydia, dau. of Samll. Mallery and Mary, his wife. 

Jemime, dau. of Isaac Nokes and Deliverance, his wife. 

Great Barrington, Decbr. 2, 1770. Baptized : 
David, son of David Arnold and Mary, his wife. 

Nobletown, Decbr. 10, 1770. Baptized: 
Zechariah and Sarah, son and dau. of David Munrow and 
Rachel, his wife. 

Great Barrington, Decbr. 13, 1770. 

Joined in marriage, Lent Doud and Abigal Orton of Terringham. 

Nevt Concord, Decbr. 23, 1770. Baptized : 
Josiah Woodward, an adult. 

Anno Domini, 1771. 
Jairi'ry 3, 1771. Baptized at Terringham. 
John, son of John Hubbard and Hannah, his wife. 
Ann, dau. of Cornelious Doud and Thankful, his wife. 

JanVy 13. Baptized at Nobletown. 

Robert, son of Levi Seeley and Annah, his wife. 

Great Barrington, January 20. Baptized : 
Peter, son of Coonroet Sharp and Sarah, his wife. 

Nobletown, Feb'ry 3. Baptized : 

Cornelius, son of Nathll. Pixley and Sarah, his wife. 

Joanna, dau. of Oliver Mallery and Margret, his wife. 



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66 e:ecords of saint james episcopal church. 

Great Barrington, Feb'ry 10. Baptized : 
Sarah, dau. of JoTin Ilickox and Anna, his wife. 
Buried, Anna, wife of John Hickox. 

Egremont, Feb'ry 13. Baptized : • 

Margret Harvey, an adult. 

Phebe Chubb, an adult. 

Mary Bullis, an adult. 

Mary Chubb, daughter of Jemima Wilson. 

New Canaan, Feb'ry 19. Baptized : 

Elizabeth, Mary, Jonathan, Abraham, Mehittable and Cyntha, 

sons and daus. of Sarall. Russell and Hester, his wife. 
Amos, Rachel, David and John, sons and dau. of Amos Toles 

and Elizabeth, his wife. 

New Canaan, Feb. 20, 1771. Baptized : 

Asahel, Matthew, Hannah and Elizabeth, sons and daus. of 
William Warner and Abigail, his wife. 

Great Barrington, Feb'ry 24, 1771. Baptized : 
Gese, dau. of Stiles Stevens and Elizabeth, his wife. 

Lanesboro, March 3d, 1771. Baptized : 

Martin, Aseneth, Henry and Gilbert, sons and dau. of Gilbert 

Everts and Rebeca, his wife. 
Phebe, dau. of John Towsley and Sarah, his wife. 
Joseph Wheler, son of Theophilus Allen and Joanna, his wife- 
Josiah, son of Abel Sherman and Lucy, his wife. 

G. Barrington, March 7. Baptized : 

Warner, son of John Hickox and Eunice, his wife. 

KoBLETOWN, March 9th. Baptized : 

Esther, dau. of Robert Warner and Jane, his wife. 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 57 

NOBLETOWN, March 10th. Baptized : 
Sarah, dau. of Win. Mallery and Mary, his wife. 
March 13, 1771. Joined in marriage : David Grossman, of 
Great Barrington, and Cornelia Spoor, of Egremont. 

Great Barrington, March 17, 1771. Baptized : 
Israel, son of Joseph Dwight and Lydia, his wife. 

Lanesboro, March 24, 1771. Baptized : 

Jonathan, son of Jonathan Fulford and Thankful, his wife. 

Phebe, dau. of Gideon Kent and Lois, his wife. 

Great Barrington, April 1st. 

Had a Vestry meeting, chose Ensign John Burghaidt, John 
Hicox, Ensign John Burghardt, church wardens. 

New Concord, April 8. 

Had a Vestry meeting. Chose Moses Woster clerk, Benjm. In- 
gram, James Savage, church wardens. 

New Concord, April 8, 1771. Married : 
Benjamin Ingram, Junr., and Jerusha Barrett. 

New Concord, April 9th. Baptized : 

Cornelius, Deborah, Lois and Ruth, son and daughters of the 
widow Henry, Relict of the late Cornelius Henry, deceased. 

NoBLETOWN, April 14. Baptized : 

Benjamin, son of Ebenezer Green and Elizabeth, his wife. 
Peter, son of Jacob She wf ell and Lydia, his wife. 
Samuel, son of John Lewis and Phebe, his wife. 
William, son of Benjn. Earl and Phebe, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, April 15, 1771, held a Vestry meeting. Chose 
Robert Meaker clerk, Moses Gilbert, Ebenezar Green, Church 
Wardens. 



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58 RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

At a Vestry meeting held at G. Barrington, Apr. 22, 1771, 
Voted X20 as a Salery for the Current Year. Voted that 
Nathan Scribner and John Burghardt be Choristers the Cur- 
rent Year ; Jogham Johnson, Bell-man. 

Lanesboro, April 28, 1771. Baptized: 
Oliver, son of Ezra Piatt and Naomi, his wife. 

At a Vestry meeting, held at Lanesboro, April 29, 1771, Ap- 
pointed Mr. Reuben Garlick, Clerk. Voted,that Mess. Wm. 
Bradley and Ashahel Beach be Church Wardens, Mess. Wm. 
Jervis and Theophilus Allen Choresters. 

NOBLETOWN, May 12, 1771. Baptized : 

Robert, son of Robert Van Dusen and Hannah, his wife. 

Uriah, son of Jacob Louk and Catherine, his wife. 

Samuel, son of John Spoor and Anne, his wife. | 

Mary, dau. of John More and Ruth, his wife. | 

Lanesboro, June 9. Baptized : 

Reuben, son of Gilbert Evarts and Rebecca, his wife. 
Abraham, son of Abraham Bristol and Mary, his wife. 
Sarah, dau. of Elijah Rowel and Mabel, his wife. 
June 13, 1771. Joined in Marriage, Samuel Smith and Mary 
Hickox. 

Nobletown, June 23, 1771. Baptized : 

Elias, son of James Bagley and Sarah, his wife. 
Elsse, dau. of Coonrodt Burghardt and Judith, his wife. 
Judith, dau. of Lemuel Cleveland and Margret, his wife. 
Lydia, dau. of Squire Pixley and Sybel, his wife. 
Anche, dau. of Peter Burzee and Mar}^ his wife. 
Phillip, son of Abraham Rase and Catherine, his wife. 
Hannah, John and Nabbe, son and daughters of John Stewart 
and Lydia, his wife. 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JA3^1ES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 69 

Sheffield, June 27, 1771. Baptized: » 

Pheiiix, wife of Jacob Warn. 

Rhodah, dau. of Job Westover and Rachel, his wife. 
Rhodah, dau. of Seth Egleston and Rachel, his wife. 
David, son of Jacob Warn and Phenix, his wife. 

Lanesboro, June 30. Baptized : 

Nathaniel Weltch, an adult. 

Mary, Elijah, Sarah, William and Samuel, sons and daus. of 

Elijah Powel and Mary, his wife. 
Polly, dau. of Benjm. Farnum and Hannah, his wife. 

New Canaan, July 1. Baptized: 

John, Jeremiah, and Samuel, sons of Elijah Hurlburt and 

Eleanor, his wife. 
Levi, son of Elijah Bostwick and Rebecca, his wife. 

Tyrringham, July 4, 1771. Baptized : 

Susanna, dau. of William Posdick and Doritha, his wife. 

New Concord, July 14. Baptized : 

Charles, Timothy and John, sons of Timothy Right and Re- 
becca, his wife. 
Thonas, son of Jacob Young and Rachel, liis wife. 
Thomas, son of Thomas Garvey and Mary, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, July 28. Baptized : 

Rachel, dau. of William More and Christian, his wife, 
lienjamin, son of Israel Walker and Jane, his wife. . . 
John, son of Andros Rase and Rebekah, his wife. 
Francis, son of Francis Wolcot and Lydia, his wife. 

Oreat Barrington, August 11. Baptized : 

Mar}-, dau. of George Statia and Rebeckath, his wife Born De- 
cember — , A. D., 1768. 



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60 KECOEDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

NoBLETOWN, August 18, 1771. Baptized: 
Gabriel, son of John Burzee and Hannah, his wife. 
John, son of Robert Meaker and Rebekah, his wife. 
Christene, dau. of Moses Kerley and Olive, his wife. 
Joined in Marriage, Abel Whalin and Lydia Bigsby. 

Gkeat Barrington, August 25, 1771. Baptized : 
Rebeckah, dau. of Daniel Ingersoll and Molly, his wife. 
John, son of Michael Holenbeck and Mary, his wife. 
Isaac, son of John Minkler and Sophia, his wife. 

New Concord, Sept. 1. Baptized: 

Ebenezar Lewis, son of Reuben Hurlburt and Elizabeth, his I 

wife. I 

Mary, dau. of Eliada Pettit and Mary, his wife. | 

Lanesboro, Sept. 15. Baptized : 1 

Tirzah, dau. of Abiel Piatt and Rhoda, his wife. * 

Abner, son of Asa Barnes and Lois, his wife. 

Nobletown, Sept. 22. Baptized : 

Ann Hunt, an adult. 

Eleoner, dau. of Joseph Elwood and Martha, his wife. 

Temperance, dau. of Wm. Goodrich and Temperance, his wife. 

Great Barrington, Sept. 29, 1771. Baptized: 

Betsa Maria, dau. of Gideon Bostwick and Gese, his wife. 

Great Barrington, Octbr. 2, 1771. Joined in Marriage, Mr. 
Truman Wheler and Huldah Cad well. Also Mr. Warham 
Lee and Lydia Noble. 

Egremont, Octbr. 3. Baptized : 
Martin, son of Asahel Joiner and Eunice, his wife. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Simeon Noble and Esther, his wife. 
Rhoda, dau. of Samuel Ennis and Deborah, his wife. 
Elijah, sou of Elijah Cornwel and Jane, his wife. 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 61 

Mary, dau. of John Morrison and Ezuba, his wife. 
Daniel, son of Danll. Read and Ann, his wife. 

Lanesboro, Octbr. 6, 1771. Baptized: 

Joel and Mehittabel, son and dau. of Matthew Johnson and 
Sybel, his wife. 

WiLLiAMSTOWN, Octbr. 7. Baptized : 

Anner, dau. of Samll. Clark and Ame, his wife. 

Huldah, dau. of John Smedley and Deliverance, his wife. 

Catherine, dau. of Jacob Past and Catherine, his wife. 

George, son of Henry Westinghouser and Mary, his wife. 

Jesse, son of Gideon Smith and Mehittabel, his wife. 

Mary, dau. of John Hunsinger and Mar^ret, his wife. 

Joan and Catherine, daus. of Jacob Smith and Mary, his wife. 

Jacob, son of John Kilborn and Ann, his wife. 

Mary, dau. of John Rice and Hannah, his wife. 

Tamer, dau. of Zadok Bostwick and Dorckas, his wife. 

Spencertown, Octbr. 10, 1771. Joined in marriage, Thomas 
Johnson and Keziah Ketcham, Zepheniah Holcomb and Ta- 
phena Niles. 

Stephantwon, Octbr. 15, 1771. Joined in marriage, Elisha 
Eglestone and Abigail Hoi com. 

BuRNETFiELD, Octbr. 15. Baptized: 

Alexander Hubbs and INIercy, his wife, adults. Samuel, Dorck- 
as, Jered, and Alexander, their children. 

Stephentown, Octbr. 16, 1771. Joined in marriage, Gershom 
Odel and Betris Odel. 

Great Barrington, Octbr. 20. Baptized. 

Chloe and Anne, daus. of George Hinsdale and Phebe, his wife. 

NoRLETOWN, Novbr. 3. Baptized : 

Catherine, dau. of Frederick Tell and Catherine, his wife. 



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62 KECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHTJHCH. 

NOBLETOWN, Novbr. 5, 1771. Baptized: 

EdmoD, Daniel, and Jemima, sons and dau. of Edmon Murfey 

and Jemima, his wife. 
Isaac, son of Jacob Van Valkenburgh and Hannah, his wife. 

Lanbsboro, Novbr. iTth. Baptized : 

Timothy, son of Timothy Lyon and Susannah, his wife. 

New Concord, Decbr. 1st. Baptized. 

Lena, dau. of Edward Savage and Mary, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, Decbr. 8th. Baptized : 

John, son of John Whalin and Rebecca, his wife. 

David, son of Abigail Bagley. 

Great Barkington, Decbr. 15. Baptized : 
Sarah, dau. of David Willard and Martha, his wife. 

Lanesboro, Decbr. 22. Baptized : 
Joseph Hall, an adult. 

Decbr. 25th, 1771. Joined in marriage, John Hickox and Mary 
Wilson. 

Janry. 12, 1772. Baptized at New Concord. 
Mary, dau. of John Legrange and Juda, his wife. 
Charity, dau. of Moses Woster and Mindevel, his wife. 
Zalmon, son of Charles Farechild and Naoma, his wife. 

G. Barrington, Janry. 19. Baptized: 

Abraham Henry, son of Peter DeLemetter and Sarah Lavinia, 
his wife. 

Arlington, Janry. 28, 1772. Baptized : 

Ira, Betsa and John Hitchcock, sons and dau. of Ira Hawley 

and Abigal, his wife. 
Asa, sou of Azer Hawley and Sarah, his wife. 
Elijah Curtiss, son of Samll. Adams and Martha, his wife. 






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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 63 

Rebecca, dau. of Zacheus Mallery and Thankful, his wife. 
Clarke, son of Abel Hawley and Bethiah, his wife. 
Levina, dau. of James Hawley and Ame, his wife. 
Abraham, son of Caleb Daton and Sarah, his wife. 
Rhoda, dau. of Josiah Hawley and Hannah, his wife. 
Margret, dau. of Gideon Squire and Martha, his wife. 
Benjamin and Mary, son and dau. of Wm. Marsh and Sarah, 

his wife. 
Rachel, dau. of James Frome and Margret, his wife. 
Benjamin, Dameras, Jesse and Caleb, sons and dau. of Benja- 

mm Munger and Mercy, his wife. 
Janry. 29. Amos Partridge, son of Peter Hawley and Hannah, 

his wife. 
Hannah, dau. of John Grey and Mary, his wife. 
Ajax Talimon, son of Austin Seley and Anne, his wife. 

Partridgefield, Janry. 31, 1772. Baptized: 
Francis Moore and Sophia, son and dau. of Francis Miller and 
Elizabeth, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, Febry. 19, 1772. Baptized : 
Eleonar, dau. of Antony Bevens and Catherine, his wife. 
Mehitabel and Ichabod, son and dau. of Bethiah Bliss. 
Thomas, son of Joshua Whitney and Hannah, his wife. 

G. BiRRiNGTON, Febry. 6, 1772. Joined in marriage, Jesse 
Carey and Lucy Roberts. 

Lanesboro, Febry. 16, 1772. Joined in marriage, Lewis Hub- 
bel and Sarah Lyon. ^ 

G. Harrington, Feb. 19. Baptized: 

Elizabeth, dau. Benjamin Bankson and Juda, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, April 12th. Baptized : 

Nabbe, dau. of John Van Valkenburgh and Areanche, his wife. 

Johnne, son of David Finch and Mary, his wife. 

Johnne, son of Andreas Rase and Margret, his wife. 






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64 RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

Egremont, April 17th. Baptized. 

Anne, wife of John Louk. 

Sarah, dau. of Jonathan Derby and Sarah, his wife. 

George, son of George Messenger and Catherine, his wife. 

New Concord, April 19. Baptized. 
John, son of James Lockwood and Sarah, his wife. 
William, son of David Woodward and Christian, his wife. 
Jonathan, son of Eliadah Pettit and Mary, his wife. 

New Concord, April 19. Joined in marriage, Joshua Barrit 
and Hannah Ingraham. 

At a Vestry meeting at New Concord, April 19, 1772, chose 
Benjamin Ingraham and Moses Woster, eh. wardens ; Moses 
Woster, dark ; Mr. Stedman, chorister. 

April 26. Baptized at G. Barrington, Anne, dau. of John 
Rose and Mary, his wife. 

At a Vestry meeting, G. Barrington, April 27, 1772, chose 
Ensign John Burghardt, dark; ensign John Burghardt and 
John Hickox, church wardens ; George Hinsdale, Nathan 
Scribner, and John Burghardt, choristers. 

Lanesboro, May 3d. Baptized. 
Joel, son of Jacob Bacon and Ruth, his wife. 
Lorane, dau. of Asahel Beach and Keziah, his wife. 
Zalmon, son of Joseph Bailey and Lois, his wife. 

At a Vestry, Lanesboro, May 3, 1772, chose Asahel Beach, 
dark; Wm. Bradley and Benjamin Farnum, ch. wardens ; 
Timo. Lyon and Joseph Hall, choristers. 

Great Barrington, May 10th. Baptized. 

David, son of David Crosman and Cornelia, his wife. 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 65 

At a Vestry at Nobletown, May 17, 1772, cliose Robert 
Weaker, dark ; Moses Gilber and Ebenezer Green, ch. war- 
dens ; Eleazer Williams, chorister. 

Lanesboro, May 24. Baptized. 

Solomon, son of Elijah Powel and Mary, his wife. 

Lenox, May 25th. Baptized. 

John, son of John Whitlock and Eleonar, his wife. 

^EW Concord, June 7th. Baptized. 
Derick, son of Derick Woodcock and Elozebeth, his wife. 
Hannah, dau. of Benjm. Ingraham, Junr., and Jerusha, his wife. 
Mary, dau. of Jacob Freese and Mary, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, June 14th. Baptized. , 

Weinche, dau. of John Warn and Lucre tia, his wife. 
Ephraim, son of Thos. Bennet and Mary, his wife. 

Canaan, June 26. Uriah, Philo and Mary, ch. of Isaac How 
and Mary. 

Great Barrington, June 28. David, son of John Hickox 
and Eunice. 

Lanesboro, July 5. Edward and Friend, sons of Joseph Hall 

and Dorcas. 
Stephan Northrop, son of Uzziel Darrin and Mary. 

NoBLETOWN, July 19. Ebenezer, son of Samuel Malerey and 
Mary. 

New Concord, Aug. 2. Abraham, son of John Gadenier and 
Mary. 

Lanesboro, Aug. 9. Nathaniel Coggswell, son of Stephan 
Winston and Rosannah. 



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66 RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

Great Barrington, Aug. 16. Mary, dau. of John Perry 
and Gese. 

NoBLETOWN", Aug. 23. Lena, dau. of Abraham Fasburgh and 

Catherine. 
Joseph, son of Aaron Pixley and Sarah. 
Samll. and Hannah, ch. of Ephraham Goss and Prudence. 
Joseph, son of Elijah Pixley and Sairtry. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Bennajah Lomiss and Rachel. 

Nobletown, Aug. 23. Joined in marriage, Azor Curtiss and 
Elizabeth Edminster. 

Lenox, Aug. 30. Joseph Holt, son of Samll. Dunbar and Lois. 
Olive, dau. of Eliphelet Fowler and Thankful. 
Clary, dau. of George Dudley and Martha. 
Dan., son of Charles Stone and Triphena. 
Poll}^ dau. of James Keeler and Abigal. 

Lanesboro, Sep. 13. Jabez Hall, son of Abiel Piatt and 
Rhoda. 

Great Barrington, Sep. 20. Abraham, son of Isaac Van- 
dusen, Jun., and Catherine. 

New Lebanon, Sep. 25. Amisa, Hannah, John William, 
Moses and Sarah, ch. of Isaac Preston and Sarah. 

New Concord, Sep. 27, Ruth, dau. of Asahel Bush and Mary. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Joshua Barret and Hannah. 
John, son of James Petersen and Elizabeth. 
John, son of Peter Johnson and Jane. 
Lydia, dau. of John Savage and Ann (?). 

NoBLETOWN, Oct. 4. Olbart, son of Oliver Cleveland and 

Azuba. 
Eve, dau. of Uriah Van Valkenbugh and Phebo. 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 67 

James, son of James Smith and Susannah. 
Elias, son of Joshua Lassell and Hannah. 
Isaac, son of John White and Jane. 
Ezekiel, son of "Abel Whalin and Lydia. 
David, son of David Weller and Hepsaba. 

Great Barrington, Oct. 11. William, son of John Vandu- 

sen and Catherine. 
Rachel, dau. of Michael Holenbey and Elizabeth. 
Ely, son of David Arnold and Mary. 

Lanesboro, Oct. 18. Titus, son of Jonathan Fulfoid and 
Thankful. 

Lanesboro, Oct. 18. Joined in marriage, Job Bristol and 
Hannah Bristol. 

Great Barhington, Oct. 25. Fitie, dau. of Abraham Van- 

dusen and Gesee. 
Mary, dau. of Matthew Vandusen and Elizabeth. 

Sandesfield, Oct. 27. Theophilus, son of John Hubbard and 

Hannah. 
Thankful, dau. of Nathan Hubbard and Lucy. 

Sheffield, Oct. 28. Jacob, son of Luke Knap and Anne. 

NoBLETOWN, Nov. 1. Elizabeth, dau. of Thos. Roropough and 
Mary. 



Hunter. — Wanted, information concerning life and ancestry 
of Rev. Andrevr Hunter of New Jersey, who died in 1775. 
Hox 2923, Boston, Mass. 



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BOOK NOTES. 



The First Meeting-House in Salem, Mass. A reply 
to certain strictures made by Robert S. Raiitoul, president 
of the Essex Institute, in his " Powerful Defence of the 
Old Salem Relic," privately read by him at a meeting of 
the directors of the Institute, Oct. 2, 1899, and publicly adver- 
tised by him in the " Boston Evening Transcript," Oct. 18, 
1899: by Abner Cheney Goodell, Senior Vice President of the 
Institute. (Read at a meeting of the Directors, Feb. 5, 1900.) 
8vo. pamphlet, pp. 68. [Copies may be obtained of Louis S. 
Rowe, Salem, Mass., 25c.] 

Now and again a controversy arises over some subject of pub- 
lic importance, which, when properly conducted, leaves no ill 
feeling behind ; but, sometimes, there exist persons who enter 
into such a controversy illy prepared with facts, prejudiced and 
so carried away by a desire to enlist public sympathy that, 
regardless of truth and historical accuracy, they attempt to 
defend a position by illogical and unjust criticism. Such a dis- 
putant is apt to harp upon some point not pertinent to the 
subject in controversy, in order to arouse an unreasoning 
partisanship among his supportei-s. 

Such was the spirit and manner in which Mr. Rantoul re- 
ceived the historical paper by the editor of this magazine, pub- 
lished last August, questioning tie authenticity of the so-called 
First Meeting-House at Salem. ]\Ir. Rantoul in the course of his 
" Defence," as it was termed, departed from the subject directly 
at issue to attack Mr. Goodell, questioning his fairness and 
honesty. This at least is the view taken by Mr. Goodell, who 
heard the address. 

To the more or less sneering comments of the President, in 
his address and in letters to the local press, the Senior Vice 
President felt called upon to reply. As he says (page 51), 
*' All this Mr. Rantoul could have learned from me, if it had 
not served his purpose better, first, to spring upon me, publicly, 
a false accusation, and await my reply, which he is now getting." 

(68) 






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BOOK NOTES. 69 

Mr. Goodell stands without an equal in his knowledge of our 
early history and institutions, and the appearance of his name 
affixed to a document affirming the genuineness of the so-called 
First Meeting-House, has been a good reason for accepting that 
statement. This misuse of his name has long been a thorn in 
the flesh of Mr. Goodell, who, ever since the subject was first 
agitated, has been more or less active in denying the sufficiency 
of the evidence presented. 

In the '* Reply " under consideration, Mr. Goodell proves 
several points : the most important is — that he was never on the 
committee of investigation and could not therefore have signed 
the report. He also shows that he was the chief and most ob- 
stinate of those who opposed tlie acceptance of the committee's 
report. While it is not the purpose of this notice to go into 
the personalities with which the controversy abounds, yet an 
important Victor in the discussion between Messrs. Goodell and 
Rantoul cannot be overlooked. Mr. Rantoul claimed that as 
editor of the Essex Institute Historical Collections for the year 
during which the report of the committee appears to have been 
published, Mr. Goodell must have been aware of the use of his 
name as supporting the claim of the committee. Mr. Goodell 
shows that he was not the editor at the time the report was 
printed, also, — if any single person was responsible for the 
misuse of his name, — that it was probably the \ery one who 
now attempts to use that argument against him. So serious a 
charge must have been well considered before utterance. 

Mr. Goodell in his *' Reply'' criticises the logic, and the 
premises of Mr. Rantoul's " Defence," and riddles his adver- 
sary's arguments, while ridiculing his e-fforts unmercifully. 
Such keen satire and incisive argument is rarely met with in 
print at the present day. 

Aside from the personal character of the pamphlet, there is 
much in it of true historical value. The description of the 
Salem worthies of the last generation, of many events in the 
history of the Essex Institute, and the introduction of certain 
evidence regarding early churches and of those points which 



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70 BOOK NOTES. 



forty years ago led Mr. Goodell to oppose the theory of the 
comiuittee, are worthy of preservation, and will be read by fu- 
ture generations with interest. 

Probably nowhere else can be found so excellent a descrip- 
tion of the old-fashioned chimneys, or fireplaces, and of their 

methods of construction. This is but one of the many side | 

lights in the "Reply," the perusal of which will be a gain to '^ 

any student of early New England History. I 

It is pleasing to learn that the discharge of this annihilating % 

broadside of argument, satire, and historical facts has resulted ) 

in the appointment of a committee of the Essex Institute, com- ~ 

posed of fair-minded men of historical tastes and legal attain- i 

ments. Such a committee may be counted upon to deliver a f 

decision which will forever settle the question. There are | 

those who can see in the conclusive exposure of the lack of evi- ^ 
dence to prove the claim that " David Nichols' cow barn " is the . ; 

ancient meeting-house, only personal spite against the governing | 

clique of the society and a desire to get even with somebody. I 

The original paper in the controversy was printed as a pro- 
test against a proposition, which had every prospect of adop- 
tion, to '' restore " the so-called First Meeting-House to a fan- | 
cied original condition, enclosed within an addition to the So- : 
ciety's building. It was entirely free of personalities, direct or i 
suggestive ; but met with a reception from the president of the ? 
Institute which showed an utter lack of appreciation of histori- '% 
cal research and truth. The sentiment today, in consequence f 
of the agitation, is entirely favorable to abandoning all preten- I 
sions which are not warranted by facts, and of accepting the ^ 
conclusions of the editor of this magazine. | 

I 

A Letter to Thomas Carroll, concerning the First I 

Meeting-House in Salem, Mass. i 

In a recent issue of the Salem Evening News, Mr. Gilbert L. I 

Streeter, — a Salem antiquary aud one of the first to question, * 
fifty yeai-s ago, the claim that the building since removed to the 

Essex Institute grounds, was the old meeting-house, — recapitu- ^ 



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BOOK NOTES. 71 

lates the statements made in the article printed in this maga- 
zine last August. He adds the suggestion that it may be the 
first Quaker Meeting-House of 1688. Mr. Streeter acknowl- 
edges that there is no record evidence to sustain such a suppo- 
sition, which he merely advances as explanatory of the tradition 
existing in 1859. He carefully analyzes the tradition and 
information obtainable concerning the history of the Quaker 
meeting-house. 

From his own statements and from other information it would 
appear that, as far as size and some other points are concerned, 
his suggestion is sensible, but, nevertheless, hardly probable. 

A Genealogical History of the Jennings Families in 
England and America. Volume II — The American families, 
by William Henry Jennings, Columbus, Ohio, 1899. 8vo.,pp. 
819, $7.50. 

The name of Jennings is mentioned in the early records of 
many of the New England colonies. 

In no instance has the time or place of their landing or their 
relationship to any of the known English families of the name 
been determined. ]\Iany of them may have been closely related 
to each other ; however, they separated and scattered over a 
large territory, each seeking to carve for himself a new home 
out of the wilderness, and were thus lost to each other. 

In this book the name of the '* Stock Father " has been taken 
as the designation of his line throughout the work. 

Several allied families are traced in the Appendices, notably 
Alden, Allen, Borden, Durfee, Earle, Leonard, McCabe, Myt- 
inger, Nixon, Reckard, Rickard, Weaver and Westgate. Use- 
ful additions are the lists of passengers in the Mayflower, For- 
tune and in the Ann and Little James. 

The book is well printed and clearly arranged. Among the 
notabilities mentioned is William Jennings Bryan, whose moth- 
er, wife of Silas Lillard Bryan, was Mariah E., daughter of 
Charles Waters and Maria W. (Davidson) Jennings. The 
father of Charles W., was Israel Jennings, born 1774, who mar- 
ried in Kentucky, 1799, Mary Waters. He settled in Illinois 



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72 BOOK NOTES. 

and died in 1860. His ancestry is unkaown. Possibly he de- 
scends from William Jennings of Virginia [1676-1775] perhaps 
born in Yorkshire, England. 

Annals of Yarmouth and Barrington, N. S., in the 
Revolutionary War. Compiled from original manuscripts, 
etc., contained in the office of the Secretary of the Common- 
wealth, Boston, by Edmund D. Poole, Yarmouth, 1899. 8vo., 
pp. 133. 

The collection of documents printed by Mr. Poole will aston- 
ish his readers, both American and Canadian, and serve to es- 
tablish many disputed points in the history of Nova Scotia dur- 
ing the Revolution. There can be little doubt that a great 
proportion, if not a majority, of the people of Nova Scotia would 
have preferred to throw in their lot with the thirteen revolting 
colonies, but, separated by a stretch of sea and forest, overawed 
by the British establishment at Halifax and the powerful fleet 
maintained on the coast by Britain, their only means of safety 
was to attempt a state of neutrality that was not possible. The 
exigencies of the times led the inhabitants to present two 
faces ; the American sympathizers aided escaped American pris- 
oners, and the British loyalist element suffered from piratical 
attacks of American privateers, who, it is probable, did not al- 
ways distinguish between friend and foe. 

.The large New England element in Nova Scotia, the result of 
the emigration of 1759, was probably inclined to an American 
connection, and was not placed in a minority till the arrival of 
loyalist refugees, after the war was practically over. Washing- 
ton, in 1775, discountenanced a proposition to fit out an expe- 
dition to seize Nova Scotia as he saw the difficulty of holding 
the country. 

The investigator into the history of privateering during the 
Revolution will obtain much information from Mr. Poole's ex- 
cellent book. 

The Early Records OF THE Town OF Providence, Vol. 
XV. Town Papers, Vol. I. 1G39-1G82. Printed by the record 
commissioners, Horatio Rogers and Edward Field. Providence, 



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NOTES. 73 

1899. Probably none of the preceding volumes of the Providence 
records contain so many interesting- and valuable entries as 
this collection, made chiefly by Mr. Field during his long cus- 
todianship of the records. It supplements the books of record 
already in print. One of the features of the work of the Prov- 
idence commissioners is the rapid and thorough work they are 
making. 

GOLDTHWATTE GENEALOGY, DESCENDANTS OF ThOMAS 

GOLDTHWAITB, an early settler of Salem, with some account of 
the Goldthwaite family in England, compiled and published by 
Charlotte Goldthwaite, Hartford, 1899. 8vo., pp. 411. Illus- 
trated. 

Miss Goldthwaite has given the family a book of great value. 
Thomas Goldthwaite, the ancestor of all of the name in America, 
was born about IGIO, and according to the author of this work 
probably belonged to the Kiikly P.Ialzeard family, near Pately 
Bridge, Yorkslyre. lie probably came with the Winthrop 
company in 1630. In 1P)32 he was in Roxbury, bnt in 1636 
settled in Salem, where he may have married his wife Elizabeth. 
After her death he married Rachel, daughter of Lawience Leach, 
one of the Higginson Company. The children were by the first 
wife. The story of the succeeding generations is well told, there 
being much of historic interest connected with the family. 
The arrangement is excellent, and the whole work is supple- 
mented with a good index. 

As in the case of Miss Goldthwaite's earlier work, the Board- 
man genealogy, the greatest praise is due the author. 

J. W. DeForest has on hand, " The deForests of New Nether- 
land ; " otherwise " The deForests of Avesnes " (France), a 
Genealogical History extending from fourteen hundred and 
ninety-four to eighteen hundred and forty, with Arms of related 
families. 



Notes and Queries. 

Bishop Genealogy Couhection. In INIay, 1895, page 171, 
name No. 310, Amos Bishop, should read as follows. 

310. Amos P>is]iop, manied April 19, 1810, Fanny Prentiss, 

daughter of Prentiss, and — Judd, of Paris, 

Oneida County, N. Y., born June 8th, 1791, died Aug. 14th, 
1815, buried in Paris Hill cemetery, Oneida Co., N. Y. 



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74 QUEJRIES. 

He married, second, Apr. 7th, 1824, Amanda Russell, daughter 
of Samuel Smithson Russell, and Eunice Camp, of Paris, N. Y.; 
born Feb, 1st, 1795, died April 8th, 1870, buried in Paris Hill 
cemetery, Oneida County, N. Y. His residence, Paris, Oneida 
County, N. Y. 

(Children.) 

Ann Maria, b. April 15, 1812 ; d. Feb. 8, 1819. 

Joel Prentiss, (L.L. D.), b. Mar. 10, 1811, married June 5, 
1845, Mary Alice Perkins. 

Daughter (no name), b. Jan. 19, 1811, d. Jan. 19, 1811. 

By second marriage. 

Amos, b. Feb. 9, 1825, d. Mar. 17, 1825. 

Amanda, b. Feb. 9, 1825, d. Mar. 21, 1825. 

Samuel Russell, b. April 3, 1826, d. Mar. 5, 1896. Married 
Feb. 26, 1852, Sophronia Hadcock. 

David Fowler (M. D.), b. Sept. 4, 1828, d. April 25, 1885. 
Married, Sept. 21, 1859, Leah Eliza Howes. 

Robert Smitlison (M. D.),b. Nov. 22, 1831, d. Dec. 31, 1896. 
Married first, April 18, 1854, Mary Louise'Hutchins ; married 
second, June 5, 1895, Mary Katharine Fitch. 

Levert Bushncll, b. Feb. 5, 1837, d. June 27, 1861. 

Amanda, b. Dec. 17, 1838, d. May 28, 1843. 

Chakles Robert Bishop. 



1. Peck. — Jolm Peck, son of Simon Peck, b. 1693, son of 
John Peck, d. 1725. Information wanted as to whom they mar- 
ried, and of their ancestors. Who was the father of John 
Peck, the first ? 

2. Denison. — James Denison, m. Nov. 25, 1662, to Bertha 
Boyken of New Haven, Conn. Information wanted of his 
ancestry. 

2. Bkown. — Francis Brown, d. 1668, married Mary , 

(5f New Haven, Conn. Information wanted concerning wife's 
surname, and ancestry of both. 

4. Jones. — Sarah Jones, m. Capt. Prentice. Information 
wanted as to when and where they were married, and of the 
ancestry of the Jones family. W. R. Bowman, Waverly, Iowa. 



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50ME DIRECTIONS FOR COAIPILING AND PUBLISHING 
FAMILY HISTORIES.* 



Arrangement of a Genealogy. The history of a family 
naturally falls into several divisions. The following arrange- 
ment will prove to be a convenient one in most cases : 

I. Preface (which should not exceed brief acknowledgments 
by the author for aid and encouragement, and perhaps some 
account of the inception of the work, and a few words of 
explanation as to the arrangement of the book). 

II. Introduction, describing the sources of information ; 
an account of prior attempts to compile a history of the fam- 
ily or any branch thereof ; and a brief summary of the most 
important points in the history of the family. 

III. Origin of the name, with a general account of the 
surname with its modifications ; localities where the name is 
found ; and instances of the similarity of foreign names. 

IV. Origin of the family ; if more than one stock has 
been encountered, the development of different stocks, and 
proofs of the descent of the family in question from the 
particular stock. Descriptions of the towns, villages, par- 
ishes, manors, with which the family has been identified 
should be given and the principal families of those places should 
he Doticed, for it is probable that they have to a certain extent 
taken part in the development of the family whose history is 
to be described. Political events bearing directly upon the 
people of the district inhabited by the family should be briefly 
mentioned. 

V. The migration. The probable causes of the migration 
and the identity of the emigrant are subjects calling for care- 

♦Copyright by Ebon Tutnam, I'.wX). These cliapters from " Hints for GenealogLsts " 
ftff printed by request, in advance of the publication of that work, whicii was pre- 
pared for publication in 1898. Other chapters of tlie same boolv will be found in Put- 
'mm\s Historical Ma,i?a/.ine for l8iM). entitled " some I£iuts to Bi^ginners in Genealo- 
K.T." and " Pedigrees and Genealogies." 

-75 



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76 DIBECTIONS FOR COMPILING AND PUBLISHING. 

ful study. In this section may properly appear a biography 
of the emigrant-founder and sketches of prominent fellow- 
emigrants. In many cases it will be found that the migration 
was not that of one family, but of a group of families con- 
nected by ties of friendship or blood and accompanied by a 
religious leader. Mention should be made of the migration 
of others bearing the name. In case the descendants of such 
emigrants are recorded in another section of the book refer- 
ence should be made to that section. 

VI. Genealogical account of the main family. This 
should be arranged in sections, a section or chapter being ac- 
corded to each generation. If the plan is followed of describ- 
ing one line before mentioning the other lines of the same 
famil} , separate chapters should bo devoted to each family. 
These chapters should be titled with the location of the family 
undergoing description, as *< Peters of Northcote, descendants 
of Henry, the eldest son." 

VII. Accounts of the principal allied families. These 
should be brief and to the point. References should be made 
to the page where the inter-marriages are mentioned. 

VIII. Histories of families of the same name, but of dif- 
ferent origin. Some account of such families, especially for 
the first two or three generations, should always be given. 

IX. History of the family in the old world from which it 
is presumed the American family descended, with mention of 
other families of the name. Tabular pedigrees will be found 
most satisfactory in this connection. In case the ancestry of 
the emigrant is known, this chapter should be devoted to 
the mention of other families than the parent family, located 
in the old world. A full genealogical account of the parent 
family, illustratedwith tabular pedigree and brief descriptions 
of its various branches to the present time, should be incor- 
porated in the book before the chapter (v.) devoted to the 
migration. 

X. Heraldry of the name. Mention should be made of 



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-FAMILY HISTORIES. 77 

the various heraldic insignia, as seals, etc., found to have 
been used b}^ members of the famil3\ The families using 
coat armor should be identified and an honest statement made 
concerning the rightful possessors. In case the American 
family is of the heraldic group, this chapter should follow 
the account of the parent stock in the old world. (This would 
then be chapter vi., and the migration, chapter vii.) 

XI. Mental and physical characteristics. This chapter 
should be a carefully prepared series of deductions obtained 
from a study of the data received from the various branches 
of the family. 

XII. Military statistics, showing the military and naval 
services of persons bearing the name. If not too numer- 
ous, every record should be given. If possible, the person 
whose service is described should be identified with some indi- 
vidual mentioned in the genealogy. 

XIII. Lists of college graduates ; of civil appointments 
filled ; of clergy ; physicians ; scientific men ; authors, with 
their works ; other professional men. 

XIV. Accounts of the later migrations of the family. 

XV. List of persons bearing the surname but not identi- 
fied as members of the family. AVhere the name is of wide 
distribution and borne by dift'erent stocks, only those persons 
who Mve in the towns inhabited chiefly by the particular 
family under consideration need be mentioned. 

XVI. List of authorities. This should be a complete 
bibliography of the subject. 

XVII. Indexes. These should consist of indexes to heads 
of families, to marriages, to all children* who are not other- 
wise indexed, and of a general index to prominent events. 

Key Charts. It is recommended that a tabular chart show- 
ing the principal branches of the family be inserted before 
tlivision vi. Such a pedigree may, in the case of a small 

^ 'It Ls not considered necessary to Index names of children known to h&ve died be- 
'""•' »*aching the age of fourteen years. 



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78 DIRECTIONS FOR COMPILING AND PUBLISHING 

family, show nearly every name, at least those perpetuating the 
family name. 

In the case of a family of average numbers this tabular 
pedigree should take the form of a key chart, showing the 
position in the clan of particular family groups. Individual 
numbers, or page references, appended to the names on the 
pedigree give ready reference to the section of the genealogy 
where further information may be found. 

When the system of grouping all members of one branch 
is adopted, a tabular pedigree of that group should precede the 
narrative pedigree. 

Physical and Mental Traits. In division xi a chart may 
be inserted showing the prevalence of particular qualities or 
traits. Hereditary tendencies are clearly shown by such a 
chart. The individual numbers," with a symbol to denote sex, 
may be substituted for names in a pedigree of this character. 

Another Plan. A writer on pedigree-making has sug- 
gested the following scheme of arrangement : 

Preface ; origin of the surname ; statistics of the name ; 
armorial bearings ; key pedigree ; paragraph history of the 
family ; lines of female ancestry and royal descents ; notices 
of allied families ; notices of family residences, with map ; 
vital statistics ; notes of persons of the name unidentified ; 
authorities ; index. 

Limitations. The compiler of a family genealogy will find 
that the task has its limitations. Neither absolute correctness 
nor completeness can be attained. Certain rules must be ad- 
hered to in order to give value and authenticity to the work. 
Statements based upon original records, examined by the com- 
piler personally, should be presented in such form as to show 
their origin, and important documents should be referred to in 
a way to render verification easy. 

Verification Necessary. Some degree of circumspection 
is necessary before incorporating in the narrative material 

♦Individual numbers : by this term is meant the number in the family scheme .'n*- 
corded to each individual. The individual should always retain the same number. 



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FAMILY HISTORIES. 79 

furnished by correspondents. Persons unskilled in genealogi- 
cal work, and of a credulous disposition, although perfectly 
honest, may have attempted a partial genealogy of the family, 
or some of its branches. Their notes are offered to the com- 
piler, with assurances that the work, as far as it has gone, is 
absolutely correct. Such offerings should be thankfully 
accepted but cautiously used, unless verified by reference to 
some original source of information. When this is impossible, 
the name of the person supplying the information should be 
given. It frequently happens, however, that collections of a 
genealogical nature have been gathered, in years past, which 
are of the greatest value. 

Family Aid. Persistent attempts must be made to interest 
members of the family in the genealogy of the particular branch 
to which they belong. It is only by the help of many persons 
that the scattered groups of the family can be located ; but 
in accepting statements furnished by unknown, or remote 
correspondents, allowance should be made for prejudiced 
accounts, family quarrels, and ignorance. Sometimes it 
happens that knowledge of an illegitimate branch is disclaimed, 
which greatly adds to the perplexity of the compiler. 

Addresses. An addressing agency will furnish, for a mod- 
erate sum, a list of persons bearing a given name, with their 
a<ldresses and occupation, taken from directories. Per- 
mission can usually be had to examine the exchanges received 
by directory publishers, and in many libraries there will be 
found up to date collections of directories. 

College lists will be found in most libraries and, if the family 
»h one of means and culture, they are of great value. The 
Material for a mail canvass of the family consists of a circu- 
lar, blank forms for collecting information, and addressed 
return envelopes, and to a record book to show to whom circu- 
Urs have been sent and with what result. 

Circulars. The circulars should not be too lengthy. The 
^ork in hand should be described, with the reasons for at- 
^^•mpting it, and directions for furnishing information. 



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.80 DIRECTIONS FOR COMPILING AND PUBLISHING 

A higher average of returns will be received if letters are 
sent out with the circulars. 

The forms distributed should not demand too much of the 
recipient. A few well expressed, leading questions will elicit 
responses in cases where a long list of queries would remain 
unnoticed, while those interested will add information of their 
own volition. A second, and more lengthy, set of questions, 
-filled in with the information already in the possession of the 
compiler, may be sent to persons likely to respond. 

Country postmasters can usually be relied upon to find some 
person of the name to whom to deliver a circular, addressed 
at a venture to the town where it is known members of the 
family have resided. 

Canvassing. In canvassing for genealogical items affecting 
a particular family it is well to arrange a geographical scheme. 

If the course of the various migrations from the older 
states is carefully studied it will be found that particular 
areas in the west are peopled by emigrants or their descend- 
ants from particular areas in the east. A Massachusetts fam- 
ily would early be represented in eastern and northern Con- 
necticut and in New Hampshire. For all practical purposes 
these branches must be studied as thouorh orif]finatin<]: in those 
States when the question of emigration from those branches is 
considered. 

The Massachusetts main line will have representatives in 
central New York, Ohio, northern Illinois, Wisconsifi and 
Michigan. The junior branch in Connecticut will be repre- 
sented in southern New York, northern Pennsylvania, the 
western reserve of Ohio ; while the junior branch in New 
Hampshire will be found represented in Vermont, Wisconsin 
and Michigan.* 

By canvassing certain sections completely before attempting 
another, the results will be found to be less perplexing than if 
the whole country is attacked at one time. 

•See The Chautauqua Magazine for 1900 for au iuteresting article oa misratioa. 



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FAMILY HISTORIES. 81 

Queries. The most important queries are those pertaining 
to the parentage, ancestry and descendants of the person ad- 
dressed, by which their names and places in the family are 
determined. Every blank should be arranged to get the 
names and residence of as many persons as possible, every- 
thing else being subordinate to this. Moderation should 
be used in putting questions ; too many will discourage, or, 
perhaps, excite resentment. Having made sure of the points 
of prime importance, successive applications can often be 
made with increasing success, each letter exciting new memo- 
ries in the person applied to. This is especially the case with 
elderly persons, who often need but some slight suggestion to 
enable them to recall family matters with great exactness. 

Oftentimes it may be found advisable to print queries con- 
cerning lost families or individuals, and to send out such a list 
of queries with each circular. The insertion of queries 
in newspapers and in genealogical magazines sometimes yields 
good results, but answers in newspapers should be accepted 
with caution. It is, frequently, possible to secure from the 
editor the address of the person replying to the query, and 
the authority for the statements made can be obtained. 

Mediums For Queries. Local papers as a rule do not con- 
tain notes and query columns of value to a genealogist. There 
are, however, a number of recognized mediums for such que- 
ries. The Boston Evening Transcript, with a wide circulation 
in New England, publishes every AYednesday several columns 
of notes, queries and answers. The Mail and Express of New 
York has a similar department, which is useful for queries re- 
garding Connecticut and New Y^ork families. This paper, 
however, is notorious among genealogists for the many ridicu- 
lous statements printed in its genealogical columns. The 
Courier-Journal of Louisville, Ky., with a wide circulation in 
the middle South, affords ample opportunity for queries in its 
Sunday edition, and the same is true of the Chicago Inter- 



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82 DIRECTIONS FOR COMPILING AND PUBLISHING 

Ocean. The Weekly Express^ and Portland Express, both of 
Portland, Me. , have published n valuable genealogical column, I 
and are orood mediums for eastern coast families. The list of t 
papers printing queries would be a long one. ft 
Among mag^azines the most useful is the New England His- I 
torical Genealogical Register, published in Boston. For local ; 
or special subjects there are the Connecticut Monthly for Con- 
necticut ; the Spirit of '76 for patriotic hereditary societies ; | 
the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, and William I 
and JMary College Quarterly Historical Magazine for Virginia ; | 
the Essex Antiquarian for northeastern Massachusetts ; the f 
Genealogical Advertiser and the ^layflower Descendant for | 
the Old Colony ; The New York Biographical Record, North I; 
American Notes and Queries, published at Quebec, and The I 
Genealogical Quarterly Magazine. ¥ 
Publications of local historical societies are also useful. f 
As a rule there is no charge made to subscribers for the in- | 
sertion of queries, but it is customary to enclose postage stamps | 
for a small amount, in order that answers may be forwarded. | 

Indexing Notes. A working index is easily kept up to | 

date. A handy index is necessary in order to avoid confusion I 

in locating newly obtained data and in deciding quickly on the I 

value of investigations in particular localities. | 

An excellent method is to number each sheet or note, which ^ 

I:, 

becomes one of a series devoted to some particular family, | 

group of families or locality, designated by a letter or name. | 

As each note is referred to in the progress of the work, the | 

principal point or names should be briefly noted on a card. | 

This card should contain the number of the original note and | 

the letter of the series to which it belongs. The cards, ar- I 

ranged alphabetically, form a complete guide to the progress ;: 

of the work in hand, and serve many useful purposes. The ;: 



♦The vital records of Gorliam, Me., and the louj^ lost records of the first parish 
in Portland, appeared in the Express, contributed by Mr. King. 






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FAMILY HISTORIES. 83 

index cards should be of equal size and weight, and fairly 
stiff. 

Note-books. Every note-book should have a more or less 
complete table of contents. Methodical work insures accuracy 
and success and saves time and labor. The same sized paper 
or note-books should be used, and notes should be on one side 
of the paper only. When a note-book is filled it should be 
numbered, and such parts of the field notes which have been 
transferred into other books or used in finished work should 
l>e indicated. Note-books should be narrow enough to slip 
into a coat pocket. Glazed paper should be avoided. An in- 
delible pencil, as near black as possible, is a convenient 
article to have about one, as there is often objection to 
the use of ink. All letters containing information should be 
taved. 

The name of every unidentified individual should appear on 
the card index under three headings : his name, locality with 
which identified, and name of allied family. By this method 
it will be found that *' strays " gradually fall into place as the 
work progresses. 

Filing Notes. We have already alluded to the need of 
care in arranging and filing notes. 

One way is to have a number of cards, about three by five 
inches, which fit closely into a long hox, ^v4th or without a 
rixl. These cards should be stifi' enough to handle with ease, 
and should not be so deep as to render it difficult to read the 
writing on the bottom lines. 

Hy arranging these cards alphabetically, miscellaneous notes 
i^e kept always ready for reference. Cross references, after 
tiie fashion of a library card index or catalogue, may also be 
fiiade. This system is admirable for collection of miscellaneous 
'i^'tes. A document file, for the reception of extended pedi- 
rrees, etc., is kept in conjunction with it, to which reference 
^n be made. It is not feasible for the arrangement of a fam- 



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^4 DIRECTIONS FOPw COMPILING AND PUBLISHING 

ily genealogy.* At least that is the author's experience, 
though he has known of manuscript being prepared in that 
fashion. 

The card catalogue is most useful in keeping a record of the 
unplaced members of a family, arranged under Christian 
names, localities, and marriages. 

A series of document files, in a cabinet, can be obtained 
irom $15 upward. The envelopes containing memoranda may 
tnen be placed in the respective files, in an upright position. 
This is a method in use by many collectors of genealogical 
notes. 

Record Books. Eecord books of even size should be kept, 
in which to copy tabular pedigrees worked out. These should 
be fully indexed. 

Giving Credit. References, and the date of the work, 
should always be entered, and credit should always be given, 
if information is obtained from published sources, from 
manuscript collections, or by word of mouth. Neglect to 
do this will perhaps rob some painstaking, but generous, gene- 
alogist of the credit of solving some intricate problem, and it 
may act as a bar to further information or help from that 
source. 

In taking notes from a record of marriages, births, or baj> 
tisms, it is advisable to indicate what portion is examined, and 
to state whether there are other records of like character at 
that place. This will prove a valuable aid to memory in future 
work. Thus, too, the occurrence of various names on a record 
might bo noted as a possible future help. 

*By using cards with guides, a small family may be catalogued readily. For in- 
stance, the founder is on a card of one color, all of the second generation on another 
color, the tlnrd on another, and so on. The names of the persons in the first genera- 
tion api)ear on tlie left on tiie projecting guides. The guides to the second generation 
extend sufliclently to tlie right to show tlie names of those individuals. The tliird 
generation has a still wider guide, and so on. The names of descendants of any 
person, for several generations, may easily be arranged, all the descendants of tlie 
eldest son appearing, in order, before those of the second son. The card colors show 
at a glance the generations, and the entire ancestry of any person appears in the 
row of names on the cards preceding his, reading toward the left. 



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FAMILY HISTORIES. 85 

Notes on Condition of Records. The condition of records 
fihould be noted, their custody and extent. If difficult of ac- 
cess, or in bad condition, information to that effect, conveyed 
to some of the genealogical magazines, may be the means of 
remedying the trouble. 

Foreign Investigations. Foreign investigations to connect 
the family with the old world home, or to identify the emi- 
grant, should be undertaken with caution. The investigation 
should be placed in the hands of some person highly recom- 
mended for there are many who advertise, who are not honest 
nor reliable. Especially should those who advertise as ''her- 
alds," " heraldic designers, " etc., be avoided. The best way 
is to consult some well known American genealogist, who will 
be able to advise regarding the local it}' to be considered, cost, 
6tc. If possible, place the matter entirely in his hands, for 
thus both time and money will be saved, and danger of impos- 
ture be avoided. 

Forms. As a rule, every collector of genealogical infor- 
mation will find it advantaofeous to arrano^e his own forms to 
suit his particular scheme for the work in hand. The direc- 
tions to correspondents should be clear, and the questions few 
and to the point. 

Migration. It was along the seacoast and navigable parts 
of rivers that the early settlements in America were located. 
Kxpansion usually took place along the lines of water communi- 
cation, and came gradually, as the settlers gained confidence in 
their ability to resist the Indian or European foes. The waves 
of migration which have swept west and south were mainly 
i*uritan New Englanders and Presbyterian Scotch-Irish. 

The older settlements of Massachusetts sent forth settlers to 
Elaine, to eastern and northern Connecticut, and to New 
Hampshire. 

The northern agriculturist sought pasturage for his cattle, 
therefore meadow land was most profitable. 









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Ob DIRECTIONS FOR COMPILING AND PUBLISHING 

The tobacco planters in the south had constantly to extend 
their planting ground, and were thus forced to acquire large 
tracts of land, all of which it was necessary to clear. They 
had better water communication and room for expansion, and 
were able to confine their operations to the tide water region. 

Following King Philip's war, which had checked the forward 
movement toward western Massachusetts and the Maine coast, 
came grants to the participants in the Narragansett campaign 
and the Canada expedition of 1690, of townships in southern 
New Hampshire and elsewhere. These grants were mostly 
settled before the outbreak of the last French and Indian war. 

In the meantime the land titles to the coast of Maine had, to 
a great extent, been settled, and the heirs and assigns of the 
former settlers on these shores were returning to reclaim the 
abandoned land. An immense speculation in eastern lands and 
other land ventures began. 

About 1718 began the great Scotch-Irish migration. In New 
England the principal settlements were about the upper end of 
Casco Bay, the Kennebec, southern New Hampshire, and 
Eastern Connecticut. 

In Pennsylvania, before the middle of the century, the Ger- 
man and Scotch-Irish emigrants had become a factor in the 
political condition of that province. The more energetic of 
the Scotch-Irish followed the mountain valleys south and spread 
into Virginia and the Carolinas. Accessions came to them 
from southern seaports. 

Tennessee and Kentucky were opened to settlement before 
the Revolution, but the Indians and power of land companies 
quite generally held the westward movement beyond the 
mountains in abeyance. 

The country north of the Ohio seems, providentially, to 
have been saved for the overflow of Now England, and soon 
after the Revolution General Rufus Putnam led a company of 
settlers, chiefly of Connecticut and Essex county, Massachu- 
setts lineage, into the Ohio country, and planted ^larietta. 



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FAMILY HISTORIES. 87 

The Virginians had conquered the territories embraced 
largely in the states of Illinois and Indiana, and had effected 
settlements. But before the date of the civil war these states 
had received such large accessions of New England blood as 
to neutralize the earlier element. The history of the emigra- 
tion into the middle Avest since the war is too well known to 
the present generation to need further comment. 

The territory between the Ohio country and New England, 
central New York, was not as fully occupied, at an early date, 
as was the land further west. 

Settlers from the adjoining parts of New England had gone 
into eastern New York, and had gradually occupied many 
of the most favorable situations not occupied or claimed by the 
descendants of the Dutch settlers. But the country west of a 
line drawn from the Pennsylvania line north to lake Ontario, 
and passing through a point near Batavia, was, in 1802, the 
home of less than one hundred families other than Indians. 
In 1786, Massachusetts ceded to New York all her rights of 
jurisdiction and sovereignty west of the above line, and re- 
ceived in return the right, with some small reservations, of 
I)re-emption from the Indians of all that land. 

These rights were sold in part to Oliver Phelps and Nathan- 
iel Gorham and to Robert Morris. In 1792 Morris sold his 
claim to the land to an association of persons in Holland, called 
the ^< Holland Company." The Seneca Indians, who were 
the actual possessors of this whole territory, sold their rights 
later, and by 1800 the country was opened to settlors. 

Farmers, struggling to eke out an existence on the hills of 
New Hampshire and Vermont, removed to the fertile valleys 
of New York, and completed the link of New England settle- 
nionts which in our own day has stretched to the Pacific. 

Planters in the southern states took advantage of the acqui- 
sition of Louisiana to emiorrate to the shores of the ffulf of 
Mexico. A well-defined path was from the tide-water regions 
of Virginia into Tennessee, thence into Alabama, and to the 












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88 DIRECTIONS FOR COMPILING AND PUBLISHING. 

post selected. After the Ke volution numbers of northern | 

soldiers located in the middle and southern states, attracted J 

by the climate and the hospitality of the inhabitants. Many | 

southerners, prominent and firm in secession, were of New I 

England lineage. | 

Reference should be made to the histories of the various i 

states, and especially to Windsor's ^^The Westward Move- | 

ment." Fiske's *' Virginia and Her Neighbors " is also recom- | 

mended. • f 

I 
■ ' • I 

I 
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ELIGIBILITY IN *« HEREDITARY " SOCIETIES. 



The members of societies basing their membership eligibility 
upon services rendered during the Revolution, number many 
thousand. The requirements are now the same, practically, for 
the S. A. R., the S. R., the D. R., and the D. A. R. In the 
earlier years of their existence the D. A. R. and the S. R. ad- 
mitted collateral descendants under certain conditions. 

The test of eligibility is, virtually, service in some decided 
manner in the Revolutionary war, either as a soldier, sailor, or 
in some civil office of consequence, the holding of which is 
proof both of the holder's patriotism and his liability to pun- 
ishment for treason. 

As the ancestors of any person double with every additional 
generation, there would be for a person in the fifth generation 
from that living during the Revolution eight chances of having 
an ancestor who would confer eligibility. Those eight .might 
be increased by several, as the great grandfathers might have 
been old enough to have served. Sometimes a great great great 
grandfather might be included. 

The sons of the writer have sixteen ancestors who performed 
military or prominent civil service during the Revolutionary 
period. 

The first step to take in order to join any of these orders is 
to prove one's pedigree to the period during which the ancestor 
or ancestors must have peiiormed the service which confers eli- 
gibility upon their descendants. 

The next step is to find the record of service of one of those 
ancestors. That is not always the simple affair it appears 
to be. 

There may have been one or two or more persons bearing 
identical names, and contempomries. The records may be so 
ambiguous as to prevent the separation of the records of those 

89 



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90 ELIGIBILITY IN "HEREDITARY" SOCIETIES. 

men. In such cases the pension rolls and the papers on file at 
Washington in pension cases are most useful. 

Family tradition is useful as confirming the evidence of 
records. Relics, the history of which are known, sometimes 
enable one to establish eligibility where the records fail. Com- 
missions are of course positive proof, as are also land warrants 
issued to Revolutionary soldiers. 

Each state should have a complete roll of all men in the ser- 
vice, either as militia or serving in the army, but, unfortu- 
nately, there is not a complete roll of that nature in exist- 
ence. The Southern States are especially deficient in such 
records, due in a great measure to the fact that the British 
authority was more lasting in the South, and the patriotic gov- 
ernment not so thorouglily organized, and, furthermore, because 
the warfare was in a great measure a desultory one waged by 
partisan bands. The services of the residents of those states 
were very largely as militia and as members of commands wliich 
probably never boasted a muster roll. 

Many families have no traditionaiy knowledge of services by 
ancestors, who, however, may have had an honorable record. 

A letter addressed to the Bureau of Rolls and Pensions, War 
Department, Wasliington, stating that the querist is a descend- 
ant, and giving full name of the ancestor, his residence, and if 
any tradition or knowledge exists of his service, particularly 
the regiment of which he was a member, will elicit such infor- 
mation from the government as appears on the index cards to 
the rolls. If the ancestor was a pensioner, application should 
be to the Pension Bureau, Washington, supplying all facts 
known. The department will furnish .a brief summary of 
the service upon which the service pension was granted. 
Inquiiy should not stop there. The services of some compe 
tent pei"Son should be employed to examine the papers filed in 
the case. Considerable family and pei-sonal information may be 
the reward. 

Town records frequently give the names of persons who were 



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ELIGIBILITY IN ** HEREDITARY " SOCIETIES. 91 

supplied on the town's quota.* State or colonial archives con- 
tain petitions from soldiers or their heii-s. Many acts of the 
legislature relate to private claims of this nature. 

In colonial times the legislature was continually called upon 
to vote credits for pay and expenses of officers or men detailed 
on special duty. Also all claims for pensions or reimbursements 
of any nature came before the colonial legislatures. 

In some counties will be found files of depositions of pen- 
sioners and persons applying for pensions. Reference to the 
Vu'ginia Magazine of History and Biography will show the 
nature of these pension affidavits. Such a lifet of pensioners for 
Essex County, Mass., is recorded among the Probate Records, 
and was printed in the N. E. Historical Genealogical Reg- 
ister. 

The State of Massachusetts is printing, in an imposing array 
of volumes, the information contained upon the index cards 
made from the rolls. It is a first-rate index, but in no case 
where there is the least possibility of doubt should it be 
taken for granted that the person named in the index was the 
one whose record is sought, or that the various records of ser- 
nce alloted to him were his. The clerks in the office are' not 
exj>eits in local history and genealogy, and have only thrown 
together such records as appear to belong togetlier. 

Many services of the same man appear as service of different 
men. The printing of the rolls in this shape arose from the 
enthusiasm of individuals and societies, and cannot be too se- 
verely condemned. A different armngement would have ren- 
dered the material contained in the rolls available in a manner 
wliich would have been of service to historians and genealogists 
generally. A great contrast is afforded by the several volumes 



•la many towns "classes" were formed. The men liable to draft were classed, 
*nd oach group was called upon to supply one or moro men when occasion arose. 
Tills was accomplished by a cash assessment amom^ the members of the class, and 
tl>e money thus raised was paid as a bounty for the recruit, who might or might not 
be a resident of the town or a member of the " class." 



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92 ELIGIBILITY IN " HEREDITAKY " SOCIETIES. 

of New Hampshire Revolutionary rolls. In the latter case each 
roll is printed practically as it was filed. 

As an index the Massachusetts publication is excellent, but 
as an attempt to preserve the Revolutionary rolls a magnificent 
failure. 

The States of New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and 
New Jersey, have also published the Revolutionaiy rolls in 
their possession, but in no case are the printed publications to 
be taken as exhaustive. 

The following list of government publications is reasonably 
complete :* — 

The first extensive alphabetical list of pensioners published 
by the government will be found in " List of Pensioners " re- 
port-ed by Secretar}^ John C. Calhoun to the first session of the 
16th Congress, 20 Jan., 1820. 

In 1841, Congress published a " Census of Pensioners for 
Revolutionary Service or Military Services, being a List of Sur- 
vivors 1 June, 1840." This list shows the names, ages, resi- 
dence of pensioners. Other official lists are as follows : 

Report on Invalid Pensions, 1792. In State Paper Claims, 
pp. 56-66. 

Report on Pensions, 1794. Journal of the House, 3d Con- 
gress, page 374. 

Report on Invalid Pensioners, 1796. 4th Congress, J. H. 
pages 234-244. Also second session, 1797, pages 158-9. 

Report on Invalid Pensions, 1808. Executive Doc, 10th 
Congress, being a list of "applicants disabled by known 
wounds in the Revolution." 

Report on Pensions and Pensioners, 1817. State Papers or 
House Documents No. 35, 15th Congress, Vol. II, first session. 
This gives the names added to the rolls since 28 May, 1813. 

Report on Invalid Pensions, 1835. Congressional Doc. No. 
514, 23d Congress, second session. H. R. 

Report on Invalid Pensions, 1850. House Executive Doc. 

•Reprinted from a newspaper clipping. 



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ELIGIBILITY IN " HEREDITARY SOCIETIES. 93 

No. 74, 31st Congress, first session, Vol. 10. This is a list of 
Revolutionary pensioners surviving. 

The naval service is represented by : 

Reports on the Navy Pension Fund, 1803. Executive Doc, 
8th Congress, first session. Also second session, 1804. 

1805, State Papers Naval Affairs. Vol. 1, pages 250-252, 9th 
Congress, first session. 

1808, State Papers Naval Affairs, Vol. 1, pages 174-182, 10th 
Congress, first session. 

For other publications relating to various States see. 

Spirit of '76, for Rhode Island, by Benj. Cowell. 

Connecticut during the Revolution, by H. B. Hinman. 

Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolution, pub- 
lished by the Secretary of State for Massachusetts. 

Documentary History of New York, and Revolutionary Rolls. 

New York City during the Revolution. 

Virginia Troops in the Continental Service. Am. Archives, 
5th series. Vol. II. 

Monroe's Message onVirginia Revolutionary Officers,15 March, 
1822. Senate Doc. No. 63, 17th Congress, first session. Vol. I. 

Va. Magazine of History and Biogmphy. 

Official Register of the Officers and Men in the Revolution- 
aiy War, by Gen. W. S. Stryker. 

Marjdand Line in the Revolution, by T. Balch. 

History of the New Hampshire Regiment in the Revolution , 
by F. Kidder. 

Also Saffell's Records of the Revolutionary War, American 
Archives, and the State and Colonial Papers printed by or 
under the auspices of the different states. 

Of late family genealogies are apt to contain lists of soldiers 
l^earing the name, with service records. 

Local town histories* and" monographs containing lists of 

*The Military and Naval Annals of Danvers, Mass., compiled by Eben Tatnatn, con- 
tains a list of Danvers men in all wars, except the last Spanish war, with genealogical 
toies. This was published by the town, and should be a model for other towns to fol- 
low. 



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94 ELIGIBILITY IN " HEREDITARY " SOCIETIES. 

soldiers from specified localities are exceedingly useful. Care 
should be taken to verify the records printed in family or town 
histories. 

The Colonial Dames and the Colonial War Societies, as their 
titles imply, require colonial service. The former have pub- 
lished lists of men in private life whose efforts to forward the 
interests of the colonies were such as to confer distinction. 

The records of colonial service are found in the state archives 
and in the reports of the Board of Trade of Great Britain. 
The Colonial War Society of Massachusetts has accomplished 
much good by printing the rolls of the Louisburg compaigns of 
1745 and the Canada expedition of 1692. 

The confirmations of military and civil commissions and the 
record of the issue of such commissions are to be found in the 
records of Council and General Assembly. Some states have 
published very liberally in this direction. The American His- 
torical Review for July, 1897, Vol. II, No. 4, contains a list of 
Civil Lists for American History, which is a bibliography of 
publications giving the names of civil oihcers for the colonies 
and members of the first State governments and conventions. 
It will be found of great value. 

It should be borne in mind that applications for membership 
in the various societies enumerated above are presented through 
certain channels strictly defined by the by-laws. Moreover the 
pedigree must be proven. Family tradition is not accepted as 
fact. In some of the more popular societies the statement of 
the applicant is regarded sufficient as far as the pedigree and 
identification of the soldier is concerned, and the only references 
required are those to the service records. Other societies, and 
most correctly, require references for each step in the pedigree. 
Sometimes ludicrous mistakes are passed as connect by whoever 
is employed to verify the pedigree, and perfectly correct pedi- 
grees are rejected. Of course, in the latter case, the applicant 
must produce other expert evidence to offset the expert opinion 
of the official genealogist, who frequently is some person who 



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ELIGIBILITY IN " HEKEDITARY " SOCIETIES. 95 

has not the opportunity to refer to original records. It is rarely 
a printed book is satisfactory evidence in establishing a pedigree. 
A printed genealogy is certainly not evidence in a court of law, 
and there is good reason why hereditary societies should refuse 
to accept any pedigree based solely upon a printed account of 
the family. 

The by-laws governing admission into and blanks for making 
application for admission into the societies are usually procura- 
ble by addressing some member of the society or the secretary. 

It should be borne in mind that many of the societies have 
printed rolls of members and their lines of descent. Reference 
to those publications may save a would-be member much trou- 
ble, for the applicant may discover therein the name of an ances- 
tor whose record is already on file. 

While but one line of ancestiy is required by these societies, 
it is the custom for members to show all lines under which 
eligibility can be claimed. 



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'i' .i(. 






SURNAMES.* 

Treatment of the surname in a family history ; oRiaiK and dis- 
tribution. Maps showing habitat of family. Surnames in gen- 
eral. Origin of and development. Corruption. Change of name. 
English, Scottish, and Irish names. Most common names. Welsh 
and Cornish names. Jersey names. American names. Names 
spelled one way and pronounced another. Virginian names. 
Dutch Baptismal names. 



The finished genealogy should contain among the first chap- 
ters one on the origin of the name. 

Family nomenclature is an attractive study, and the field has 
been fairly well covered, but as authorities frequently differ 
regarding the origin of particular surnames there is more or 
less opportunity for original research. 

Where a name is derived from an estate and there is but one 
estate of that name, or from a village and there is but one 
place of that name, it is reasonable to assume that the family 
obtained their name from that place. There are many names, 
however, of which the origin apparently simple proves upon 
investigation otherwise. It is not safe to jump at a conclusion 
regarding the origin of a name, and this is especially true in 
America. Persons of various nationalities, bearing foreign 
names, often uncouth to the English ear, have modified or 
otherwise changed their names to suit their environment. 

Distribution of Names. The distribution of a particular 
name is an interesting study, and should be carried on side by 
side with the study of the distribution of the family. 

The best method is to mark upon a map places where the 
name is found, distinguishing the places where the family 
under investigation have been found located. In the cases of 
extremely common names such a map may well be considered 

♦Copyright 1900, by Eben Putnam. 

96 






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SURNAMES. 97 

impossible, but if practical it adds greatly to the value and in- 
terest of a family history. 

A good topographical map of the state in which the founder 
of the family settled, should be obtained. On that map crosses 
would designate settlements of members of the family; a dif- 
ferent mark would show in what places land was held; a date 
asrainst a mark would show the date of first settlement in that 
place; successive dates the arrival of members of different 
branches. A map so marked would show at a glance the mi- 
gration of different groups of the family. 

In the case of a family confined to the New England states, 
or any other compact group of states, the map could be 
brought down to date. 

A similar map can be prepared to show the ancient seats of 
the family in Great Britain or Europe, especially where the 
name is confined to neighboring counties or provinces. 

Divisions. Surnames fall into four divisions; patronymic, 
names of local origin, names derived from occupations, names 
fixed upon a person on account of some personal peculiarity or 
service. 

Origin. Of the first division are many monosyllabic names 
which frequently are of great antiquity. The given names of 
Teutonic settlers in England exist at present as family names. 
Thus Wigg, Froude, Sheafe, Orme, Finn, find their prototypes 
in Wig, Erode, Sceaf, Orme, Fin. Knott and Nott may be 
survivals of Knut or Canute. 

The syllable ing^ added to names of this character, give such 
names as Harding, Browning, Banning, Fenning, and indicate 
descendants of Hard, Brown, etc. 

Later names of this class brought in by the Normans, are 
commonly distinguished by the affix son or s, and are subject to 
niany modifications: thus Thomas, Thomason, Thompson, Tomp- 
kinson, Tomkins, Tonkiss, Tonks; Walter, Watter, Walters, 
Watson, Watts, Watkinson, Watkins; Robert, Koberts, 
Kobertson, llobbison, Robinson, Robson, Robbins. 



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98 SURNAMES. 

The Scottish 3Iac is the equivalent of the English son\ and is 
found in Ireland where the syllable is used in a correspond- 
ing manner. They' are practically the signs of clan or tribe 
rather than family connection. The corresponding Welsh 
word Ap has practically become an integral part of the name; 
as Ap Roger, Proger; Ap Owen, Bo wen; Ap Rice, Price. 

Place Names. Place names derive their origin from the 
name of a town, village, estate, or locality. The vicinity of 
some peculiar natural formation or proximity to a bridge, 
gate, road, has given rise to many names, the origin of which 
is not always apparent at first glance. 

Common examples are Bridge, Bridgeman, Gates, Hedge 
and Hodge, Field, Cottage, AVall, Spring, Street, Streeter. 

Such names might originate anywhere, the form taken de- 
pending upon local forms of speech. In the case of a name 
bestowed on account of residence in a town, and being the 
name of that place, the number is probably less, for it is evi- 
dent that the residents in the place itself would have some dis- 
ting^uishinor names and would not bear the name of the toAvn 
where they lived. Emigration from Whitechurch might result 
in the emigrant in his new home being styled John/row, or o/, 
Whitechurch^ to distinguish him from John Longfellow his 
neighbor. Place names when of a village or estate, if the 
person lived there, are evidences of influence or possessions in 
that place. A landed proprietor was usually known by the 
name of his principal estate. It was not uncommon for a man 
to change his name on the acquisition of a more important 
estate. Names were simply a convenience, a badge, and a 
man desired to bear that which would distinguish him the most 
readily. 

Names, as Smith, Carpenter, Fuller, Weaver, Porter, Potter, 
are plainly derived from occupation. Spignornell, a name 
borne by persons of consequence in the 13th and 14th century 
in Essex, arose from a post filled by one of them, that of 
spignornell to the king. A name of apparently dignified^Nor- 






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SURNAMES. 99 

man origin may be but the corrupt form of some French word 
denoting a service or occupation. 

Names derived from some personal peculiarity, as Long- 
shanks, Longfellow, Goodman, Green, Black, are not always 
examples of pure English. They may be modifications of some 
word introduced into the language from a foreign source, 
which was well understood in early times, or has been per- 
petuated in that immediate locality. The surname Bloise, 
Bloyce, Blosse has been stated to be derived from Blois in 
France, but its origin may be more easily traced to the Saxon 
}»losse [tousle head] Avhich term lingered in use in that part of 
Suffolk where persons bearing the various forms of the name 
were numerous four centuries ago. 

Hereditary Surnames. Names did not become hereditary 
till after the time of the Norman Conquest. Even in the 11th 
and 12th centuries hereditary names were uncommon. A man's . . * 

familiars designated him by allusion to some personal peculiari- 
ties rather than the name of his father. It was not till the 14th 
and 15th centuries that the lesser people assumed the dignity 
of surnames as such. The institution of parish registers doubt- 
less contributed more than an}i:hing else to the habit of retain- 
ing a hereditary name, particularly among the lower classes. 
An alias was commonly added to descriptions of a testator, or 
to entries in the register, and was frequently a nickname by 
which the person had come to be known and which passed to 
his descendants, superseding the proper family name. 

Changes of Name. Changes of name in England could be 
made at will until after the time of Cromwell. Later, an act 
of parliament or registration at the College of Heralds was 
necessary. Injhis country an act of legislature has been re- -r^Jj <::LC<^v^tJ" 
<iuired, but in Massachusetts provision has lately been made to 
<?nable courts of probate to allow a change of name. Refer- 
ences to indexes of state legislative acts, or to the comprehen- Ao^'^ 
J>ive lists separately published, will enable the genealogist to 
overcome the slight difficulties arising from changes of name 
l>y the American born. 



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100 



SURNAMES. 



Scottish Names. The use of Mac and in Scottish and 
Irish names has already been mentioned. It has been estimated 
that there are above 7,000 different surnames in Scotland of 
which a very large proportion, especially in the lowlands, are 
identical with English names. Over one-half of the popula- 
tion derive their names from a group of one hundred and fifty 
well-known surnames. 

Most Common Names. The following tables show seven 
names common to England, Ireland, and Scotland, with num- 
bers prefixed indicating their place in the fifty most common 



England. 


'\J\JiJl. T \J 


Scotland. 




Ireland. 


1 Smith. 


1 


Smith. 


5 


Smith. 


6 Brown. 


3 


Brown. 


2G 


Wilson. 


9 Clark. 


4 


Thompson. 


32 


Clarke. 


12 Wilson. 


8 


Wilson. 


36 


Brown. 


16 Thompson. 


18 


Clark. 


37 


Martin. 


23 White. 


41 


White. 


41 


Thompson. 


31 Martin. 


43 


Martin. 


50 


White. 



Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of New England devotes 
to each of the above names the number of pages expressed after 
the name, viz. : 

Smith, 27^. Clarke, 14. Thompson, 7^. 

Brown, 15. AVilson, 8^. Marthi, 2|. 

White, 8i. 

In the P]nglish list there is shown to be but one Martin to 
seventeen Smiths; the proportion in New England prior to 
1690, roughly indicated by Savage, would be about one to ten. 

Persons bearing a name may be remarkably numerous in 
Great Britain, but the name comparatively unknown in Ameri- 
ca, or the opposite may be the case. 

Common English Names. The most common names in Eng- 
land and AVales are Smith, Jones, Williams, Davis (Davies), 
Taylor, Brown, Thomas, Evans, Clarke, Roberts, Johnson, 



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SURNAMES, 101 

Robinson, Wilson, Wright, Wood, Hall, Walker, Hughes, 
Green, Lewis, Edwards, White, Jackson, Turner, Harris, 
Cooper, Ward, Morgan, Morris, Parker, Price, Watson, Shaw, 
Bennett.* 

A peculiarity of English surnames is that more begin with 
B than any other letter. H^ S, W, are the next most common 
initial letters. 

Common Scottish Names. The correspondingly common 
names in Scotlandf are Smith, MacDonald, Brown, Thompson, 
Robertson, Stewart, Campbell, Wilson, Anderson, Scott. 
Others of the most common fifty names are MacKenzie, Mac- 
Kay, MacLeod, MacLean, Macintosh, MacGregor, Cameron, 
Hunter, Hamilton, Kerr, Ross, Johnson, Murray, Eraser, 
Grant, Graham, Munro, Sinclair, Bell, Gordon. 

Irish Names. In Irelandft Murphy leads, followed by 
Kelly, Sullivan, Walsh, Smith, O'Brien, Ryan, Bryne, Connor, 
O'Neil. 

Scottish names, as Hamilton and Hunter, and many others, 
as well as names beginning with Mac, are extremely numerous 
in Ireland. 

Some names are peculiarly Welsh, and there are said to be 
two hundred names peculiar to Cornwall. H. B. Guppy in 
*'The Homes of Family Names " has taken the land owning 
classes as a guide to the distribution of surnames in England, 
and presents tables showing the relative f requenc}^ in ten thou- 
sand of certain names in each county. His tables are a very 
good guide for one seeking to identify a family with a locality. 

•In En?[land one person in seventy-three is named Smith; one in 174 Brown. Half 
« <"eniury ago one-sixtli of the total popuhition of England and Wales bore one of the 
fi'ty inost common names. 

■^'"^ee 6th and 12th detailed rei)orts of the Scottish Registrar-general for 1S64 and 1869, 
*^liere will be found a list of 150 most common Scottisii names. The names of Clans 
'iirnlsh the greater portion of the names of residents of the Highlands. 

**^ee2yth report of the Irisli Registrar-general, for 1891. for information regarding 
Irish names. O'llart's Irish Pedigrees and Prendergast's Cromwellian Settlement in 
Ireland, and Hill's Plantation in Ulster, contain lists of names and information as 
«<^» foreign origin of Irish families. 



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102 



SUKNAMES. 



Still a name may be comparatively common in some county in 
England, the bearers of which are descended from an emi- 
grant from another section of the country where the name, 
once well known, has died out. 

What can be done toward increasing the number of bearers 
of a name is shown in America where families known to be 
descended from one person are so numerous as to cause a name, 
which a hundred years ago was practically unknown either in 
this country or any other, to be well known to the present gen- 
eration. 

De, Von, Van. The prefixes at^ de, of, hy were formerly 
used to designate the residence of a family; but, except when 
incorporated in the name, they have disappeared with the ex- 
ception of de. I)e is retained in the United States by many 
families of French origin, as von and van are so retained in the 
cases of German and Dutch origin. 

Saxon Names. Mr. Phillimore-, whose chapter on sur- 
names is an admirable condensation of more extensive treatises, 
and upon whom I have largely drawn, gives on page 241 an 
example of names which show how the ancient Saxon patrony- 
mics have supplied names for places as well as for families, 
and how such place names have again supplied names for other 
families. 



Saxon personal 


Modern derivatives Derivative place Surnames derived 


names. 


in surnames. names. 


from place names. 


Wig, 


Wigg, Wiggins, Wigginton, 


Wigginton, 


Wiggele, 


Wiggles, Wigglesworth, 


Wigglesworth, 


Brun, 


Brown, Browning, Brinsley, 


Brinsley, 


Sceaf, 


Sheaf, Sheffield, 


Sheffield, 


Dodda, 


Dodd, Doddington, 


Doddington, 


Hardi, 


Hardy, Harding, j Hardi ngham, 
{ Hardwick, 


j Hardi ngham. 




i Hardwick, 


Gamel, 


Gamble, Gamston, 


Gamston, 


Frode. 


Frowde. Frodsham. 


Frodsham. 



♦The name of I'hillimore appears also as Finnimore, Fenemore, Venemore, Fyu- 
more, Filmer, Filmore. 



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SUBNx^31ES. 103 

AMERICAN NAMES. 

"VaTTFf -Irish. Certain forms of names are common to cer- 
^i I.n-alities. Scottish names are found frequently in the 
^*i^ where a large portion of the settlers were of Scottish 
hfilk or descent. So, too, Scottish and Irish names are numer- 
al m New Hampshire, and sections of the Maine coast. The 
ir**«<«lings of the Scotch-Irish Society,* of which several 
tetkJS3H« have been published, will aid in locating many families 
4 ikil ancestry. 

IhTiii. Dutch names point toward the Hudson river, Mo- 
Mv'i; valley, and northern Xew Jersey. 

<#trinan names are common in Pennsylvania, part of Vir- 
f ttx4, the Carolinas and Georgia. 

I' .g leiiot names are found in early times all along the sea- 
«wiM, but more numerous in the same latitudes as their own 

Tie Knirlish counties of Devonshire and Cornwall are large- 
'» f«^j'?e?iei»ted along the eastern New England coast, and south- 
»*«fi*rti England about Massachusetts Bay.f 

iiK*KY Names. The Isle of Jersey early helped to people 
'*>• l*!iing ports of New England ; and in such places as Mar- 
•««.!'.r«i<l, Charlestown, Boston and Salem there are numerous 
^i^^Aacwj of Anglicized Jersey names, as Blaney for Blaner, 
*%.: , for Sailer, Whitefoot for Blancpied, etc. Philip English 
♦» * Jer.-^eyman. 

^ VAmination of the local histories of a region will enable 
<i» fis^juirer to discover the probable nationality of its early 

»-»<iLisH KguiVALENTS OF FoREiGN Names. The tendency 
*^ «rn to reduce foreign names to their English equivalent, 
•*^Woirnij>t them into the English name which approaches 
'^^*'<-*^t to the actual name. The Putnams of New England, 

t^Mwd ty The Kobert Clarke Co., of Cincinnati. 

'^'^'f^uces are exclusive of late foreign emigrants. 



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104 SURNAMES. I 

deriving their name from the ancestral manor of Puttenham ? 

(quickly pronounced, Puttenham becomes Putnam), find de- * 

scendants of a Dutchman bearing the name Putman (derived | 

from Putman or Wellman), called Putnam, the latter name | 

being English and better known in this country. f 

Corruptions of Names. Formerly, names had no fixed or- ^ 

thography and the clerk would gratify his own taste in respect } 

to that matter. The name Illsley in the last printed calendar l 

of Berkshire, England, wills appears as Attyllysley, Hilsley, J 

Ilsley, Tillesl}^, Yllesley. Preston and Presson appear to have | 

been interchangeable. In one paragraph in a probate docu- l 

ment among York County, Maine, records, the name Preston |- 

appears as Preston, Praeston, Presson, Praeston alias Praes- I 
bury, in every case v/ritten by the same man and referring to 

father and son. 1 

It is said that Southwick, a well known Essex County, Mass., % 

name, appears on the records of that county in twelve spellings, I 

some of which are Southick, Sutherick, and Sithick. f 

These instances emphasize the necessity of noting occurrences | 

of names likely to be corruptions of the one concerning which % 

investigation is going on. It is always possible that an illiter- f 

ate man may have hit upon a new way of spelling an old name, ^ 

which presented in an unexpected dress baffles instant detec- | 

tion. His descendants may have perpetuated that mode of | 

spelling the name. I 

Vowels are frequently changed, and among consonants P 

and B, so too Fand F, and Ph, and T, and D. | 

The name of Puddington, an ancient name in Devonshire, 
and a place name, became, early in the ISth century, in Maine, 

Purrington. ^ 

Certain christian names are interchangeable. Thus Mercy i 
and ^lary are the same, and the Mercy in the will of the father 
may be the ]\Iary of the parish record. Agnes, Annis, Alice, 

are other instances. i 

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SURNAMES. 



105 



England where two sons or daughters were named alike, and 
both survived the father, and of instances where daughters 
have borne male names. 

An early instance is known of four Johns* in one family, 
all living and mentioned in the father's will. 

Prof. Lyon G. Tylerf gives a list of seventy Virginian 
families, to which a pronunciation not warranted by the spell- 
ing has been given ; and these are, in most cases, survivals of 
older English forms.** 

The following selections from the list are presented : — 



SPELLED. 

Armistead, 
Berkeley, 
Barnard, 
Burwell,* 

l:k)Oth, 

Callowhill, 

Contesse, 

Crenshaw, 

Daisy, 

Deneufville, 

Dewberry, 

Enroughty, 

Gibson,* 

Goodrich,* 

Heyward,* 

Harwood,* 

Houghton, } TT^^+^„ 

Hawthorne f ^^^^^° 



PRONOUNCED. 

Umstead. 

Barkly or Bartlett. 

Barnett. 

Burrell.* 

Bowthe. 

Carroll. 

Countiss. 

Granger. 

Disey. 

Doneval. 

Dewbree. 

Derby, 

Gipson.* 

Gutridge.* 

Howard.* 

Harod.* 



SPELLED. 

Iligginson, 

Ironmonger, 

Michaux, 

Montford, 

Murdaugh, 

Napier, 

Norsworthy, 

Piggot, 

Presson, 

Randolph, 

Sclater, 

Semple, 

Sewall, 

Taliaferro, 

Timberlake, 

Turlington, 

Urquhart, 



PRONOUNCED. 

Hickerson. 

Monger. 

Missher. 

Mumford. 

Murder. 

Napper. 

Nazary. 

Picket. 

Pressy. 

Randall. 

Slaughter and Slater. 

Sarmple. 

Sowell. 

Toliver. 

Timberleg. 

Turnton. 

Urkart. 



The names common to New England Puritan settlers are 
found among the Episcopalian settlers in Virginia, who are 
generall}^ not of the same stock. Descendants of both stocks 



'A wIU registered in Somerset Uouse, London, shown to the writer by Henry F^ 
•Naters, mentions John the elder, John the younger, long John, and short John. 

■*William and Mary Quarterly, April, 189.5, p. 271. 

•*Tliose starred are found in the same forms in New England, but as a rule the 
names are now pronounced :is in the first column, while the spelling on old records Is 
a"* formerly pronounced and as shown in the second column. 

^ In New England the Pressey's are not to be confounded with the Presson's; the 
'»tier is one form of the early spelling of Preston. Barny and Barnett appear to 
*iave been interchangeable in New England. 



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106 



SURNAMES. 



are common in the younger states, and the traditions of one 
family are absorbed by the other. 

Diverse Origin. The first step in the search for ancestry 
of a family seated in a part of the country which has received 
emigrants from more than one section of the older part, is to 
determine the proper group to which it belongs. This is easily 
accomplished in the present day, although a century hence 
much confusion will arise, exactly as difficulty is met with to- 
day in attempting to locate in England the ancestor of an 
American family. As a general rule, the names found in 
America are common to many portions of Great Britain, while 
the family stocks bearing those names frequently have as many 
diverse origins as there are family groups. 

Dutch Names. In the study of Dutch records it is necessary 
to know the English equivalent of the Dutch baptismal names. 

A list of the most common is appended : 

Dirkje, Klaasje and other words ending in je and ken are 
properly diminutives, and apply either to little boys or females. 



Agnietje — Agnes. 


Dries — Andrew. 


it 


Andries — Andrew. 


Elsje— Alice. 


1 


Anneken ) . 
. ^. V — Ann. 
Annetje ) 


Doris — Theodore. 
Frans — Francis. 


1 


Arie — Adrian. 
Arnout — Arnold. 


rlt [-P'^^'^P- 


1 


Barent — Bernard. 


Floris — Florence. 


f 


Bartel — Bartholomew. 


Goris — George. 


t 


Bartje — Bertha. 


Gorrit — Gerard. 


1 


Bastiaan — Sebastian. 


Gillis— Giles. 


1 


Betje— Betty. 

Christoffel — Christopher. 
Daam — Adam. 


Govert — Godfrey, Geoffrey. 
Gysbert [ ^,.^^^ 
Gyselbert j 


1 


Denys — Dionysius. 
Dicderik — Theodore. 
Derrik ) 

Dirk V— Richard, Dorothy. 
Dirkje ) 


Geertruyd ) 

Gees j e >• — Gertrude. 

Geertje j 

Grietje — Margaret. 

Hans — Jack. 


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Hans j e — Joanna. 
Hendrik — Ilenry. 
Huyen — Hugh. 
Hendrik j e — Henrietta. 
Jacobus — James. 

•{apit l_jacob. 
Jaap j 

Johannes Ij^hn. 

Joris ) 

Jurian > — George. 
Jurge j 

Karel — Charles. 
Kersten — Christian . 
Klaas — Nicholas. 
Kobus — J ames., 
Laurens } 
Loris i 

Leendert — Leonard. 
Loderoyk — Lewis. 
Louis — Ludovicus. 



— Lawrence. 



Meewis — Bartholomew. 
Maria | y,j 

Marntje j ^^' 

Natje — Anna. 
Neeltje — Cornelia, Nelly. 
Pauwel — Paul. 
Roelof — Ralph. 
Rulgert — Roger. 
Saal — Solomon. 
Sander — Alexander. 
Staats — Eustace. 
Stoffel — Christopher. 
Tanneken — Ann. 
Teewes — Matthew. 
Teunis — Anthony. 
Tibout— Theobuld. 
Tryntje — Catherine. 
Tymen — Timothy. 
Wouter — Walter. 
Ydtje— Ida. 
Zanneke — Susanna. 



For extended list see p. 114, VoL 3, Annals of Albany, nlso 
Collections of Holland Society. 

Text Books. The following is a list of books which will 
aid in identifvinor the oriorin of Eno^lish names : — 

«/ o o O 

Suffolk Surnames, Bowditch (Boston, Mass., and vicinity V 

The Homes of English Surnames in Great Britain, by H. n. 
^^PPy- (Of especial value as to location of family nainoH.') 

Teutonic Name System, Ferguson. 

Pedigree of the English People, by Thomas Nicbolns, i»tb 
edition, London, 1878, p. 424 et seq. 

The Norman People. 

Patronymica Britanuica, Lower. 

English Surnames, their sources and significations, l>y C 
^V. Bardsley, 5th edition, London, 1897. 



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108 ' SURNAMES. 

16th Annual Report of the Registrar-General for England 
and Wales. Article by Dr. Farr. , | 

How to Write the History of a Family, by W. P. W. Phil- ^ 

limore. Chapter on surnames. 



THE VERflONT ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. 



The Vermont Antiquarian Society has its home in Burling- 
ton, Vermont, where already a nucleus for a genealogical 
library exists in the rooms of the society. The society has 
awakened considerable local interest, and there is every pros- 
pect for a useful and prosperous life. A young societ}^, it has 
not as yet begun to publish, though material is at hand for a 
volume of proceedings which it is hoped may be published 
quickly. The present need is a good working library, as there 
are at present few genealogical works or local histories acces- 
sible to the Vermont public. Authors and historical societies 
wishingto aid the formation of an historical library in Vermont 
would do well to donate copies of their publications to the 
society. The present need is for local histories and family 
genealogies. There is no fund for library purchases. 



GENEALOGICAL RESEARCHES. 



The editor of this magazine is prepared to advise seekers 
after genealogical information, and to place the examination 
of printed or original manuscript authorities in the hands of 
competent and reliable genealogists in all parts of this country 
and abroad. 

Queries may be inserted in the Genealogical Quarterly Mag- 
azine by subscribers without charge. 



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SOME DIRECTIONS FOR PRINTING GENEALOGIES.* 



THE FEINTED BOOK. 

The time to seriously consider the advisability of publishing 
a genealogy is not until the manuscript history is in a nearly 
complete shape. The record of the family in times anterior to 
the Revolution and all important branches to the present time 
should be practically ready for publication before public notice 
of readiness to print is given. 

With such a basis for a genealogy the enterprise can be car- 
ried through with credit, even if the work is not as exhaustive 
as planned. 

There are few persons who care to assume the entire ex- 
pense of printing a genealogv^ It is not uncommon to find 
elaborately printed works devoted to one branch of a family, 
or to the collective ancestors of some person. Even the most 
wealthy enthusiasts consider that some proportion of the ex- 
pense of the printed book sliould be borne by the various mem- 
bers of the family benefited. With the majority of compilers 
it Ls simply a case of necessity, if the book is to be printed at a 
large expense, that interested persons join in the responsibility 
of payment to the printer. 

Circulars describing the method of obtaining copies and the 
price, arrangement and scope of the work should be mailed to 
every person bearing tlie name, or known to be a descendant of 
the family, several months before the manuscript is given to 
the printer. Subscription forms should be enclosed, also a 
blank form for recent genealogical information. 

At the time of going to j)ress a postal card notice should be 
mailed to each subscriber requesting that additional copies, if 
desired, be ordered at this time. 

•This section of the article in this number entitled " Some Directions for Compiling 
and Publishing Family Histories" should have commenced on page 88, under the 
sub-title of " The Printed Boole." 

(109) 



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110 HOW TO PKINT A GENEALOGY. 

Upon receipt of the final proofs from the printer a circular 
should be sent to all persons hearing the name, and of the blood, f 

informing them of the progress of the book ; asking that sub- 
scriptions be paid and that final directions be given for deliver- 
ing the book ; also that additional or recent information be 
supplied that it may be inserted in an addenda. When the 
book is ready it is best to have the binder wrap each copy care- 
fully and deliver the edition, using addressed labels prepared 
for him by the compiler or publisher. This is a great saving in 
time. 

Books, when mthin the posl^ofiice limits as to weight, can be 
as well delivered by post as by express, but, under the book-rat€ 
rules of the express companies, the latter will probably prove 
more satisfactory. 

The Pkinter. The choice of a printer is a matter of the 
gravest consideration. Few printers are capable of correctly 
printing a genealogy, for genealogical work, like algebraic work, 
is a distinct brancli of the compositors' art. Good work can only | 

be done by compositors and proof readers who themselves know f 

something of the principles of genealogical arrangement. 'j 

It is not merely the lack of " sorts," or of type in certain 
sizes and shapes, which unfit a small office for doing genealogi- | 

cal work. It is rather the utter lack of experience, and an | 

ignoiunce of the effect sought by the author, who is rarely | 

enough of a printer to give an intelligible description of what | 

he wishes to have done. A printer who has never set in type | 

a genealogy or knows nothing about genealogy, unless he has in ^ 

his office the most intelligent of compositors and proof-readers, | 

is sure to cause the compiler useless vexations and delays. f 

Country printers sometimes are qualified to do this character £ 

of work, but such instances are few. Among printei-s in large | 

towns or cities, there are usually a few offices that have I 

made a specialty of this character of work and have employees | 

acquainted with every genealogical device. p 

Sucli printers will in the end do the work at a less price than 



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HOW TO PRINT A GENEALOGY. Ill 

cheaper, inexperienced firms, for the latter, having undertaken 
something beyond their capacity, are apt to find opportunities 
for extra charges. 

The quality of work should always be considered. It is 
extremely unwise to attempt to save a comparatively small sum 
in the printing of a book which is designed to last for centuries. 

The cost of composition for difficult genealogical work will 
vaiy somewhat according to locality and character of the work. 

Paper. Paper should be obtained only from responsible 
dealers. An all rag, or nearly all rag paper, should be used 
and a glaze should be avoided. A laid or ** egg shell " paper 
makes a good appeamnce and takes a good impression from 
t)'pe, but is not fit for half-tone illustrations. 

The size of this paper for the regular octavo volume is usu- 
ally 24 x 38 inches, making a leaf for the book about 6x9-J 
inches, but it is not infrequently the case that a larger leaf for 
the volume is preferred in order to provide ample margin to 
the page. In tliis case a paper 28 x40 or 28x42 may be used. 
The ream weight of this paper is dependent upon the number 
of pages the volume is expected to make. A well proportioned 
hook naturally requires a thicker paper for a work of 250 pages 
than is needed for 500 pages. Among the better class of pub- 
lishers and printers it is now the custom to make paper for 
every book published, and in this way the requirements as to 
the quality and thickness needed for each volume can be readily 
ascertained, provided the mateiial is all in hand for an accurate 
estimate before the paper is ordered. 

Adulterations are largely used in the manufacture of paper 
and many worthless imitations are made from wood pulp. 
Such paper will turn yellow with age and exposure to the sun, 
and the ink will fade : soon the paper will become brittle and 
crumble at the least touch ; and witliin the lifetime of a man 
Jt will become completely disintegrated. Sucli will be the fate 
of most cheap books. 

In'K. The choice of ink is another important point. The 



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112 HOW TO PRINT A GENEALOGY. 

printer should be put upon his honor to use the best quality of 
good book ink. It is a small matter to him but of great im- 
portance if the book is to last for several generations. 

First-class printing establishments may be relied upon to use 
good ink, but the smaller and cheaper offices are hkely to use 
the cheaper inks and to change the brand frequently. 

Uniformity in color in the printed page is necessary, and the 
page should not appear too black. 

Copy. The " copy", as the manuscript is technically styled, 
should be clearly and carefully arranged before sending it to 
the printer. 

A sheet should be the size of about 8 by 10^ inches, or what 
is called foolscap, and the writing should be upon one side only. 
Suitable margins should be allowed. Each sheet should be 
numbered and every quire or so fastened at the top or corner 
by a wire fastener, which may be easily unfastened if desired. 

Mark with the proper signs, each word or sentence which is to 
be printed in type different from the body of the work. Do 
not depend upon written general directions, which should, how- 
ever, accompany the manuscript. 

When superior letters are to be used, indicate it, the same if 
an indenture is to be made. Do not leave anything to be 
guessed at by the compositor. Be sure the copy is plain. A 
compositor follows his copy, and every sign or lack of a sign, 
points out the road to him ; he follows it and is right in doing so. 

Size of Page. The size of the page should conform to the 
arrangement of the genealogy. Narmtive pedigrees should 
usually be printed as an ordinary octavo. AVhere many tabular 
pedigrees are to be used a larger page is advisable. For it is 
better to print the tabular work as a portion of the body of the 
book than to insert therein folding pedigrees. 

The small duodecimo form should be avoided as should any 
peculiar or novel form. 

Type. The type used should be clear, of good size and of 









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HOW TO PRINT A GENEALOGY. 113 

some beauty. Several sizes are needed. Thus what is known 
as pica (or twelve point), or small pica (or eleven point), 
is suitable for the body of the work, while long primer (or 
ten point), or brevier (or eight point), is suitable for quoted 
matter, and lists of children. For foot notes brevier or non- 
pareil (or six point) should be used. As a rule the larger the 
type the better the appearance of the book. A large type calls 
for a large page with wide margins and there is no reason why 
this style should not be followed as there are fewer thousand 
ems in a page of large type than of small type, therefore the 
cost of type-setting is less per page. Indeed, the total expense 
for that detail is but little affected by the size of the type selected. 

Illustrations. There are several processes by which in- 
expensive and good reproductions may be made of landscapes, 
portraits, houses, etc. Without doubt the process kno\vn as 
photogravure, if well done, gives the best general satisfaction ; 
but the cost of a good photogravure is double that of a good 
haH-tone print. If the best half-tone work can be obtained the 
latter is nearly as good as photogravure. Steel engravings and 
woodcuts, especially the latter, if well done, add a good deal to 
a book ; but the expense of satisfactory work is beyond the 
value of those processes for purposes of illusti-ation in the 
average genealogy. 

Half-tones may be printed in connection with the type and 
thus have great advantages over photogmvures. 

The cost of half-tone plates will depend first upon their size 
and second upon the quality of work put into them. There is 
much half-tone work done having only the virtue of cheapness. 
Portraits, especially, should be done in the best manner, other- 
wise they would better be omitted from the volume. The 
ordinary clay-fiUed paper generally used in printing half-tone 
plates that are to be inserted in the volume, should be avoided, 
as such paper changes and disintegrates. 

Several reproductions may be placed on one page and the 
cost of each portrait greatly reduced. In this case the size of 






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114 HOW TO PKINT A GENEALOGY. 

each is much smaller, but it is better to have a number of such 
illusti-ations thau only one or two expensive ones. 

Photogravures present a much more artistic and attractive 
appearance than half-tone or relief work, but they are much 
more expensive especially in the printing. 

Homesteads, heirlooms, etc., are among the subjects wliich 
call for illustration. For this purpose there is a cheaper pro- 
cess than the half-tone described above by which a line drawing 
is accurately reproduced. 

The cost of such a cut is but trifling. Maps and plans may 
be treated in this manner. 

As illustrations, to a great extent, are inserted at the expense 
of those directly interested, that item may wdth a few exceptions 
Jbe omitted from the expected cost The cost of illustrations of 
interest to the wdiole famil}^ may be met by charging a trifle more 
than the actual cost for each illustration inserted by individuals. 

It is sometimes found desirable to include in the volume 
coats of arms in three or four colors. This work can best be 
done by lithogi-aphy, the sheets being inserted in the book in 
binding. This w^ork is expensive, however, and a veiy fair 
result at a much less cost is attained by the use of relief plates 
made from good pen and ink dramng-s. These can also be 
printed in coloi-s but the result is never as delicate as a litho- 
graphic plate. 

Small cuts of coats of arms in black and white which can be 
worked with the t}^pe are inexpensive and add much to the ap- 
pearance and value of a page, especially where seals of an 
heraldic nature are described. 

Binding. A good cloth binding is the best method in which 
to issue the printed sheets. The color should be a dark green, 
if utiUty is sought. 

The binder should be instructed to sew the book strongly 
and to spare no pains to produce a good serviceable book. Such 
a binding will cost a few cents more per volume than the usual 
trade binding. 



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HOW TO PRINT A GENEALOGY. 115 

If SL more expensive cover than cloth is desired, leather back 
and corners of calf or morocco, with cloth or paper sides, makes 
a good binding. As a rule a few books will need to be bound 
in this style and held at a dollar or two advance over the cloth 
bound copies. The increased cost of such a binding results not 
only from the increased value of the material used but the in- 
crease of labor, especially if there is much ornamentation in gilt. 

The binder should be carefully instructed in the placing of 
illustrations, charts, etc., and before going ahead with the edi- 
tion should show to the compiler a sewed copy with all the 
insertions in place. 

The title should be stamped on the back and perhaps on the 
side. Not too prominent lettei*s should be used, and the title 
should not be too long. The name of the family should be 
conspicuous, the remainder of the title less so. The author^s 
name should also appear on the title. Elaborate display should 
be avoided. 

Press Notices. Many newspapers and periodicals notice 
new books which are sent to the editor. Every book so sent, 
with an expectation of notice, should be accompanied by a letter 
expressing that liope and containing a few lines descriptive of 
the book, or of particular passages in the work to which you 
wish to attract the editor's attention. If modestly stated and 
carefully prepared, it is not unlikely that the whole or part of 
the publisher's description \vill be used by the editor for his 
notice. 

A few lines commending a genealogy or local history, and 
stating its price and the name of a publisher, is all that can be 
expected, unless there are especial reasons appealing to the 
editor, or in the case of a newspaper, a strong local interest in 
the subject of which the work treats. 

As there is almost always a tendency to print a much larger 
edition of a genealogy than can be disposed of by sale, it is not 
unwise to be quite generous with press copies. The adver- 
tisement is worth more than the value of a copy of the book 



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116 HOW TO PRINT A GENEALOGY. 

when that copy is one of perhaps a hundred left on the hands 
of the publisher. Genealogical magazines may be expected to 
deal in a liberal spirit in the matter of notices and many libra- 
ries make up their purchasing lists from the notices of new 
genealogies in such publications. As such magazines are a 
constant source of reference to genealogical students, a notice 
of a genealogical or historical work in their pages is equivalent 
to a perpetual advertisement. 

The following list contains the titles of the periodicals of 
general circulation which are likely to notice genealogical works. 
The compiler or publisher is recommended to send a copy of 
his book, as soon as ready for delivery, to the Editors. 
New England Historical Genealogical Register, 18 Somerset 

Street, Boston. 
The Genealogical Quarterly Magazine, Salem, * Mass. 
The Genealogical Advertiser, Gordon Place, Cambridge, Mass. 
The Mayflower Descendant, Boston, Mass. 
New York Biographical and Genealogical Record, New York 

City. 
The Nation, New York City. 
American Historical Review (care The Macmillan Co.), New 

York City. 
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Philadelphia, 

Pa. 
Literaiy Era, Philadelphia, Pa. 
William and IVIary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, 

Wilh'amsburg, Va. 
Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Richmond, Va. 

Newspapers maintiiining genealogical departments usually 
note the appearance of a genealogical work if a copy is sent 
for review. Address the " Editor of the genealogical column." 

A very good method of disposing of the remnants of an edi- 
tion is to give the books to the local library or historical society, 
that they may be used by them as exchanges for similar works. 

* Copies of books for review should be addressed to Eben Putnam, 49 
N. Prospect St., Burlington, Vt. 



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HOW TO PRINT A GENEALOGY. 117 

CoiviPLiMENTABY CoPiES. There is no reason why members 
of the family should expect or receive complimentary copies- 
The expense of compiling the work, the labor of seeing it 
through the press, and all the care and responsibility having 
fallen upon the compiler, it is but fair that others should unite 
in taking the cost of the manufacture of the book off his hands. 

The incKnation to exact a copy of the genealogy as a gift, by 
persons who have supplied information regarding their own 
branch of the family, probably arises from a mistaken valuation 
of the relative benefits received by the compiler and themselves. 
Perhaps too, there is a suspicion that a genealogical work yields 
a profit to the compiler. 

It may be stated as a fact that no one publisher or compiler, 
who relied entirely upon the sales of the book for compensation, 
has ever made as high a profit as 5 per cent on the cost ; and in 
every instance of which the compiler has personal knowledge, 
if actual expenses have been taken into consideration, a loss has 
been incurred. Neither the expense of gathering material nor 
the loss of time to the compiler has been included in these cal- 
culations. 

Fake Genealogies. There are certain individuals who 
prepare genealogical works for the market with the sole purpose 
of making money, but of their profits and losses the writer knows 
nothing. As a rule such books are cheaply gotten up, show but 
little original research, and abound with errors. In order that no 
suspicion of such a purpose may attach to one's work it is ad- 
visable to place the agency of the sale with a responsible and 
weU known publisher, whose name should appear on the title 
page. 

To state that a book is " privately printed," which is offered 
for sale at every likely place where a copy may be sold, is 
ridiculous. The title page should show the publisher's name 
and location. 



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ABSTRACTS FROM ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., PROBATE 

RECORDS. 



(Continued from page 300, Vol. VII, N. S.) 

John Kitchen. Will dated 20 Dec, 1675. My dwelling 
house and land belonging to it and about an acre of salt marsh 
at Castle Hill, to my wife during her life ; then to son Rob- 
ert, who is to have the orchard and ground behind it, provided 
one half the produce of both shall be at disposal of the wife. 

Rest of estate to wife for life, and afterward to the '* rest of 
my children." Wife and son Robert, executors. 

Witnessed by Samuel Shattock, Abraham Cole ; who appeared 
to prove the will 30-4-1676. 

Inventory, by Edw. Flint and Richard Croad : Dwelling 
house and small barn, with about 1-4 A. land, X160. Orchard 
and land adjoining, in all about 2 A., ^60. In the parlor " his 
lodging room " ; the parlor chamber, the porch chamber, the 
garrett, the kitchen. In the shop 4 bushells of malt, " in linen 
as table cloths, napkins, sheets," etc., X15. Total X398.04.00. 
[301.76,77.] 

George Giddings, of Ipswich. Inventory taken by John 
Whipple, Sr., Henry Benett, Nathaniel Oswells, 19 June, 1676. 
*' Housing with comoning," £60 : 152 acres of land, <£760 : total 
£1021.12.06. Debts, £24. Presented by the relict and admin- 
istratrix, Jane, 27-4-1676. [301.78]. 

Settlement of estate between the sons, 26 Sept., 1676, viz., 
Thomas, John, James and Samuel Giddings. Eldest son 
Thomas to have double portion and seven acres formerly given 
him by his father, where he now lives. Agreement not to sell 
from one another. (File No. 10829.) 

John Silsby. Inventory taken by Hilliard Veren and Ed- 
mond Feavejyeare, 26 June, 1676. Dwelling house and 
ground £50 ; total £75.16. Debts £21. Presented by relict 
Bethiah, 30-4-1676, who has power of administration. She is to 

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ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., PROBATE RECORDS. 119 

pay out of the estate to her son John, child of the deceased, 
jC20, when he comes to age, the house to be bound as security 
in the meantime. 

William Pitnam. Inventory by Robert Glandfield, John 
Sanders, 28 June, 1676. A parcell of old sea clothes; twelve 
pole of land, £6,Q: total £20.17. Debt to John Cromwell 
X2.4.3. Presented by relict Elizabeth, who is granted admin- 
istration, 27-4-1676. She is to pay to her child, William, son 
of the deceased, 40sh. at age. [301.79.] 

William Pitcher, of Marblehead. Will dated 25 Nov., 

1675. Sick in bod3^ X40 to elder brother John Pitcher, living 
in Kenton, Devonshire, England, or if he die to his eldest son 
living. Remainder of my estate to my loving friend Andrew 
Tucker in whose house I now lie sick. Andrew Tucker and 
Richard Reith executors. William X Pitcher. 

Witnessed by John X Petherick, William X Venning, who 
proved the will 14-1-1675-6. 

Inventory, taken by Robert Hooper and Edward Humfrye, 22 
May, 1676. In money and debts £11: total <£83-ll. [301.80.] 

Arthur Auger of Scarborough (" wounded by the Indians 
and dying of his wounds Oct. 14, 1675"). Inventory taken 
by Giles Barg and Ralph Allison, June, 1676, at Scarborough, 
alias Blackpoynt. Land improved, X40 ; marsh and land in 
common, £30 ; 4 oxen, 1 cow, £26 ; 2 mares, X7 ; total, £108. 
Acknowledged before Josh. Scottow, Commissioner, 10 June, 

1676, at Scarborough. A parcell of upland and meadow which 
was Brother Giles Roberts' in controversy, £30. Inventory of 
goods taken at Marblehead, 26 June, 1676, by Thadeus Ridden, 
Benjamin Redknap, £35-01-09. 

Debts due from the estate : To Mr. Walker at Boston, £3. 
The portion of the 3 children / To Abraham, David and Giles 
of brother Giles, ( Roberts, £5.12 each. 

Debts due the estate from Richard (Wilice or Wilet?), Ma- 
thew Auger, John Auger, Christopher Pickett. 

Ann, the relict and administratrix, presented the inventory 
in court at Salem, 30th 4 mo., 1676. 

Deposition, 26 Oct., 1676, of Robert Elliot, aet. about 44 ; 



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120 ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., PROBATE RECORDS. 

about the 14 Oct., 1675, Arthur Auger was at William Shel- 
don's house, in perfect sense and memory, and desired me and 
the rest to take notice that he gave all his goods, etc., to his 
wife Ann, only she should pay the children their portion. 

Deposition of Christopher Pickett, aet. about 60, to same 
effect. 

Deposition of William Sheldon and John Cock to same 
effect. 

Taken before John WincoU, Associate. 

Administration granted to the relict Ann, 30-4-1675, she to 
fulfill the mind of the deceased. [301. 81, 82.] 

Andrew Atjger, or Alger, of Scarborough, fisherman, will 
dated 23 Mar., 1669-70. To wife Agnes whole estate, with 
power to distribute it among my children as she sees fit. To 
children Joliu, Andrew, Mathew, Elizabeth, Joanna, five shil- 
lings each. Except my estate at Blackpoint to be son John's. 
If wife marries to then have only her thirds, my house and 
land to be divided equally among my other two sons, and my 
daughters an equal portion of the remainder. Wife to be ex- 
ecutrix. Brother- Arthur Alger, neighbor Andrew Brown, Sr., 
both of Scarborough, overseers. Andrew A. Alger. 

Witnessed by She. Flecher, Roger Hill. Proved by Flecher, 
24 June, 1676, before Thomas Cleark, Assistant, and by Hill, 
before Hilliard Veren, 30-4-1676. 

Inventory by widow Agnes Alger, X8-16-10. ("There is 
to the eastward by report, but I cannot make oath of it, 1 
heifer, 4 year-old steers, 4 yeare old horse, land and marsh .£40, 
house and land upon Black Neck point, <£30, total X70.) [301. 
83.] 

Abell Osier, "slaine in fight with the Indians." Inventory 
by Simon Home and William Ropes, presented 24-7-1676 ; 
total, £3-1-10, and " to work done for the new meeting-house 
for Mr. Nicholat, £5-1-6." Debts: to Mr. Cromwell, rates 
paid constable Maston ; Symon Home, John Norman. jMr. 
Ed. Batter, the administrator, ordered to pay the residue of es- 
tate to John Osier, brother of deceased, 28-4-1676. *' Rec'din 



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ESSEX CCKJNTY, MASS., PROBATE RECORDS. 121 

full £4, remainder of this my brother's estate, 5-12 mo.-1680, 
by me, John Osufe." [301.84.] 

Joseph King, " slaine with Capt. Lothrop in the wars 
against the Indians." Inventory taken 13-4-1676, by Hilliard 
Veren, Sy., and John Ruck, Sr. "Due from the widow Spooner 
for work, £2-10;" "from the country the time he was out 
upon the service with Capt. Lothrop, 6 weeks and 3 days, at 
6sh. per week, £1-18-06 ; " total, £11-2-8. Debt to widow 
Spooner for diet for 40 weeks, at 4sh. per week. 

Administration to Mr. John Ruck, 30-4-1676. [301.84.] 

Thomas Alexander. Inventory. " A true account of 
what Tho. Alexander left in Salem when he was prest away 
with Ca^t. Lothrop upon ye country service, which 'is as fol- 
loweth," by John Loomes and William Trask, 30-4-1676. Due 
from Mecarter lOsh. ; a young horse, 30sh. ; a very good 
horse, pressed on the country's service, £3 : due for time in 
the country service, £1-16-6 ; total, £9-7-6. Presented by 
Samuel Eborne, administrator. [301.84.] 

Peeter Barroone of Marblehead, fisherman. Will dated 
28 Aug., 1675. " being now prest and comanded awaye to goe 
against the Indians," my master Elias Henly sole heir. Peeter 
X Barroone. Witnessed by Edw. Humfry, John Merrett, who 
proved the will 15-10 mo.-1675, before Wm. Hathorne, As- 
sistant. 

Inventory " of estate of Peeter Barroone, deceased this 26- 
9 mo.-75," by Nathaniel Walton, James Dennis, £10-8-0. 
Debts ; to Vinson, to Mr. Wm. Brown, Sr., Christo. Lattamore, 
John Furbush, £5. Administration to Henly, 27-4-1676. 
[301.85.] 

Samuel Pickworth, " slaine in the warr," taken 15-4- 
1676, by Hilliard Veren, Sr., Bartholomew Gedney, Sr. House 
and ground adjoining, £55 ; " several years time in a youth,'* 
40sh. ; " debts due estate of Joseph Miler, about £S ; " due 
from Richard Roberts about £3 ; total, £83-15-6. 

Presented by Sarah the relict, who had power of administra- 
tion, 30-4-1676. She is to pay to Samuel Pickworth £10, to 






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122 ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., PKOBATE RECORDS. | 

Sarah, Hannah and Mary, £5 each, the children, minors, of the | 

deceased. [301.86.] | 

Richard Sibley. Inventory, dwelling house and barn, with ^ 
ground adjoining, £60 ; total, £94-01. Hannah, the wife of the | 
deceased, had administration, and is to pay to the seven chil- ! 
dren of the deceased, viz., Samuel, Hannah, Sarah, Daraaris, 
John, Mary, Elizabeth, each £3, and a double portion to Sam- 
uel, the eldest, all minors. 30-4-1676. House and ground J^ 
bound for security. [301.86.] I 

Thomas Small, who died 26-11-1675. Inventory by John 
Putnam and Richard X Leach. Housing and land, £250 ; total, 
£427-10. Debt due Thomas Smale, £68-10-5. Administration 
to Ruth, the relict, who gives security with Mr. Edw. Groves. 
30-4-1676. y 

Humble request of Ruth Smale, late wife of Thomas Smale; * 

has taken advice of several persons, as her father Small, Uncle 3 

Grove, brother John Buxston, Mr. John Putnam, requests her 
estate may be settled on herself and four children ; that she be 
administratrix ; have liberty of bringing up her children her- 
self, and that they continue with her till of age ; her son Wil- 
liam to have half the farm when of age, that on the east side a 
going to Nathaniel Putnam's, not meddling with the housing or 
improved land ; daughters Lydia, Hannah and Ann to have £40 
each at age. Salem, 25 Mar., 1676. Signed, Ruth X Smale, 
John X Smale, Edward Grove, John Putnam, John Buxton, i 

[301.88.] I 

Joseph Smale, of Salem, deceased 30-3-1676. Inventory, j 

by Joseph Huchinson, Jonathan Walcutt. A house, £32-10 ; 
24 acres land, £34 ; total, £119-16-00. Debts, £50-4-7. | 

Lydia Smale, the relict, had administration, 30-4-1676, who 
is to retain the estate for her use and bringing up the child 
Elizabeth, to whom she is to give £20 when 18, or marriage. 
[301.88.] 

Henry Kimboll. Inventory, taken by Thomas Fisk and 
Richard Hutton, presented by Eliza, the relict, who had admin- 



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ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., PROBATE RECORDS. 123 

istration, 30-4-1676. A house and 12 acres, which was the 
widow's before she married with him, £40 ; legacy due from 
his father ; debf from Thomas Fisk ; total, £77-11-00. Debts, 
to Mr. Wm. Browne, Mr. Geo. Corwin, accounts of the widow 
White, Richard Dodg ; remainder of legacies to Humphry 
Gilbert's children ; two acres of land, formerly Humphrey Gil- 
bert's, which Wm. Rainer received of Tho. Fisk and gave bond 
that the heir should give a deed on coming to age; John Car- 
penter, Dan'l Killum, Sr. and Jr. ; Goodman Rix, Osmand 
Trask, Goodman Stackhouse, Wm. Rayners' children, according 
to order of Ipswich Court; Thos. Ives, Richard Goldsmith, 
late deceased ; Deacon Goodhew, Mr. Wainwright, Mr. Wade, 
Samuel Fisk. Total, £76-8-3. [301.89.] 

The following unregistered papers are filed in this case (No. 
16,592). 

Agreement that £54-19-6^, debts of the widow Kimball's, 
are to be paid out of tliat estate which was hers before she 
married Henry Kimball, 2G-7-1676. 

A list of debts on file contains an order of court that Rich- 
ard and John, the sons, are to pay their mother-in-law, Eliza- 
beth Kimball, £15, for the bringing up of their younger sister, 
Deborah, out of which the mother is to pay Deborah £5 at age, 
and they are to pay their ten brothers and sisters 50sh. each at 
age, Richard, the eldest son, to have a double portion. 

Another inventory, dated 17 May, 1676, by Richard Hutten 
and Walter Fayerfeld, total £93-17-01. Admon. to Richard 
and John Kimball on the estate of their father Henrv, accord- 
ing to agreements of 26 Sept., 1676. 26-7-1676. 

Agreement between Richard and John Kimball, sons of 
Henry Kimball, for themselves and our father's children, and 
Elizabeth Kimbell, the relict of said Henry, she to have the 
estate she brought on marriage, and she, as administratrix, ac- 
quits her stepsons of all debts, etc., 26 Sept., 1676. Witnessed 
by Walter Fayerfeld and John Gilbert. Allowed 26 Sept., 1676. 

William Dewes. Inventory by Edward Bishop, who had 
administration, 30-4-1676. Fish, £4-17-3 ; for ye country 



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124 ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., PEOBATE KECORDS. 

service under Capt. Page, £2 ; under Capt. Lothrop, £1-10-6 ; 
due from Ephraim Fellows and Mark Haskall ; total, £12-2-9. 
[301,89.] 

Jonathan Wiles. Inventory by John How, William Aver- 
ill, 28 June, 1676. Adm. to John Wiles, 30-4-16T6. Total 
estate, £4-14-06, and " a parcell of land, about 15 acres, which 
was to be Jonathan's after his father's decease." [801.90.] 

Richard Kimball, Sr., of Ipswich. Will dated 1 March, 
1674. To wife to dwell in my house and have improvement of 
my ground belonging thereto, and during one year the increase 
of my cattle, and £40, according to marriage contract, forty 
shillings yearly, etc. Eldest son Henery, £ 70 ; son Richard, 
£40; son John, £20 ; son Thomas, £25, and to his children £7 
when of age. Son Benjamin £25, and to his children <£5. Son 
Caleb " Ting's lot and all my land at Wattel's Neck, with my 
marsh at the hundreds known by the name of Wiat's marsh," 
and £14 to nis seven children. Son-in-law John Severnes, £10 ; 
to my daughter, £30 ; to my daughter Mary, £10 ; my daughter 
Sarah £40, and the bed she lie on, and to her children £7-10. 

To my wife's children, viz., Thomas, Jeremiah, and Mary, 
40 sh. ; Jeremiah £15 at age. 

To the two eldest daughters of Gilles Sears, by his first wife, 
£8, when 16. Cousin Haniell Bossworth, £4, and he to be 
overseer. 

Sons Richard and John Kimball to be executors. 

Richard X Kimbell, Sr. 

Witnessed by 

Moses Pengry, Sr. 
Aaron. Pengr}^, Sr. 

Proved 28 Sept., 1675, by oath of Deacon Pengry and Aaron 
Pengry. (File 15,723.) 

Inventory of Richard Kemboll, who died 22 June, 1675, 
taken 12 July, 1675, by John Brewer, Sr., and Simon Stace. 
Homestead, £200 ; ten acres by Bradstreet's farm ; six acre 
lot called Ting's lot ; 14 acres in the common land between Edw. 
Chapman and Mark Quilter; Wattle's Neck, Wiatt's marsh, 



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ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., PROBATE RECORDS. 



125 



Other lands ; total, £737-3-6. Debts to Thomas Dot/, Aaron 
Pengry. Presented by John Kimbell, 28 Sept., 1675. (File 
15,723.) 

Richard Kemboll of Wenham. Inventory 17 June, 1676, 
by Water Farefield and Thomas Patch. Dwelling house and 
132 acres of land, £370; other land; 40 acres at Lord's Hill, 
200 acres in Rowley village ; due from his father's executors, 
cattle and goods his wife brought ; due from Daniel Gott, £S 
per annum during the life of Mary, wife of the late Richard 
KemboU of Wenham ; due from the country for wages and 
other debts, X2-16-00; total, X986--16-06. 

Debts, £123-05-07 ; to Mr. Wm. Browne, Sr., Dr. Emorye 
of Dedham, £31, Dr. Edecot of Salem, £6-4-00, Rebecca 
Banfield of Marblehead, Deacon Goodhew of Ipswich, Mr. 
Wm. Browne, Jr., Mr. Geo. Corwin, Mr. Ed. Batter, Thos. 
Ives, Ann Woodbery, Mr. Joseph Gerrish, Capt. Nat'l Salton- 
stall, Capt. John Corwin, Mr. Lindall of Salem, Thomas Rix, 
David Perkins, John Safford, IMr. Wainwright, Andrew Ellitt, 
John Lovett Cooper, Walter Fairefield, Thomas Patch ; to 
Hayward, the hatter, of Ipswich, '* by the warr rot, and Eliza- 
beth Brookes, £7." 

Samuel and Thomas Kemboll, sons of the deceased, have ad- 
ministration, 27-4-1676. [301.91.] 

Settlement of estate between Samuel and Thomas, the sons, 
and Mary Kciuboll, their mother-in-law. The deceased left 
eight children. John, the eldest son, a double portion, 26 Sept., 
1G76. (File 15,724.) 

Mathew Legroe. Inventory : due from Mr. Short, John 
Celly, Peeter Tappon, Daniel Lunt, wages for his being a soldier, 
about £14 ; total, £22.04. Debts, to Wm. Atkinson, Capt. White, 
Mr. Thos. Woodbridg, Goorg Mag, widow Moody, £5-12-3. 

What is due to Mathew Legroe he hath given to Mr. Nath'l 
Bricket by will. 

Presented by Nath'l Brickett, 18-5-1676. 

" The inventory and will are on file together in this court's 
i^ecords." [301.91.] 

{To be continued.) 



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THE EARLIEST RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL 
CHURCH, GREAT BARRINGTON, HASSACHUSETTS. 

By L. Hasbrouck von Sahler. 

{Continued from page 64.) 



At a Vestry at Nobleton, May 17,1772, chose Robert Meaker, 
dark ; Moses Gilber and Ebenezer Green, oh. wardens ; Elea- 
zer Williams, chorister. ^ 

Lanesboro, May 24. Baptized. 

Solomon, son of Elijah Powel and Mary, his wife. 

Lenox, May 25th. Baptized. 

John, son of John Whitlock and Eleonar, his wife. 

New Concord, June 7th. Baptized. 
Derick, son of Derick Woodcock and Elezebeth, his wife. 
Hannah, dau. of Benjamin Ingrahani,Jun'r, and Jerusha, his wife. 
Mary, dau. of Jacob Freese and Mary, his wife. 

NoBLETOWN, June 14th. Baptized. 

Weinche, dau. of John Warn and Lucretia, his wife. 

Ephraim, son of Thomas Bennet and Mary, his wife. • 

Canaan, June 26. Uriah, Philo and Mary, ch. of Isaac How 
and Mary. 

Great Barrixgton, June 28. David, son of John HickoK 
and Eunice. 

Lanesboro, July 5. Edward and Friend, sons of Joseph Hall 

and Dorcas. 
Stephen North lop, son of Uzziel Darrin and Mary. 

NoBLETOWN, July 19. Ebenezer, son of Samuel Malerey and 
Mary. 

(126) 






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KECOEDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 127 

New Concord, Aug. 2. Abraham, son of John Gadenier and 
Mary. 

Lanesboro, Aug. 9. Nathaniel Coggswell, son of Stephen 
Winston and Rosannah. 

Great Barrington, Aug. 16. Mary, dau. of John Perry 
and Gese. 

Nobletown, Aug. 23. Lena, dau. of Abraham Fasburgh and 

Catherine. 
Joseph, son of Aaron Pixley and Sarah. 
Sam'll and Hannah, eh. of Ephraham Goss and Prudence. 
Joseph, son of Elijah Pixley and Gairtry. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Bennajah Loraiss and Rachel. 

Nobletown, Aug. 23. Joined in marriage, Azor Curtiss and 
Elizabeth Edminster. 

Lenox, Aug. 30. Joseph Holt, son of Sam'll Dunbar and Lois. 
Olive, dau. of Eliphelet Fowler and Thankful. 
Clary, dau. of George Dudley and Martha. 
Dau, son of Charles Stone and Triphena. 
Polly, dau. of James Keeler and Abigal. 

Lanesboro, Sep. 13. Jabez Hall, son of Abiel Piatt and 
Rhoda. 

Great Barrix^gton, Sep. 20. Abraham, son of Isaac Van- 
dusen, Jun., and Catherine. 

New Lebanon, Sep. 25. Amisa, Hannah, John Williams, 
Moses, and Sarah, ch. of Isaac Preston and Sarah. 

New Concord, Sep. 27. Ruth, dau. of Asabel Bush and Mary. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Joshua Barret and Hannah. 
John, son of James Petersen and Elizabeth. 
John, son of Peter Johnson and Jane. 
Lydia, dau. of John Savage and (Ann ?). 






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128 RECORDS OF SAINT JAISIES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

NOBLETOWN, Oct. 4. Olbai't, son of Oliver Cleveland and 

Azuba. 
Eve, dau. of Uriah Van Valkenbugh and Phebe. 
James, son of James Smith and Susannah. 
Elias, son of Joshua Lassell and Hannah. 
Isaac, son of John White and Jane. 
Ezekiel, son of Abel Whalin and Lydia. 
David, son of David Weller and Hepsaba. 

Great Barrington, Oct. 11. William, son of John Vandu- 

sen and Catherine. 
Rachel, dau. of Michael Holeubeg and Elizabeth. 
Ely, son of David Arnold and Mary. 

Lanesboro, Oct. 18. Titus, son of Jonathan Fulford and 
Thankful. 

Lanesboro, Oct. 18. Joined in marriage, Job Bristol and 
Hannah Bristol. 

Great Barrington ,Oct. 25. Fitie, dau. of Abraham Van- 

dusen and Gesee. 
Mar}^ dau. of Matthew Vandusen and Elizabeth. 

Sandesfield, Oct. 27. Theophilus, son of John Hubbard and 

Hannah. 
Thankful, dau. of Nathan Hubhud and Lucy. \ 

Sheffield, Oct. 28. Jacob, son of Luke Knap and Anne. 

Nobletown, Nov. 1. Elizabeth, dau. of Thos. Roropough 
and Mary. 

New Concord, Nov. 8. Joined in marriage, Josiah Woodward 
and Abigal Chatfield. 

Great Barrington, Nov. 15. Esther, dau. of Josiah Lomis, 
Jun., and Jane. 

Lanesboro, Nov. 22. Silas, son of Azur Curtiss and Marjory. 
Phebe, dau. of Joseph Hall and Dorcas. 






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BECORDS OF SADTT JAlOiS EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 129 

Lenox, Nov. 29. Ezra, son ci Tbrmas Rockwell and Ruth. 

NOBLETOWN, Dec. 13. Pradenco, dau. of William Mallery 

and Mary. 
Mary, dau. of Joseph Lockw»x>d ani Ann'e. 

Lanesboro, Christmas day. Dardel Latham, son of Reuben 
Garlick and Lucy. 

1» lO. 

New Concord, Jan. 3. Margret Olive, dau. of James Savage, 
Esq., and Ann. 

Nobletown, Jan. 17. Rebecca, dan. of Levi Seley and Anner. 

Geeat Barrington, Jan. -4. M:iry, dau. of Nicholas Spoor 

and Zilpha. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Berent Minkler and Catherine. 

Egremont, Jan. 28. Naome IngersoU, dau. of Daniel Inger- 

soll ; an adult. 
Ruth, Rhoda, Josiah, and Rachel, ch. of John Church and 

Ruth. 

Lenox, Feb. 14. Josiah, son of Joseph Dwight and Lydia. 

New Concord, Feb. 28. Elizabeth, dau. of Nath'll Holbrook 

and Elizabeth. 
Nancy, dau. of Duncan McAnhur and Mary. 

New Ashford, Mar. 3. Hannah, dau. of Jacob Lyon and 

Hannah. 
Thaddeus, son of Aaron Wood and Dorathy. 

NoBLETOWN, Mar. 21. Rhoda, dau. of John Spoor and Anne. 
Mar. 22. Dunning, son of John Lewis and Phebe. 

Lanesboko, Apr. 4. Dorcas, wife of Joseph Hall. 
Hannah, dau. of Timothy Lyon and Meriam. 
•^am'll, son of Seth Garlicke and Elisabeth. 
Prudence and Obed, ch. of Obed Edson and Prudence. 



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130 KECORDS OF SAIJ^T JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

>iOBLETOWN, April 11. Deliverance, dau. of Azor Curtis and 

Elizabeth. 
Rachel, dau. of Israel Walker and Jane. 
Abigal, dau. of Nath'U Pixley and Sarah. 

NoBLETOWN, Apr. 12, At a vestry meeting, chose Eleazer 
Williams, clerk ; Elias Bigley and Robert Meker, church 
wardens. 

Great Barrington, Apr. 20. At a vestry meeting, chose 
John Hickox, clerk ; David Ingersol, Esq., and John Burg- 
hardt, second, church wardens ; Nathan Scrivner, John 
Burghardt, third, and Coonrodt Sharp, choristers. 

Lanesboro, May 10. At a vestry meeting, chose Asahel 
Beach, clerk ; Peter Curtis and William Bradley, church 
wardens ; Obediah Edson, Joseph Hall and Asahel Beach, 
choristers. 

NOBLETOWN, May 16. Joniche, dau. of Benjamin Frayer and 

Elizabeth. 
Isaac, son of Oliver Mallery and Margret. 
Peter, son of Francis Wolcut and Lydia. 
Rebecca, dau. of John McFarland and Eve. 
Benjamin, son of Edward Vaughn and Ame. 
May 17. James, son of Squire Pixley and Sybel. 
Sophia, dau. of Peter White and Catherine. 
John, son of John Rase and Lois. 
Jonathan, John, James and Daniel, sons of Samuel Brown and 

Abigal 
Abraham, son of Wm. Bunt and Mary. 
Ezra, son of Andreas Burzee and Catherine. 
Abigal, dau. of Abijah Lomis and Mary. 
Robert, son of John Vaughn and Eunice. 
Reuben Farnsworth, William, Elijah, Abigal and Elizabeth, ch. 

of Jacob Van Gilder and Mercy. 
Phillip, son of John Steward and Lydia. 
Henry, Rhoda, and John, ch. of Thos. Finn and Mehitable. 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 131 

Lydia, dau. of Benjamia Berney and Mary. 
Eunice, dau. of Anner Van Gilder. 

Great Barrington, May 2. Barzillai Wm., son of Peter De 
Lemetter and Lavina. 

Great Barrington, May 23. Peter, son of Peter Goud and 

Catherine. 
Hendrick, son of John Esland and Hannah. 

Lenox, May 30. Anner, dau. of Titus Curtis and Hannah. 
Moses Curtis and Aaron, sons of Elisha Martindale and Han- 
nah. 

New Canaan, June 13. Sam'll Holenbeg, son of Samuel 

Russel and Esther. 
Frederick, son of Stephan Winston and Rhosanna. 
John Noyce, an adult. 

[Future entries I shall give under each town, and not in the 
order Mr. Bostwick entered them. L. H. v. s.] 

Great Barrington, 1773. 

June 27. Isaac, son of Coonrodt Van Deusen and Rachel. 

July 11. Ard, son of Benjamin Stillwell and Mary. 

July 15. Jabez Phelps, an adult. Died the next morning. 

July 25. Abigal, dau. of David Wilhird and oMartha. 

Aug. 15. Anne, dau. of Charles Persons and Catherine. 

Lucretia, dau, of Reuben Welton and Rhoda. 

Oct. 3. Mary, dau. of John Rase and ^lary. 

Mary, dau. of Nathan Lyon and ^lary. 

Oct. 7. Joined in marriage, Hendrick Burghardt, Jun., and 

Hannah Spoor. 
Also John Gun and Mary Burghardt. 
Oct. 15. Buried, Thomas Torrington, aged 10 years. 
Oct. 17. Huklah, dau. of Joseph Davis and Obedience. 
Nov. 14. Eleonar, dau. of Lambert Burghardt and Ann. 
Mary, dau. of Jason Bartlett and Annah. 



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132 RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

Nov. 28. Fitie, dau. of Gideon Bostwick and Gesie. 

Mary, dau. of John Freese and Desire. 

Dec. 25. Jared, son of Wm. Goodrich and Temperance. 

1774. 
Jan. 23. Gerredt, son of Peter Burghardt, Jun., and Mercy. 
Feb. 15. Parthenia, dau. of Nathan Canfield and Lois. 
Feb. 27. Catherine, dau. of Andreas Burzee and Naomi. 
Mar. 16. Joined in marriage, William Beatman and Rachel 

Teall. 
Apr. 5. At a vestry meeting, chose John Hickox, clerk ; John 

Hickox, Ensign John Burchardt, church wardens ; Nathan 

Scribner, John Burghardt and John Culver, choristers. 
Apr. 10. William, son of Christopher Burzee and Jonche. 
May 29. Andras, son of Richard Houk and Jogamancha, 
July 3. Stephan, son of John Gun and Mary. • 
Aug. 14. Hannah Scribner, an adult. 
Aug. 28. Catherine, dau. of Ensign John Burghardt and 

Eleonar. 
Mercy, dau. of Abraham Scut and Emiche. 
Sep. 11. Andreas, son of Michael Holenbeg and Elizabeth. 
Sep. 13. Joined in marriage, William Chambers and Chloe 

Newel. 
Sep. 24. Joined in marriage, William Schermerhorn and Lovice 

Ingersoll. 
Oct. 3. Joined in marriage, William Benjamin and Abigal 

Fitch. 
Oct. 6. Joined in marriage, Oliver Ingersoll and Hannah 

Burghardt. 
Oct. 9. Lydia, dau. of Joseph Dwight and Lydia. 
Dec. 5. Hannah, dau. of David Arnold and Mary. 
Dec. 8. Joined in marriage. Parish Cobern and Philoris 

Brown. 

1775. 

Feb. 5. Thomas, son of Michael Holenbeg and Mary. 
Feb. 15. Eber and Ira, sons of James Welden and Anne. 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHUiitsr: 13S 



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Dorotha, dau. of Anne Allen. '" 

Feb. 28. Joined in marriage, Thomas IngersoU and Beabeth 
Dewey. 

Mar. 5. Sarah Davis, an adult. 

Apr. 2.f Johnson Frederick, son of Reuben Welton i;id Rhoda. 

Apr. 16. Jacob, son of Coonrodt Sharp and Sarah. 

Obediah, son of John Seley and Anne. 

Apr. IT. At a vestry meeting, chose Ensign John Burg'^ardt, 
Martin Remmele, John Hickox, church wardens; Kathan 
Scribner, John Burghardt, third, Coonrodt Sharp. J"diQ Cul- 
ver, Asa Brown, choristers. 

May 28. Gesie, dau. of Matthew Van Deusen and E„7^'oeth. 

July 16. Catherine, dau. of John Rase and Mary. 

July 20. Elisabeth, dau. of Asa Brown and EUsaberc^ 

July 30. John, son of Peter Goud and Catherine. 

Sophia, dau. of John Minkler and Sophia. 

Hannah, dau. of Leucretia Hall. 

Aug. 25. William, son of Samuel Cleveland and ^^''uy/iat. 

Mary, dau. of Francis Van Volkenburgh and HannaL 

Aug. 27. Coonrodt, son of John Van Deusen and C<\':.enne, 

Sep. 24. Peter, son of Jogham Johnson and Abigail 

Oct. 22. Betsa, dau. of Joseph Davis and Obedience, 

Nov. 19. Gesie, dau. of Gideon Bostwick and Gesie. 

John (third), son of Coonrodt Van Deusen and Rac;:<:;, 

Gerredt, son of Hendrick Burghardt, Jun., and Hanr^Vl-j. 

Jinne, dau. of Nathan Scribner and Sarah. 

1776. 

Jan. 14. Moses, son of Peter Burgliardt, Jr., and Mirroy, 

Bethel, son of Jonathan Prindle and Margaret. 

Feb. 8. Married, Isaac Hurlburt and Elisabeth Huilburt. 

Feb. 13. Remember Desire, dau. of Remember linker and 
Desire. 

Feb. 19. Married, David Waneright and Reube Younr^love. 

Mar. 14. Married, Jonathan Norris and Rhoda Noble. 

Apr. 28. Matthew, son of Isaac VanDeusen, Jr., and Catherine. 

June 2. Jemima, dau. of Jeremiah Wormer and Gcbic. 



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134 RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

June 9. Rebeccah, dau. of John Freese and Desire. 

June 17. Elisabeth, dau. of Benjamin Bankson and Judah. 

June 30. Darius, son of Isaac Rase and Eve. 

Michael, son of Andreas Bursee and Naomi. 

Elisabeth, dau. of Christopher Burzee and Jane. 

Christena, dau. of Lambert Burghardt and Ann. 

Aug. 4. Phebe, dau. of Ebenezer Stone and Mary. 

Aug. 18. Rachel and Sarah, daus. of Eber Stone and Dinah. 

Aug. 25. Thomas Horton, son of Oliver Ingersol and Hannah. 

Gerredt, son of Abraham Van Deusen and Gesie. | 

Sep. 1. Asa, son of Asa Brown and Elizabeth. § 

Sep. 11. Buried, Lydia, widow of Capt. Robert Noble. I 

Sep. 16. Olive, Miriam, and Peter Curtis, ch. of Midian Oles | 

and Molly. I 

Sep. 22. Richard, son of Abraham Gilbert and Bethiah. | 

Buried, Jacob, son of Coonrodt Sharp and Sarah, aged 19 | 

months. 
Oct. 20. Christopher, son of John Burzee and Elisabeth. 
Oct. 27. Married, Caleb Hill and Mary Tyler. 
Oct. 27. Eve, dau. of Coonrodt Burghardt and Judith.* 
Dec. 24. William, son of Jehoiakim Burghardt and Sarah. | 

July 6. Christene, dau. of Berent Minkler and Catherine. f 

(Note. — Mr. Bostwick evidently forgot to enter the preced- | 

ing record in its proper place.) t 

1777. • I 

Apr. 10. Married, Eli Lyon and Sabra Hickox. I 

Apr. 10. At a vestry meeting, chose Mr. Peter Burghardt and I 

Mr. Martin Remelee, church wardens; Mr. Barnabas Scott, ,: 

clerk ; jNIr. Rice Hall, ]\Ir. Nathan Scribner, Mr. John Culver # 

and i\Ir. Asa Brown, choristers. Agreed to pay the Rev. ^Ir. ■ 
Bostwick the same salary for the last year as he had the pre- 
ceding, and that the last rate bill, which is in the hands of 

Mr. Coonrodt Sharp, be the proportion of each one's rate. I 

June 28. Lovice, dau. of Joseph Davies and Obedience. 1"^ 

June 23. Buried, Fitie, wife of Isaac Van Deusen (the first), ^ 

aged 75 years. jl' 



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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHUKCH. 135 

July 3. Married, Benjamin Noble and Polly Betts. ~ 

July 27. Lucy, dau. of Eber Stone and Dinah. 

July 31. Joniche, dau. of Hendiick Gose and Mary. 

Aug. 13. Whiting, son of Wm. Noyce and Elizebeth. 

Aug. 24. Miriam, dau. of Levi Seeley and Annah. 

Sep. 14. John Bouton, son of Stephan Resco and Ruth. 

Oct. 12. Gerredt, son of Coonrodt Burghardt, Jun., and 

Rachel. 
Dec. 25. Gesie, dau. of Coonrodt Sharp and Sarah. 
Elisabeth, dau. of Thos. McGraw and Ann. 

1778. 

Feb. 19. Mary, dau. of Peter Goud and Catherine. 

Feb. 26. Lydia, dau. Nath'll Pixley and Sarah. 

Feb. 28. Sarah, dau. of Lemuel Cleveland and Margret. 

Mar. 1. Lucy, dau. of Rice Hall and Lovania. 

John, son of Caleb Hill and Mary. 

Mar. 5. Hannah, dau. of Bulah Buel and Hannah. 

Catherine, dau. of Hendrick Buizee and Rachel. 

Mar. 29. Married, Jesse Warner and Rhoda Fenton. 

Apr. 5. Clarissa, dau. of Gideon Bostwick and Gesie. 

Gesie, dau. of Coonrodt Van Deusen and Rachel. 

Michael, son of John Van Deusen and Catherine. 

Gerredt, son of Hendrick Burghardt and Hannah. 

Elisabeth, dau. of Clement Leman and Susanna. 

Apr. 19. Anne, dau. of John Seley and Anne. 

Apr. 20. At a vestry meeting, voted, Martin Remelee, David 

Arnold, church wardens. 
Apr. 26. John, son of John Freese and Desire. 

Timothy, son of Soul and . 

May 10. Lavinea, wife of Francis Noble. 

June .3. Buried, John Holenbeg. 

June 7. Isaac, son of Matthew Van Deusen and Elisabeth. 

June 14. Electe and Polly, daus. of David Wainright and 

Ruba. 
Jul}^ 10. Reuben, son of Reuben Garlick and Lucy. 
July 19. Christopher, son of Andreas Burzee and Naomi. 



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136 RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

July 26. Luvene, dau. of Joseph Davis and Obedience. 
Abiofal, dau. of Nathan Scribner and Sarah. 
July 30, Married, Gearge Chanter and Martha Owen. 
Aug. 6. Christopher, son of Daniel Johnson and Margret. 
Aug. 27. Nabby and Molley, daus. of Jogham Johnson and 

Abigal. 
Sep. 8. Sam'll, son of John Culver and Mary. 

William, son of Miriam Davies. 

Rachel, dau. of Coonrodt Hier and Christene. 

Beardslee, son of Darius Pain and Lucretia. 

George, son of William Noyce and Elizabeth. 

1779. 

Married, Andrew Robinson and Elisabeth Sharp. 

Isaac, son of Abraham Van Deusen and Gesie. 

Gesie, dau. of Oliver Ingersoll and Hannah. 
Married, Henry Davis and Anne Devotion. 

Sarah, dau. of Stephan Olmsted and Lucy. 

Silas, son of Elisabeth Meeker. 
Andras, son of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 
Apr. 14. John, son of Isaac Van Deusen, Jun., and Catherine. 
Apr. 39. Montgomery and Gesie, ch. of Jude Austin and Eve. 
Apr. 30. Married, Ezra Kellogg and Polly Whiting. 
John Beckus and Sally Whiting. 
June 6. Elisabeth, dau. of Isaac Rase and Eve. 
Mary, dau. of Wm. Rase and Sarah. 

June 20. Gamaliel and Policy, ch. of Caleb Hill and Mary. 
Stephan, son of John Gun and Mary. | 

July 4. Jeremiah, son of John Burzee and Elisabeth. | 

July 13. Buried, ye Widow Jemima Houck (Van Huyck). 
Aug. 1. Fitie, dau. of Coonrodt Sharp and Sarah. 
Aug. 12. Francis and Eve, ch. of John Van Valkenburgh and 

Areanche. | 

Isaac Rase, son of Elijah Pixley and Charitj^ ' 

Aug:. 29. Elisabeth, dau. of Abraham Gilbert and Bethiah. 
John, son of Moses Gilbert and Lydia. I 

Sep. 18. Married, Caleb Clerk and Rachel Scribner. 



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Sep. 


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Oct. 


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Oct. 


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Jan. 


21. 


Jan. 


30. 


Feb. 


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Mar. 


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Apr. 


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Apr. 


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RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 137 



Sep. 26. Cornelia, dau. of Michael Holenbeg and Elisabeth. I 

Mary, dau. of John Minkler and Sophia. f 

Peter, son of Hendrick Burzee and Rachel. 

Oct. 10. Lovice Treman, an adult. I 

Peter, son of Peter Burghardt, Jun., and Mercy. ^ :. J 

Hannah, dau. of Jeremiah Wormer and Gesie. ' | 

Dec. 23. Married, Medad Curtiss and Dinah Tracy. 

Dec. 25. John, son of John Rase and Mary. . . c 

1780. \\ 

Jan. 16. Rebecca, dau. of Clement Leman and Susannah. /; j 

Feb. 13. Augustus, son of Wm. Noyce and Elisabeth. '-'^ 

Feb. 14. Married, Daniel Hawley and Eunice Sprague. | 

Feb. 20. Ruth, dau. of Rice Hall and Lovania. 1 

Feb. 27. Esther, dau. of John O'Brien and Esther. 
Mar. 3. John Christian Coonrodt, son of Frardrick Sints and 

Elisabeth. 
Apr. 23. John, son of Gideon Bostwick and Gesie. 
Jacob, son of Hendrick Burghardt and Hannah. 
May 21. William, son of David Waneright and Rube. 

May 25. INIarried, John Adams and Aner Hickox. ! 

June 4. Nehemiah, son of Levi Seely and Anner. 
Mary, dau. of Isaiah Millard and Bulah. 
June 12. Charles and Anne, ch. of Charles Persons and Cath- / 

erine. ^V 

Stephen, son of Deodat Ingersoll and Mary. 
June 15. Married, Thomas Edson and Mary Jervis. 
June 18. Cate, dau. of John Van Deusen and Catherine. 
July 4. " Buried, Gesie, my own Lovely Daughter, aged 4 

years, 8 months, and 28 days. 
July 30. Mary Ann, dau. of Ezekiel Stone and Mary. " 
John, son of Nathan Scribner and Sarah. 

Sep. 10. Matthew, son of Matthew Van Deusen and Elisabeth. 
Oct. 8. Lenah, dau. of Coonrodt Van Deusen and Rachel. 
Anne, dau. of Lambert Burghardt and Hannah. 
Oct. 22. Bill Williams, son of John Freese and Desire, 
l^ec. 24. Jonathan, son of David Arnold and Mary. 



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138 RECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

1781. 

Jan. 24. Josiah, son of John Burghardt, fourth, and Elisabeth. 

Jan. 28. Isaac, son of Caleb Hill and Mary. 

Feb. 7. Anne, dau. of Sam'l Younglove and Hannah. 

Feb. 11. Andras, son of Wm. Rase and Sarah. 

Rebeckah, dau. of Isaac Rose and Eve. 

Feb. 21. John, son of John Minkler, fourth, and Elizabeth. 

Mar. 10. Anne, dau. of Wm. Fraser and Edna. 

Apr. 16. At a vestry meeting, voted, John Seely and David 
Arnold, church wardens ; Rice Hall, John Burghardt, third, 
and Matthew Houck, choristers. Voted, that £80 be granted 
to the Rev'd Gideon Bostwick for his salary the current year. 

May 6. « Stinche, dau. of Coonrodt Sharp and Sarah. 

July 1. John, son of Stephan Olmsted and Lucy. 

Aug. IC. Rhoda, dau. of ]\Iiiiam Davis.^ 

Chloe, dau. of Cornelius Witbeck and Mary. 

Aug. 22. Hannah, dau. of Peter Witbeck and Elisabeth, 

Elias, son of Peggy Montgomery. 

Aug. 26. Agoneche, dau. of John Rosman and Hannah. 

Nicholas, son of Peter Burzee and Sarah. 

James, son of Sam'll Atkins and Anne. 

Buried, Anuer, wife of Peter IngersoU. 

Sept. 23. John, son of Jehoiakim Johnson and Abigal. 

Oct. 21. Jehannah, dau. of Clement Laman and Susannah. 

Nov. 1. Lambert, son of Oliver IngersoU and Hannah. 

Peter, son of Josiah Dewey and Fitie. 

Jacob, son of John Culver and Mary. 

Nov. 27. Sarah, Mary, Henry Singer and Joannah, ch. of Jo- 
siah Nash and Rhodah. 

Dec. 18. Mary Grimes, an adult. 

Sebreca ]\[orris, dau. of Moses Grimes and INLary. 

Dec. 30. Mary, dau. of John O'Brian and Esther. 

1782. 

Feb. 24. John, son of Peter Borghardt and Mercy. 

Elisabeth, an adult negro. 

Sarah, her daughter. 



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KECORDS OF SAINT JAMES EPISCOPAL CHUKCH. 139 

Apr. 1. At a vestry meeting, chose Mr. John Seeley, Dr. Da- 
vid Arnold, church v.ardens ; Rice Hall, John Burghardt, 
third, Matthew Houck, choristers. 

Apr. 14. Gesie, dau. of Nathan Scribner and Sarah. 

May 8. Married, William O'Hara and Catherine Carr. 

May 12. Henry, son of Gideon Bostwick and Gesie. 

Sally, dau. of Rice Hall and Lorania. 

May 13. Buried, Rachel Walter. 

June 16. Coonrodt, son of Hendiick Burghardt and Hannah. | 

Electa, dau. of Widow Anne Bingham. 

Betsa, dau. of David Wainright and Reuba. 

July 28. William, son of John Rase and Mary. 

Isaac, son of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 

Aug. 1. Married, Moses Bond and Lydia Treman. 

Aug. 8. Married, Benjamin Hatch and Christine Perry. 

Aug. 28. Rosanna and Lenah, daus. of John Morison and Azuba. 

Jehannah, Mehitabel and Mary, daus. of Thomas Shaw and 
Elisabeth. 

Sep. 25. Married, William Jones, Jr., and Molly Sackett. 

Oct. 13. Silas, son of Ezekiel Stone and Mary. 

Lydia, dau. of John Fitch and Rebecca. 

Nov. 10. Angel, son of Caleb Hill and Mary. 

Dec. 17. Buried, the Widow Anne Pier, aged 71." 

Dec. 20. Buried, the Widow Abigal Younglove, aged 83. 
{To be continued.) 






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KILLINQLY, CONN., CHURCH RECORDS. 

{Conciuded/rom page 75, Vol. VII, N. 8.) 



1743. April 24. Mr. Avery baptized Colburn, son of Levi 
and Mary Preston; Benjamin, son of John and Mary Leavens; 
Francis, son of Samuel and Mary Bloise. 

July 24, Mr. Cabot baptized Timothy, son of Nathaniel and 
Katharine Blanchard ; Thomas, son of Ephraim Warren, Jun. ; 
Josiah, son of Joseph and Lydia Hulett ; Daniel, son of Samuel 
and Patience Lawrence ; Darius, son of John andPegge Priest; 
Chloe, daughter of Ebenezer Wilson ; Olive, daughter of David 
Russell, Jun. 

Sept. 11, Mr. Stiles baptized Abel, son of David and Margery 
Waters. 

Nov. 6, Mr. Cabot baptized Euraner, daughter of Jos. Leavens, 
Jun. 

1744. April 15, Mr. Cabot baptized Pachel, daughter of 
Jonathan and Betty Cady ; Sarah, daugliter of David and Bath- 
sheba Day. 

July 29, Rev. Samuel Mosely baptized Nathan, son of James 
Day ; Mary, daughter of Ephraim and Elizabeth Whitmore ; 
Milhcent, daughter of John and Abigail Bobbins. 

Nov. 25, Rev. John Bass (Ashford) baptized Boaz, son, and 
Ruth, dau. of Joseph Bateman. 

1745. ^Nlarch 31, Rev. John Bass baptized Sarah, daughter 
of Samuel and Sarah Danielson ; Eleazer, son of Thomas and 
Elizabeth INIoffatt ; Hannah, daughter of Joseph and Lydia Ric- 
card ; Sarah, daughter of John and Sarali Pooler. 



During the ministry of Rev. Perlc}^ Howe, who succeeded Mr. 
Fisk, no records were preserved, l)ut they were resumed by 
Rev. Aaron Brown, who was "ordained and set apart to be the 
pastor and Gospel minister over the First or Middle church and 

(140) 






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KILLINGLT, CONN., CHURCH RECORDS. 141 

fociety in Killingly, Jan. 9, 1754." He was the son of Cornelius 
Brown, of Windsor, born May 31, 1725, and was married to the 
widow of his predecessor, Mrs. Damaris (Cady) Howe, Nov. 21, 
1764. 

A Eecord of the number and names of persons admitted into 
full communion with the Fii-st Church of Christ in Killingly. 

1754. Jan. 9, Rev. Aaron Brown, Joseph Cady, Thomas 
Wilson, Sarai Bixby. 

1755. Sept. 7, Jean Bruce; Oct. 12, Elisabeth Thompson; 
Nov. 2, Abraham Robarts and Maiy% his wife ; Dec. 28, Samuel 
Winter, Sen., and Keziah, wife of Ebenezer Learned. 

1756. Aug. 15, Lucy Ban-ett of Thompson, and Ebenezer 
Wilson and wife. 

•1757. March 3, Samuel Leavens, Giles Robarts and Zerviah, 
his wife ; widow Hannah Kee, Phebe Lee ; Oct. 30, Peter Sabin 
and Sarai, liis wife, by letter from First Church of Pomfret ; 
Dec. 11, Elisabeth, wife of Edward Adams. 

1758. July 15, Dorothy, wife of Benjamin Leavens ; Dec. 1, 
Joseph Leavens. 

1759. Jan. 9, Michael Felshaw and Rebekah his wife; Abi- 
gail, wife of David Robarts, by letter from First church of 
Woodstock. 

1760. June 15, Rachel, wife of Israel Hendrick; June 21, 
Mary, wife of Samuel Bloss, Jun. 

1761. March 15, Edward Adams, Samuel Bloss, Jun., 
Oliver Williams and wife, by letter from the church in Brook- 
hne, in Pomfret ; Aug. 9, Ziba, wife of Phinehas Cleveland. 

1762^^ May 15, Ebenezer Learned, by letter from the church 
in Thompson ; Dec. 15, Joseph Toney. 

1763. Isaac Parks and Rebecca, his wife, by letter from the 
church in Brookline ; Aug. 28, Thankful, wife of Benjamin 
Barrett; Oct. 15, Benjamin Barrat, Jun., Richard Bloss and 
Sarai, his wife ; widow Sarah Firman. 

1764. April 2, Joanna, wife of Thomas Batsman ; Samuel 
Buck, Jun., and Martha, his mfe ; Nathaniel Freeman and Tri- 






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142 KILLINGLY, CONN., CHURCH BECORDS. 

phosa, his ^viie ; Mary, wife of John Felshaw, Jr.; December, 
wife of Benjamin Joy. 

1765. Jan., .Perley Howe and Tamar, his wife ; Dec. 15, 
widow Alice Robinson. 

1766. Feb. 23, James Learned and Sybil, his wife ; March 23, 
Ruth, wife of Isaac Hill ; July 27, Manasseh Cutler. 

1767. Feb. 27, Widow Ruth Joy, by letter from the Second 
Church in Rehoboth. 

1769. Reuben Buck and Ehzabeth, his wife ; John Johnson, 
Calvin Bateman; Jan. 12, Nathaniel Brown, Josiah Brown; 
April 9, Marcy, wife of Josiah Brown. 

1770. Joseph Howe, Solomon Guernsey, by letter from First 
church in Rehoboth. 

1771. March 24, Capt. John Felshaw; July 14, Mary, wife 
of Oliver Richmond. 

1772. Feb. 21, Jonathan Cad}^ and Rebecca, his wife ; May, 
Anna, wife of Peter Barret ; June, Anne, daughter of Oliver 
WilHams ; July, Simeon Leonard ; Dec, Capt. Michael Adams. 

1773. Feb. 21, Isaac Cady Howe and Damaris, his wife ; 
Elisabeth, wife of Solomon Guernsey ; May, Sabra, wife of 
Samuel Felshaw ; Widow Mary Cutler ; June 10, Keziah, wife 
of Benjamin Cady, Jun.; July 4, James Redway and Mehitable, 
his wife, by letter from the Second church in Rehoboth ; July 
18, Dorothy, wife of David Cutler. 



A Record of the number and names of those who owned the 
Covenant while the Rev. Aaron Brown was pastor of the church 
in Killingly. 

1755. Jan. 28, Stephen Covcl and Elizabeth, his wife ; May, 
Mary, wife of Asa Cutler. 

1756. March, Joseph Durfey and wife. 

1757. James Bloss, Jun. of Thompson ; Feb. 6, John Heii- 
drickand wife; March 20, Damaris Chandler; June 12, Isaiah 
Cady and Mary, his wife ; Ruth, wife of Isaac Hill ; July 24, 
Maiy, wife of I. Cutler. 






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KILLINGLY, COx^N^ CHURCH KECORDS. 143 

1758. May 14, Samuel Allen ; July 2, Ephraim May and 
wife; May 30, Phebe, wife of Elisha Lawrence; Aug. 6, Jere- 
miah Spaulding and wife. 

1759. Elizabeth and Dorothy Jeffers. 

1760. March 29, Simeon Lee and Mehitable, his wife. 

1761. June 1, Richard Bloss and Sarai, his wife ; 28, Samuel 
Bloss, Jr.; Aug. 31, Zerviah Bloss; Oct. 15, Marcy Leavens. 

1762. Dec. 15, Robart Burch. 

1763. April 3, John Hennery; June 5, Hannah Hennery; 

July 3, Thomas Bateman ; 10, Joanna, wife of Thomas Bateman ; , 

Nov. 8, Darius Leavens and wife. 

1764. July, Nathaniel Daniels, Jun., and wife ; Aug., 

Baracliiah Cady and wife. "i 

1765. July, Ephraim Joy and wife. 

1766. Benoni Cutler and Susanna, his wife ; Aug. 28, Lida, 
wife of Taller Brooks. 

1767. Feb. 22, John Adams and Jerusha, his wife ; Aug. 26, 
Hannah Richman. 

1769. Oct. 22, Stephen Bateman and wife. 

1770. July, Ebenezer Brooks and wife. 

1771. July 11, Oliver Richmond. 

1772. May, Peter Barret. 

1773. Joseph Lee and Hannah, his wife. 



An account of the persons married by Rev. Aaron Brown. 

1754. Feb. 14, Isaac Learned of Oxford, and Mary Leavens 
of Killingly. 

April 3, Giles Robarts and Zerviah Buck. 

May 23, Ezekiel Mighill and Margaret Wilson. 

July 18, Benjamin Leavens and Dorothy Perrin of Pomfret. 

Oct. 9, John Eaton and Eunice Gould. 

Nov. 7, John Ranne of ]\liddletown, and Sybil Wilson. 

Nov. 21, Rev. Aaron Brown and Mrs. Damaris Howe were 
inamed per Rev. Nehemiah Barker. 

Dec. 11, Jonathan Wilson and Lucy Hosmer of Woodstock. 












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144 KILLINGLY, CONN., CHURCH RECORDS. 

1755. Jan. 27, Samuel Allen and Ruth May. 

April 17, James Collar and Huldah Simmons. 

July 31, Obadiah Clough and Elizabeth Whitmore. 

Sept. 4, John Adams and Jerusha Cady ; John Weld and 
Chloe Perrin of Pomfret. ' 

Oct. 23, Samuel Narramore of Pomfret, and Deborah Cotton; 
Joseph Griffin of Pomfret, and Sarah Brown. 

Dec. 11, Hezekiah Green and Alice Leavens. 
^ 1766. March 4, Elisha Lawrence and Phebe Wilson. 

June 8, James Bloss and Elizabeth Clough. 

Aug. 6, Phinehas Green of Spencer, and Judith Sprague. 

Sept. 21, Daniel Waters and Lucy Spalding. 

Nov. 11, Robert Burch and Damaris Cady. 

Nov. 18, Barachiah Cady and Elizabeth Co veil. 

Nov. 29, Henry Carpenter and Phebe Brooks. 

Nov. 30, Joseph Brown and Hannah Carrol, botli of Thomp- 
son Palish. 

1757. Jan. 11, Jolm Whitmore and Grace Child. 
March 29, Timoth Parkhurst and Joanna Cady. 
April 4, Nathaniel Collar and Miriam Dickerman. 

April 5, John Streeter of Sturbridge, and Margaret Heminway. 

May 4, Ebenezer Brooks, Jun., and Mary Glazier of Mortlake, 
alias Brookline. 

May 18, James White of Pomfret, and Jemima Town of 
Thompson Parish. 

May 25, Timothy Atwood and Elisabeth Converse. 

June 9, John Cady and Hannah Mighill. 

Dec. 21, James Bruce and Elisabeth Bateman. . 

Dec. 22, Benjamin Shepard of Brookline, and Martha Whit- 
more. 

1758. April 27, Samuel Bloss, Jun. and Mary Winter. 
June 22, David Buck and Anna Russell. 

June 29, Richard Bloss and Sarah Barrett. 

July 13, Josiah Chaffee of Woodstock, and Sarah Cady. 

Aug. 9, Samuel Sabin and Sarah Wilson. 



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. KILLINGLY, CONN., CHURCH RECORDS. 145 

Oct. 11, Simeon Lee of Pomfret, and Mehitable Cutler. 

Nov. 23, Jesse Converse and Damaris Chandler. 

1759. Feb. 21, Jeremiah Fitch of Coventry, and Abigail 
Whitmore. 

March 14, Samuel Harendon and Percy Russell. 
April 30, Asahel Blanchard and Priscilla Brooks. 
Aug. 5, James Chaffee of Woodstock, and Rhoda Cady. 

1760. Jan. 31, Samuel Buck and Martha Bloss. 
Feb. 3, William Blackmar and Lydia Ricard. 

1761. Sept. 27, Joseph Moffat and Anna Green. 
Oct., Abel Cady and Sarai Cady. 

Dec, John Winter and Mary Robinson. 

1762. Feb. 7, Josiah Brown and Mary Lawrence. 
Feb., Justin Cady and Keziah Covell. 

1763. Jan., Jacob Brown and Lucy Russell. 
Feb. 18, Ephraim Joy and Elisabeth Pool. 
April 19, Thomas Sumner and Mary Leach. 
April 28, Amasa Grover and Elisabeth Jeffers. 

June 18, James Blackmar of Gloucester, R. L, and Sarah 
Wilson. 

Dec. 22, Benoni Cutler and Lurana Leavens. 

1764. Jan., David Perry and Anna Bliss. 
Jan. 30, Isaac Allen and Amy Dean. 

17f 5. Sept. 5, Isaac Church and Elinor Daniels. 

Sept. 12, Isaac Cady HoAve and Damaris Burch. 

Sept. 16, Benjamin Wood and Sarah Cady. 

Sept. 18, Jacob Whitmore and Hannah Brown. 

March 18, Asa Lawrence and Lucy Joy. 

April 6, Daiius Priest and Hepzibah Graves. 

1766. June 4, Jonathan Howe of Plainfield, and Grace Camp- 
bell. 

Aug. 7, John Fuller and Sibyl Richmond. 

Sept. 21, Joseph Cady, Jun. and Susanna Sandei's (Alex- 
ander). 

Nov. 16, Isaac Cady and Sabra Green. 



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146 KILLINGLY, CONN., CHURCH KECORDS. 

Nov. 20, Jonathan Cady and Rebecca Cady. 

1767. Aug. 2, John Robarts and Hannah Mac . 

Jan., .Eleazer Moffat and Lucy Comings. 
Sept. 17, John Bateman and Sarai Kee. 

1768. Feb. 11, Timoth}^ Houghton and Damaris Howe. 
Feb., Oliver Richmond and Mary Bateman. 
March 13, William Givens and Mary Cutler. 
June 10, John Kibbe and Elisabeth Bruce. 

1769. Sept. 4, Daniel Harrenden of Canterbury, and Mar- 
garet Cutler. ^—-^ " I 

Oct. 30, Benjamin Joy and Elisabeth Leonard. 
Nov. 9, Nathaniel Grow and Betty Cady. 

1770. Jan. 15, David Chandler of Pomfret, and Mary Parks. 
Feb. 1, Jolin Wade and Sai-ai Sawyer. 

Feb. 13, Haniel Clark and Molly Adams, 
March 15, Abiel Blanchard and Elisabeth Church. 
April 4, Sylvanus Perry and Rebecca Bliss. 
May 2, Ebenezer Hardwood of Uxbridge, and Margaret Wil- 
son. 

June, SaDiuel Felshaw and Sabra Russell. 
July 15, Joseph Lee and Hannah Leavens. 

1771. Aug. 20, Thadeus Fairfield of Belchertown, and 
Keziah Lee ; Zaccheus Brown and Elisabetli Goodspeed. 

1772. Jan. 15, Battel Robinson and Prudence Leach. 
June 18, Benjamin Brown and Sarai Smith. 
Sept. 10, William Dixon and Priscilla Danielson. 
Nov. 5, Cornelius Sawyer and Anna Williams. 
Dec, Nathan Draper and Hannah Whitmore. 

1773. Jan. 31, James Downing of Pomfret, and Elizabeth 
Gay. 

March 5, Ebenezer Gay and Elizabeth Leavens. 
June 17, John Parkhurst and Chloe Guernsey. 
June 27, Cliarles Leavens and Lida Grover. 
June 30, Nathan Hartwell and Lida Covell. 
July, Silas Robins and Sarai Moss. 



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KILLINGLY, CONN., CHURCH RECORDS. 147 

Sept. 7, Nathan Young and Sabra ]\Iarch. 
Dec. 23, Peter Olney and Tabitha Clark. 

1774. June 19, Ebenezer Kimball and Rebecca Knight. 
Nov. 20, Isaiah Robii^son and Sarai Robbins. 

Dec. 3, Abraham Fairman of Pomfret, and Keziah Olney. 

1775. Jan. 29, Perley Howe and Abigail DeWolf. 
Feb. 1, William Parks and Lodema Cutler. 

Feb. 9, Benjamin Hatch of Hanover, and Lucy Parks. 

Feb. 16, David Paul and Maiy Evans. 

March 5, John Wilson of Plainfield, and Ruth Joy. 

March 26, Ebenezer Brown and ^lolly Redway. 

May 18, Samuel Pool and Ruth Whitmore. 

Aug. 3, Daniel Hulett and Abigail Paul. 



NOTES. 

Old Families of Noravich, Conx. MDCLX to MDCCC. 
Compiled by Mary E. Perkins, Genealogies, Vol. I, Part I. 
Norwich, 1900. 

This is the first of a quarterly series of alternate genealogi 
cal and historical pamphlets which will contain the history of 
the 'louses, hinds and families of Norwich from 1660 to 1800. 
The pamphlets are to be illustrated, and the promise is good 
for one of the most valuable series of family genealogies ever 
published. The author is not a novice in this work, her for- 
mer volume on the old houses of Norwich havingr m6t with 
great success. The present part consists of fifty pages, and is 
devoted to several families founded by the earliest settlers in 
Norwich, which formerly included many towns in the vicinity. 
The records of all the towns carved out of the original town- 
ship are to be incorporated in the work. Subscriptions (at $3 
per annum), should be sent to the author, 118 Pequot ave., 
New London, Conn. 



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REGNAL YEARS OF ENGLISH SOVEREIGNS. * 



In England in the seventh and as late as the thirteenth cen- 
tury, the year was reckoaed from Christmas day, but in the 
twelfth century the Anglican church began the year on the 
twenty-fifth of March, which practice was adopted by civilians 
in the fourteenth century. This style continued until the refor- 
mation of the calendar in the twenty-fourth year of George II. 
(1750-1) by which the legal year was ordered to commence on 
the fii-stof Jan., 1753. The custom arose of adding the date of 
the historical to that of the legal year for any date between the 
first of January and twenty-fifth of Marcli. In Scotland the 
legal year began on the first of January from 1600. 

In New England and other English colonies the English rule 
governed the use of dates, but in New York prior to English 
occupation the Dutch reckoned time as in tlie present day. 

William, the Conqueror, 1066-1087 (25 Dec, 1067).* 

William II, 1087-1100 (26 Sept., 1088). 

Henry I, 1100-1135 (5 Aug., 1101). 

Stephen, 1135-1154 (26 Dec, 1136). 

Henry II, 1154-1189 (19 Dec, 1155). 

Richard I, 1189-1199 (3 Sept., 1190). 

John, 1199-1216 (18 May, 1200). 

Henry HI, 1216-1272 (28 Oct., 1217). 

Edward I, 1272-1307 (20 Nov., 1273). 

Edward II, 1307-1327 (8 July, 1308). 

Edward HI, 1327-1377 (25 Jan., 1327t-8), (25 Jan., 1339t- 
40 is the first year of his reign as king of England and France). 

Richard II, 1377-1399 (22 June, 1378). • 

Henry. IV, 1399-1413 (30 Sept., 1400). 

Henry V, 1413-1422 (21 March, 1413-f-14). 

Henry VI, 1422-1461 (1 Sept., 1423), (documents issued in 

*The dates in parenthesis show the beginning of tlie second regnal year 
of each reign. 

tThe earlier date is the civil, the later the historical year. 

(148) 






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REGNAL YEARS OF ENGLISH SOVEREIGNS. 149 

his name from 9 Oct., 1470-April, 1471, are dated 49th year 
and the first year of his repossession of the throne). 

Edward IV, 1461-1483 (4 Mar., 1461-2). 

Edward V, 9 April-25 June, 1483. 

Richard III, 1483-1485 (26 June, 1484). 

Henry VII, 1485-1509 (22 Aug., 1486). 

Henry VIII, 1509-1547 (22 April, 1510). 

Edward VI, 1547-1553 (28 Jan., 1547-8). 

(Jane, 6 July-17 July, 1553). 

Mary, 1553-1554 (6 July, 1554). 

Philip and :\Iary, 1554-1558* (25 July, 1555). 
* Elizabeth, 1558-1603 (17 Nov. 1559). 

James I, 1603-1625 (24 Mar., 1603-4). 

Charles I, 1625-1649 (27 March, 1626). 

Commonwealth, 30 Jan., 1648-9—29 May, 1660. 

Lord Protectors : Oliver Cromwell, 16 Dec, 1653-13 Sept., 
1658. Richard Cromwell, 14 Sept., 1658-May, 1659. 

Charles II, 1660-1685 (30 Jan., 1649-50, as the year of his 
restoration is called the twelfth of his reign). 

James II, 1685-1688 (6 Feb., 1685-6). 

WiUiam and Mary, 1689-1702 (13 Feb., 1689-90). (The 
seventh year of Wniiara III, commences with 28 Dec, 1694). 

Anne, 1702-1714 (8 Mar., 1702-3). 

George I, 1714-1727 (1 Aug., 1715). 

George II, 1727-1760 (11 June, 1728). 

George III, 1760-1820 (25 Oct., 1761). (Regency from 
1810-1820). 

George IV, 1820-1831 (29 Jan., 1821). 

William IV, 1830-1837 (26 June, 1831). 

Victoria, 1837. (20 June, 1838). 



The Year of the Independence of the United States 
OF AiviERiCA is reckoned from the fourth day of July, 1776 : 
thus from 4 July, 1900 to the 4 Jiily, 1901, is the one hundred 
and twenty-fifth. 

*The days in each year between sixth and twenty-fourth July inclusive, 
after the Queen's marriage, were reckoned first and third, etc. 



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CHITTENDEN COUNTY, VT., PROBATE. 



Book I, Kecords of the Courts of Probate for the Dis- 
trict OF Chittenden, State of Vermont. 



'^ The whole of the records and files prior to the 16th of 
April, 1795 [except the above mentioned-^], were destroyed by 
fire, in consequence of which accident the following Act was 
passed, to wit : " [Act passed 27 Oct., 1795, folloivs']. 

The record begins with entry of 22 Sept., 1795 ; court held 
at Richmond, by Judge Matthew Cole: 

Adm. on estate of Ezekiel Cook of Shelburn, to David 
Cook, with Phinehas Hill as surety. Phinehas Hill and Josh- 
ua Isham appointed commissioners. 

31 May, 179G. David Cooke appointed guardian to Liman 
Cooke, son of Ezekiel, deceased. Rueben Lockwood joins on 
bond. Rueben Lockwood is appointed guardian to Israel and 
Anne Cooke, other children of deceased. 

Inventory of estate, £318.17.00. 

Philo Perkins of Charlotte appointed guardian to Polly 
Cook, dau. of Ezekiel Cook, 28 June, 1796. 

Daniel Horsford and Phinehas Hill appointed distributors 
of the estate of Ezekiel Hill. 

Timothy Holibard and Daniel Compstock, both of Shelburn, 
appointed administrators on the estate of Frederick Saxton, 
late of Shelburne. Linus Atwater gives surety. Sturges 



* A memorandum of accounts exhibited and allowed against the estate of Samuel 
Marble, deceased. 

Division of the estate of John Lee, late of Jerico, deceased. 

Commission to Jere'h and Isaac French to sett off the widow's thirds, etc., of the 
estate of Jona. Ilartt, deceased. 

Commission to Isaac French to sell tlie whole of the real estate of Jona. Hartt. 

Copy of a deed executed by Isaac French as commissioner on said estate. 

Letters of administration to Benjamin and Lucia Taylor on the estate of Ebeuezer 
Taylor, late of Charlotte, deceased, and an inventory of said estate. 

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CHITTENDEN COUNTY, VT., PKOBATE. 151 

Morehouse, Joshua Isham, Benj. Harrington, Esqrs., appoint- 
ed appraisers. Inventory presented 2G July, 179 6. Estate 
insolvent. 

Adm. on estate of Eldad Taylor, late of Williston, to Eldad 
Taylor and John Taylor, 30 Aug., 1796. Solomon Miller, 
Esq., surety. Dr. Lemuel Winslow an appraiser. In v. pre- 
sented 27 Sept., 1796. 

Above is an abstract of all records in book numbered ''I." 

A loose paper contains the following record : 

Mar. 2, 1802. John Fitch, Joseph Carpenter, Jacob Fair- 
man, appointed to set off the widow Hannah Cunningham's 
dower [John Cunningham's estate]. 

2 March, 1S02. Adra. on estate of ^Vm. Cowee to John 
Co wee of Milton. William Parrish surety. Simon Tubbs, 
Solomon Wyman, Barley Warner, appointed appraisers. 

David Bates, Jr., estate ; claims against it $116.21. 2 Mar., 
1802. 

Sam'l Barber, Jr.'s, estate. Inventory, §175. Insolvent. 
Joshua Ishara, Story Choat, Levi Cumstock, commissioners. 

Sam'l Clarke's estate. Appraisers appointed, Isham, Choat, 
Cumstock. 

5 Feb., 1802. Sam'l Smith's estate. Administratrix pre- 
sented inventory, $90.75. 

2 March, 1802. Sam'l Burns' estate. Inv., §856.93. 

Appointed Elizabeth Burns guardian to Matthew Burns, her 
son, jet. about 6 years, and of Sarah, about 8 ^^ears ; of So- 
phia, about 11 years. Joseph MerihcAv, surety. 

Appointed Robert Barns guardian of William Burns, minor, 
about 17 years, his choice certified by Ezekiel Cooper. John 
Gilson gave bond. 

22 Feb., 1802. Appointed Jabez Penniman guardian of 
Hannibal M. Allen and Ethan A. Allen and Fran — Allen, 
they having made choice to J. Penniman and Udnoy H , 



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162 CHITTENDEN, COUNTY, VT., PROBATE. 

Another loose leaf. 

Johnson's estate. Adm. to Elot Johnson ; John John- 
son, bail. Moses Davis of Milton, Samuel Smith and David 
Webster of Colchester, appointed appraisers, 11 Dec, 1821. 

Benj. P. Smith's estate, 11 Dec, 1821. Arad Root, surety. 
Jonathan Atwater, Roswell Morton, Solo. Miller, appraisers. 

4 Dec, 1821. . Isaac T. Hyde sworn registrar. 

30 April, 1822. Judoje David (?) French sworn register. 

The second volume of probate records commences with an 
entry of the newly appointed registrar, Isaac McNeil, 2 Nov., 
1Y98. 

Adm. on estate of Barnabas Thompson, late of Washington, 
Berkshire, Mass., to Gideon Demming of Washington, 6 
Nov., 1798. Eliphax Steel of Hinesburgh, surety. Inventory 
shows one right in Mansfield, of which Daniel Seaman, Jr., 
was original proprietor, and one right in Woolcutt, of which 
Benj. Keyes was the original proprietor. Value, $193. 

John Busdick, late of ISIoretown, widow's dower set off on 
report of Ezra Butler, Richard Holden, Esqrs., Eben'r Cass. 
John Kennam had been appointed commissioner on the estate, 
5 Dec, 1798. 

Adm. on estate of Pelatiah Holbrook, late of Willsborough, 
Clinton county, N. Y., to Eliphalet Holbrook of Williston, 
son and one of the heirs. 5 Dec, 1798. Ezra Taylor of 
Williston, surety. Linus Atwater, Willis Taylor, David Tol- 
cutt, Jr., appraisers. 

Return of order of sale by Robert Whitcomb, administrator 
on estate of Alexander Reynolds, late of Richmond, issued 19 
July, 1798. Warrants issued against estate to Seth Cole, 
physician ; James Arnold, for coffin ; Aaron Warren, for 
digging grave ; Scotterway Whitcomb, Asa Brownson. 8 
Jan., 1799. 

Estate of Joseph Willson, late of Richmond, insolvent. 
Claims by William Wallis, David Warren, Asa Porter, Church 



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CHITTENDEN COUNTY, VT., PROBATE. 153 

& Chamberlin, Nathan Fay, Israel Williams, William Douglas, 
Joseph Buck, Leonard Hodges, William Hicks, John Russel, 
Eleazer Hutchins, Charles Bulkley, Sarah Willson, Matthew 
Cole, Samuel Linscot, Joseph Hall, Samuel ^Mlen, Joshua 
Chamberlain, Samuel White, Ezra Smith, James Hall, Du- 
bartie Willard, Jacob Spofford, Ebenezer Eaton, Isaac Chamber- 
lain. Total, $603.65. Warrant to set off to Sarah Willson, 
widow, 8 Jan., 1799. 

John Busdeck's estate. The widow, Mehitable, has set off 
to her use a part of lot No. 11, on the first division in More- 
town, drawn to the original right of Isaac Keeler, Jr., begin,- 
ning on the Onion River, etc., with buildings thereon, 8 Jan., 
1799. 

Adm. on estate of Comfort Star, late of Colchester, grant- 
ed to William Parish of Milton, 5 Feb., 1799, Dennis Down- 
ing of Colchester, surety. 

Robert Whitcomb of Richmond appointed guardian to Josi- 
ah Kilburn, son and heir to Joel Kilburn of Jericho. Nathan 
Fay of Richmond, surety. 5 Feb., 1799. 

Sarah Kilburn appointed guardian to Lucinda Kilburn, a 
minor, ?et. about five years, daughter of Joel. 

Administration «)n estate of Thompson Woodworth, late of 
Essex, granted 12 Jan., 1799, to Rachel, his relict. James 
Keeler and Abel Castle, both of Essex, gave surety. Nathan 
Castle, Esq., Abel Castle and Samuel Bradley appointed ap- 
praisers, 5 Feb., 1799. Inv. $11.44 ; insolvent. 

Dewsbury Collar's estate. William Williams, Asahel 
Strong, Esq., and Caleb Barton, all of Charlotte, appointed to 
set off widow's dower, 5 Feb., 1799. 

Adm. on estate of Gideon Smith, late of Shelburne, to 
Patience and Zadock Smith, both of Shelburne, 5 Feb., 1799. 
Timothy Hollabird gave bonds. 

List of claims against the estate of His Excellency, Thos. 
Chittenden, Esq., late of Willislou, deceased, insolvent. Cred- 



Ul 



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154 CHITTENDEN COUNTY, VT., PROBATE. 

itors : John Smith, Sam'l B. Shelden, Eleazer Mather, Lewis 
Chapin, Eldad Taylor, Elihu Allen, Simeon Meiggs, Isaac 
Tichenor, John Sinclear, Asa Bulkeley, Keuben Garleck, Wait 
Catlin, James B. Koot, Joseph Hall, Matthew Cole, town 
of Williston, Henry Porter. Total, £238-19-1. 

Adm. on estate of iNIoses Smedley, late of Hinesburgh, to 
Elisha Smedley of Hinesburgh, 2 April, 1799. Eben'r Stone 
of Hinesburgh gave bond. Nathan Leavenworth, Esq., Wm. 
B. Marsh and Andrew Barrett appointed appraisers. 

Gideon Smith's estate, insolvent. Inventory : 56 3-4 acres, 
as per deed from William Smith, 25 acres and dwelling house, 
subject to life lease to William and Elizabeth Smith ; total, 
^1«77. 

Will of Timothy Read, Sr., late of Charlotte, proved 2 
April, 1799 : Wife Hannah, to son Timothy, sons Michael, 
Timothy, Horatio. 10 Nov., 1798. Witnessed by Asa Barns, 
Daniel Hough, Asahel Strong. 

Hezekiah Barns, Nathaniel Newel, Reuben Sprague, all of 
Charlotte, appraisers of said estate. 

Estate of Barnabas Thompson. Notice to Ede Thompson, 
widow and guardian to four heirs, and Anthony Eams, Ezekiel 
Lease, Abraham and Mary Horsford, heirs to said estate. 
June 4, 1799. 



Mower. — Proof wanted that Samuel Mower, born Sept. 26, 
1689, died in Worcester, Mass., May 8, 1760, is or is not the 
Samuel Mower born in Lynn, Mass., Sept. 26, 1689, the same 
date as above, the son of Samuel and Joanna, and grandson of 
Richard, who came over in the ship >' Blessing" in 1635. 
Address Ephkaim Mower, South Norwalk, Conn. 

Jackson or Richmond, Va. — Wanted, information concern- 
ing an iron merchant or manufacturer in Richmond, in 1781. 
He left a son, and had a daughter who eloped with a British 
prisoner of war who was in the charge of her father. H. S. 
Seaman, Brockville, Ont. 



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SOME SOURCES OF INFORMATION REGARDING PENN- 
SYLVANIA AND NEW JERSEY GENEALOGY^ 



Pennsylvania. 

The original counties * established 1682, were 

Chester : Philadelphia : Bucks : 

From Chester; From Philadelphia; From Bucks; 

Lancaster, 1729; Berks, 1752 (from Bucks, Northampton. 1752. 

Phil.; and Lancaster); (included present coun- 

Tork, 1749; ties of Wayne, 1798, Pike,. 

Northumberland**, 1772, Monroe, Carbon, Lehigh„ 
Cumberland, 1750; (from Northumberland Schuylkill, in part.) 

in 1706, v.as taken Ly- 
Bedford, 1771; coming from which all 

the counties in the 
Westmorelandt, 1773. north-central part). 

General Sources of Inforisiation. 

Penn. Archives, especially second series ; Penn. Magazine ; 
Memoirs, Bulletin, Collections of the Penn. Hist. Society ,§ 
three series ; Manuscripts in the library of the Penn. Historical 
Society, and the Genealogical Society of Penn. ; Probate records 
at Philadelphia, of whicli an abstract is at the Historical Soci- 



*In 1693 the boundaries of the counties were practically as follows: 
Philadelphia extended indefinitely toward the northwest, bounded south 
by the county of Chester, which embraced all the country southwest of the 
Schuylkill. Bucks bounded Philadelphia on the north. 

A list of the counties with the dates of erection, and from what formed, 
is to be found in the "Legislative handbook and manual of the state of 
Penn.," published from year to year. 

**01d Luzerne county, set oif from Northumberland in 1786, embraced 
part of Bradford, all of Susquehanna, Wyoming and Lackawanna counties. 

tFrom Westmoreland was set ofE Alleghany, in 1788, and thus all that 
western country, west and south of the New York line. 

§The publications of the Society are especially rich in Revolutionarx/ 
material, diaries, etc., etc. 

{Copyright 1900, by Eben Putnam. 

(155) 



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156 PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 

ety rooms; Probate records of Chester and Bucks counties, and 
counties set off therefrom ; Land transfers at county seats ; 
Friends' records; Church registers; Burrough. assessment 
records : Rupp's list of emigrants, and more complete lists in 
Vol. XVII. of the Archives, second series ; Hazzard's Annals 
of Penn. ; Watson's Philadelphia; Glenn's Merion in the Welsh 
Tract ; various county and township histories ; Literary Era ; 
Records American Catholic Historical Society. 

Genealogical Serials. 

Publications Genealogical Society of Penn. 

Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, established 
1877. 

The American Genealogist. 

Notes and Queries (edited by W. H. Egle). 

Historical Journal* (edited by J. F. Maginniss). 

Historical Record* (edited by F. C. Johnson), 4 vols. (Wy- 
oming Valley). 

Historical Register*, notes and queries, etc., relating to In- 
terior Pennsylvania, Vols. I. and II. only, Harrisburg, 1883-4. 

Literary Era. 

SrECiAL Bibliography. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (for 1873), 
*' Books and manuscripts. Helps for Pennsylvania genealo- 
gists," by William J. Potts. 

Bibliography of historical publications relating to the Wy- 
oming valley, by Rev. H. E. Playden, in proceedings of the 
Wyoming Hist, and Geol. Soc. for 1885. 

Check list of Pennsylvania county and township histories, 
1794-1892 (given by counties), Harrisburg, 1892 (also in 
report of State Librarian for 1891). 

State Publications. 

There are three series of State publications — the Colonial 
Records in twelve volumes, the Penn. Archives in twelve vol- 

*No longer published. 









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PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 157 

umes, together with a general index to both, which, however, 
is unsatisfactory,* and the Penn. Archives, second series, which 
have so fai^ reached nineteen volumes. This last series is 
especially valuable to the genealogist, but, unfortunately, gen- 
erally lacks indexes, although some lists of names are 
arranged alphabetically. In the second series. Vols. VIII and 
XIX are chiefly devoted to marriage records ; Vol. II contains 
the marriages recorded by the Register General, 1685-1689, the 
remainder being chiefly from church registers. 

A list of persons naturalized in Pennsylvania is in Vol. II. 

A volume is devoted to the Connecticut settlement of west- 
ern Pennsylvania, another to French occupation of Pennsylva- 
nia, and several volumes are devoted to Revolutionary rolls and 
Revolutionary reports and diaries. There is an alphabetical 
list, taken from the depreciation rolls, probably of men in the 
Continental line, and an index to officers. 

There remains unpublished in the State libraryf a mass of ma- 
terial which will repay examination. 

The rolls for the war of 1812 are in print in the Archives 
series. 

The Delaware Settlements. 

Penn received the grant of Pennsylvania 4 March, 1681. 
At that time the southeastern corner of Pennsylvania and the 
present state of Delaware had a small, buj thrifty, white 
population. In that district were three local courts exercising 

♦Reference should be made to the headinf^s, " petitions," "letters;" 
names of counties, etc., as well as to the name. 

tMr. W. n. Eglo, formerly State Librarian, writes: 

*' The early records of Wyoming were presumably preserved in Connec- 
ticut. The Wyoming Historical Society of Wilkes Barre, Pa., have per- 
chance the best records extant in regard to the early history of that 
locality. 

"As to the collection of local records,! presume you refer to the manu- 
script records, the archives. Those are in possession of the different coun- 
ties of the State. We have only the official correspondence and other 
public documents coming to the State during the Provincial and subse- 
quent eras, much of which has been published. 









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158 PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 

all necessary powers. The settlers were, in a great measure, 
descendants of the Swedes, and of Hollanders who had settled 
there under Swedish auspices before 1641. Both the Dutch and 
the New Haven colonists had attempted settlements on the 
west shore of the Delaware, but the first permanent settlement 
was that of Peter Minuit, in the spring of 1638, who brought 
a small company, chiefly from Holland. 

A second company, under Peter Hollander, arrived in 1640 ; 
and a third, under Gov. Printz, arrived in 1641. A second lot 
of Dutch settlers had gone thither in 1640. These settlements 
were made during the reign of Queen Christina. Researches 
among the Archives of Sweden have revealed much about this 
Swedish colony, and lists of the settlers to a great extent have 
been preserved. Copies are in the archives of the Penn. His- 
torical Society. In the Pennsylvania Magazine will be found 
the following lists : for 1639 in Vol. HI, page 402 ; 1641, in 
Vol. in, page 462, see also pages 409 and 410 ; 1649, Vol. 
VIII, page 107, which shows the native parish as well. 

For similar information see Annals of the Swedes, by Rev. 
Dr. Clay, published 1838 ; the Founding of New Sweden, 1637- 
1642, translated from the Swedish of Prof. C. T. Odhner, and 
reprinted in Penn. Magazine, Vol. III. 

Among the Swedish archives are lists of the inhabitants, 
dated 1644 and 1648, copies of which are in the possession of 
the Penn. Historical Society. 

At the close of the 17th century there were, perhaps, 1000 
inhabitants in the Swedish colony. The colony was conquered 
in 1655 by the Dutch from New Amsterdam, and, in 1664, 
passed to the Duke of York. 

Such records as bear upon this settlement during the period 
from 1655 to 1682 will be found among New York archives and 
in the records of the court at Upland and Newcastle. There 
was also a court at Whorekill. 

The records of the Upland court were printed by the Penn. 
Historical Societ}^ as Vol. VII of their Memoirs, and also sep- 
arately (in 1860). The record covers the period 1676-1681, and 






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• PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 159 

embraces the entire range of local affairs, together with deeds 
and probate business. 

Upland is now Chester, and the shire town of Delaware 
county since the setting off of Delaware county from Chester 
county. 

The code of laws in use in the dominions of the Duke of 
York when Penn assumed control were continued by him. 

In addition to Pennsylvania, the ''three lower counties on 
the Delaware," Newcastle, Sussex and Kent, were a part of his 
proprietary, but, after 1691, they enjoyed a deputy governor, 
with the exception of a few years between 1693-1702. 

The publications and collections of the Penn. Historical So- 
ciety, as well as the Colonial records and archives of Penn. 
contain constant references to the three lower counties, or ter- 
ritories on tlie Delaware. 

The emigration to Pennsylvania consisted of English, Irish 
and Welsh Quakers, German Palatines, and Scotch-Irish Pres- 
byterians, besides others attracted by the advantages of the 
province, the good reputation of its inhabitants, and the liber- 
ality of the proprietors. 

In 1740 it is estimated that there were about 100,000 inhab- 
itants, distributed as follows : the Quakers in Philadelphia, 
Chester and Bucks counties ; Germans in Lancaster, Berkshire 
and Northampton ; the Scotch-Irish in York and Cumberland. 
In Vol. XIII of the Penn. Magazine is a pap^-r by Andrew D. 
Mellick, Jr., entitled " German Emigration to the American 
Colonies, its Cause, and the Distribution of the Emigrants," 
which is useful for giving a general idea of the character, the 
sufferings, and old world homes of the emigrants. The same 
author has also published " The Story of an Old Farm" (1889), 
which is of similar value. This latter book has a genealogical 
appendix. See also the six volumes of publications of the 
Penn. German Society. 

As early as 1682 it was ordered that all residents and new 
arrivals should register in their respective counties a list of the 
members of their families. This was renewed in 1G84, but 






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160 PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 

only two small and imperfect lists survive, that for Philadelphia 
county, dated 1682-1687, and evidently made up at the later 
date, which is printed Vol. VIII, page 328, Penn. Magazine, 
and that for Bucks, printed Vol. XIX, page 223. 
^ The Penn. Magazine, Vol. VII, page 106, contains a list of 
inhabitants and lands improved in portions of Philadelphia 
county in 1681, which also gives the ages of the possessors. 
^ The tax list for Philadelphia county for 1693 is printed in 
Vol. VIII, page 85,* and a list of landowners appears in the 
first volume of the publications of the Genealogical Society of 
Pennsylvania. 

The list of grantees of land in the Welsh tract, although all 
did not come to America, and which is printed in Vol. XVII, 
page 372, gives the residence and occupation or rank. A list 
of landowners in the same district will be found in Vol. XVI, 
page 467. Also much help will be obtained from Mr. Glenn's 
" Merion in the Welsh Tract," and passing notices, answers to 
queries, etc., in the Literary Era. 

From 1727 till the Revolution, lists of foreigners! who took 
the oath of allegiance were preserved, and a further list of for- 
eign arrivals from 1786 to 1808 have been printed in Penn. 
Archives, Vol. XVII, second series. About half of these 
names were printed by Rupp, but the official list has the double 
advantage of an index and of a faithful reproduction of the 
original, which in Mr. Rupp's work were changed to such form 
as may be common to-day. 

For additional names see Vol. XIII, pages 113, 486, of Penn. 

/ Magazine, and in other volumes of the same publication. 

y Another source of information regarding settlers, both for- 

eign and interstate, is found i& the " Minutes of the Board of 

Property of the Province of Penn.," which are printed in the 

second series of Archives, Vol. XIX, for the period covering 

♦The earliest tax list extant for Philadelphia is that of 1693. Those of 
1734 and 1750, and from 1771, are also in existence, in possession of the city 
authorities. 

tThus th& names of former British subjects do not appear on these lists. 



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PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 161 

16y5 to. 1739, the earlier volumes being illegible or lost. These 
records frequently give the old world home of the persons ap- 
plying for land or surveys, names of relatives and heirs. After 
1732 a noticeable improvement was made in the conduct of the 
Land Office. After 1741 the patents were enrolled in the office 
of the Recorder of Deeds at Philadelphia. 

An act of 1705 resulted in an attempt at a rent roll showing 
names, estates, and payments. In Philadelphia' county, begin- 
ning with 1758, the rent roll showed tract of land originally 
purchased, record of the patent, name and quantity of the 
alienations, and finally the present proprietors and estates^, and 
total of the quit rents. 

From 1765 there was a series of applications for land under 
the application system, for which patents for not more than 
three hundred acres were issued later. 

The county records of surveys should always be examined. 

Pe:nnsylvania Names. 

A few hints of what is to be expected from the changes in 
German names as the country became anglicized may be ob- 
tained from the following examples : 

Engel to Engle, SchliiiglufE to Slingluf, 

Scbreiber to Sbriver and Shry^)er, Scliussler to Shissler, 

Schneider to Snider and Snyder, Stoinberner to Stoneburner, 

Heussler to Heisler, Stoll to StuU, 

Bauman to Bowman, Dilsz to Dilts, 

Kraut to Crout, Crage to Craig, 

Traut to Trout, '. Caimberlin to Cbamberlain, 

Schweitzer to Swizer, Wort to Wert. 

Early Court and Local Records. 

The laws of the Duke of York provided for ridings, towns 
and parishes. The first never developed. Parishes were pure- 
ly ecclesiastical. Tov/nships were not after the style of the 
New England towns, but the Laws of the Duke of York pro- 
vided for more local government than developed under the 
Proprietors. Thus the Court of General Sessions became to a 
great extent the centre of local authority, and the records of 
such courts are correspondingly valuable. 






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162 PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 

The records of townships and of burroughs are distinct. Of 
the first, few early records are in existence ; one is named as of 
date 1693. Burrough lists of assessments are valuable, espec- 
ially as they are apt to show the occupation of those assessed. 

The proceedings of the Burrough Court of Records for Ger- 
mantown, from 1691, is in possession of the Penn. Historical 
Society, and extracts are p'rinted in Vol. VI, page 248. The 
original is in German. Abstracts have also been printed in 
Pennybacker's " Sketches of Germantown" and Watson's "An- 
nals of Philadelphia." 

Until 1701, the date of the incorporation of the city, the 
records of Philadelphia will be found incorporated in the Min- 
utes of the Provincial Council and the County Court of Phila- 
delphia. The Minutes of the Common Council of Philadelphia 
from 1704 to 1776 were printed in 1847, but, like the State 
series of Archives, lack indexes. 

The examination of the county records for deeds and probate 
business is not a difficult task. The same is true of the regis- 
ters of the various churches, an extremely large proportion of 
the marriage and baptismal records of which have appeared in 
print. 

The County Courts of Pennsylvania had their origin in 1673 
when they were established by the government of the Duke of 
York. These courts were continued by Penn. All questions 
of debt, land cases, slanders, etc., laying out of roads, and such 
matters as would be foi- the Interest of the public, were passed 
upon in these courts, which also exercised criminal jurisdiction. 
In early times they had the power to grant letters of administra- 
tion upon estates. 

Among other matters they apportioned town lots, registered 
private brands for cattle, and exercised supervision over bond 
servants. 

Orphans' Courts for the province were established in 1683, 
and were to sit twice yearly for the control of decedents' es- 
tates and minors. The conduct of the early Orphans' Courts 
was so unsatisfactory that a great part of the business which 



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PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 163 

should have come under their care devolved upon the Provin- 
cial Council. 

The Provincial Court was established in 1684 as a court of 
appeal from the County Courts and to take cognizance of the 
more serious criminal cases. Unfortunately the records have 
disappeared. 

The Provincial Council had a wide range of business. Before 
the establishment of the Provincial Court it was the court of 
appeals from the County Courts, and also exercised jurisdiction 
over criminal matters, and admiralty matters, until the estab- 
lishment of a Vice Admiralty Court, and probate business 
which should properly have been settled in the Orphans' Court. 
The proceedings will be found in the "Colonial Records of Penn." 

The records of the Vice Admiralty Court are lost. 

The history of the formations of these courts and their 
method of procedure will be found in a paper entitled " The 
Courts of Pennsylvania in the Seventeenth Century," by Law- 
rence Lewis, and published in the Penn. Magazine, Vol. 5. 

Church and Parish Registers.* 

Marriages in Goshenhoppen, 1731-1790, in Historical Regis- 
ter, Vol. II. 

♦From " Ptegisteis of the ADglicau Church in Pennsylvania prior to 1800," 
by P. S. P. Connor. Vol. 12 Penn. Magazine: 

The oldest is that of Christ Church, founded before 1095, register dates 
from 1709; Trinity, in Oxford, PhiLidelphia, register from 1709; St. Paul's, 
from 1704, and marriages printed in "Penn. Archives," Vol. VIII, second 
series; St. Martin's vestry book from 1724; St. David's, Radnor, from 1727, 
but a record of baptisms exists from 1700; St. Gabriel's, at Douglasville, 
from 1735; " Old Swedes," at Wicaco, Philadelphia, from 1750, marriages 
printed in Vol. YIII of Penn. Archives, those from 1700 being lost; St. 
James', Lancaster, 1755, and on this register are the records of the bap- 
tisms of many neighboring parishes, as of St. John's, Pequea, and of the 
churches in Carnarvon and York; St. Paul's, Philadelphia, 1759, marriages 
published in Vol. IX of Penn. Archives; St. Paul's, Chester, from 1704, 
and marriages printed in Penn. Archives, Vol. VIII; Christ Church, Phila- 
<ielphia, marriages from 1709, printed in Archives Vlll, and burials in 
Penn. Magazine, Vol. II, while the baptisms, also from 1709, appear in 
Penn. Magazine, Vol. XII, 

The loss of the-records of several other parishes are mentioned in this 
article and other information given. 






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164 PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 

" Trappe Records," the records of the Evangelical Lutheran^ 
Augustus church at Trappe, New Providence Township, Mont- 
gomery County, from 1730. Vol. VI. Penn. German Society 
Publications. 
- Church Records of Lancaster, from 1747, in Vol. Ill, Penn. 
German Society Publications. 

List of baptisms registered at St. Joseph's Church, Philadel- 
phia, 1758-1775, 1776-1781. Am. Cath. Hist. Soc. Records, 
Vols. I, II. 

Marriages at St. Joseph's, 1758-1786, do., Vol. 11. 

Baptisms St. Augustine's Church, Philadelphia, do., Vol. I. 

The Early Registers of the Catholic Church in Pennsylva- 
nia, do.; Vol. II. 

Father Schneider's Goshenhoppen Registers, 1761-1764, do.. 
Vol. II. 

Register of Baptisms and Interments at Fort Dusquesne, 
1754-6, by Rev. A. A. Lambing. 

Burial Register of the Ephrata Community, from 17.28, in 
Vol. XIV of Penn. Magazine. 

Marriages of Friends in Philadelphia, 1682-1714, printed in 
Vol. VIII of Proceedings N. J. Historical Society. 

In possession of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 
deposited with the Pennsylvania Historical Society, are copies 
of the registers of St. George's Methodist Episcopal Church, 
Philadelphia ; German Reformed Church, Germantown ; Trin- 
ity, Oxford, Philadelphia; St. Thomas, Whitemarsh ; Penny- 
pack Baptist Church ; Third Reformed Dutch, Philadelphia ; 
St. jMichael's, Lutheran, Germantown ; Swedish Lutheran of 
Swedesborough, and Penn's Neck, in New Jersey ; German 
Reformed of Alexandria, N. J. ; Baptisms of St. Peter's and 
Christ Church, Philadelphia ; also an abstract of tlie wills re- 
corded in Philadelphia from 1683 to 1800. 

Reference List.* 

The following list of printed and manuscript sources of in- 
formation taken in part from Mr. Pott's bibliography published 

♦References to publications later than J 897 are not given. 



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PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 165 

in 1873, and in part noted by the author in pursuit of his own 
investigations, may prove useful : 

Holmes' Map of the Improved Part of Penn., showing lists- 
of original landowners under William Penn in 1682. 

Logan Papers, Vol. IV, 1700-1718, for petitions concerning 
roads. 

Landholders in Penn., 1734; manuscript lists in the library 
of the Penn. Historical Society. 

K Licenses for marriages, taverns, pedlers, etc., 1762-1776 ; two 
manuscript volumes in the Penn. Historical Society. 

Manuscript records of Friends' meetings, Chester county, 
and for Bucks county; copies in Penn. Historical Society. 

Watson's Manuscript Annals of Philadelphia, one volume in 
the Philadelphia library, and one volume in the Penn. Histori- 
cal Society, contain much not printed in the published work. 

Martin's Manuscript History, Town of Chester; in Penn. 
Historical Society. 

Several volumes of newspaper clippings relating to Buck& 
and Chester counties, in the library of the Penn. Historical 
Society. 

History of ^Montgomery County, by Wm. J. Buck ; pages 19- 
28, for Swedish families. 

Joseph Smith's Catalogue of Friends' Books, London, 1867. 

Besse's Collections of the Sufferings of the Friends People, 
called Quakers, London, 1753. 

Piet)^ Promoted, a collection of the dying sayings of many 
of the people called Quakers, London, 1701. 

Annals of Penn., by Hazzard, 1609-1682. 

For lists of freemen, with occupations, see minutes Common 
Council of Philadelphia. (Women were also admitted to the 
freedom of the city.) 

Files for 1881 and 1882 of the Daily Telegraph of Harris- 
burg for notes and queries by W. H. Egle, full of local geneal- 
ogy and vital records. 

Egle's Notes and Queries relating to Dauphin county, re- 
printed from the Telegraph, 1884. 






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166 PENNSYLVANIA GENEALOGY. 

Pennsylvania in the War of the Revolution, two volumes, 
published by the State. Index to officers only. 

Minutes of the Provincial Council from 1682 to 1790, in Co- 
lonial Records. The early record is not quite complete, a frag- 
ment for 1692 is printed in the Penn. Magazine, Vol. II, p. 151. 

Genealogy, Necrology and Reminiscences of the Irish Settle- 
ment, or a record of the Scotch-Irish Presbyterian families who 
were the first settlers on the forks of the Delaware, now North- 
ampton county, by Rev. John C. Clyde, 1879. 

Hazzard's Register of Penn., 16 vols. 

A list of Penn. pensioners, 1820-25, page 685, Vol. XV, Ar- 
chives, second series. 

Archives, Vol. XIV, second series. Militia of Penn. in the 
Revolution, by counties. 

Check List of Penn. town and county histories, 1791-1892; 
also in State Librarian's report for 1891. 

Trappe Records in Penn. German Society Publications, Vol. 
VL 

Minutes of the Susquehanna Company from 175B, Archives, 
Vol. XVIII, second series. 

Historical Sketch of Plymouth, Luzerne county, Penn., by 
H. B. Wright ; for account of the settlement in Penn., under 
the auspices of the Susquehanna company. 

Penn. Magazine, Vol. XIV, page 14, for list of Americans 
who, immediately before, during, or subsequent to the Revolu- 
tion, completed their legal studies at the various Inns of Court 
in London. 

Biographical, Genealogical and Historical Sketches of the 
Bench and Bar of Luzerne County, by Geo. B. Kulp (for Wy- 
oming Valley families.) 

Wills, Philadelphia county, 1701-8, abstracts printed in Penn. 
Magazine, Vol. XV. 

For lists of civil officers in Pennsylvania see *' Legislative 
Hand Book and Manual for 1897,'' Penn. Archives, " Bench 
and Bar of Philadelphia," by Martin, 1883 ; and for county 
officers, 1681-1790, see Vol. Ill, second series, of Penn. Ar- 
chives. 



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NEW JERSEY GENEALOGY. 167 * 

Merion in the Welsh Tract, with Sketches of the Townships 
of Haverford and Radnor, by T. A. Glenn. 

Provincial Councillors of Penn., by Keith. 

Massacre of Wyoming, Hayden. 

Publications of the Genealogical Society of Penn., Vol. I, 
(for Bucks county wills, 1684-93). 

Register of members of the Moravian church, 1727-1754, in 
Vol. I, Transactions Moravian Historical Society. 

Historical Researches in Western Pennsylvania, by Rev. A. 
A. Lambing, contains, among other valuable frontier notes, a 
translation of the Register of Baptisms and of interments which 
took place at Fort Duquesne, 1754-6, and these have also been 
published separately. 



New Jersey. 

Counties of West Jersey. 

Burlington, Salem. Gloucester set off from Burlington 
1636. Cape May county established about 1690. 
Of East Jersey. 

Somerset, Monmouth and Middlesex (established before 
1711). 

In 1774 there were thirteen counties in the present state. 
Sources of General Information. 

State Archives, Collections and Proceedings of the N. J. 
Historical Society ; Holland Society Archives, New York ; 
Library of the Huguenot Society of America ; Archives of 
the Pennsylvania Historical Society ; Pennsylvania Magazine 
of History and Biography ; Official Register of the Officers 
and Men of New Jersey in the Revolutionary War, published 
by the State, 1872 ; History of Elizabeth, by Edwin F. Hat- 
field ;| MS. records in the offices of the Secretary of State and 
of the Supreme Court at Trenton, for deeds, probate, and 
county court business ; county seats for duplicate land records 



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168 NEW JERSEY GENEALOGY. 

to some extent, and all land records since 1785, also at Suror 
gate's office for probate business since 1804 ; Proprietors' 
Records of East and 'West Jersey at Amboy and at Burling- 
ton ; New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. 



New Jersey was included in New Netherlands till 1664:, when 
it was granted to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. A 
settlement of English colonists was made at Elizabeth in 1664. 
In 1665, Robert Treat with followers from New Haven, Guil- 
ford and Branf ord, the irreconcilables of the New Haven colony, 
extinguished by the Connecticut charter, settled at Newark. 

In 1673 Lord Berkeley sold his half to Fenwick and Byl- 
linge, Quakers, the former of whom led a colony to New Jer- 
sey and settled at Salem in 1675. In 1682, Carteret's heirs 
sold the eastern half to William Penn and others, who the 
same year disposed of half their interest, forming the ' 'Twen- 
ty-four Proprietors "^ of East elersey. 

This was the origin of the two territories of West and East 
Jersey, the claims to independent government of which were 
surrendered in 1688 by both sets of councillors when the 
country passed under the executive control of Gov. Andros of 
New York and New England, to participate in the disorganiza- 
tion succeeding. This, so far as New Jersey was concerned, 
appears to have lasted in a measure till 1702, when the Pro- 
prietors made a formal surrender of their rights of jurisdiction 
over the province, and Lord Cornbury was appointed royal 
governor of New Jersey. 

The provincial records relating to this period are found in 
Vols. I and II of Documents relating to the Colonial History 
of New Jersey, published under the general head of Archives 
of the State of New Jersey, and the Minutes of the Governor 
and Council of East Jersey from 1682, published by the State 
in 1872. 



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new jersey genealogy. 169 

Notes. 

The following local histories will be found of genealogical 
value : 

Genealogy of the Early Settlers of Trenton and Ewing, by 
H. L. Cooley, published in 1883. 
: History of Elizabeth, by Kev. Edwin. F. Hatfield. 

Story of an Old Farm, by Andrew D. Mellick, with gene- 
alogical appendix, published in 1889. Also contains much 
concerning the German migration. 

First Settlers in Newton Township, by John Clements. Con- 
tains a list of marriages which is not indexed. 

The Early Germans of New Jersey, Their History, Churches, 
and Genealogies, by Theo. F. Chambers, Dover, 1885. 

Genealogical Records of Settlers in Monmouth and Ocean 
Counties, in History of ditto, by E. Salter, published in 
1890. 

History of Fenwick's Colony, by T. Shourds, Bridgton, 
1876. 

Records of the Governor and Council of East Jersey from 
1G82. Published by the State in 1872. 

Minutes of the Provincial Council and Committee of Safety, 
1775-1776, published by the State in 1879. Also, Minutes of 
the Council of Safety, published in 1872. 

Official Register of the Officers and Men of New Jersey in 
the Revolution. 

Some of the church records which have been printed or 
made available are as follows : 

Registers of Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths of the First 
Presbyterian Church at Morristown. 

Marriages among the Friends in Burlington, N. J., 1678- 
1750, published by Amelia M. Gummere. 

History of the Church in Burlington, N. J., by Rev. 
George M. Hills. The second edition contains a list of names 
in the register from 1703 to 1836. 



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170 NEW JERSEY GENEALOGY. 

Marriages at Chesterfield, 1685-1730, from the minutes of 
the Chesterfield ^lonthly Meeting of Friends, Vol. IX, page 
347, Penn. Magazine. 

Baptismal Records of the Parishes of Amwell, Kingwood, 
and Muscenetcunc, 1768-1790, Penn. Magazine, Vol. XII. 

The Register of the Moravian Church at Oldmans Creek 
and vicinity, 1743-90, has been copied, and the copy deposited 
with the Penn. Historical Society. 

Records of the Dutch Churches at Hackensack and Schraal- 
enburg, in Bergen county, in Vol. I, Holland Society Collec- 
tions. 

For list of Dutch church records copied by Holland Society, 
see Holland Society Publications. 

Wills in colonial times were proved in the Prerogative 
Court, of which the Governor was ordinary. 

The records of the Burlington Monthly Meeting of Friends, 
beginning 1678, ante-date the establishment of municipal gov- 
ernment. 

Emigrants, as well as former residents, were required by 
law, as in Pennsylvania, to register in their respective coun- 
ties. No lists are known to the author. 

Elizabethtown was nearly coterminous with the present 
Union county. 

For a partial list of the SweJes settled in Burlington coun- 
ty. New Jersey, prior to 1681, see Vol. XVII. of the Penn- 
sylvania Magazine. These names were found in the early 
records of the county court of Burlington county, now in the 
office of the Supreme Court at Trenton, and are of those called 
upon to prove titles to their lauds. 

A list of the justices and sheriffs of Burlington county will 
be found in Vol. XVI. of Penn. Magazine ; a similar list for 
Salem county will be found in Vol. IV. Proc. N. J. Hist. Soc. 

The first settlors of Cape Ma^^ county were from Long 
Island, about 1680, and of English ancestry. The first book 
of records for that county commences about 1690. The names 



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35TEW JERSEY GENEALOGY. l7l 

of the owners of ear-marks, 1690-1730, are printed in Yol. 
XV. Penn. Magazine. 

An early list of marriages and births among the settlers, 
obtained from the same source, is also printed in the same 
volume. 

Names of the members of the Provincial assemblies will be 
found in Vol. V. of the ♦Proceedings of the N. J. Historical 
Society. 

Of the Collections of the N. J. Historical Society; Vol. IV. 
contains papers of Gov. Morris, 1738-46 ; Vol. V., an an- 
alytical index to the colonial documents of New Jersey in the 
State Paper Office, England ; Vol. VI. , records of the town of 
Newark from 1666 to 1836, together with a supplement pub- 
lished two years later, which contains some genealogical notes 
on the first settlers. 

The settlement on the Delaware known as West Jersey, with 
the capital at Burlington, was chiefly by English Quakers. 
That of East Jersey, with the capital at Amboy, was of New 
England Puritan stock, and Scotch and Iiish Presbyterians. 
Throughout the State there was a large German element, and 
along the Delaware some Swedish blood. Local authority ex- 
isted before the counties were divided into townships in 1694. 
Church, county court and township records supplj^ genealogi- 
cal material. 

Land conveyances for the whole State, from 1678 to 1785» 
will be found at Trenton, in the care of the Secretary of State. 
Probate records for the period from 1678 to 1804 will also be 
found at Trenton. Wills proved prior to about 1715 are not 
registered and are not calendared. Copies of the earlier wills 
are in possession of the Penn. Hist. Soc. 

It was ordered in 1695 that a translation be made of all for- 
mer deeds and conveyances in Dutch or French. In 1709 con- 
veyances of land were ordered recorded in each county, and 
since 1785 such records are recorded only at the county seat. 
Since 1804 probate records must be sought at the office of the 
Surrogate of each county. 



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172 NEW JERSEY GENEALOGY. 

In the office of the Supreme Court at Trenton will be found 
the earliest records of the county courts. That for Burlington 
county, formerly covering Gloucester county, exists from 1681, 
and that of Cape May county from about 1690. These early 
records are very miscellaneous and correspondingly valuable to 
the genealogist. 



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THE MONOGRAPH IN AMERICAN WRITING OF HISTORY. 



" ** Early in the seventies arose two fishers of men, Charles 
Kendall Adams in the University of Michigan, and Henry 
Adams in Harvard University, and about the same time began 
anew system of graduate instruction in Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, where for twenty-five years Herbert B. Adams has 
been the incitor of historical teachers and writers. All these 
men, and others w^ho speedily followed them, made it their task 
not only to inform their students but also to make them 
searchers for truth. -^ * -^ Charles Kendall Adams at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, introduced with some useful modifications, 
the German seminary method, and he also sent out students 
imbued with his methods, to be college professors and presi- 
dents. This was also the method steadily and efl'ectively ap- 
pjied at Johns Hopkins, and the young men trained in it have 
been widely distributed throughout the country. 

'^ In 1877, Justin Winsor came to Harvard, and so long as 
he lived he was the greatest force for historical learning in his 
university. This remarkable man in man}^ ways resembled 
Sparks; he was a great organizer, and as librarian of the Bos- 
ton Public Library and of the ELarvard College Library fur- 
nished a model to the Avorld of a library in which the main 
purpose was to have books used. - * -^ 

*< Mr. Winsor's labors were to a large degree monographic. 
* " '^ Similar monographic work has for twenty years been 
going on all over the country and })articularly in the universi- 
ties. Following the example of Johns Hopkins other universi- 
ties after 1880 founded special graduate schools and developed 
systematic instruction and preparation looking toward the 
degree of Ph. D. The fledgling doctors were expected to write 
theses, and their results, in most cases printed, constituted a 
new stratum in the historical materials of America; in many 

073) 






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174 THE MONOGRAPH IN AMERICAN WRITING OF HISTORY. 

instances they were published in separate volumes, like Wood- 
row Wilson's ' Congressional Government.' Others were 
grouped in various series, of which the oldest is the ' Johns 
Hopkins Studies,' of which a volume has appeared every year 
since 1883, and which furnished an opportunity of reaching 
the world on a subject which did not stimulate the ordinary 
publisher, or commend itself to the magazine editor, or to 
many other writers besides Johns Hopkins students. Later, 
other institutions took up the system. -^ •5«- * In such mono- 
graphs the residuaTy results, drawn from the disturbing of 
great masses of otherwise undigested material, are made avail- 
able for other writers. The stream of such publications goes 
on unceasingly, and their character tends to improve as the 
opportunities for study and for direction from older men 
increase. 

^'The system of monographs has done much to make the 
conditions and the merits of historical writing widely known. 
Where half a century ago one man knew how to write an ac- 
ceptable historical narrative, forty men have now had some 
experience. One of the influences which has done much to 
stimulate investigation in limited topics has been the American 
Historical Association, founded in 1884. In its two functions 
of holdino^ meetinofs at Avhich younofcr men are brouo^ht into 
association with older writers, and of printing an annual 
report in which shorter or longer papers may be printed and 
distributed to an impatient world, the Association has made 
the path of young Avriters easier, and its list of presidents has 
included most of the foremost historical writers of the time.'* 
— From " The American School of Historians " hy Prof. Hart in 
The International Monthly for September, 



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BOOK NOTES. 



Year Book of the Holland Society of Neav York, 1900. 
Considerable space in the year book is given to proceedings at 
the banquets of the Society. The historian in the future will 
find in the transactions of the Holland society ample evidence 
how one section, of no mean consequence, of the people of the 
United States felt regarding the Boer war. An interesting 
account of the part the Dutch took in destroying the great 
Spanish Armada of 1588 is given on page 91 et seq., hy Gen. 
J. Watts DePeyster, under the title of ''How the Dutch pre- 
served the freedom, in body and mind, of Middle Europe, in 
1639." The most valuable contributions yet made to the 
printed sources of genealogical information concerning the 
Dutch settlements in America is found on pages 110-203, being 
a calendar of the cases before the Orphans Court, and a synop- 
sis of the items in the books of the Notaries Public, Solomon 
LaChair, Tieleman Van Vleck, &c. An index of these records 
is also printed. Next year it is expected to publish an alpha- 
betical index to grantors and grantees of real estate. A digest 
of all the early Dutch records in New York City not printed, 
deposited in the City Clerk's office, has been prepared, under 
the direction of Mr. T. M. Banta. 

The Records of the American Catholic Historical So- 
ciety, published quarterl}^, contain a large amount of material 
of interest to the local historian. In the several volumes which 
have appeared to date are a great many letters and documents 
illustrating the foundation of churches, schools, monasteries, 
etc., of the Roman Catholic Church, and these relate to foun- 
dations scattered throughout the country. No annalist of 
town or county in which there are Roman Catholic settle- 
ments can afford to overlook the transactions of the Catholic 

075) 



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176 BOOK NOTES. 

Historical Society. In the September issue occur the fourth 
series of deaths and burials from the Goshenhoppen registers 
from 1800 to 1819. 

The new building of the Wisconsin" Historical Society has 
been dedicated. The genealogical collections of that society 
are probably the most complete in the West. 

In the American Historical Review for October is printed 
the '^ Diary of John Harroweh, 1773-1770." This is an 
abstract of a diary kept by a resident of Shetland, formerly in 
good circumstances, forced by misfortune, to leave his family 
and home and to seek employment in London. At last, as no 
opening appeared he was driven to become an indentured ser- 
vant to serve in Virginia. His diary and letters home are 
most valuable and interesting, as well as pathetic. The fol- 
lowing record is instructive. 

'' Wednesday 26th. This day I being reduced to the last 
shilling I hade was obliged to go to Virginia for four years as 
a sclioolmaster for Bedd, Board, washing and five pound dur- '' 
ing the whole time. 29th. This day came on board Alexr 
Kennedy, who had been a Master Cooper. 31st. It is sur- 
prising to see the number of good tradesmen of all kinds, that 
come on board every day." 

A History of the English Church during the Civil 
Wars and under the Commonwealth, 1640-lGGO. By AVil- 
liam A. Shaw, London, 2 vols., pp. 384, 707. Mr. Shaw is 
the editor of the '' Proceedings of the Plundered Ministers' 
Committee" published by the Lancashire and Cheshire Eecord 
Society, and in the present work will be found all the cases of 
clergymen tried, imprisoned, sequestered, ejected, nominated, 
or promoted to benefices, etc., recorded in the Commons' jour- 
nals and Lords' journals. Mr. Shaw has a just appreciation 
of the importance of the Puritan victory in England which 
gave the church over to the people, ^' the second step in the 






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BOOK NOTES. 177 

nationalization of the church." The development of the church 
under the Commonwealth and its increase in power in all mat- 
ters relating to the state and individual is thoroughly dealt with. 
It is a most valuable contribution to the history of the period. 

The following additions have been made to British Records 
in print : 

Acts of the Privy Council of England, vol. xx, 1590-1 ; 
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edw. Ill, 1340-13^3 ; Calendar of 
State Papers, Ireland, Charles I., 1625-1632. Also, by the 
Historical Mss. Commission, Report on the Mss. of the Duke 
of Portland, Vol. v ; Report on Mss. of the Marquis of Salis- 
bury, Vol. viii. 

Studies in Peerage and Family History, by J. H. Round, 
will soon bo published. 

The September and October issues of The Inter- 
national Monthly contained a most valuable essay by Alfred 
Rambaud, the historian of Russia, entitled ^^The Expansion 
of Russia ; Problems of the East and Problems of the Far 
East." It is a comprehensive, authoritative and undoubtedly 
the best short account of the attempts of Russia to extend her 
borders to the sea. The International Monthly during the past 
year has published several essays of interest to students of 
history and during the coming year will publish a series of 
articles on the *^ Period of the Crusades" by well known 
authorities. Another series of essays which ought to be es- 
pecially interesting is that on the ' * Ps3'chology of Nations." 
M. Novicow will write of Russia ; M. Fouillee of the French ; 
Mr. Bosanquett of the English, and Prof. Giddings of the 
Americans. The International Monthly is published by the 
Macmillan Company at three dollars a year. 

The baptisms and marriages recorded on the records of the 
First Congregational Church of Preston, Conn., from 174:4, 
have been published. Price $2. 






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178 BOOK NOTES. 

The constant demand for copies of the August, 1899, issue 
of Putnam's Historical Magazine, containing ** An Inquiry in- 
to the Authenticity of the so-called First Meeting House at 
Salem," has so depleted the files that in the future the cost of 
that issue will be fifty cents. 

The Ma^^flower Descendant for July, contains the usual in- 
stallments of town records from the Old Colony and other in- 
teresting contributions. The Mayflower Descendant appears 
to be meeting with the success it deserves, being well edited 
and toofether with The Genealo£:ical Advertiser, fillino: a lonor 
felt want. 

It is reported that in the future the Cabinet of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society is to be open to the public. 



Queries. Subscribers are invited to insert queries, relating 
to genealogical or historical matters. No charge is made. 
Contributions regarding family genealogy, local records, etc., 
are requested. 






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'I3:;i0 



EARLIEST RECORDS OF ST. JAflES' EPISCOPAL i 

CHURCH, GREAT BARRINQTON.* f 



[Continued from the July number] . 

1783- 

Jan. 16, Married, Lambert Burghardt and Mary Houke. 
Jati. 19, Elizabeth, dr. of Abraham Burghardt and Fitie. 
Feb. 3, John, son of Lambert Burghardt and Hannah. 

Nehemiah, son of Hendrick Burzee and RacheL 
Feb. II, Jeremiah, son of Sam'l Wright and Catherine. 
Feb. 16, Elizabeth, dr. of John Seley and Loruhami. 

Peter, son of Benj'n Hatch and Christine. 
Mar. 9, Jacob, son of Coonradt Van Deusen and Rachel. 
Mar. 24, Married, Cesar Freeman and Peggy Hull. 
Apr. 9, Elizabeth, dr. of John Minckler, Fourth, and Elizabeth. 
Apr. 15, Antony, son of Frederick Linch and Elizabeth. 
Apr. 20, Sarah, dr. of John Browne and Lucy. 
June 1, Elizabeth, wife of John Burghardt, Fourth. 

Gesie, dr. of John Burghardt, Fourth, and Elizabeth. 

Hannah Perry, dr. of Stephen Olmstead and Lucy. 
June 15, Samuel, son of Nathan Hubbard and Lucy. 
July 3, Married, Wm. Adams and Lucinda. 

July 20, Betsa, dr. of Burzee, and . 

Aug. 26, Buried, Peter, son of Peter Burghardt, Jun. and Mercy. 
Aug. 29, Coonradt, son of Samuel Cleveland and Margret. 
Sept. 7, Married, Joseph Dickson and Patience Watson. 
Oct. 23, Betsey, Polly, Rhoda, drs. of Jabez Arnold and Mary. 

*Copied by L. Hasbrouck von Shaler. 

179 






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180 EARLIEST RECORDS OF ST. JAMES' 

Oct. 31, Chloe, dr. of Joseph Dixon and Patience. 

Nov. 7, Nancy, dr. of Cuffe, Negro, and Violet, his wife. 

Nov. 20, Married, Martin Houck and Deborah Austin. 

Nov. 28, Buried, Gesie, dr. of John Burghardt and Elizabeth. 

Dec. 17, Achsa, dr. of Abijah Warren and , his wife. 

Dec. 31, Buried, Mary, wife of Lambert Burghardt. 

Bp. Lambert, son of Lambert Burghardt and Mary. 

William, son of Olivia Ingersoll and Hannah. 



17S4. 

Jan. II, Margret, dr. of John Van Deusen and Catherine. 
Jan. 31, Thos., Bill and Polly, ch. of John Williams and Mary. 
Berent, son of John Oldridge and Lena. 
Catherine, son of Michael Casey and Susanna. 
Feb. 7, Buried, Battis Denier. 
Feb. 21, Lucy, dr. of John Prindle and Patience. 

Michael, son of Michael Hollenbeg and Elizabeth. 
Stephan, son of Abraham Spoor and Mary. 
Feb. 23, Married, Eli Denier and Margret Burghardt. 
Mar. 7, John, son of John O' Brian and Ester. 

William, son of Jonas Seeley and Sarah. 
Apr. 12, Mary Ingersoll, an adult, dr. of Capt. Peter Ingersoll. 
Apr. 12, At a Vestry-meeting, chose David Arnold, John 
Seeley, church-wardens, John Nash, Joab Seeley, 
Mathew Houck, choristers. Ensgn. John Burghardt 
and Jacob Van Deusen, a committee to examine and 
settle parish accounts with the Rev'd Gideon Bost- 
wick, with directions to you to make a report thereof 
to the next vestry-meeting. Joqham Johnson, sexton 
and bell-ringer. 
Apr. 21, Buried, Mar\- Ingersoll, dr. of Cap. Peter Ingersoll. 
May 9, Cate, dr. of Rice Hall and Lorane. 
May 26, Married, Thomas Davis and Lydia Sutton, Negroes. 
June 27, Andreas, son of Martin Houck and Deborah. 
July 5, Buried, John Ilickox. 



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EPISCOPAL CHURCH, GREAT BARRINGTON. 181 

July II, Erastus, son of Andreas Biirzee and Naome. 

Abraham, son of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 

Sabra, wife of Edward Darby. 
Aug. I, Gesie, dr. of Gideon Bostwick and Gesie. 

John, son of Hendrick Burghardt and Hannah. 
Sept. 26, Mary, dr. of Abraham Burghardt and Fitie. 
Oct. 7, Richard, son of John Gose and Fitie. 

Buried, Hendrick, son of Abraham Van Deusen and 
Gesie. 
Oct. 10, Garriche, dr. of Nathan Scribner and Sarali. 
Oct. 24, Fitie, dr. of John Spoor and Vashti. 
Nov. 16, Buried, Josiah Smith. 
Dec. 5, Mary, dr. of Peter Burghardt, Second, and Mercy. 



1785. 

Jan. 18, Barnabas, son of Barnabas Minkler and Roxcy. 

Feb. 20, Richard, son of Jeremiah Wormer and Gesie. 

Feb. 23, Married, Stephen Sibley and Jemima Hopkins. 

Feb. 27, Nelly, dr. of John Smith and Dorothy. 

Feb. 28, Charlotte, dr. of \Vm. Frazier and Edna. 

Mar. 16, Married, Isaac Houck and Fitie Van Deusen. 

Mar. 20, John, son of John Burghardt, Fourth, and Elizabeth. 

May 15, Sally, dr. of David Wainwright and Ruby. 

May 22, Eber, son of Ezekicl Stone and ^lary. 

July 3, Ncdde, son of John Coffee and Experience. 

John, son of John Seeley and Foruhami. 
July 6, John and Cate, ch. of \Vm. O'Hara and Cate. 
May 26, Married, Capt. Thomas Ingersoll and the widow of 

Mercy Smith. ■■-- 

(July) 17, Robert, son of 
Aug. 14, John, son of Benjamin Hatch and Christine. 

Anne, daughter of Stephen Olmstead and Lucy. 
Aug. 28, Tabatha, dr. of Abraham Spoor and Mary. 
Oct. 5, Elizabeth and Frances, drs. of Rufus Dodge and Anne. 
Oct. 10, Buried, the above Frances Dodge. 






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182 EARLIEST RECORDS OF ST. JAMES' 

Oct. 1 8, Married, Wm. Gammel and Polly Pemelee. 

Dec. 3, Burled, Mrs. Catherine Holenbeg, aged 81, who left 

136 descendants. 
Dec. 14, Married, Lamber Burghardt and Fitie Van Deusen. 

1786. 

Mar. 8, Baptized, Heman and Betsa, son and dr. of Josiah 

Dewey and Fitie. 
April 13, Anne Foster, dr. of Dr. Lemuel Barnard and Elisa. 
May 5, Buried, Gesie, dr. of Coonradt Sharp and Sarah. 
May 31, Jedediah, son of Berent Minkler and Christian. 
June 25, Erastus, son of Rice Hall and Lorane. 

Peter, son of Lamber Burghardt and Fitie. 

David, son of John Houck and Catherine. 

Selone, dr. of Isaac Perry and Nancy. 
July 13, Married Lambert Houck and Evering Gauje. (Sept. 
29, 1785, Married, David Walter and Sarah Doty.) 
(July) 23, Hannah, dr. of Nathan Scribner and Sarah. 
Aug. 6, Cornelius, son of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 

Hendrick, son of John Burzee and Elizabeth. 

Isaac, son of Basteon Rosman and Polly. 
Sept. 3, Jerusha, dr. of Juddemur Hubbard and Jeruse. 
Sept. 17, Sarah, wife of David Walter. 
Oct. I, Gesie, dr. of Peter Burghardt, Jun., and Mercy. 
Oct. 22, Elizabeth, dr. of Matthew Bunt and Eleanor. 
Nov. 2, Married, John Church, Jun. and Anne Holenbeg. 
Nov. 23, Joseph Hawley, son of Col. Elijah D wight and Anne. 
Dec. 20, Charlotte, dr. of Isaac Reed and Ann. 
Dec. 25, Elijah, son of Gidion Bostwick and Gesie. 

William, son of Nicholas Rase and Gesie. 

1787. 

Jan. 4, Buried, Garredt, son of Abraham Van Deusen and Gesie, 

aged 10^ years. 
Jan. 10, Abraham, son of John Freese and Desire. 



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EPISCOPAL CHURCH, GREAT BARRINGTON. 183 

Feb. 21, Christopher, son of Barbabas Minklerand Roxelena. 
Ma}^ 6, Richard, son of Isaac Houck and Fitie. 

Betsa, dr. of John Holenbeg and Mary. 

Anna Maria, dr. of John Spoor and Vashti. 
May i8, Buried, My Beloved wife Gesie. 
June 15, Buried, Peter Burghardt. 
July 8, Abigail, dr. of Ezkiel Stone and Mary. 

Anne, dr. of John Seeley, Jun., and Loruhami. 
July 20, Buried, Widow Eve Burghardt. 
Sept. 16, Jemima, dr. of Lambert Houck and Arva. 
Sept. 18, William, son of Wm. O'Hara and Catherine. 
Sept. 30, David, son of Michael Holenbeg and Elizabeth. 
October 14, Elijah D wight, an adult, son of Col. Elijah D wight 

and Anne. 
Oct. 23, Mary Anne, Abraham K., Elizabeth, Mason and Fanny 

ch. of Wm, Whiting, Esq., and Anne. 
(Nov. I, Married, Jacob Van Deusen and Fanny Laird.) 



178S. 

Jan. 9, Johonny, son of George Notwere and Huldah. 
Feb. 24, Fitie, dr. of Matthew Van Deuson and Elizabeth. 
Feb. 28, ISIarried, William Hambly and Nancy Baley. 
Apr. 25, Ralph Adams and Mary Forgison. 
May 18, Christopher, son of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 

Clary, dr. of John Houck and Catherine. 
May 31, Buried, Elijah Dwight, Jun., son of Col. Elijah 

Dvvight and Anne. 
June 6, Rhoda, Elisabeth, and Elles, drs. of Josiah Nash and 

Rhoda. 
June 15, Isaac, son of Jacob Van Deusen and Mary. 
June 20, Buried, Mr. John Burghardt, My Honored Father-in- 

Law, aged S2. 
July 13, Polly, dr. of Erastus Ball and Sarah. 

Betsa, dr. of Nicholas Burzee and Charity. 
July 27, Abraham, son of David Walter and Sarah. 



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184 EARLIEST RECORDS OF ST. JAMES' 

Aug. lo, Fitie, dr. of John Church, Jun., and Anne. 
Aug 24, Betsa, dr. of Rice Hall and Lorania. 

Benj'n, son of Benj'n Bankson and Judith. 
Sept. 5, Mary Ann, dr. of John Gun and Mary. 
Sept. 7, Benjamin Bliss, son of Epraim Porter and Anne. 
Nov. 15, Patrick, Riah, and Latte, ch. of Clement Leman and 

Susanna. 
Nov. 16, Hendrick, son of Isaac Perry and Nancy. 



1789- I 

Jan. 15, Married, Isaac Van Deusen, Third, and Christina. 
Feb. 17, Elisabeth, dr. of Michael Cheley and Susanna. 
Feb. 25, John J. Van Deuson and Hannah Houck. 
Feb. 26, Andrew Burghardt and Catherine Van Deusen. 
March 8, Catherine, ch. of Isaac Houck and Fitie. , 4 

Apr. 5, Ilermanus, son of John Burzee and Mary. I 

May 17, Rachel, dr. of Ezkiel Stone and Mary. | 

May 18, Buried, Mrs. Mercy Ingersoll, wife of Capt. Thos. | 

Ingersoll. I 

June 14, Mary, dr. of Hendrick Burghardt and Hannah. | 

July 26, Rachel, dr. of John Holenbeg and Mary. | 

Aug. 6, Buried, Catherine, wife of John Van Deusen. 
Sept. — , Sarah, dr. of John Spoor and Vaslite. 

Married, Capt. Thomas Ingersoll and Sally Backus. 
Oct. 18, Abraham, son of Petei Burghardt and Mercy. 

Lena, dr. of Derick Spoor and Dorithy. 

Lintie, dr. of Isaac Rose and Aaraontia. 



1790. 

Jan. 19, Buried, Lient, Hendrick Burghardt, aged 82. 
Feb. 7, Eleanor, dr. of Lambert Houck and Eruba. 
Feb. 26, Keziah, and Janes, ch. of John Stewart and Lydia. 
Electa, dr. of Hannah Stewart. 












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EPISCOPAL CHURCH, GREAT r>ARRINGTON. 185 

;Iar. 21, John, son of John Gose andFItie. 

\.pr. 4, Henry, son of Andrew Burghardt and Catherine. 

Nicholas, son of Isaac Van Deusen, Third, and Chris- 
tene. 

Electa, dr. of Isaac Van Deusen, Fourth, and Eve. 
\.pr. 23, Buried Lydia, wife of Jack B(urghardt ?) Negro. 
Vfay II, Cyntha, Negro girl of Engn. Burghardt. 
vlay 12, Buried, Ann Reed, wife of Isaac Reed. 

Also Isaac Pixley. 
vlay 16, Bap. John, son of John Howck and Catherine, 
vlay 30, David, ch. of George Notwer and Huldah. 
[une 17, Buried, John, son of Peter Burghardt. 
[une 27, Coonrodt, son of Lambert Burghardt and Fitie. 
[uly II, Charles Stone, son of Rice Hall and Lorane. 
[uly 13, Buried Lydia, wife of John Steward, 
[uly 30, Elisabeth and David, cb. of John Church and Ruth, 

Philo, son of Ruth Church. 
\ug. 22, Enoch, son of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 
5ept. 5, Samuel William, son of Amos Johnson and Abiah. 
5ept. 19, Abilison, dr. of Isaac Price and Nancy. 
3ec. 12, Silvester, son of John Church, Jun., and Anne. 

Betsa, dr. of Lowrance Van Deusen and Christene. 
3ec. 30, Buried, Samuel Whiting. 



fan. 5, Gesie and Laurinda, drs. of John Burghardt, Third, and 

Elizabeth. 
fan. 9, Buried, Laurinda. 

F'eb. 10, Married, James Wilmoth and Abigal Woodruff. 
Feb. 16, Buried, Ann Mary Gilder. 
A.pr. 17, Christene, dr. of John Spoor and Vashti. 
May 7, Richard Singer, Jerusha, James and David Nash, ch. 

of Dan. Chappel and Experience. 
May 29, John, son of Isaac Ilowuk and Fitie. 
Sally, dr. of Ezekiel Stone and Mary. 



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186 EARLIEST KECORDS OF ST. JAMES' 

May 29, Peter, son of Isaac Rose and Aarantie. 
June 22, Hendrick, son of Hendrick Burghardt and Hannah. 
June 30, Buried, Ye above Hendrick. 
July 10, Jacob, son of George Notewere and Huldah. 
Sept. 9, Buried, ch. widow Smith, in her S6th year. 
Sept. 18, Jacob, Benton, Electa, and Phineas, ch. of Jonathan 
Pixley and Mabel. 
Benjamin, son of Nicholas Burzee and Charity. 
Oct. 16, Anna Maria, dr. of Dan Chappel and Experience. 
Oct. 21, Buried, Solomon Willioms. 
Nov. 13, Catherine, dr. of Isaac Van Deusen and Christene. 



1792. 

Jan. 19, Jin, negro woman of Isaac Van Deusen, (the First.) 
Feb. 22, Jonathan, son of Jonathan Pixley and Mabel. 
Feb. 24, Buried, the above infant. 

Apr. 13, Witte Buckley, dr. of Bigg and 

his wife. 



Apr. 25, David Patterson, adopted son of Eleazur Demming 
and Sarah. 

Apr. 29, Fitie, dr. of Jacob Van Deusen and Mary. 

May 13, Lovice, dr. of Nathan Webb and Rachel. 

Apr. (?) 25, Hannah, dr. of John Van Deusen, Jun., and Han- 
nah. 

July 8, Elizabeth Wormer and Mercy Hamlin, drs. of Joseph 
Crocker and Polly. 

July 22, Catlinche, dr. of Michol Burzee and Charity. 

Achsah, dr. of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 

Aug. 5, Anson, wife of Rice Hall and Lorane. 

Aug. 13, Alonson, son of Isaac Van Deusen, Fourth, and Eve. 

Aug. 31, Buried, Mrs. St3'mpson. 

Sept. 2, Sally, dr. of Peter Burghardt and Mercy- 
Sept. 25, Married, Elijah Boardman of New Milford and Mary 
Ann Whitinsr. 






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EPISCOPAL CHURCH, GREAT BARRINGTON. 187 

Sept. 30, Married, William Whiting, Third, and Sarah Ann 

Ransom. 
Oct. 28, Christene, dr. of Isaac Price and Nancy. 
Oct. 20, Hannah, dr. of Peggy Montgomery. 
Nov. 28, Maria, Mary Miller and Cufl', Negros. 
Dec. 9, Adolphus, son of John J. Burghardt and Elisabeth. 
Dec. II, Buried, the Hon. Wm. Whiting, Esq. 



1793- 

Jan. 4, Married, iVbraham Houck and Ether Chapman. 
Jan. 20, Catherine, dr. of Isaac Rose and Arianche. 
Mar. 28, Married, i\ntony Stymson and Thankful Foot. 

Also Mr. George Stanley and Miss Catherine Bur^ 
hardt. 
Ma}' 30, Anne and Sally, drs. of James, Negro, and Mary. 
End of Mr. Bostwick's Great Barrinsfton entries. 



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RECORDS AND RECORD SEARCHING IN ENGLAND. 

By EBEN PUTNAM. 



Since America is largely peopled by descendants of emigrants 
from Great Britain, it is that country to which most genealogists 
must eventually turn. To most Americans, English records, of 
all foreign records, have the greatest value, while those of Scot- 
land and Ireland are next in importance. 

Condition of Records. The condition of recordsf in 
England, considering their well known value to the nation, does 
not speak too well of their former custodians. Some classes of 
records have been most shamefully neglected ; yet so numerous 
are the records of every description, that for one person to exhaust 
the whole, even only so far as one family is concerned, would be 
an utter impossibility. Add to those numerous records the innum- 
erable sources of information, in private or public custody^ 
which are not public records, and it becomes plain that all the 
writer can do, in the limited space at his present disposal, is to 
point out a few of the classes of records and allied sources of 
Information which are easily accessible or the most important in 
establishing the identity of an emigrant. 

♦Copyright 1900 by Eben Putnam. From " Hints to the Genealogist." These 
notes were prepared in 1898. 

tThe public records of England may be said to commence with the Domesday 
Survey completed in 10S6. Exchequer records are in existence from 1130. The 
records of the courts of justice commence with the reign of Richard I., a still 
larger series of records begin with the reign of John, while from the time of 
Edward I. there is an almost unbroken series of the most important records for 
the genealogist, including the Inquisitions post mortem. It is from the time of 
Henry VIII. that local records are of much aid, including the probate documents; 
and the parish registers come to our help quite generally in the reign of Eliza, 
beth. From that date the public records, the private collections, and the papers 
stored away in the various governmental departments, are simply legion. 

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RECORD DEPOSITORIES. 189 

Public Record Office. The great depository of the national 
records, which have been accumulating for centuries and which 
have no other specified place of deposit, is the Public Record 
Office in Fetter Lane, London, within a short distance of the 
inns of Court. At this office every facility is granted the 
investigator to pursue the object of his search ; and about the 
walls of the two reading rooms* are thousands of volumes 
including indexes, calendars, etc., etc., most of which can be taken 
from the shelves without calling an attendant. No charge is 
made in this department. The reader obtains a call slip from the 
desk, enters the series and special number of the documents he 
desires, and is supplied in due course, as is the case in libraries. 

In the same building may be inspected the Chancery suits. 
Everything is systematized and information is willingly and 
politely furnished by the proper official. 

Somerset House. The collection of probate records at Som- 
erset House, which is but five minutes walk from the Public Record 
Office, is also accessible to the public under certain necessary 
restrictions,t which in the case of literary searches, is chiefly on 
account of the limited accommodations. Permission to conduct 
a literary search is obtained by addressing an application to the 
President of the Probate Division of the High Court of Justice, 
stating the applicant's purpose, his name, occupation, and resi- 
dence. Upon presenting the necessary certificate to the official 
in charge of the literary search room, certain assignments are 
granted, in rare cases two or three days in a week, but sometimes 
immediate assignments cannot be obtained. 

Any person may inspect the indexes in the public room upon 
paying certain fees, and may call for any volume or original will 
upon paying certain other fees, and may inspect the same under 
the usual restrictions. 

*The " round room " and the "long room"; for location of calendars, etc., 
see printed plan which is reproduced by Rye in " Records and Record Search- 
ing." 

tThe hours have recently been shortened and fewer opportunities allowed. 









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190 PARISH RECORDS. 

These rules apply to the various district registries and smaller 
courts, the records of many of which are at Somerset House. 

There are certain rules regarding what may be copied from the 
records, but in the case of genealogical research no objection is 
commonly made by the officials as to what is copied. 

Libraries. At the British Museum, upon application to the 
Principal Librarian,* permission will be granted for the use of 
the libraries there stored, and in the manuscript department a 
wonderful wealth of material is readily available. 

The Bodleian Library at Oxford is also especially rich in manu- 
scripts, and the libraries both in London and outside are available 
upon presentation of proper credentials. The library in the 
Guild Hall of the city of London is remarkably rich in printed and 
manuscript collections valuable to the antiquarian. 

Parish Records. The parish records are in the custody of 
the rector or vicar of the parish, who is allowed to use his dis- 
cretion as to the proper time for examination and the condi- 
tions under which they may be examined. It is well that Ameri- 
cans should bear this in mind, for while the great majority of ec- 
clesiastical custodians of records appreciate that the present cus- 
tom is a survival of a privilege which should have been abolished, 
long ago, and are perfectly ready to aid the searcher with 
every courtesy, yet there are some who insist upon their privi- 
leges in a manner which is neither just nor courteous. Should a 
refusal be met with, upon requesting the privilege of examination, 
and no disposition be shown to allow the examination under the 
usual formal rules, then recourse must be had to some local solici- 
tor to make the examination in his client's behalf. 

Fees. A fee of one shilling for the first year and sixpence for 
every additional year examined, may be legally exacted, but in 
most cases a gift to some church or parish charity is all that is 
expected, or will be accepted. In large parishes the search is 



*The endorsement of some person known to the officials, or of a iKmsehoKioi 
(not a lodging-house keeper), is required. 



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COLLEGE OF HERALDS. 191 

made in the presence of the clerk, who expects some small fee 
for his time ; in others the search must be made wherever and 
whenever the convenience of the rector dictates, and the investi- 
gation is frequently pursued under the most congenial and pleas- 
ant conditions. It is advisable to write to the rector before 
appearing in person, in order that a day may be set for the search. 

Civic Records. The civic records, those of burroughs, and 
of guilds, are less readily accessible and permission to search them 
is a favor not accorded to every one. The various records in the 
custody of cathedral officials. Bishop's transcripts, etc., are acces- 
sible upon proper application, and the payment of rather heavier 
fees than their usually ill-assorted and neglected condition justi- 
fies. 

Dissenters' Records. The records of churches of the dis- 
senting sects are accessible at Somerset House, or at such places 
as special provision has been made for them. Such records are 
rarely of value to Americans. 

War and Navy. The records of the War and Navy Depart- 
ments are not accessible to the public ; but enquiries are con- 
siderately and promptly attended to upon application through the 
proper channel. 

College of Heralds. The College of Heralds is a private 
institution in the sense that its revenues are entirely dependent 
upon the fees established by law and by the Heralds, and the lat- 
ter are alone competent to grant permission to use the treasures 
therein deposited. In the library are many of the original visita- 
tions and collections of genealogical data made by past officials, 
as well as various public records, and a most excellent reference 
library. The fees * are comparatively heavy, and before search 

*Fees chargeable at Heralds College : Ordinary search, personal application, 
5 sh. Do. by correspondence, lo sh. General search of records, £ 2.2. Do. 
of records and collections, £ 5.5. But this scale would not apply to a search for 
a common name. Transcripts of pedigrees, 5 sh. for each generation, and addi- 
tional charge for sketch of arms. Enquirers expecting that the five shilling fee 
search will be productive of more than a general idea of conditions, will be dis- 
appointed. 



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192 PRINTED MANUALS. 

is made there, the resources of the British Museum should be 
thoroughly ransacked ; for in the manuscripts of the Museum 
there are duplicates of many in the Heralds College, besides col- 
lections covering very much the same ground and of fully as 
much value to the genealogist. 

Before attempting search among the British records, it is nec- 
essary to study their scope, character, and accessibility, and to 
form some idea of the relative value of certain classes of records 
or sources of information to the case in hand. 

Text-Books. A concise description of the various sources of 
genealogical information in England is found in the two volumes 
prepared by W. P. W. Phillimore, Esq., entitled, '-' How to 
Write the History of a Family " and the "Supplement" thereto, 
which are up to date and written by a practical genealogist ; and 
. in Mr. Walter Rye's valuable " Records and Record Searching," 
which in certain departments is unsurpassed. 

More detailed information may be obtained from "A Manual 
for the Genealogist, Topographer, Antiquary and Legal Profes- 
sor, consisting of descriptions of public records ; parochial and 
other , registers •, wills ; county and family histories ; heraldic 
collections in public libraries, etc., etc.," by Richard Sims. This 
work was prepared by one of the most competent persons for 
such a task ; and aside from the fact, which must be constantly 
borne in mind, that the condition and place of deposit of the 
records described is that of nearly forty years ago, and that much 
has been accomplished since, it remains the best handbook for 
the general reader. In the later editions is a glossary of phrases 
and terms occurring in public records which is especially conven- 
ient. 

" Origines Genealogies'," by Stacey Grimaldi, published in 
1828, .is especially valuable for the concise treatment of descrip- 
tions of various classes of records and for the examples given of 
each class, together with an analysis of their value. All subse- 
quent handbooks are to a great extent based on Grimaldi's work. 









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METHODS OF RESEARCH. 193 

Besides the above, reference may advantageously be made to 
" Handbook to the PuWic Records " by F. S. Thomas, published 
in 1853; to Mr. A. C. Ewald's " Our Public Records," but par- 
ticularly, the last edition of " A Guide to the Principal Classes 
of Documents Preserved in the Public Records Office," by S. R. 
Scargill-Bird. The various reports of the Deputy-Keeper will 
be found to contain descriptive and other matter, which is intended 
to aid the public. 

There are other printed sources of information regarding the 
records, or special classes of records, as for instance in the publi- 
cations of the Pipe Roll Society, and the various publications by 
official authority. 

Methods of Research. 

The gleaner in the E^nglish field will need be methodical above 
all else for so much variety exists that otherwise time is wasted 
beyond hope of recovery."^ 

Probate Records. An American would probably seek the 
probate records in the first instance, and having obtained a full 
listf of all wills and acts of administration relating to the family 

*Mr. Rye advises that the search be conducted in the following order. (He 
is writing for the English public.) 

Family memoranda. 

Gravestones. 

Parish registers. 

Probate records. 

Manorial records. 

Subsidy rolls. 

Visitations (early generations are doubtful). 

Reports of Historical Manuscript Commission. 

Marriage licenses. 
He also states that the most easily searched records at the Public Record 
Office are: Parliamentary Surveys; Royalist composition papers; Feet of fines; 
State papers; Chancery proceedings. So numerous are the unuidexed De 
Banco Rolls, Coram Rege Rolls, etc., that attempts to search them are useless 
unless a chance reference has been obtained. 

tin cases of extremely common names such a course is not always practical. 
In such cases judgment must be used, and if the locality can be approximated, 
only such references to that name occurring within the county should be taken. 



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194 PROBATE RECORDS. 

in question, for the period desired, such transcripts as would seem 
to promise the best results would naturally be called for first.* 
From the " Act books " the date of presentation of the Bill and 
commissions issued as well as administration upon intestate 
estates, may be obtained. These entries are in the legal Latin 
of the period. In addition to the records of the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury, there are also stored at the Somerset House 
the records of numerous smaller courts. 

Minor Courts. Until 1858 it is said that there were no less 
than 370 minor courts in existence, some of them of the most 
insignificant character, which had probate powers in limited 
districts. The smaller courts arc called " Peculiars," and in 
some cases exercised control only over a parish or some manor. 
In addition to the Peculiar Courts there were the Prerogative 
Courts of Canterbury and York, and the various Bishops' Regis- 
tries. In 1858 the Court of Probate was established to which 
was transferred the jurisdiction formerly exercised by the above 
courts, and the records of these minor courts, were deposited in 
the various registries of the new Probate Court, the principal 
registry being removed to Somerset House. f District registries 
were established and in these were deposited the records of the 
former courts owning jurisdiction in that territory. In spite of | 

the new law it is certain that many of the records of the minor | 

courts remain in private hands. An official list of the minor | 

courts was printed in 1862; and another list may be found in | 

Gwynne's " Law Relating to the Duties of Probate," and in a | 

handy reference manual compiled by Dr. Marshall.! 

♦Originals must be applied for a day in advance and a fee of one shilling per 
will is exacted. Some originals are not registered or transcribed. Lists of these 
are sometimes available. 

fKrom Doctors' Commons. 

J A handbook to the ancient courts of probate, by Dr. Geo. W. Marshall, 
published in London, 1895. This book is the best on the subject. It is a con' 
venient and handy reference work. 



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PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY, 195 

The records of the older courts are for the most part rather 
difficult subjects for the novice to handle, for there are added to 
the frequently dilapidated condition of the originals, which in many 
cases are not registered, the almost impossible orthography and 
chirography. 

Calendars. Until recently the indexes were very incom- 
plete and often entirely lacking, but the energetic work of the 
British Record Society has accomplished much toward providing 
proper indexes, or calendars, as they are named in England. 
Many of these calendars have been printed in the Index library. 
Occasionally an ancient index will be found arranged under the 
baptismal names of the testators. 

P. C. C. Wills in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury com- 
mence with those for 1383, but there arc very few of this early 
date. The custom in that court was to record wills in large 
volumes which instead of being numbered or lettered are named, 
usually after some person of prominence whose will is therein 
registered, or after the person whose will is the first one recorded. 
The reference is to the quire in which the will is found, not to 
the page, and thus it is necessary to search through at least eight 
leaves to find the will needed. The Act Books are in two series, 
those of the Probate Act Books and the Administration Act 
Books. 

Other Courts of Probate. The records of the Commis- 
sary Court of London commence in 1374, and yield abundant 
harvests to American investigators, since that court, under the 
authority of the Bishop of London, comprised over 100 parishes 
about London, viz., fifty in London, forty-three m Middlesex, 
and eight in Essex. The Essex and Hertfordshire division of 
that court begins about 13 14. The Consistory Court of the 
Bishop of London covers a period from 1540 to 1726, but some 
of the documents recorded bear dates as early as 1361. 

There are deposited at Somerset House the records of seventy- 
six courts of probate, some of which are of little consequence 



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196 



DISTRICT PROBATE REGISTRIES. 



Among them are the Middlesex Archdeaconry, beginning in 
1664;* Berkshire Archdeaconry, 1508; Buckinghamshire 
Archdeaconry, 1433 ; Oxford Consistory, 1544; Oxford Arch- 
deaconry, 1543 ; Richmondshire Wills (Yorkshire), 1457 (^ 
calendar of these is appearing in the Northern Genealogist) ; 
Salisbury Consistory Court, 1550. It should be noted that sev- 
eral Salisbury courts are represented at Somerset House. 

Further information regarding the various courts and their 
location will be found in " How to Write the History of a 
Family," pages 311 to 320, and in Dr. Marshall's " Handbook." 

The following brief table may be useful. The places are 
locations of district registries ; the dates the approximate date of 
earliest records : 



Bangor 1635 

Birmingham 

Blandford 1568 

Bodmin 

Bristol 1590 

Bury St. Edmunds 1354 

Canterbury 

Carlisle 

Carmarthen 

Chester 1545 

Chichester 15 18 

Derby 

Durham 

Exeter 

Gloucester 1541 

Hereford 15 17 

Ipswich 

Lancaster 

Leicester 15CX) 

Lewes 



Lichfield 1526 

Lincoln 1515 

Liverpool 

Llandaff 1519 

Manchester 

Newcastle-on-Tyne 

Northampton 15 10 

Norwich . . ' 1521 

Nottingham • 

Oxford 

Peterborough 1478 

St. Asaph 

Salisbury (Somerset House, London) 

Shrewsbury 

Taunton 153S 

Wakefield 

Wells 1660 

Winchester 1660 

Worcester 1493 

York 1318 



Modern Calendars. Since 1858 an alphabetical calendar of 
all wills and administration throughout Eno-land, with some facts 
regarding the estates and heirs, has been printed by the government. 



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ROMAN CATHOLICS. 197 

Origin and Jurisdiction. In England in ancient times 
the right of granting probate on wills and administration on 
estates was peculiar to the clergy, each bishop having a separate 
court. Thus the Archbishop of York comprised in his diocese 
the suffragan dioceses of York, Durham, Carlisle, Chester, Sodor, 
and Man ; and the Archbishop of Canterbury had a final juris- 
diction over the remaining twenty-two bishoprics. These courts 
held jurisdiction, not only over wills, etc., but to some extent 
over divorces, immoral offences, maritime causes, etc. 

The jurisdiction of archiepiscopal court of York extended 
over the counties of York, Chester, Lancashire, Westmoreland, 
Cumberland, Durham, Northumberland, and Flintshire. The 
date of the earliest will in the York registry is given by Sims as 
1590, while the transcript of wills begins in 1389. Information 
regarding the former Episcopal courts may be found on pages 
345, et seg.j of Sims. 

Formerly if a deceased person owned property in both the 
dioceses of York and Canterbury it was necessary to take out 
administration in both courts; thus, too, the larger estates extend- 
ing into more than one county will be found settled at the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury or York as may be. 

Roman Catholics. Besides the wills preserved in the various 
registries, there are many early wills recorded among other series 
of records, as in the case of Romanists who were for a long time 
under the ban and whose wills are recorded on the Close* rolls, 
where other early testaments are also recorded. Probate records 
of the wills of seamen, beginning in 1660, were formerly regis- 
tered on the muniment books of the Admiralty Court. On page 
348 of Sims, other notes regarding unusual places of record or 
deposit of probate records will be found, but in some cases the 
place of deposit has been changed. 

Commonwealth Period. During the period of the Com- 

* See the Genealoo-isl for many lists of wills. 



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198 COMMONWEALTH PERIOD. 

monwealth, estates were administered upon authority of the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, the principal Court of London, 
and an abstract of wills recorded during portions of that period 
has been printed by William Brigg, Esq.* 

India. Wills and administrations of persons dying in India 
are recorded there, but copies are placed on file at the India 
Office in London and indexed. Those for the Presidency of 
Bombay begin in 1723; Bengal, in 1728; and Madras, in 
1736. 

Printed Records. Some progress is being made in preserv- 
ing the testamentary documents in print. The wills proved in 
the Husting Court of the City of London have been printed in 
two volumes but the names of many legatees outside the testa- 
tors' families have been omitted. The volumes are indexed, and 
they cover the period from 1258 to 1688. 

A few of the most important printed accounts of wills and 
abstracts or transcripts of the wills themselves are mentioned 
below.** The list does not pretend to completeness by any 
means. t 

Testamenta Lambethana, printed by Sir Thomas PhillipsJ 
covering the wills preserved at Lambeth Palace, 13 12 to 1636 
(said not to be entirely accurate). See also Genealogist, First 
series, vol. v. p. 211. Index to the wills and administrations at 
Lambeth, vol. i. 

Hustings Court of the City of London, i 258-1688. 

Royal Wills, printed by Nichols in 1780. 

* Genealogical Abstracts of Wills proved in the Prerogative Court of Canter- 
bury, 1658. (Register "Wootton.") 

** There are various miscellaneous manuscript collections in the British Museum. 

t See Phillimore's "Supplement" for a detailed description of printed probate 
records to 1896. 

X It should be noted that the privately printed collections of Sir Thomas Phillips 
are not accessible to Americans generally, but the Congressional Library ai 
Washington has a set. 



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PROBATE EECORDS IN PRINT. 199 

Testamenta Vestusta or abstracts of the wills of the Royal 
Family, Nobility, and Gentrv from the reign of Henry II., to the 
accession of Elizabeth, by Sir N. H. Nichols. 

Calendar of Kentish Wills, kept in P. C. C, 1 384-1559, by 
L. L. Duncan. 

Kentish Adminstration Grants, 1559-1603, by L. L. Duncan. 

Wills from Doctors' Commons, by J. G. Nichols. 

Bury (Suffolk) Wills and Inventories. " Wills and Inventories 
from Bury St. Edmunds.'* Camden Society publications for 
1850, vol. xlix. 

Testamenta Eboracensia. Surtees Society. 

Wills and Inventories illustrative of the Northern counties. 
Surtees Society. 

Abstracts from wills in the Great Orphans' book, Bristol. 

Munimenta Academica, in the Rolls Series, has many wills in 
full. 

Lancashire and Cheshire Wills, 3 vols. Chetham Record 
Society. Indexes 1 545-1 760, printed by the Lancashire and 
Cheshire Record Society. 

Early Norfolk Wills. Norfolk Antiquarian Miscellany. 

Early Suffolk Wills. Calendar of Ipswich register. East 
Anglian. 

York Wills at Somerset House. Calendar. See York Arch- 
aeological and Topographical Association publications. 

Early Lincoln Wills, i 280-1547, by Alfred Gibbons. 1888. 

Lincoln Wills, i 500-16 17, by Maddison. 2 vols. 

Abstracts of wills (relating to Hertfordshire) for the Arch- 
deaconry of Middlesex. Vols. i. and ii. of Hertfordshire Anti- 
quarian. 

Abstracts of wills (relating to Hertfordshire) from Archdea- 
conry of St. Albans. Vols. i. and ii. of Hertfordshire Anti- 
quarian. 

Calendar of Wills and Administrations in the Archdeaconry of 
St. Albans, 1415-1470. Brigg. 



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Abstracts of wills (relating to Hertfordshire) from Consistory 
Court of the Bishop of London. Vol. ii. of Hertfordshire 
Antiquarian. . 

Devonshire Wills, (selections) by Charles Worthy. 

Abstracts from Somersetshire Wills, by F. A. Crisp. 6 vols. 

Calendar of Wills at Ipswich, 1444-1600, by F. A. Crisp. 

Genealogical Abstracts of Wills proved in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury, 1658 (Register " Wootton "), by William 
Brigg. 

The British Record Society is publishing indexes to the wills 
preserved in many registries. Among these are : — 

Northamptonshire and Rutland Wills.* 15 10-1662. 

Lichfield Wills and Administrations. 15 10-1662. 

Berksliire Wills and Administrations. 1508-165 2. 

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills. 1383-1558. 

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills. 1559-1583. 

Gloucestershire Wills. 1 541-1650. 

Sussex Wills and Administrations at Lewes. 1 541— 1652. 

Dorset Wills and Administrations at Blanford. 1 568-1 792. 

Leicester Wills and Administrations at Leicester. 1495. 

Commissariot of Edinburgh. Records of Testamenta, com- 
mencing 15 14. Continued by the Scottish Record Society. 

Wills and Administrations at Bristol. 1572— 1792. 

The Surtees Society has published Testamenta Eboracensia, 
being a selection of wills proved at York; also a list of Yorkshire 
wills at Somerset House (Commonwealth period). 

An index to the wills proved in the Court of the Vice Chan- 
cellor of Oxford was published by the Clarendon Press in i86>- 

The Huguenot Society has published a list of references to 
Strangers' Wills proved at Norwich. . 

In the College of Arms, the British Museum, the Bodleian 

* M.iny Cambridgeshire wills are at Peterborough and the preface to this Ir-;"!. 
which is by Mr. Phillimore, will well repay careful study. 



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PARISH REGISTERS. 201 

Library and other libraries, may be found many manuscript col- 
lections of wills and administrations. 

Parish Registers. Having exhausted to some extent the 
resources of the Probate Registry and obtained clues regarding 
parishes which might yield further and corroborative evidence, 
reference should be had to the Survey of Parish Registers,* based 
on a survey made in 1831 and printed by the British govern- 
ment in 1833, which is a report as to existing and obsolete par- 
ishes, the date when the registers begin and other particulars. 
The dates given are not always exact. Information regarding 
Parish registers will be found in the " History of Parish Regis- 
ters, in England, etc.," a book by J. S. Burns, printed in 1862, 
and "Parish Registers in England" by R. E. Chester Waters, 
published in 1883. 

Where the survey shows registers of any particular parish 
lacking for the period needed, reference should be had to the list •.•. ■■'■'-•■% 
of those preserved in the diocesan registries; but unfortunately 
complete information regarding these latter is not obtainable. 
Frequently the registers of adjoining parishes will contain import- 
ant entries and nearly always mention of the family, which in ...•..,., 
part may supply deficiencies. This is especially true when 
the parishes arc of small extent, it sometimes being the case 
that three or four parish churches may be within the radius 
of as many miles. In other cases the parishes are so large as to 
include many villages within their limits. A few parish registers 
are deposited In the British Museum and still others are in 
private hands. 

After the dissolution of the monasterlesf and the dispersion, in 

* A complete survey of English parish registers, by dioceses, under the direc- 
tion of the bishops is in progress. 

t Prior to the establishment of parish registers, occasional entries relating to 
marriages, births, and burials of influential neighboring families, especially if 
benefactors, will be found in the registers of religious houses, many of which 
are in existence. 



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202 MARRIAGE LICENSES. 

1535, of the monks to whose care such matters had formerly 
fallen, it was ordered, in 1538, by Thomas, Lord Cromwell that 
parish registers should be kept. But few exist of that date. In 
1597 ^^ ^^^ ordered that parchment register books should be 
substituted for those then in use, and that all entries of baptisms, 
marriages, and burials, since the accession of Elizabeth, should be 
copied therein. The result is that many more registers com- 
mence with the year 1558 than of earlier date, and as the rule 
was probably generally followed regarding the copying, it is not 
improbable that many names were incorrectly transcribed and 
many omitted. During the Commonwealth period the duty of 
recording such statistics seems in some cases to have fallen 
to incompetent persons, the clergy at one time being relieved 
from that duty ; thus the registers for that period are often 
unsatisfactory, but many records of births rather than baptisms 
are on record. Many of the registers were lost during this 
period. 

Although the church wardens were required by law to return 
transcripts of the parish register the diocesan registries,* such 



* At the diocesan registries are the records of "marriage allegations" which 
begin in London in 1520, at Exeter, 1520, Chester, 1606, Salisbury, 1615, 
Gloucester, 1660, These ''Intentions" give the age, occupation, residence, and 
other facts concerning the parties. In some instances these have been printed as 
Chester's selection from the Vicar-Generals and Faculty Office, in the Harleian 
Publications, and Waters' selections (made with great ability) which are printed 
in vol. xxviii. of the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. Out of 499 
entries given by Waters, which appertain mainly to American families, Chester 
discarded no less than 293. The marriage license records for Hertfordshire, 
recorded at St. Albans, have been printed in the Hertfordshire Antiquarian. 
A list of these records with other data, compiled by Mr, Phillimore may be found 
in his book already referred to. (pp. 328-329.) 

A calendar of the marriage licenses issued by the Faculty Office, commencing 
1632, has been printed in the Index Library, supplementing vol. xxiv. of the 
Harleian Society publications, which contains "Allegations of Marriage Licenses 
issued from the Faculty Office of the Archbishop of Canterbury, at London, 1543- 
1869" (complete only to 1632). Vols, xxiii., xxx., xxxi,, xxxiii., xxxiv, of the 
Harleian Society contain licenses from the office of the Vicar-General from 1660. 
The Exeter series from 1526 to 1632 were printed by Col. Vivian. Those for 
Lincoln, 1598-1628, and the bonds for Bedfordshire, 1574-1614, are also printed, 
and for Canterbury from 1568-1618. 






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PRINTED PARISH KEGISTERS. .203 

records are seldom preserved as they ought to be, and gaps of 
many years occur ; yet their value is evident when, as some- 
times is the case, the local register lacks the years of which copies 
are in existence at the diocesan registry. 

As a general rule these " Bishops' transcripts " do not exist 
prior to about 1600 ; notable exceptions are those at Lincoln, 
Canterbury, and Salisbury. A list of the places of deposit, with 
an attempt to approximate the variety and age of the returns, is 
given on page 324 of Phillimore's "Supplement," and similar 
lists are given by Sims. 

The Parish Register Society, formed about three years ago has 
begun the good work of printing each year several of the parish 
registers. A list of the society's publications may be had of the 
secretary, W. Ferguson Irvine, Esq., 18 Devonshire Road, 
Claughton, Cheshire. tr w, 

Local Parish Register Societies have been formed in Shrop- .r^ a 
shire and Lancashire. 

In the latest edition of "The Genealogists' Guide," by Mar- 
shall, is a list of printed parish registers'^ ; and in 1892 the Con- 
gress of Archaeological Societies issued a little pamphlet urging 
the preservation of the parish registers and giving directions look- 
ing toward that end, together with a list of sixteen registers now 
at the British Museum, and a list of 153 registers which have 
been printed. 

The various genealogical magazinesf will be found to have 
many extracts from parish registers, and it should be noted that 
the N. Y. Gen. Biog. Record, contains a copy of the mar- 
riages on the parish register of St. Saviours, Southwark, London, 
from 1 605-1 625 ; while in Putnam's Historical Magazine has 

* See also Parish Registers, a list of those printed, or of which manuscript 
copies exist in public collections, etc., by Geo. W. Marshall, 1891. 
A list of Marriage Allegations similarly treated is annexed. 

t For Dorset see " Dorset Records" published quarterly beginning January, 
1894. 












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204 DISSENTERS. 

been printed the register of Stewkley in Buckinghamshire from 
1545101653.* 

Many London parish registers have been printed in the 
Harleian Society Publications. 

Dissenters. The registers of dissenting sects are preserved 
at Somerset House and an official list of such has been printed. 
At Devonshire House in Bishopgate, London, will be found an 
indexed copy of the Friends' register deposited at Somerset House. 
There are a few entries as early as the middle of the seventeenth 
century. The Register of the Nonconformist Society of North 
Ouram in York, 1644-1752 has been printed. The Literary 
Era, published in Philadelphia, has printed many certificates 
issued by Friends' Meetings and Dissenters' Societies in England 
to emigrants to Pennsylvania. 

Printed Collections. The records of church wardens will 
be found to contain much genealogical information and are fre- 
quently of earlier date than the parish registers. Expenditures 
and assessments appear on these records as well as many miscel- 
laneous items. As in the case of parish registers, there will be 
found in historical magazines extracts from such records, and 
sometimes a complete record. These accounts are of especial 
service where the register is missing. Thus the records of St. 
Michael's Parish Church, Bishop's Stortford, edited by J. L. Glass- 
cock, Jr., were printed in 1882 and contain church warden 
accounts from 143 i. In seeking information regarding prmted 
collections, Anderson's "Book of British Topography," a classified 
catalogue of topographical works in the library of the British 
Museum relating to Great Britain, and published in 1881, will 
be found invaluable. 

In the "American Historical Review vol. ii., p. 191, will be 
found a useful list of printed collections, inventories, and calen- 
dars of borough records of Great Britain. . Most of the titles 

* Also issued separately at 12 shillings. 



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BRITISH MUSEUM. ' 205 

quoted are found either in Harvard College Library or Boston 
Public Library. 

British Museum. The manuscripts of the British Museum 
are thoroughly catalogued, those of the earlier special collections 
separately, and the later acquisitions under the title of " Addi- 
tions." The collections of seals and charters will repay the 
examination of the calendars, and as persons named in a charter 
are indexed there is always a possibility of finding some valuable 
deed or similar document pertaining to the family. Examples of 
the use of heraldic insignia may also be found through this 
source. 

While the use of manuscripts in that department is restricted to 
the time daylight lasts, they may be reserved for use the next day. 
The reading room of the library itself is open during the evening, 
but books must be procured while daylight lasts. 

County Collections. Among the manuscripts of the Brit- 
ish Museum are such valuable collections as Musketts' "Suf- 
folk Collections " of especial interest to the New Englander, a 
series of many volumes filled with genealogical memoranda 
relating to Suftolk families, gleaned from wills, parish registers, 
and manorial courts ; and older collections of pedigrees, all 
thoroughly indexed. Nearly every county is represented by 
some similar collection ; many of the collections made by the 
compilers of the ponderous county histories, in vogue at the 
beginniiig of this century, having found a resting place there. 

Kent is largely represented, and one volume of Kentish pedi- 
grees elaborated with extracts of wills, etc., recently published, is 
almost entirely compiled from that source, even to the identical 
wording of the abstracts given, but without a word as to the 
source of information. 

Candler MSS. These hints will serve to show the immense 
mass of material easily accessible which is of more than ordinary 
value to the American searcher. Mention of the Candler manu- 
script should not be omitted, a series of pedigrees drawn up at 















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206 PUBLIC RECORD OFEICE. 

about the time of the emigration to New England, dealing almost 
entirely with the nonconformist families of note, and in 
which frequent mention is made of the passage of persons to 
New England. This manuscript has been repeatedly described 
and quoted,* but examination of the original will be apt to reward 
the searcher with special knowledge of family names and events. 
" Charters." A list of the Charters in the Bodleian Library 
at Oxford has been printed, with a good index. This will afford 
aid to the genealogist. It is obtainable in the principal libraries 
in America. A general manuscript index to Charters preserved 
in the Public Record Office will be found in the search room. 
Other catalogues are available, and two or more volumes of 
'' Calendar to Ancient Deeds " have already appeared. 

The Public Record Office, f Fetter Lane. 

Calendars. From the Reports of the Deputy Keeper of the 
Records published annually, a great deal of information useful to 
the genealogist may be obtained. The appendices furnish cal- 
endars of many series of public records, and often abstracts from 
the records themselves which are all sufficient for the purpose in 
hand. Lidexes to the reports occur with each third volume. 

The Master of the Rolls series, which embraces the issue of 
State Papers, etc., should also be examined, especially those 
relating to the Colonies, and the "Domestic Series" from 1625 
to 1660. 

Hist. Mss. Commission. Another series is that issued by 
the Historical Alanuscript Commission, annual reports upon col- 
lections of documents of public interest in private hands or in 
the possession of corporations, (cities, towns, etc.). These are 

* See Mass. Historical Society Proceedings. 

tFor a useful chapter on the Public Record Office see Rye's "Record and 
Record Searching," page 103. 



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RECORD COMMISSION. 207 

of special value to Americans from the very miscellaneous char- 
acter of the material used and the frequent abstracts from letters 
especially at the time of the Revolution. Other reports deal with 
much earlier dates. The indexes being full the reports are 
rapidly examined. 

Record Commission. In the appendix will also be found a 
list of the publications of the old Record Commission, fifty-three 
large folio volumes, to be found in the most important American 
libraries and of great value. Examples of the ancient forms, of 
the contractions, etc., etc., with descriptions of the records precede 
the particular record that is printed. The Calendar of Chancery 
Proceedings in the reign of Elizabeth, in three volumes, will be 
found useful as the subject of the suit is usually given. In these 
volumes were printed the Domesday Book, Inquisitions post 
mortem for various periods, catalogue of the Harleian manu- 
scripts, selections from the Close and Charter and other rolls, all 
of which will prove of value in preparing the novice for actual 
investigation of originals. 

In the second appendix to the Forty-first Report of the Dep- 
uty-Keeper will be found a list of the indexes and calendars deposi- 
ted in the public search rooms of the Public Record Office. The 
same Report contains a glossary of obsolete French words found 
in the Norman Rolls j and the Fortieth Report contains informa- 
tion concerning the contractions found in mediaeval records. A 
publication entitled the "Jubilee Date Book" has specimens of 
record type and notes upon contractions. It is quite necessary 
that the commoner forms of contractions of the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries should be immediately recognized by the 
searcher, and that he should have the ability to decipher the hand- 
writing in use at that period. 

Record Reading. The earlier records require much more 
preparation than most amateurs are willing to give to the subject, 
for there are innumerable contractions, obsolete Latin and French 
words and varied styles of record hand used. These various 






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208 CHANCERY IlECORDS. 

Styles and difficulties are excellently explained by Mr. Ewald, 
whose '•'Our Public Records" has been referred to before; and 
especially by a most useful publication, Wright's "Court-hand* 
Restored," which has passed through many edltlonsf and is 
indispensable. Copies may be seen at the Record Office upon 
application at the desk. In case of doubt as to the letter it is 
well to always compare with the charts shown by Wright. 

A full account of the various courts whose records are now 
deposited in the Public Record Office may be found on pages 52 
et seq.^ of Sims' Manual, and in a more abbreviated form on 
pages 119 ^/ seq.^ of Phillimore's. The Placita Rolls or plead- 
ings in the various courts;!; in olden times are recorded with much 
detail, rendering them of great genealogical value. Few families 
of any property have been suffered to remain free from some 
legal complications, and this is true of the individual. From the 
court cases we not onlv frequently obtain genealogical data but 
insight into the character of the persons. The different court 
rolls have been more or less exploited, fragments have been 
printed and copies of others are in the British Museum. 

Chanxery Records. The Court of Chancery Records should 
be examined before all others. The proceedings prior to Richard 
II. are lost, said to have been destroyed by Wat Tyler's men, 

♦Also Hardy's Introduction to the Close Rolls; Cole's Documents Illustrative 
of English History; Botuli NormanniLX?; Pipe Roll Society, vol. iii.; Registrum 
Palatinum Dunelmense (Rolls series), vol. iv.; Jacobs' Law Dictionary (for 
obsolete forms of procedure). 

t"Court-hand Restored," by A. Wright, London, 1776. 

+The principal courts were Curia Regis (now represented by the Court of 
Queen's Bench), but about 1272 known as the Court of Kiugs Bench and its 
records as the ** Coram Rege" rolls. The Marshalsea and the Palace Courts were 
subsidiary to the Kings' Bench; The Court of Common Pleas or Common 
Bench, established by King John, records known as "De Banco" rolls; Court of 
the Exchequer; Assi/.e Rolls, provincial circuits; Court of Chancery; Court of 
Requests; Star Chamber; Wards and Liveries. The records of all of these are 
more or less accessible and of greater or less value to the genealogist. 



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COURT OF WARDS AND LIVERIES. 209 

but although from that date such records of this court as are in 
existence are at the Record Office, the series does not approach 
completeness until the time of Henry VIII. The Duchy of 
Lancaster,* and counties of Chester and Durham, having each 
their own Court of Equity, were not embraced in the jurisdiction 
of this court. The particular value of these records lies in the 
methods of procedure which called for bills of complaints, 
answers, and replies by the parties at suit and evidence presented 
by deposition. The latter it is needless to say arfe of especial 
importance. t 

The early proceedings until Philip and Mary are noticed in 
the Fifth Report on the Records. A collection of miscellaneous 
proceedings from Henry VI. to James II. are referred to by 
indices noninum in three manuscript volumes. For the reign of 
Elizabeth a calendar of the proceedings has been printed. The 
remaining bills and answers for James I. and Charles I. are 
referred to by manuscript calendars. The series from 1649 ^^ 
1842 is covered by an index contained in fifty-nine manuscript 
volumes called the " Tax Clerk's Books." It may be necessary 
in order to find any bill between 1649 ^"^ I7H? ^^ search the 
whole series of these books as well as the three volumes of mis- 
cellaneous records above noted. 

The depositions prior to 17 14 are referred to by special 
indexes, those from EHzabeth to Charles I. in one volume, and 
by four volumes marked "Dep" and later than 1649. The con- 
clusion of the suit must be sought in a separate set of calendars 
for the decrees. 

The Court of Wards and Liveries existed from 32 Henry 
VIII. , until 1645. From its nature, which was to secure to the 
Crown every profit possible arising from wardships and licenses 
to marry, there is abundant genealogical information. To this 



* The counties palatine were Durham, Lancashire, and Cheshire, 
t See detailed account in the Genealogist, vol. iv. page 71. 






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210 INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM. 

Court came the transcripts of the Inqulsltiones post mortem. 
Alany deeds are here recorded, an index to 4698 having been 
printed in the Sixth Report of the Deputy-Keeper. There are 
several classes of records of this court usually having indexes at 
the end of each volume, the most important being " Books of 
Liveries," nos. 54-83; "Indenture Books," nos. 1 14-128; 
"Books of Surveys," nos. 129-146; " Entries of Preferments 
and Sales of Wards," nos. 147-164; "Patent and Decree 
Books," nos. 1 03- 1 1 3 ; " Decree Books," nos. 84- 1 02 A.; "Order 
Books," nos. 514-561 ; "Books of Extents and Attachments," 
and "Miscellaneous Books," nos. 165-360. See also, vol. civ. 
of Palmer's Indexes for the Inquisitions " in the search room, 
and Moma's "Handbook to the Public Records." 

The series of Rolls consists, besides the Placeta Rolls, 
of the Patent Rolls, a list of royal grants of honors, lands, 
pardons, summonses, etc., of which calendars are in the search 
room ; the Pipe Rolls, which are accounts of Crown revenues 
arranged under counties, of which the Pipe Roll Society has pub- 
lished eight volumes covering the period from 1 158- 1 165; the 
Charter Rolls, similar to the Patent Rolls ; and finally the Close 
Rolls, which prior to the time of Henry VIII., are of quite a 
miscellaneous character, and after his time chiefly enrollments of 
deeds, wills of Roman Catholics, family settlements, etc., which 
cause them to be of the utmost value. In the search room is a 
manuscript calendar of the early rolls, and a manuscript index in 
eighty-four volumes, alphabetically arranged under the names of the 
grantees year by year. For names of Grantors reference should 
be had to the indexes marked " Indentures." See also the Forty- 
first Report of the Deputy-Keeper. 

Inquis. Post Mortem. The most commonly quoted manu- 
script records are those when an Inquisition post mortem was 
held on the death of a tenant in capite, that is, those holding 
direct of the Crown to whom their heir was obliged to pay a "relict" 
to the king. These proceedings took place be(ore a jury sum- 



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CALENDARS. 211 

moned by the escheator, an officer of the county, to find out, (i) 
what lands the tenant died seized of, (2) the services by which 
the lands were held and their yearly value, (3) date of tenant's 
death, (4) name and age of his next heir. Besides these details, 
it often happens that deeds of settlement, details of wills, and 
other documents concerning the devolution of the land are cited 
at length. Among this class of records are the " Proofs of Age " 
bemg proceedings to enable an heir on attaining his majority to 
be freed from wardship and to obtain his property. 

The Inquisitions commence with 3 Henry III. and end with 
20 Charles I., when tenure obtained by Knight service was 
abolished. A calendar of these documents from Henry III. to 
Richard III. has been printed, and in the Record Office is a 
modern alphabetical calendar of names of those inquisitions of 
which copies were sent to the Court of Wards. The proceed- 
ings are in Latin, or what passes for such. 

The Inquisitions for the Duchy of Lancaster number over 
3,000, a printed calendar of which was issued by the Record 
Commission. Those for the Stuart period are published in the 
third volume of the Record Society. Other local indexes and 
calendars have been printed ; for Cheshire in the Twenty-third 
Report of the Deputy-Keeper; for Yorkshire, Norfolk, and 
Leicestershire in the proceedings of their respective archaeological 
societies; and for Durham in the Thirtieth Report of the Dep- 
uty-Keeper. Those for Middlesex and Gloucester, in part, are 
in the Index Library. Sims gives a list of extracts and copies 
preserved in public libraries. The Fine Rolls should be exam- 
ined in connection with the Inquisitions as many instances of 
freeing lands from dower, proof of marriage, and heirs are there 
recorded. There are many other series of " Rolls," which, 
when approached with some knowledge of their contents, will be 
useful. These the searcher will become acquainted with through 
the work of Sims, or other works recommended above. 

Feet of Fines. The two great series of records easily acces- 



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212 . FEET OF FINES. 

sible, easily mastered, and replete with information, are the 
"Feet of Fines " * and the " Lay Subsidies." The former art- 
the record of a fictitious judicial action taken by the purchaser to 
strengthen the title of the land bought. A full account of their 
nature and the evolution of this peculiar process is found in vol. 
iii. of the Record Society's publications, and in vol. vi. of the 
Genealogist. 

For the period from 7th, Richard I. to i6th, John, the Feet 
of Fines have been printed by the Record Commission, and those 
for the counties of Norfolk, Kent, Derbyshire, and Yorkshire, 
have been made accessible to a considerable extent by published | 

indexes or transcripts, also those for Wiltshire, Worcestershire, I 

Gloucestershire, London, and Middlesex in part. The usuii'. I 

information to be obtained from the Feet of Fines is the name of I 

the freeholder levying the fine, that of his wife, and perhaps that I 

of his eldest son, situation and quantity of estate. Sometimes \i\ 
ancient fines ancestors are named, and the signatures of both 
parties appear. Facts regarding marriage and issue are thLJ> 
obtained. 

The early Feet of P^ines are written in a fine hand on piece< t 

of parchment as long as, but narrower than, one's hand and | 

indented at the top. These are arranged in packages of abov:t | 

twenty-five each, and much patience is required to decipher rhc d 

originals and to locate the fine desired. In this connection refer- | 

ence to Lansdowne Mss. 306, 307, 308, at the British Museuir. | 

will afford help. As the record is in contracted Latin it wou':.^ I 

be well for a novice to refer to pages 36 and 37 of Mr. Ryc'> | 

" Record Searching "f where will be found examples in the 
original and extended as they would be if translated. 

* "Records and Record Searching" by Rye will be found particularly u^ef 
for hints regarding this series of records. The earlier "fines" did not r-'.v 
exclusively to land. 

t Reference is to the first edition, A second and enlarged edition has app-^'''- • 
lately. 



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♦'RECOVERIES." 213 

The following points may well be borne in mind : The calen- 
dars to the fines in the " Round Room " form forty-five volumes ; 
they are from the first year of Henr)' VIII., and are arranged by 
terms and counties. If a fine relates to more than one county it 
will be found in the beginning of the term ; if to land within a 
city, under the separate heading Civitas between Cantebr. and Cor- 
nub.; and if in a town under Filla^ between Suth. and Warr. 
If relating to London, under that head not under Middlesex. 

As these volumes are but unreliable helps to the series, it will 
be well to study Rye thoroughly, as well as Scargill- Birds' work. 
In the former will be found a list of the counties mentioned in 
the fines, with an account of what has been done toward printing 
indexes and calendars to the entries for those counties, which 
may be found on page 40. It may be said here, that a few 
minutes' careful study of what Mr. Rye has written will save 
many days of weary work. 

In the proceedings, the " deforciant," or defendant, admitted 
the right of the plaintiff purchaser, or " querant," to the prop- 
erty supposed to be in dispute. 

The record is complete from 1 191-92 to 1835. Associated 
with the " p'ines " are the " Recoveries," a series of records of 
cases where a similar suit was instituted, but instead of ending in 
a compromise was carried to a conclusion, the end sought being 
the same. This series does not begin as early as the former, but 
the custom was eiTectively established in 1473. ^ description of 
records * wherein private deeds and indentures were enrolled for 
"safe keeping" will be found on page 137 of Phillimore's "How 
to Write the History of a Family." The custom of providing 
against loss of the title deed by such means was more widely 

* For time of Edward III. see Agardes' Indexes, vols, xviii., xxxviii.; 1390-1595 
see Doggett Rolls; 1595-164S special Remembrance Rolls; 1648-1655 Doggett 
Rolls; 1555-1836 in the Common Pleas and entered in the "Deed Index." 
Thousands of original deeds not enrolled are preserved in the Public Record 
Office. 



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2U STUART RISINGS. 

spread than is commonly known. A calendar of Ancient Deeds 
in the Public Record Office is in course of publication. 

Rebellions of 171 5 and 1745. 

There are over 100 volumes of records of the Court of Com> 
missions regarding estates forfeited and containing references to 
many deeds. See the Report of the Keeper for 1837, page 706. 
For a calendar of names see Thomas, pages 382-389. In all, 
there are 7471 volumes and bundles, an index to the calendars of 
vi'hich may be found on pages 97-130 of the Fifth Report. 

The "Lay Subsidies," "Hearth Tax," Manor Court 

Rolls. 

The " Hearth Tax," levied from 14 Charles U. to i William 
and Mary, indicates the social position of the householder, as it 
specifies the number of hearths for which he was taxed. These 
are found among the Lay Subsidy Rolls which begin at an early 
period. The names of the principal inhabitants and many others 
of every parish are recorded, together with the amount at which 
they were taxed either in lands or goods. The rolls are arranged 
under Counties and Hundreds, and by reference to the Calendars 
on the shelves of the Search Room, if the Hundred is known, no 
difficulty will be met in obtaining lists of the inhabitants of anv 
place for a long series of years, as the subsidies were levied fre- 
quently enough to preserve the chain of family names. It fre- 
quently happens, however, that no returns for certain districts are 
on file, or that the roll is too mutilated to be of service. 

A series of records now but slightly available, but destined to 
be better known, are those relating to removals from one countv 
to another of men, who havmg been assessed and having paid 
their subsidy, take certificates from the collector for their pro- 
tection. 









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MANORIAL RECORDS. 215 

Manorial Records. The Manorial Court Rolls * deposited 
in the Office arc such as pertain to lands which have fallen to the 
Crown in some way or another and are frequently of great ser- 
vice in a search. Such records may be hidden by some title not 
at all suggestive of their existence. There is a printed Calendar 
and Index. 

The Manorial Court Rolls constitute the Court-Leet, the 
Court Baron and View of Frankpledge ; and they record not only 
the policing of the manor but also the changes of tenancy, terms 
of tenancy, and other information, frequently enrolled deeds. 
As it is seldom that Manorial Records in private hands are 
accessible, it is a fortunate circumstance if a family resided upon 
Crown lands, both for the reason of the probable existence of such 
Manorial Records and on account of the Inquisitions. 

Royalists. Another series of records, fully indexed and, in 
part, in process of publication, are the Royalist Composition 
Papers, which contain information concerning the Royalists of 
the time of the Civil War, who were obliged to offer "composi- 
tion " for their estates. An Index has been published by the 
Index Society. 

The Recusant Rolls contain the names of persons declining 
to attend the Church Service, and date from the time of Eliza- 
beth. 

State Papers. The "State Papers" are a series of original 
papers pertaining to every subject imaginable, not, as one might 
suppose, entirely to weighty matters of government. 

The published calendars give a clew as to the contents of 
every paper, but it is by no means safe to be guided solely by 



* Several manorial court rolls have been printed which will enable any one to 
judge of the value of these carefully guarded records, as for instance the Court- 
Leet Rolls of the Manor of Manchester in the XVth century, printed by the 
Chatham Society in 1864-5. Those for the Manor of Wimbleton for ist Edward 
IV. were printed in 1866, and the advantage of an English translation facing the 
Latin entries is added. 



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216 EMIGRANTS. 

what the editor thought fit to note as the salient points of some 
of the minor papers. The State Papers consist of Foreign and 
Domestic series, and it is the latter particularly, together with the 
papers relating to Colonial matters, with which an American will 
concern himself. The series as calendared begin with Henry 
VIII. 

Emigrants. The names of mariners and commissions of 
letters of marque, a convenient cover for piracy, will be found in 
the state papers, together with many interesting details regarding the 
shipping of the period. Lists of passengers to America frequently 
occur, as well as Information as to the practices of nonconform- 
ists, their meetings and movements. 

It is a difficult matter to designate the records likely to yield 
the best results to an American investigator who may be limited 
in his time, but It is safe to say that the Close Rolls, the Lay 
Subsidies, Feet of Fines, Chancery Records, and the State Papers, 
together with as able an investigation of the Manorial Court Rolls 
as their condition will justify, will well repay the time spent and 
will result in an accumulation of notes upon which future inves- 
tigations may be based. 

Undated Records. As many deeds, charters, etc., are 
undated, an approximate date may be supplied from names meji- 
tioned in the document. For this purpose the " Historical 
Notes" by F. S. Thomas, published in three volumes in 1856, 
will be found useful. 

College of Arms. 

Mention has already been made of the College of Arms, and 
the series of Visitations. As a somewhat vague knowledge of 
this institution exists in the minds of many Americans, a slight 
notice of the Heralds College, as it is often, termed may no: 
come amiss. 

The College of Arms was incorporated in 1483 and is »n 






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COLLEGE OF ARMS. 217 

Queen Victoria Street, London. The officials consist of the 
Earl Marshall, three kings at arms, six hernlds, and four pursui- 
vants, of whom certain duties are required upon state occasions. 
Grants of Arms. An English subject of suitable station may 
take out a grant of arms which is always distinct from any coat 
in use. The expense is nearly 3400. British subjects resident 
in Scotland and Ireland have their own proper officers of arms at 
Dublin and Edinburg. Pedigrees may be recorded at the College 
of Arms upon payment of fees which depend upon the amount 
of labor required to verify the statements therein made, and the 
registry fee. In this manner the series of visitation pedigrees has 
been added to, but the Visitations proper ceased with that of 
1687. 

Visitations — Disclaimers. A list of the Visitations is given 
in the appendix, together with information regarding such as have 
been printed. 

The Harleian Society has published by far the greater number 
of Visitations and the prefaces have frequently much valuable 
and original information concerning the particular Visitation in 
hand, while in vol. xxviii. in which the Visitation of Shropshire for 
1623 is printed will be found an excellent account of the nature 
of the Visitations. 

A feature of the Visitations was the record of Disclaimers 
made at the time. These consisted of the names of persons 
summoned to appear before the officers and unable to prove their 
right to bear arms. It would appear that the list of persons to be 
summoned was frequently made out without any reference to the 
actual fact of the use of arms by the individual summoned, but 
simply by summoning all persons of standing or wealth in the 
county. In this way much injustice was done. When sum- 
moned the person had to prove his right to bear arms, or be dis- 
claimed, which consisted in being named in a proclamation pub- 
lished at the market town. The heralds were able to omit the 
names of those unjustly summoned, and presumably they fre- 



'Vi 






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218 VISITATIONS. 

quently did so, but It would appear that such favors were fre- 
quently the result of money payments. Perhaps the method had 
the result of forcing some persons to ask for a grant. It was 
such high-handed procedure that caused the Visitations to become 
unpopular. It is likely, however, that the larger portion of per- 
sons disclaimed were unable to prove their right to arms assumed. 
Undoubtedly the desire to use coat armor led to many abuses, 
which the heralds attempted to set right. There can be no dis- 
grace attached to the naming of one family in the lists of dis- 
claimers when the facts are understood. By reference to the 
Herald and Genealogist, vol. ii., the nature of the proof required 
by the Heralds at their Visitations may be inferred. 

A list of the classes of documents preserved in the College 
will be found in the First Report of the Record Commission of 
1808, under Appendix C. It appears that besides the Visitation 
records, the collection consists of privately recorded pedigrees, 
pedigrees of peers and baronets with their arms, funeral certifi- 
cates, being accounts of the burials, marriages, and issue of per- 
sons whose funerals were attended by the heralds and which are 
of the same period as the Visitations, and various records pertain- 
ing to the Royal family and the various orders of knighthood, 
also lists of knights, and various records pertaining to change of 
name, royal licenses of various sorts, etc. There are in addition 
many copies of manuscripts and collections of data of genealogi- 
cal nature and a fine genealogical library of printed books. 

There are said to be over 3,000 manuscript volumes in the 
library of the College of Arms. As fees are exacted for search 
there, it is well to use the British Museum as far as practicable 
since many of the manuscripts exist In duplicate and frequently 
the originals are In the Museum. 

Civic Records. Civic Records, especially those of Boroughs, 
are usually of considerable antiquity. Reports upon the records 
of about fifty boroughs have been printed by the Historical 
Manuscript Commission. The rolls of freemen often begin a: 



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CIVIC RECORDS. 219 

an early date and frequently show how the admission was 
obtained, whether by inheritance or through an apprenticeship. 
The records of the Borough Court are in many respects similar 
to the records of our early county courts and abound with per- 
sonal information. In that court, too, many deeds and some- 
times wills were enrolled. The student should refer to " Town 
Life in the Fifteenth Century," by Mrs. J. R. Green, a work 
published by A4acmillan Sc Co., in 1894, for information as to 
what may be expected from town or borough records. 

Many of the corporations have printed their early records in 
whole or part, and the good work is increasing. 

A calendar of the Freemen of Norwich, from 1317 to 1603, 
has been issued by Mr. Walter Rye. 

Guild Records. Another series of records which come 
under the classification of Civic Records are the Guild Records 
which are of more than usual value to Americans, but which are 
not always easily accessible.* 

These guilds! or fraternities were societies or associations of. 
persons in the same town, profession, or class, confederated to- 
gether for a common purpose of trade, charity, or religion. They 
were corporations ajid had unusual privileges, and in the cities and 
larger towns became all powerful. An Interesting sketch of 
their rise and development is found in Mr. PVeeman's book 
above quoted. Their registers often contain valuable data. The 
principal city companies In London each have their registers. 
The principal city companies in London are the Mercers, Grocers, 
Drapers, Fishmongers, Goldsmiths, Tinners, Merchant Tailors, 
Haberdashers, Salters, Ironmongers, VInters, Clothworkers. 
There are between sixty and seventy others. A4embershlp in 



* Application should be made to the clerk. 

t See "On the History and Development of Guilds and the Origin of Trade 
Unions," by Brentano. (Translated.) 






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220 BISHOPS' REGISTEllS. 

these companies is sought by persons who wish to become free- 
men of the City of London. 

Bishops' Registers. A source of information not to be 
overlooked is that of the Bishops' registers which are found in all 
Sees, commencing usually at a very early date and showing the 
institution of the clergy, with dates and other particulars. Some 
progress has been made toward preserving portions of certain 
registers in print.* 

The Bishops' certificates preserved in the Public Record Office 
will answer the purpose of Americans not desiring to anticipate 
the Reformation. See " Institution Books " covering 1556- 
l836.t These records give the name of the patron, the living, 
and date of institution. Further details are obtainable from the 
originals, especially the memorandum slips, forwarded to the 
registrar as his authority for making up his record, which are in 
the care of ecclesiastical officials. The term " collated " is 
used for instituted, when it happens that the bishop of the diocese 
is patron of the benefice. These entries are in Latin. The 
Parliamentary survey made in 1650 is at Lambeth Library. 

County Records. The recent publication, by the Middle- 
sex County Record Society, of the county records;]; of that shire 
has attracted attention to that class of records. It is said that 
few are accessible and that few antedate Elizabeth. The Histor- 
ical Manuscript Commission has reported upon those of Essex, 
York, and Somerset. Leicestershire and Derbyshire records are 

* Episcopal registers of Exeter, 1 257-1419, by Rev, Prebendary Randolph. 

Fasti Ecclesiae Sansburiensis, Rev. W. H. Jones. 

Register of Bishop Drokensford, of Wells, Somerset Record Society. 

Index Ecclesiasticus, by Foster. 

Institutions for Winchester. Genealogist, vols, vii., viii. 

Institutiones Clericorum, by Sir Thomas Phillips. 

tSee "Sufferir.gs of the Clergy" by Walker, and "Ejected Ministers" by 
Calamy for the loyal and nonconformist clergy respectively who were ousted from 
their livings in the XVIIth century. 

tin the care of the Clerk of the Peace. 



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CADE'S REBELLION. * 221 

accessible, and Devonshire " Quarter Sessions from Queen 
Elizabeth to Queen Anne *' were printed by A. H. Haniilton. 

In the British Museum will be found some lists of freeholders 
and other local or county lists, as recruits for the army in the 
Civil war, etc., etc. 

Cade's Rebellion. In the Kent Archaeological Society pub- 
lications, will be found long lists of those who in 1450 were 
under arms with Jack Cade and marched to London. These 
are taken from the pardons found in the Patent Rolls of 28th 
Henry VI. 

The Norfolk subsidy rolls for the Hundred of North Esping- 
ham have been printed and those for Wiltshire in 13 13, while 
many extracts from the Gloucestershire subsidies appear in Big- 
land's Collections. The Oxford Historical Society has printed 
S4ibsidies for 1380, 1524, and 1665 for that citv. 

Information concerning the army must be sought in public 
libraries, at the British Museum, at the Public Record Office, 
and in such printed lists as have appeared. 

Army Rolls. There are muster books of the time of Henry 
III. and there are thirty-four volumes of musters in the reign of 
Henry VIII. at the Record Office. The muster rolls formerly 
at the War Office, now deposited at the Record Office, begin with 
1760. Lists of officers were printed as early as 1708 in Cham- 
berlayne's " Angliae Notitia." The official army list begins with 
1754.* The work of Mr. Charles Dalton, entitled "English 
Army List and Commission Registers " 168 i-i 7 14, will supply 
most of the accessible information. Vol. IV. of English Army 
Lists (1694- 1 802) was published by The Record Commission in 
1898. For the Civil War in 1642, see "Army lists of Cavaliers 
and Roundheads," by Edward Peacock. A list of army officers 
serving in America from 1 754-1 774 appeared in the New Eng- 



♦ A complete set is in the Astor Library, New York. 



(St 

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222 • ARMY AND NAVY RECORDS. 



■ 

land Historical Genealogical Register for 1894, and it has the 
advantage of an alphabetical arrangement. 

Naval Records. The first " Navy List " was issued in 1772; 
but lists of naval officers from an early date are at the British 
Museum, especially for the time of Elizabeth. 

There have been many biographical collections of officers m 
the army and navy published from time to time, but there is little 
opportunity of procuring information relating to the minor grades 
or to enlisted men, until comparatively recent times. It should 
be borne in mind that the ships' crews and the regiments in the 
American stations were largely recruited from the colonies, and 
that many officers, especially in the navy, from the time of 
Cromwell, were of American birth. V. •- 

The Universities. The registers of the universities of 
Oxford and Cambridge afford valuable aid, especially when seek- 
ing information regarding members of the clergy. The matricu- 
lation registers for Oxford have been printed from 1500. See 
'' Alunmi Oxoniensis," by Joseph Foster. Several college regis- 
ters have also been printed. A list of the degrees conferred by 
Dublin University from 1595 is printed ; also see the publications 
concerning Glasgow and Edinburg Universities. 

Public Schools. All the great public schools of England 
have registers which resemble the University registers in their 
value to the genealogist. That of Christ's Hospital, London, 
commences in 1563. Those of Rugby from 1675 are in print. 
A list of the grammar schools whose records are likely to be of 
value are given by counties in Mr. Phillimore's Supplement, page 
349. Many titles of printed registers are also given, together 
with other information. 

Gravestones. Gravestones as we know them in America 
are rarely to be found in England prior to the middle of the 
eighteenth century. It is said that instances of seventeenth cen- 
tury stones occur in Gloucestershire. Monuments m the interior 
of churches are usually of an early date and relate to one or 



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GRAVESTONES. 223 

two prominent families, if in a county parish. In the London 
churches serious havoc was made by the great fire.* Beneath 
the church are interred the more prominent residents of the parish 
and oftentimes armorial insignia can be traced in the flag-stones. 
As a rule unless one is investigating the history of an important 
family little help is afforded by such memorials. A number of 
accounts of memorial brasses and heraldic ornaments have been 
printed and are easily accessible. 

Printed Pedigrees. The larger county histories will be 
found to contain not only pedigrees of the gentry but much 
miscellaneous information as to families and individuals, especially 
if concerned in any way with the church. There are also many 
family histories and collections of pedigrees of the gentry con- 
cerning which information is readily obtained by reference to 
bibliographies in print, of which the best is Dr. Marshall's " Gen- 
ealogists* Guide." 

* A list of inscriptions was printed in 1668, by Payne Fisher, and reprinted in 
1885, with additions, under the title of " Catalogue of the Tombs in the 
Churches of the City of London, 1666." This reprint contains a list of churches 
before and after the fire. By reference to Stone's Survey of London, arranged 
by churches, further details may be learned. 



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NOTES. 



John Kingsley of Milton. Will dated i6 Oct. 1695 ; proved 
12 Jan. 1698-99. 

Estate in Braintree and Milton. Wife, Abigail. Son-in-law 
William Hack and daughter Susanna Hack. Children, Abi- 
gail, Mary, John, Stephen, Samuel, Elizabeth, equal portions. 
Mass. Archives^ Vol. 17, 37. 

Thomas Holman of Milton, will dated 21 June, 1704; 
proved 14 Dec. 1704. Eldest son Thomas, daughter Patience, 
son, John, son Ebcnezer when 21, son Standfast Foster, maid 
servant Sarah Powcock, dau. Patience, dau. Ann, dau. (name 
illegible), and her two children, dau. Foster. My nine children. 
Lands in Eastern parts of N. E. Mass. Archives^ Vol. 17. 

171 7, 9 April, Martha Jackson late Frizell, now wife of 
Jona. Jackson, lately had a child. Fined. Middlesex Mass.^ 
Court Rcc. 

1709, 25 Oct., Elizabeth Cummings and her husband Sam- 
uel Ciimmings fined. Md. Mass. Court Record. 

Hatfield, 5 May 1705. John Spkague of Mendon, who 
hath been a soldier at Deerfield, confesses fornication with 
Mary Gillikin. 

Endorsed: "That he is released out of the service having 
procured a substitute, thus gone home to marry the mayde." 
Court records. 

224 



. .-: 2 I' O Vi 












EAMES VS. POLLY. 223 

Eames vs, Polly, 1695. John Eames demands a pistol of 
John Polly. From complaint it appears that Samuel Pollv 
had a brother John in Woburn ; that a pistol belongino: to John 
Eames was in the possession of his brother, Nathaniel Eames, 
when the soldiers came from Canada, in 1690. 

Nathaniel, son of Thomas Eames and Mary his wife, horn 
30 Dec, 1668. ( S^idbury Rec.) 

Anna Eames of Sherborne, of full age, testifies to being at 
the house of Samuel Polly, at Woburn, in July, 1691. Henry, 
Merry asked if I knew Nathaniel Eames, who is my uncle. 
Merry had a pistol of Eames which the latter pawned to him 
when he came ashore from Canada, for four shillings. Dated 
14 Jan., 1694-5. 

Joseph Rutter and John Jaques were in Canada with Nathan- 
iel Eames in 1690. Depositions of John Bateman and John 
Richardson; that in August, 1691, were on the sea in the ship 
America, merchant, Capt. Joseph Eldridg, on the way to Can- 
ada. There were with us Henry Merry and Nathaniel Eames 
and we saw Eames give pistol to Merry and said pistol wa^ to 
replace things stolen out of Merry's chest. Middlesex Court 
Rec. 

Proprietors OF Moxotomv Fields. Petition, 9 July, 1695 ; 
have of late years suffered much damage. Forty years since 
there was a gate set up about Charlestown line in the highway 
leading from Oburn to Charlestown and Cambridge, on the 
north side of the brook a little below Capt. Cooke's mill. It 
was kept up for many years for the security of the field, but of 
late years since William Cutter improved Cooke's the petitioners 
have suffered damage. Gate has been thrown off several times, 
etc. Signed by John Adams, Jr., (by mark), Jacob Chamber- 
lain, Joseph Adams, and others. Md. Mass. Coitrt. Papers^ 
September Session. 

The Old Plaxtp:rs' Society, in which membership is 
limited to descendants of proprietors, planters, civil or military 









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226 OLD PLANTERS' SOCIETY. 

officers of any New England plantation or colony prior to tlic 
trjinsfer of the charter in 1630, is organized for historical and 
genealogical research concerning the period prior to the arrival 
of Gov. Winthrop. Col. T. W. Higginson of Cambridge is 
president, Dr. F. A. Gardner of Salem, vice-president; Frank 
V. Wright, Esq., of Salem, treasurer, and Mr. Eben Putnam of 
Burlington, Vt., secretary and registrar. Mr. E. O. Skelton, 
44 Intervale St., Boston Highlands, is secretary of the Council. 
Applications for membership may be made through either Tslr. 
Skelton or Mr. Putnam. 

Members of the Society recently visited Salem, Mass. There 
is not a building remaining in that historic town which dates 
from a period as early as 1630. The address delivered by Col. 
Higginson at the spring meeting is in the hands of the printer 
and will be issued shortly. The Society numbers about fifty 
members. Proof of descent is required. 






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THE EARLIEST RECORDS OF ST. JAMES EPISCOPAL t 

CHURCH, GREAT BARRINGTON, flASSACHUSETTS. f 

By L. Hasbrouck von Sahler. ' ^ 

(Continued fr on page 1 8 J.) 



See page 152, Vol. IX., for an account of the towns constituting 
the parish. Great Harrington Records proper have been printed 
to 1794; the following entries are found in the records of 
St. James, but pertain solely to the places under which they are 
grouped. 

Sheffield, 1773. July 26. Hester, of John O'Bryan and 

Esther. 
Oct. 28. Rhoda, of Jacob Warn and Phenix. 
Oct. 28. Job, of Job Westover and Rachel. 
Oct. 28. John and Philip, of James Lindsey and Abigal. 

1775. May 13. Islary, of John O'Bryan and Esther. • 
May 16. Buried, Hester, dr. of John O'Brian and Ester. 
May 18. Buried, Mary, dr. of John O'Bryan and Esther. 

1776. May 2. Elisha, of Job Westover and Rachel. 
Ann and Mary, of Jacob Warn and Phenix. 

Elijah, Anne, Lavina, ch. of Noah Westover and Anne. 

1777. Feb. I. Elisabeth, of John O'Bryan and Esther. 

1786. July 6. Buried, John Westover. 

Dec. 21. INIarried, Richard Roseboom and Rhoda Dowing. 

1789. Aug. 12. Buried, a child of Zadock Lomis. 

227 






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228 GREAT BARRINGTON CHURCH RECORDS. 

1791. Oct. 28. Noah, Rhoda, Luther, Calvin, ch. of Job 
Westover and R.achel. 

Bennone, Sarah, Jonathan, Silas, Rhoda, ch. of Jacob Warn 

and Phenix. 
Stephan, Mary, ch. of Sam* 11 Warn and Susanna. 
, , ch. of Bowen and Mary. 

1792. July 13. Buried, Mrs. Reed. 

Egremont, 1773. Aug. 23. Titus, of Moses Kellog and Mary. 
Zaccheus, of Asahel Joiner and Eunice. 
John, Lydia, ch. of Ezra Lomis and Elizabeth. 
Nancy, of Daniel IngersoU and Mary. 
Mary, of Sam'll Taylor and Mary. 
Stephan, of Daniel Read and Ann. 

Mary, John, Eleanor, Abigal, ch. of John Watson and Mary. 
Huldah, adopted dr. of Sam'll Younglove and Ann. 
Joshua, of Gideon Chubb and Ann. 

Mary, Lucy, Elizabeth, Jonathan, David, ch. of Preserved 
Noble and Abigal. 

1775. May 3. Judah Austin, an adult. 

Hepsaba, wife of John Darby. 

Stephan, of John Perrey and Gesie. 

Amasa, of Judah Austin and Eve. 

Jason, of Jason Bartlet and Asche. 

Huldah, of John Darby and Hepsaba. 

Sept. 27. Stephan, of Stephan Rogers and Doritha. 

Elizabeth, of John Morrison and Azuba. 

Wm. and Catherine, ch. of Andros Rose and Rebecca. 

John, of Francis Wolcot and Lydia. 

Andros, of John Rose and Lois. j 

Achsah, Rebecca, drs. of Philip Rose and Lois. i 

John Day, of Richard Vaughn and Eleanor. | 

Catherine, of George Messenger and Catherine. | 

Elizabeth, of Gidon Chubb and Anne. 

Asahel, of Asahel Joiner and Eunice. 

David, vStephan, Martha, Daniel, Solomon, Bennony. 

Dama, ch. of Joseph Vangilder and Molly. 


















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/ 

GREAT BARRINGTON CHURCH RECORDS. 229 7^ 

Sarah, of Elisabeth Van Gilder. 
Parnel, of Sam' 11 South and Anne. 
Mary, of Elijah Pixley and Charity. 
Thankful, of Wm. Goodrich and Temperance. 

1776. Aug. 2. Tamar, Lucy, Daniel, John, Reuben, Robert, 

Moses, ch. of Dan'll Granger and Hannah. 
Dolly, of Susannah, widow of John Watson. 

1779. Mar. 24. Buried, Fitie, the wife of Jacob Spoor. 

1780. June 29. Married, Abraham Burghardt and Fitie Rose. 

1782. June 19. Hannah, Molly, Isaac, Rhoda, ch. of Francis 
Burzee and Rosanna. 

Thomas, Elizabeth, Solomon, ch. of Michael Lomis and Mary. 

Salmon, Luman, ch. of Rober Joiner and Hannah. 

Dan'll, Rhoda, ch. of Ezra Lomis and Elisabeth. 

Samme, of Sam' 11 Younglove and Hannah. 

Abigal, Daniel, Eunice, Olive, ch. of Abigal Lomis and Mary. 

Abigal, Josiah, ch. of Josiah Lomis and Jane. 

Hannah, of John Warn and Luecrecia. 

Edward, Tabatha, Ruth, ch. of Bennaijah Lomis and Rachel. 

John, Elisabeth, Catherine, Thankful, ch. of Dan'll Lomis and 
Elisabeth. 

Absalom, Andrew, Elisabeth, Azariah, Ephraim, ch. of Josiah 
Winchel and oMagdalene. 

Sarah, Anne, Charles, ch. of Wm. Webb and Elisabeth. 

Eudoxy, Lucy, Molly, drs. of Cornelius Laman and Zillah. 

John, Clorinda, Rhoda, ch. of Andrew Lomis and Elisabeth. 

Irena, Ira, ch. of Gideon Chubb and Anne. 

Daniel, Elisabeth, Electa, ch. of George Messenger and Cath- 
erine. 

Chillup, Rachel, Charlotte, David, ch. Eliakim Winchel and 
Sarah. 

1783. Feb. 15. Elisabeth, of ISlichael Holenbeg and Elis- 
abeth. 

1785. Jan. 4. Married, John Houck and Catherine Holenbeg. 

1787. Oct. 4. Married, Jack Ned and Lydia Salter. 



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230 GREAT BARRINGTON CHURCH RECORDS. 

1789. Oct. 13. Gate, of Joshua Adams, Jr., and Rebecca. 
Tsarx, Abraham, Temperence, Jered, Charlotte, Charles, ch. 
of Phillip Rose and Lois. 

1790. Jan. 14. Married, Lourance Van Deusen and Chris- 
tina Holenbeg. 

Mar. 6. Buried, Sarah, dr. of John Spoor and Vashti. 
May 14. Buried, Jacob Spoor. 

1792. Apr. 18. Rebecca, Polly, twin drs. of John Holenbeg 

and Mary. 
Apr. 20. Buried, the above twins. 
June 14. Buried, Michael Holenbeg. 

Stockbridge, 1774. May 13. Buried, the Hon'ble Tim'o 

Woodbridge, Esq'r. 
May 16. Married, John Fowler and Ruth Whelpley. 
Sept. 29. Married, William Denton and Abigal Stoddard. 
Sept. 29. Levi, of Eliphalet Fowler and Thankful. 

1785. June I. Anne Towsey, an adult Squaw. 

1789. May 5. Buried, Joab Seely, son of John Seely. 

West Stockbridge, 1777. Oct. 9. Mary Ann, of Ezekiel 

Stone and Mary. Buried her the next day. 
Oct. 13. Married, Deodat Ingersol and Mary Stone. 

1779. Feb. 10. Timothy, of Jacob Fleming and Abigal. 

Stephan, of Justus Slocum and Abigal 

Sophia, of Susanna Minkler. 

Nov. 22. Berent, of Berent Minkler and Catharina. 

1 781. Mar. 17. Elisabeth, of John Burzee and Elisabeth. 
Agenech, of Hendrick Burzee and Rachel. 

Hendrick, of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 
William, of Festus Drake and Elisabeth. 

1782. May 21. Abi, an adult Squaw. 

1785. Apr. 14. Buried, Hendrick Burzee. 
Hendricus, of Hendrick Burzee and Rachel. 
Sarah, of Peter Burzee and Sarah. 
John, of John Burzee and Elisabeth. 









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GREAT HARRINGTON CHURCH RECORDS. 231 

Anne, of Christopher Burzee and Hannah. 

Peter, of Lambert Burghardt and Hannah. 

Elisabeth, of Hendrick Burghardt and Sabratus. 

George, of Coonradt Rosman and Susanna. ' \^ 

Lydia, of John Minkler, Fourth, and Elisabeth. 

Sarah, of Thos. Emery and Elisabeth. 

Anne, of Azor Curtis and Elisabeth. ,^l 

Ephraim, of Asa Fleming and Catherine. " sj; 

1786. Aug. 9. Abraham, of John Rose and Mary. 
Lydia, of Lambert Burghardt and Hannah. 
Christene, of Nicholas Burzee and Charity. 

Cate, of Peter Minkler and Nabby. 
John, of John Dykeman and Cate. 
Martin, of John Oldridge and Magdalene. 

1787. Aug. 23. Married, Erastus Ball and Sarah Seeley. 
Oct. 10. Joab, of Sam'll Smith and Sarah. 

1789. Apr. 23. Married, Squire Stone and Rebecca Johnson. , 

Dormon Johnson and Rachel Church. • 

1 79 1. Dec. 29. Buried, Andrew Rose. 
Andrew, of said Rose and Chirissa. 

1792. Jan. 4. Islarried, Peter Neels and Catherine Seeley. 
Erastus, of Erastus Ball and Sarah. 

Another, indecipherable. 

Feb. 21. Buried, Catherine, wife of Wm. O'Haro, and bp. 
their infant, Francis. 

Lenox, 1773. Sept. 19. Jonathan, of John Whitlock, Jr., 

and Eleonor. 
Daniel, of Dan' 11 Wilson and Sarah. 1 

Miriam, of Oliver Isbel and Sarah. . _^ 

1774. Jan. 30. Mary, of Jeremiah Wormer and Gesie. 

Abel, of Royce Hall and Lorain. 

May I. Anson, of Ezra Smith and Elizabeth. 

May 2. At a vestry meeting chose David Perrey, clerk ; John 

Whitlock, Eliphelet Fowler, church wardens ; Royce Hall, 

John Whitlock, Jr., chorasters. ; 



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232 GREAT BARRINGTON CHURCH RECORDS. 

July 31. Ebenezar Merwin, an adult. 

Eunice, of Miles Hall and Abigal. 

Sabra, of Simeon Smith and Rachel. 

Jane, of Titus Curtis and Hannah. 

Clarissa, of Elisha Martindale and Anner. 

Lydia, of James Keeler and Abigal. 

Sept. 3. Rebecca, of Thomas Rockwell and Ruth. 

1775. Feb. 12. Content Chamberlin, of Stephan Halliock 

and . 

July 9. Joseph, of Thomas McGraw and Ann. 
Salina, of John Fowler and Ruth. 

Rebecca, Esther, drs. of Robert Livingston and Mary. 
Lydia, of Charles Stone and Triphena. 

( To be continued.^ 



HIGGINS. 

Peter Goulding of Sudbury vs. Thomas Read, Jr., guardian of Mary Higgins, 
formerly of Boston, now of Sudbury, 1694. {^Middlesex Co. , Mass., Couri records.) 
Mary Eagins als. Higgins, dau. of -John, was apprenticed April, 16S3, in pres- 
ence of Thomas Read, Sr., and Thos. Kemble, by her mother Eliz'b. Higgins, 

(who afterward married Welden) to Thomas Read, Jr., of Sudbury till 

she reached eighteen years. Plea is that Read let Mary go three or four weeks 
before her time was out, in order to save paying her ;^5 due at end of term; also 
that he neglected her. Sarah Smith, Kt. 45, testifies: that Thos. Read, Jr., came 
into her house in Boston with Mary Higgins. There was present "his wife Ara- 
bella, my sister," who was set. 48. 

Elizabeth Welden, aet. 44, mother of Mary Higgins. 

Mary Higgins was nineteen the 3d June, last. 

Jury found £i, for the plaintiff. 



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LEONARD PARKHURST, GENT., HIS DAY BOOK ON 
MARCH TO SUPPRESS SHAY'S REBELLION. 

- |i 

Dunstable, 17 Januarle, 1787, we marched to Chelmsford. - \ I 

1 8th, marched to Lincoln. 

19th, marched to Westtown. 

20th, marched to Sudbury. I 

21 st, marched to Marlborough. 

22d, marched to Worcester. 

25th, marched to Westtron. 

26th, marched to Palmer. u, 

27th, marched to Springfield, West, 25 miles. x 

29th, marched to Hatfield, 25 miles. 

4th, marched to Petersham, 33 miles. 

7th, marched to Amhurst, 25 miles. 

8th, marched to Northhamtun, 8 miles. 

9th, marched to Chesterfield, 14 miles, 
loth, marched to Patercdgefield, 18 miles, 
nth, marched to Pitsfield, 8 miles. 
13th, marched to Tyringham, 20 miles. 
14th, marched to Sandersfield, 16 miles. 
22d, marched to Granville. 
23d, marched to Springfield. 
24th, marched to Spencer. 
25th, marched to Harvod. 
26th, marched to Dunstable. 

the of the month. 

233 






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FROn HANUSCRIPT RECORD KEPT BY ELIJAH BRIGQS 
OF BERKELEY, MA5S. 

Copied by R. L. Richmond. 



Deaths. 



Son of Col. Gid. Williams, Taunton, Oct. 12, 1792, JEt, 4 

years. 
Edward Winslow, Taunton, Oct. 30, 1792, ^t. S^ years. 
Christian Butler, widow, Dighton, Nov. 1792, y^t. 73 years. 
Rev. Sam. Davis, Pres. N. Jersey Coll., Feby. 4, 1761, JEt. 36 

years. 
Capt. Seth Talbutt of Dighton, died at Wilmington, N. C, Oct. 

1792, y^t. 51 years. 
Capt. John Williams of Dighton, died of Lockjaw, result of a 

wound received while cleaning gun, Dec. 7, 1792, y^t. 38 

years. 
James Harvey, Dec. 28, 1792, JEt. 92 years. 
Dan'l, son of Dea'n Isaac Tubbs, drovvned at Boston, Dec. 179-^1 

ALt. 22 years. 
Abiel Haskins, Jun'r, Jan. 13, 1793, ^t. 27 years. 
Anne Williams, widow, relict of the late lion. Benjamin Wil- 
liams, Esqr., of Taunton, Jan. 13, 1793, ^Et. 71 years. 
Abner Pitts of Taunton, Dec. 21, 1791. 
">Rob Miller of Freetown, Dec, 1791, ALt; 73 yrs. 
Miss Judith Borden of Freetown, Dec, 1791. 
Hon. Joseph Gushing of Scituate, Dec, 1791, yEt. 65 years. 
Col. Abiel Terry of Freetown, Jan. 18, 1792, ALt. 78 years. 
Lydia Shove, widow, of Dighton, Jany. 15, 1792, ALt. 82 years. 
Rev. Sam'l Tobey, Feb. 1781. 

234 






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VITAL RECORDS FROM BRIGGS' MANUSCRIPT. 235 

Capt. Seth Cram of Berkley, at Jamaica, W. I., Aug., 1765, 

j^t. 42 years. 
Asahel Hathaway, at Illspanola, Dec. 19, 1791, ^t. 25 years. 
Wife Rev. Levi Lankton, Oct. 8, 1791, ^t. 28 years. 
James Nichols, Jun., Mar. 31, 1792, ^t. 23 years. 
David Evans of Freetown, Apr. 6, 1792, y^t. 73 years. 
Widow of Isaac Brightman, Freetown, Apr. 6, 1792. 
Hannah Tinkham, Middleborough, Mar. 28, 1792, ^t. 98 years. 
Hon. Peter Oliver, died in England, Oct., 1791, ^t. 79 years. 
William Hatheway, Dighton, Apr. 22, 1792. 
Mrs. INIary Linkhom, Taunton, Apr., 1792, yEt. 62 years. 
Geo. Shove, Junior, Dighton, May 5, 1792, JEt. 25 years. 
Polly Myrick, May 8, 1792, ^t. 20 years. 
Hannah Cram, widow of Capt. John Cram, late of Berkley, 

May 1 791, ^t. 94 years. 
Wife of Seth Briggs at Putney, Vt., May, 1792, yEt. 76 years. 
Elkanah Tisdale of Taunton, Sept. i, 1792, ^t. 58 years. 
Mary Barney, widow, of Taunton, Aug. 20, 1792, yE!t. 94 years. 

She was mother of Capt. Job Smith's wife, and born Dec. 3, 

1698. 
Sophronia Linkhom, daughter of Dea. Isaac Tubbs of Taunton, 

Aug. 28. 1792, ALt. 23 years. 
Peres Hall, Taunton, Oct. 10, 1792, JEt. 43 years. 
Hannah Burt, widow, Nov. 17, 1792, yEt. 78 years. 
James Hervey, Dec. 31, 1792, ^^t. 92 years. 
W^ife of Benjamin Strowbridge of Middleboro, Feby. 6, 1792, 

y^t. 24 years. 
Wife of Abel Babbitt, Jun., of Berkley, Feby. 15, 1792. 
Polly Payne of Freetown, Feby. 24, i792,yEt. 22 years. 
Wife of Theo. Shove, Feby. 29, 1792. 
Sam Waldron of Dighton, Feby., 1791, ^Et. 34 years. 
Abr. Hatbeways, Feby. 17, 1792, yEt. 45 years. 
Major Richard Godfrey of Taunton, Mar. 13, 1792, ^t. 82 

years. 
Daughter of Capt. Elkanah Watson of Freetown, buried at 

Plymouth, Mar. 24, 1792, ^t. 26 years. 
Edw. Washburn of Middleborough, Mar. 28, 1 792, ^^t. 93 years. 
Wife of Edward Paull of Taunton, Apr. 5, 1792, yEt. 38 years. 






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236 VITAL RECORDS FROM BRIGGS' MANUSCRIPT. 

Wife Mathew Wright of Freetown, Feby., 1792, JEt. 82 years. 

Phebe Smith of Taunton, May 10, 1792. 

John Briggs, Mar. 19, 1764, ^t. 93 years. 

Mrs. Haskins of Taunton, Aug. 18, 1792, yEt. 83 years. 

Deacon Wiles of Taunton, Aug., 1792, yEt. 75 years. 

Abiel, son of Lot Strange of Freetown, Aug. 31, 1792, ^t. 4 

years. 
Widow Lydia Weaver of Freetown, Sept. 29, 1792, yEt. 92 

years. 

Intentions of Marriage. 

Apr. 22, 1792, David Strange to Tabitha Briggs. 

July 15, 1792, Nehemiah Newell to Hannah Covel. 

Aug. 5, 1792, Eliezer Phillips to Luscombe. 

Aug. 19, 1792, Peter Hathaway to Betsy Briggs of Dighton. 

Aug. 19, 1792, Elijah Smith of Egg Harbour, N. Y., to Lucy 
Briggs. 

Aug. 26, 1792, Abiather Crane to Sarah Wood of Middleboro. 

Sept. 2, 1792, Abijah Babbit to Marvel of Dighton. 

Sept. 9, 1792, Job Briggs to Lydia Briggs. 

Sept. 16, 1792, Joshua Hatch to Irainy Cram of Berkley. 

Dec. 9, 1792, Lois Edmister, pub. to Nathan Reed of Middle- 
borough. 

Dec. 9, 1792, George Briggs, pub. to Hannah Payne of Free- 



town. 



Marriages. 



Feb. 7, 1792, Lieut. Enos. Burt to Hannah, daughter of Capt. 
Jacob Haskins of Taunton. 

Feby. 8, 1792, Job Deane to Rachel Hersey, widow, of Berk- 
ley. 

June 21, 1792, Samuel Paull to Tisdale. 

Sept. 2, 1792, Elijah Smith of Egg Harbour to Lucy Briggs of 
Berkley. 

Sept. 20, 1792, by Sam Tobey, Esq., David Strange of Free- 
town to Tabitha Briggs, 2d. 

Oct. 16,1792, Abiather Crane to . 

Dec. 25, 1792, Nathan Reed to Lois Edmister. 






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VITAL RECORDS FROM BRIGGS' MANUSCRIPT. 237 

Births. 
Widow Sarah Bliss, Dighton, June, 1693. 
Christian Brantford, or Blantford, June, 1720. 
Capt. Jacob Haskins, June, 1736. 

Rev. Sam. Davis, Pres. New Jersey Colledge, Nov. 3, 1726. 
Miriam Tabbs, widow, Mar., 1726. 
Mary (Hathaway) Stevens, sister Col. Jn'o Hatheway, Mar., 

1726. 
Son of Nath'l Tobey, Aug. i, 1790, 
Job Anthony, Apr. 4, 1714, O. S. 
Appolos Tobey, son of Sam Tobey, Aug., 1770. 
Henry Haskins of Taunton, Dec. 23, 1712. 
Daughter of Ebenezer Myrick, Dec. iS, 1791. 
Wife Samuel Tobey, Apr. 6, 1746. 
Lieut. Abner Babbitt, May, 1746. 
Abner Pitts, May, 1746. 
Elder Ebenezer Crane, Nov., 1720. 
Col. John Hathaway, Aug., 1724. 
Lieut. Ebenezer Paull, ^lay, 1742. 
Sarah Tew, widow, of Dighton, Dec. 20, 1699. 
Asa Shove of Dighton, June, 1741. 
Lot Hathaway of Freetown, June, 1732. 
Simeon Borden of Freetown, Jime 2, 1759. 
Perry Borden of Freetown, Mar. 23, 1761. 
Judith Borden of Freetown, May 25, 1756. 
Moses Nichols, Nov. 23, 1725. 
Silas Tobey, son of Sam Tobey, Mar., 17S7. 
Capt. Ebenezer Richmond of Vermont, Jany. 27, 1738. 
John PauU, Nov. 25, 1716, O. S. 
Rev. Sam'l Tobey, May, 17 15. 
Ebenezer Crane, Jun., March, 1753. 
Gershour Crane, son of Ebenezer, Jr., Aug. 28, 1788. 
Wife Henry Haskins, March, 171 1. 
Avery Winslovv, Apr. i, 1735. 
Wife Edw. Paull, Mar. 3, 1754. 
Asahel Hatheway of Berkley, Nov. 26, 1766. 
Samuel Gilbert Chace, Feb. 16, 1781. 
Phebe (Walker) French, widow, Berkley, Sept., 1713. 



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238 VITAL RECORDS FROM BRIGGS' MANUSCRIPT. 

John Briggs at Needles, ^lay 20, 1720. 

Anna Briggs, May 20, 1720. 

John Evans of Freetown, Oct. 16, 1707. 

Abner Winslow of Freetown, June, 1732. 

Mary Barney, widow, of Taunton, Dec. 3, 1698. 

Brig. Gen. James Williams of Taunton, July, 1741, N. S. 

Abiel Attwood, Berkley, Jan. 2, 1727, O. S. 

Ziphaniah Crane, Berkley, Jany. 2, 1727, O. S. 

Widow Freelove French, May, 1722. 

Abigail, daughter of Rev. Thos. Andross, Sept. 29, 17S9. 

Charles Chace of Freetown, July, 1720. 

Jonathan, son of Col. Jno. Hathaway, Jany. 26, 1772. 

David Strange of Freetown, Aug. 24, 1770. 

Abraham Pierce of Taunton, Oct. 24, 1742, O. S. 

Ephraim Briggs, son of Elijah, June 30, 1756. 

Rhoda (Whitcomb) Briggs, wife of Ephraim, July 22, 1760. 

Benjamin, son of Ephraim and Rhoda Briggs, July 6, 1780. 

Ephraim, son of Ephraim and Rhoda Briggs, Dec. 21, 1782. 

Asa, son of Ephraim and Rhoda Briggs, Jany. iS, 1785. 

Joanna, dau. of Ephraim and Rhoda Briggs, Mar. 13, 17S7. 

Edmund I^Iyrick, Oct. 3, 1771. 

Jacob Briggs, Sept. 13, 1707, O. S. 

Benedick Andross, son Rev. Thos. Andross, Oct. 7? ^79^' 






X-nX T 






50ME REriARKS ON FAMILY TRADITIONS AND 
FAMILY ORIGINS. 



In pedigree building the sources of information are numerous 
and will readily suggest themselves to one as he progresses in his 
work. The data at hand and in the possession of relatives is the 
first resource of the amateur. 

Family records rarely exceed a meagre Bible record and per- 
haps a manuscript account of the family, more or less skillfully 
drawn up, and only to be depended upon for such facts as the 
narrator had personal knowledge of, or had learned first hand 
from one of his elders. 

It is not uncommon to find traces of a pedigree which can be 
followed to a date coeval with the family migration, or was writ- 
ten by some of the survivors of the migration, or under their 
instruction. According to the custom of many of our colonies, 
a nearly equal division was made of personal property and no 
especial regard was paid to keeping family papers in one line, or 
in the possession of the son or child inheriting the homestead. It 
is evident that the one who happened to be the most interested 
in such matters would take what he cared for, and the others 
would claim what they desired. Thus the family deeds, and 
other valuable papers became scattered. The fact that our sys- 
tem of record of land sales did not render it a necessity to pre- 
serve title deeds, doubtless accounts in some measure for the 
slight regard in which other family papers were held. The law 
of primogeniture and entail existed in a few of the colonies. 

In some places it was the younger son who remained with his 
parents in their old age, and had the homestead, while the elder 

239 






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240 TRADITIONS IN GENEALOGY. 

sons and daughters had their shares as they married and settled, 
perhaps on parts of the home farm and perhaps in remote and 
newer settlements. 

By careful search the investigator will find in many cases that 
ancient family papers can be recovered, and their testimony should 
be carefully considered and tested. 

Care should be taken to interview the elders of a family or 
community regarding the life and appearance of people, persons 
whom they remember, though long since dead. Aged persons 
frequently recall remote relationships, thus opening the way to 
interesting discoveries, and enabling the compiler to locate families 
in proper sequence of descent. During the periods of extensive 
migration many young people left the older settlement before 
learning the facts regarding kinship and ancestry which gradually 
become fixed in the minds of persons long resident in one locality. 
Such emigrants rarely improved the few opportunities afforded them 
for obtaining the genealogical information their descendants now 
so eagerly seek. The death of parents and other relatives in the 
East, and increasing family and local cares, caused early mem- 
ories to grow dim and family traditions were no longer passed 
from sire to son. A separation of two or three generations from 
the old home was usually sufficient, among the numerous and 
active descendants of the hardy pioneers, to nearly if not quite 
obliterate all knowledge of their ancestors. Yet there may linger 
in the memory of the oldest inhabitant of the old home stray bits 
of knowledge as to the emigration of remote kin. 

The information obtained may locate the emigrant at some 
temporary stopping place, or at a town which, in the early days, 
was a centre for settlements many miles distant. The abandoned 
name of a township may be the only clew. 

Bundles of old and long-since forgotten letters, old diaries, 
annotated almanacs, and even business accounts and letters, 
sometimes furnish insight regarding the genealogy of a group of 
families. Such material is most valuable in furnishing informa- 
tion regarding the daily life and position in society of the writers 



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TRADITIONS IN GENEALOGY. 241 

and their relatives. Diaries accumulate in the care of societies, 
sectarian as well as historical, and valuable confirmatory evidence 
is often gleaned from such records. The diaiy of Judge Sevi^all, 
for the seventeenth and early part of the eighteenth century, is a 
shining example of what a diarist can do for posterity. 

Letter books are another fruitful source of information. 
Orderly books and diaries of soldiers are excellent authorities 
by which to establish records of service. 

Births, marriages, deaths, arrivals and sailings from port of 
vessels, and names of commanders, calls of parishes for pastors, 
ordinations, accounts of aged persons, local gossip, and advertise- 
ments, recorded in town and county papers of a generation 
or more ago, will prove to be of the utmost value. Files of 
many of the older papers are to be found in the possession of 
local, historical, and state libraries. 

The fly leaves of devotional books, old school books, or, indeed, 
of any book, may contain items of importance to the genealogist. 

The finding of an old book, with a former owner's name and 
the words " bought in Dublin " afforded the means by which 
two families settled in widely distant parts of the United States, 
were proven to be of kin and of a descent entirely different from 
that accorded in a tradition current in one of them. 

Such instances might be multiplied. The apparently most 
trivial items become at times the most valuable confirmatory evi- 
dence. 

Samplars are a source of information, for the girl who worked 

fpne very likely recorded her name, age, and residence. Possession 

of a piece of china said to have belonged to some person with 

whom the actual connection has been forgotten, suggests the 

probability of descent. 

Traditions, which always have a basis of some sort, should be 
carefully analyzed. Frequently it will be found that the tradition 
is mainly correct as to events but that the name of the family has 
been changed, that of one ancestral family being confounded with 
others. 









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242 TRADITIONS IN GENEALOGY. 

Many a tradition to the effect that the founder of the family 
was kidnapped in his youth and brought to America, has arisen 
from the custom by which young men were indentured abroad 
by parents or guardians to some energetic emigrant or planter. 
In consideration of his passage being paid, he was bound to 
serve for a term of years, receiving in return, if quite youthful, 
his support and a decent education, and at the end of his term 
of service a slight compensation. 

In some portions of the country it was at one period possible 
to dispose of kidnapped children and adults to planters. At the 
best it was only in the southern colonies that any advantage 
could be derived from such a trade, and the planters were gen- 
erally adverse to receiving such persons. 

Early court records show that in some cases a sum of money 
was paid by the guardians of the youth so indentured to the mas- 
ter, in consideration of his taking them as servants. 

In early days this term conferred no dishonor or indignity. A 
farm hand was a servant, so was an apprentice. The servants 
of the master were not infrequently his near relatives. They 
were a part of his family, and in New England he was held 
strictly accountable for their welfare. 

The most common form of family tradition and most fervently 
believed in, attributes the derivation of all persons of the same 
surname from three brothers. In nine cases out of ten this 
is incorrect, but the. early settlers were frequently accompanied 
or closely followed by brothers and other relatives. Another 
form which is rarely truth is that an ancestor came from 
Wales. There were many Welsh settlers in Pennsylvania and 
adjoining territory, but, outside of families originating in these 
sections, such a tradition may be considered as the fancy of some 
late generation or a grafting from some ancestral or collateral 
stock. 



English Homes of Immigrants. It would seem that the 
settlers of New England prior to the Scotch-Irish and Irish 



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TRADITIONS IN GENEALOGY. 243 

if-' 

migration, were chiefly from the following counties of England, *■ 

and, perhaps, in point of numbers, in somewhat the order 
named : Kent, Essex, Middlesex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Devonshire, 
Hampshire, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire, Lincoln ; or, 
indeed, all southeastern England with liberal additions from Som- 
ersetshire, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and the Midland counties. 

Gloucestershire certainly contributed many settlers for Virginia. 
The coast of Maine certainly procured many of its settlers from 
the southwestern coast of England. 

Scotch-Irish. The Scotch-Irish^ came from northern Ire- 
land. Not a few Protestant settlers from the eastern and south- 
ern counties sought refuge in America. These were mainly of 
English ancestry. There was probably very little Irish blood in 
America until late years, except what was brought in by inter- 
marriage with the above mentioned classes. In the cases of 
families originating in the Carolinas care should be taken to 
separate the claims of descent from Scottish and Scotch-Irish 
settlers. 

Too much reliance should not be placed upon a tradition 
stating that the emigrant fled from the field, Culloden to America. 
It is true that a great many of the Stuart partisans fled to the 
Southern Colonies, and that a still larger number were easily 
interested by the proprietors in the settlement of those places, 
and were eagerly accepted as settlers. But those actually engaged 
in hostilities against the House of Hanover were far too few to 



*The term Scotcli-Irish has been objected to by some Irish historians. It is 
a perfectly proper designation, for such as came from the Scotch settlements in 
Ireland were neither properly Irish nor Scotch, having the blood of both peoples 
but with Scotch customs and traditions. They were Presbyterians and different 
in many respects from both the native Irish and the English in Ireland. The 
terra Scotch-Irish was used by emigrants, as old people of the race who well 
remember children of the emigants aver, and it has become a fixture in American 
nomenclature. The term probably originated from the habit of calling the 
Presbyterian inhabitants of Ireland Scotch-Irish from the fact of their being of 
the established church of Scotland, and not from their recognized Scottish descent. 



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244 TRADITIONS IN GENEALOGY. 

have supplied such a stream of emigrants as poured into the 
Southern Colonies from Scotland. 

The east coast of the Lowlands of Scotland supplied many of 
the early settlers of New England, contemporaries of the Puritans. 

Enough has been said to show the necessity of much circum- 
spection in dealing with traditionary evidence regarding emigra- 
tion. Equally great care should be used in accepting any tradi- 
tionary claims of later generations regarding participation in wars, 
especially the Revolution. 

Traditions of Revolutionary service in some districts are of 
more value than in others, for instance, where the people, as au 
irregular militia, were constantly under arms. Rarely have rolls of 
these temporary musters come down to us : probably none existed. 



Claims to estates in England and Holland appear to have 
largely originated in the first quarter of this century, and there 
are few families in which such a tradition Is not current. 

The existence of such estates is not only Improbable but Impos- 
sible.* They are, In most cases, the creations of the fancy of 
a parcel of rogues seeking victims. So thoroughly have the news- 
papers been worked in the Interests of these schemers that fev/, 
if any, of the older American families have escaped publicity 
through imaginary rights in estates abroad. The game is being 
played to-day, and hardly a month goes by but the author receives 
letters from persons seeking his aid In securing some millions, 
more or less, supposed to be waiting a claimant. 

Should any one, who Is not of foreign birth or parentage, sup- 



♦In Holland the year 1852 may be taken as the earliest date from which any 
claim could exist. In France, and England thirty years is sufficient to bar any 
recovery ; in Germany, fifty-six. As to estates in chancery in England, less than 
;^io,ooo,ooo is held for unknown parties and none of this could be obtained with- 
out proof such as would be impossible for any person of ancient American lineage 
to produce. Unclaimed dividends, etc., in theBank of England, are seldom of the 
size of ;^i,ooo, and in ten years revert to the government. 



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TRADITIONS IN GENEALOGY. 245 

pose himself entitled to property abroad, let him address enquiries 
to the State Department at Washington. Reports have been 
made by our representatives abroad upon the laws governing 
unclaimed property, and these reports have been printed by the 
Department and will be mailed free to any enquirer. 

Any information received by post from a foreign country 
giving one the information that he is heir to some estate unknown 
to him, should be turned over to the Post Office Department for 
investigation, as in all probabilities it is part of a scheme to 
defraud. The authorities have been successful in at least two 
cases in convicting " agents " for unclaimed estates. 






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MARRIAGES RECORDED IN ST. JOHN'S PARISH, 

PRINCE GEORGE COUNTY, flARYLAND, 

1697=1786. 

[TAKEN FROM THE BIRTH RECORDS.] 



Copied by Miss Helen Bevan. 

(Continued from page 46.) 

Thos. Clagett, son of Thos. and Sarah Clagett of Frederick Co., to Mary 
Meek Magruuer, dau. of Enock and Meek Magruder of Prince George Co., Oct. 
II, 1768. 

Ignatius Wheeler, Eliza Marbury, July 2Q, 1753. 

Jonathan Burch, Jun., Ann Newton, dau. of Mr. Joseph Newton, Jany. 15, 
1764. 

John Fendall Beall, Mary Wilkinson, 1764 ? 

Jonathan Nixon, Marj' Searett,* late of Leek, Staffordshire, Eng., July 29, 1738. 

Wm. Gibbs, Ann Jenkins, Oct., 1765. 

Rich'd Henderson of Bladensburg, Prince George Co., Md., — 3rd son of Rev. 
Rich'd Henderson, minister of the Parish of Blantyre in shire Lanerk in Scot- 
land, by Janet Cleland his wife, — was married to Sarah Brice, 2d dau. of John 
Brice of Annapolis. 

Clement Wheeler, Jane Stonestreet, Feby. 25, 1759. 

Allison Foord, Winnifield Wheeler, March 27, 1760. 

Wm. Jones, Sarah Lanham, March, 1762. . , 

Samuel Collard, Agnes Onetherloney, 1762. 

John Pritchett, son of Michael Pritchett from Staffordshire, Wales, and Eliza 
Bener, born in Middlesex, Eng., 2 March, 1701. Elizabeth died Feby. 22, 
1712. 

Evan Jones of Annapolis, Bachelor, and Mary Bradford of Prince George Co., 
Spinster, May 28, 171 3. 

♦Sbarett is a name found in that vicinity. 

246 



MARRIAGES ; ST. JOHN'S PARISH, MARYLAND. 247 

Joseph Hatton to Lucy, dau. of Granier Marbury, 1710. Wm. Hatton, father 
of above Jos., died 171 3. 

Wm. Holiug and wife Mary were married Aug.- 3,^ 1709. 
Horatio Middleton, Susannah Stoddert, before 1776. 
Benj'a Douglass, Ann Middleton, Feby., 1775. 
Nathaniel Suit, Mary Buret, June, 1752. 

Charles Lansdale, Catharine, dau. of Clement Wheeler, April 19, 1767. 
John Webster, Margaret Kid well, Dec. 25, 1734. 
Levin Jones, Ann Harris, Jany. 28, 1779. 
John Webster m. to Jeanner C. Stevens, Oct. 13, 1764. 
James Freeman, Ann Webster, Apr. 8, 1787. 

Thos. Addison, aged abt. 22, son of Hon. John Addison, and Elizabeth Tasker, 
Tuesday, 4 Apr., 1701. Elizabeth died i Feby., 1706. 

The Hon. Col. Thomas Addison and Eleanor Smith, second dau. of Col. 
Walter Smith of Patuxant River, aged abt. 19, married June 17, 1709. 
Wm. Clarkson, Elizabeth Hagian, Nov. 22, 17 13. 
Patrick Dyer, Comfort Barnes, Oct. 12, 1702. 
Samuel Barker, Mary Balard, Nov., 1715. 
Thos. Lowdon, Eliz'a Walker, — abt. 1720. 
John Talburt, Je. Rigges, Aug., 1721 ? 
Wm. Lloyd, Grisell Johnston, Apr. 9, 1707. 

Robt. Booth, Sarah Filmore, , abt. 171 7. 

Geo. Hardie, Eliza Drayton, Oct 4, 1719. 
John Brawner, Mary Dunning,* Jan. 8, 1716. 

George Mowsell and Sarah Norwood, gentleman and gentlewoman, of Anna 
Arundel Co., March 9, 17 14. 

John Hawkins, son of John and Eliza, his wife, was born Aug., 1713. John 
Hawkins, son of above, and Susannah Phraser were married Feby. 17, 1731. 
Thos. Holly, Hester Birch, March 4, 1712. 
Francis Birch, Alie Owin, July 20, 1720. 
John Adington, Mary Hutchison, Oct. 20, 1715. 

John Hopkins, Elizabeth Deeming, Nov., 1717. ' 

Timothy Manhane, Sarah Macknew, Apr., 1716. 
Henry Brawner, Eliza'b Barton, Jany., 1726. 
John Robinson, Hester Macklenan, June, 1721. 
Thos. Edelen, son of Rich'd, and Mary Blanford, Feby. 9, 17 19. 

*Or Deeming. 






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248 MARRIAGES; ST. JOHN'S PARISH, MARYLAND. 

"Wm. Thomas and Anne Jenkins, Dec. 7, 1721. 

Enoch Jenkins and Anne Clavus? Jan. 26, 172 1. 

Robt. Pooer, Ann Lewis, June 27, 1710. 

Phil Tonanly, Grace Thomas, July, 1720. 

Thos. Locker, Elliner Evans, Jany. 13, 17 16. 

John Lanham, Mary Dickinson, Feb. 14, 1708. 

John Smith, Jr., Mary Rand, Apr. 20, 1722. 

Henry Dickinson, Susannah Suratt, abt. 1729. 

John Talburs (of Paul) from Portsmouth, Eng., to Sarah Lockyer, daughter of 
Thomas Lockyer of this Parish, Feb. 2, 1696. 

Prunire Tolson, born in Wood Hall, Cumberland, in Bright Church Parish, son 
of Henry Tolson, Esq., to Mary Clark, dau. of Robt. Clark, Sept. 22, 1707. 

Edward Pye, Sarah Queen, , 1735. 

Samuel Queen, Sarah Edelen, Feby. 27, 1723. 

Tirance Obryan, Mary Tervill, May, 1720. 

John Locker, Magdalen Ray, Aug. 31, 1713. 

Thomas Green, Elizabeth Walker, Aug. 10, 1716. 

Christopher Edelen, Jane Jones, 1707. 

Thomas Pickroll, Eliz'a Marloy, Oct., 171 2. 

Ralph Marloy, Ann Middleton, May 22, 171 7. 

Phill. Mayson, Eliza Duning, Jany. 10, 1713. 

James Dunning, Anna Acton, Jany. 24, 1720. 

George Dixon, Mary Batty, Jany. 22, 1708. 

Thos. Groon, Eliza'b Walker, Aug. 10, 1716. 

Jos. Noble, Jr., and Martha, dau. of Rich'd Tavo, March 5, 1738-9. 

Joseph Noble, Mary Wheeler, 1708. Jos. Noble died 14 Dec, 1749. 

Wm. Mardurt Meret, Bridget Coghlen, Dec. 12, 1727. 

George Noble, Charity Wheeler, (died 1736) Jany. 27, 1721. George died 1735 

John Winn, Ann Smallwood, Feby. 5, 171 7. 

Wm. Nordam, Martha Thron, May 17, 1736. 

Peter Robinson, Ann Athey, Dec, 1740. 

Chas. Lansdale, Catharine Wheeler, April 20, 1767. 

Wm. Shelston, Katherine Noall, Nov. 25, 1734. 

Timothy Marshall, Mary Stephens, , 1745. 

Jos. Humphrey, Ann Thomkins, by Rev. H. Addison, Rector of this parish, 
Sep. 25, 1746. 

[John Baynes of Popescastle near Cockermouth in Co. of Cumberland, Eng- 
land, Miss Mary Noble of Piscataway, Aug. 20, 1749. 



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MARRIAGES ; ST. JOHN'S PARISH, MARYLAND. 249 

John Laurence, late of Liverpool in Lancashire, Eng., Mary Plasay of Piscata- 
way, Aug. 28, 1749. These entries were cancelled.] 

J B , son of Danl. and Mary Baynes, at Popes Castle, Eng. 

March 23, 1726. > 

Wm. Whitmore, Mary Deall, May 10, 1753. 

Wm. Bayne, Mary Fenley, Nov. 4, 1753. 

John Athey, Margaret Lewis, June 4, 1711. 

Humphrey Batts, m. Mary Tyler, 1727. 

Francis Bird, Jane Littleton Ware, Nov. 5, 1724. Jane died April 14, 1733. 

John Palmer, Mary Lanham, Feby. 22, 1735. 

Charles Robinson and Ann Golitte, May 26, 1728. 

Wm. Lanham, Alice Talber, Jany. 15, 1720. 

Paul Talbutt, son of John, to Ann Johnston, daughter of Robt. Johnston, 
March 30, 1719. 

John Brawnor, Mary Downing, Jany. 8, 17 16. 

Wm. Jones, Mary Pammer, by Rev. John Hooser, Jany. 31, 1737-8. 

Joseph Newton, Ann Odell, about 1719. 

George Aulder, (George Aulder died Aug. 28, 1737), Elizabeth Keech, Dec. 
16, 1729. 

Rich'd Wade, Elizabeth Edgar, Nov. 18, 1728. 

Thomas Blacklock, m. Charity Lanham, 15 , 1 738. 

Samuel Smith, Grissol Locker, Sep. 26, 1732. 

James Green, Eliz'b Dyer, July 26, 1727. 

John Lanham, ye 3d, and Mary Piles, Jan. 16, 1738-9. 

Rev. Henry Addison, RL A., 3rd son of late Hon. Thomas, Esq., and 
Rachel, dau. of Hon. Dan'l Dulany, Esq., of Annapolis, and relict of Mr. Wm. 
Knight, lute of Cecil Co., Aug. i, 1751. 

Richard Bryan, Rachel Lanham, 1757. 

John Janes, Eliza'b. Welling, Jany. 2, 1760. 

George Hardy, Lucy Dent, 11 Feby,, 1753. 

Patrick Beall, Elinor Goddard, March 2, 1756. 

Zach. Wach, Nancy Noble, Nov. 3, 1743? 

Wm. Webster, Jun'r, Ann Turner, Sep. 12, 1756. 

Thomas Williams, Elizab. Gibbs, Feby., 1755. 

Elisha King, Lydia Webster, Dec. ii, 1755. 

Rich'd Bryan, Ann Buacy, Jany. 31, 1788. 

Charles Tippett, Eleanor Eoswell, 1789. 

John W, Thinzey, Solomy Tolbert, March 20, 1794. 









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50ME EXTRACT5 FROM VOL. 6, DEEDS, ROCKINGHAM 

CO., N. H. 



Indenture between Hutson Leverett of Boston, gentleman, 
and Dan'l Adams of Boston, blockmaker, and Abra'h Adams 
of Boston, innholder, as feoffees in trust for Elizabeth, wife of 
said Leverett : Whereas Harlackinton Symonds of Ipswich, 
gentleman, and his wife Elizabeth, by deed dated 15 Feb., 
1692-3, sold to said Leverett one half part of their farm at Lam- 
perill River, N. H., and right in the remains of a saw mill, and 
also one half of their share in meadow and upland beyond the 
bounds of Dover and mostly without the bounds of Exeter, 
granted to Sam'l Symonds, late of Ipswich, and also a moiety of 
their liberty in the lands of Dover, which Sam'l Symonds 
bought of Robert Wadley, etc., etc., bequeathed to said Har- 
lackington Symonds by his father Sam'l Symonds, 25 Aug., 
1692. fo. 77. 

Jeremiah Walford of Great Island in Portsmouth, yeoman, for 
JC65 sells to John Chevallier ah. Knight, of Portsmouth, cord- 
winder, all the lands formerly old Thos. Walford's plantation, 
at the head of Soggomors Creek, bequeathed to me by my 
grandfather Thomas Walford, deceased, 28 Nov., 1692. \\'it- 
nessed by Jos. Alexander and Rich'd Jose. fo. 24. 

John Presson of Portsmouth, cord winder, and wife Jcanc, 
to Jos. Jewell of Portsmouth, miller, house and land bounded by 
Nehe'm Partridge, Mr. Jno. Huncking and a cove, 15 Apr., 
1681. Witnessed by Nehemiah Partridge and John Barsham. 
Acknowledged 1683. fo. 26. 

250 



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DEEDS ; ROCKINGHAM CO., N. H. 251 

Jos. Jewell and wife Isabel to Thomas Daverson of Ports- 
mouth, manner, land in Portsmouth, bought in 1671, of John 
Huncking, 13 Feb., 1692-3. Witnessed by Jos. Alexander and 
Robert Alemery. fo. 28. 

Peter Mason [wife Mary joins] of Dover, cordwainer, to 
Capt. John Gerrish of Dover, 4 A. adjacent to Bolliman's Bank, 
Dover, between said Gerrish's and Thos. Hanson's lands, 19 
Dec, 1692. Witnessed by John Tuttle, Sr., John Hall. 

fo. JO. 

Whereas there is an intention of marriage between Samuel, 
son of John Heard of Cochecha, yeoman, and Experience Otis, 
spinster, daughter of Richard Otis, blacksmith, of Cochequa, 
I, John Heard, from love and aflection, to said wSam'l and to his 
issue by Experience ; 30 A. 20 Mar., 16S5-6. Witnesses, Jos. 
Rayn, Stephen Otis. fo. 31 . 

Richard Otis of Cochecho, blacksmith, to daughter Experience 
Otis ; land bounded by Stephen Otis, paying an annual rent to 
R. T. Mason of 70 pence and i sh. for every dwelling built on 
the premises. fo.j2. 

Eben Perkins of Hampton, planter, to Saml. Lavit of Exeter, 
— wife Marcey and Susanna Perkins join, 1683. fo.jj. 

John Sleper of Exeter, to Jos. Perkins of Hampton ; bounds 
on widow Mary Wall, Daniel Tilton, 16S8. fo. 34, 

Isaac Perkins of Plampton to his son, Eben Perkins, 1680. 

Mathew Nelson, tanner, of Portsmouth, to John Partridge, 
Sr. of do. ; Doctor's Island. Witnessed by Jos. Alexander. 
19 May, 1693. fo>39' 

Job Clements of Dover, tanner, to Mathew Nelson of Ports- 
mouth ; Doctor's Island, which my honored father bought of 
John Partridge, cordwainer, 1672. Entered on the record books 
of Dover and Portsmouth. 8 Mar., 1692-3. Jos. Alexander, 
witness. ffos. d/, 68. 



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252 DEEDS ; ROCKINGHAM CO., N. H. 

John Fletcher of Portsmouth, medicus, to son-in-law Nicholas 
Bennett, lands bounded by Mr. Cowell, dec'd., and John Cutt 
and on salt water, 9 Jan., 1693-4. fo. 4.4. 

Richard Shortridge of Portsmouth, basketmaker, to son-in- 
law John Davis, of do., mariner; land whereon Davis' house 
stands, — bounded by Mark Hunkins and said Shortridge, 6 May, 
1689. fo. 4S. 

Nathaniel Fryar of Kittery, Esq., merchant, to Anthony 
Libby, now living in Hampton; lands on Pitch Pine Plains going 
to Bloody Point, — being part of land sold to said Fryar by 
Henry Sherburne, deceased, 16S5. fo. 4^. 

Natl. Fryar of Maine, sold to Anthony Libby land in Bloody 
Point, 16S3. 

John Hussey of Hampton, son of Capt. Christopher Hussey, 
— who did confirm to my brother Stephen Hussey and myself, 
— to my brother Stephen all my interest in the land my father 
had on the Island of Nantucket conveyed by my father to my 
brother Stephen and myself, 4 June, 1694. fo. 4g. 

Indenture between Capt. Benjamin Bullard of Barbadoes, 
merchant, and Mr. John Chevalier als. Knight of Portsmouth, 
merchant : Chevalier is to build a sloop for said Bullard for 
account of Mr. Christopher Terry of Barbadoes, merchant; 
dimensions, — 41 ft. on the keel from the after part of ye stern 
post so ye breach of ye sweep of the stem and so have 13 ft. rake 
forward and 16 ft. 9 inches by the beam in breadth, and 7 ft., 7^ 
inches deep in the hold ; and to have two wales of a side, each 
weal to be 8 . inches deep ; the floor to be 8 ft. and 10 inches 
dead rising, and so have a 12 foot transom and a rise about from 
the maindeck to the quarterdeck of 2 ft., and a rise forward of 
one foot and 2^ ft. deep in the waist, and a good gunnell wale ; 
moreover to have 4 ports of a side in the waste on each side, and 
to build a good long boat suitable for such a vessel, all which 
said sloop and boate to be built of good, sound, seasoned, white 
oak timber and plank, except where pine may be more con- 
venient, with a handsome head to said sloop, all to be finished 









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DEEDS ; ROCKINGHAM CO., N. H. 253 

to a cleat and launched into channel at or before the last day of 
September next. Capt. Bullard is to pay on behalf of Terry, 
55 sh. per ton for each ton ; said sloop shall measure according 
to the custom of shipwrights, viz., one half the breadth so meas- 
ure for depth and devide by the number 95 ; and finde all iron 
work, pitch, tar, and ockum or to pay the said Chevalier for the 
same, and for the true performance, etc., a penalty of 300 lbs. 
N. E. money is affixed. 12 June, 1694. Witnessed by \Vm. 
Pittman, Henry Browne. fo. 57. 

Wm. Waymouth of Isle of Shoales, cooper, from Richard 
Jose of Portsmouth, merchant, and his wife Hannah, one dwell- 
inghouse and ware-house adjoining, fishing stage and mooring 
place and flake room and privileges belonging to same, as by 
deed of 1659 granted to Christopher Jose, dec'd, by Richard. 
Jones, on Star Island, Shoales, excepting so much land as the 
new dwelling house of Richard Ambrose stands upon. 14 June, 
1693. fo. 57- 

Elias Purington, son of Robert, dec'd, late of Portsmouth, 
now of Boston, bhicksmith, for £21 sells to Mr. Sam'l Keise of 
Portsmouth, feltmaker, house and land in Portsmouth, bounded 
by the highway or street on the south and by land of said Keise 
on tlie west, and land of Lovellon, about 36 ft. front, 66 ft. 
length. 4 Apr., 1694. fo. §8. 

Jas. Johnson and wife Mary, both of Portsmouth, deceased, 
leaving only two daughters living, viz. : Mary, wife of Jno. 
Odiorn and Hannah, wife of Thos. Jackson, all of the same 
place. Division. 16 Nov., 1694. fo. jp. 

Ambrose Lane of Strawberry Bank, merchant, for £iSo; 
sells to Richard Leader all his house and farm at Strawberry 
Bank, which Sampson Lane bought of David Selleck of Boston, 
which was formerly Mr. Thomas Wannerton's, and all build- 
ings, etc., with 200 A. near adjoining unto Capt. Francis Cham- 
pernone's, and other lands, warranting especialh' against Abraham 
Shirt, David Yale, John Manning, Robert Knight, and Roger 
Knight. 3 April, 1652. Acknowledged 30-9-1652, before 



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254 DEEDS ; ROCKINGHAM CO,, N. H. 

William Hibbins. (Marginal note — that the house and land 
was delivered by Lane. 23 Apr., 1652, dated Boston. Entered 
and recorded by Edward Ravvson, 30 Nov., 1652.) fo. 63. 

Richard Leader for .£150 transfers to Mr. John and Richard 
Cuts, I Oct., 1655. Acknowledged before Brian Pendleton. 

Joshua Scottow of Boston, of full age, 28 Dec, 1694, testifies 
he knew Mr. Brian Pendleton of Great Island, now removed to 
Winter Harbor in Maine, and believes that Brian Pendleton 
wrote his signature. 

Elias Stileman, oBt. 79, 8 Jan., 1694-5, was acquainted with 
Richard Leader and Brian Pendleton, formerly, and their signa- 
tures are good, etc. fo. 64. 

Thomas Grafibrt of Portsmouth, merchant, and wife Brid- 
gett, land adjoining John Tucker, to Robert Hopley. 22 Oct., 
1685. fo. 66. 

Master Thos. Graffort and wife Bridget acknowledge, etc., and 
she freely renders up her right of dower unto Elizabeth Hopley, 
widow, and relic of said Robert Hopley. 28 Sept., 1693. 

fo, 66, 






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GEN. IRA ALLEN, OF VERflONT, AND HIS PART IN 
COLCHESTER'S HISTORY. 



A Paper Read by Walter H. Crockett Before the 
Vermont Antiquarian Society at Its First Stated 
Meeting, February 2nd, 1S98. 

The followino; paper deals with Gen. Ira Allen's connection 
with the early history of Colchester, Vt., and incidentally with that 
of Burlington, the materials for which were gathered from a study 
of tlie early town records of Colchester. 

Ira Allen was born in Cornwall, Conn., April 21, 175 1, and 
was the youngest brother of Ethan Allen, of Revolutionary fame. 
He was one of the ablest of the early Vermont statesmen, and 
through his efforts and by means of his gifts the University of 
Vermont was established. 

The township of Colchester was granted by Benning Went- 
worth, royal governor of the Province of New Hampshire, to 
Edward Burling and sixty-five others on the seventh day of June, 
in the year of Lord Christ One Thousand Seven Hundred and 
Sixty Three, and in the third year of the reign of George the 
Third, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France and 
Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith. Charters were granted the 
same day to the towns of Burlington, Williston, New Hunting- 
ton, Duxbury, Moretown, Berlin, Essex, Bolton, and Water- 
bury. The form of the charter is that used in similar grants. 

The township was to be divided into seventy-two equal shares 
and John Bogart, Jun"", Esq., was appointed the first moderator, 
though there is no record that he ever officiated in that capacity. 

Of the grantees of Colchester, ten were Burlings, seven were 
Bogarts, eight were Lathams and one bore the name of William 

255 



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256 IRA ALLEN. 

Van Wyck. Four were well known men, — Hon. John Temple, 
to whom reference will be made later; Theodore Atkinson, Sec- 
retary of the Province of New Hampshire, a counsellor of the 
Province and brother-in-law of Governor Benning Wentworth ; 
Mark Hunking Wentworth, a counsellor of the Province, brother 
of Governor Benning Wentworth, and father of John Went- 
worth, the last royal Governor of the Province ; and Henry 
Sherburne, also a counsellor of the Province of New Hampshire. 

Many of the earlier deeds of sale mention the business of the 
seller, and from these it appears that of the grantees Caleb Law- 
rence, Petrus Byvanck, Samuel Burling, Benjamin Hildreth, and 
Nicholas H. Bogart were merchants of New York city; Francis 
Panton was a barber ; Edward Agar was an apothecary of New 
York city ; and John Bogart, Jr., was an alderman of Montgom- 
erie ward. New York city, and one of His Majesty's Justices of 
the Peace for New York city and county. Of the other gran- 
tees little, if anything, is known, but it is fair to presume that 
many of them were residents of New York city. 

The early records of the town are in Ira Allen's handwriting, 
Allen having been the first town clerk, and indicate that his train- 
ing in the art of spelling had been sadly neglected. On the 
cover of the first book the words " Colchester First Book of 
Records" have been burned in a rude fashion with a hot iron. 
The records begin as follows : — 

Salisbury March 23^ 17 74 There the proprietors of the Town- 
ship of Colchester (a Township lately granted under the Great 
Seal of the province of Newhampshier Now in the province of 
New York) met according to a Legal warning in the Connecti- 
cut Currant at the Dwelling House of Capt Samuel Moor 
Liholder in Salisbury in Litchfield County and Coloney Connec- 
ticut in Newengland — 

1 Voted that Col Thos Chittenden be moderator of This 
Meeting — 

2 Voted that Ira Allen shall be proprietors Clark for the 
Town — '-■ 






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IRA ALLEN. 257 

3 Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to the twenty fourth 
Day of instant March at Nine Oclock to be held in this place — 

Test Ira Allen Prop^-^ Clk. 

March 24th 1774 then this meeting was opened according to 
adjournment. 

Voted Whereas Ethan Allen Remember Baker Heman Allen 
Zimry Allen and Ira Allen Known by the Name of the Onion 
River Company who are proprietors in this township of Colches- 
ter on S^ River (a Township Lately Granted under the great 
Seal of the province of New hampsheir Now in the province of 
New York) Have Expended Large Sums of Money in Cutting a 
road from Castelton to S^ River Seventy Miles through the woods 
and Clearing of incumberments from the said Land Setling Some 
part of those lands and keeping possession which By us is Vewed 
as a great advantage towards the Settlement of those lands in 
general Especially the S^ Township of Colchester and whereas 
the S^ Ethan Allen Remember Baker Heman Allen Zimry Allen 
and Ira Allen Have Layed Some Lot on S^ onion river in Col- 
chester therefore in consideration of their Settlement of Six fam- 
ilies on S^ Lots with those that are already on and in Building a 
Saw Mill and a Gristmill and to have the Settlements and Mills 
all Compleated in two years from the first of June Next it is 
therefore Voted that S^ Company Have Liberty to Pitch and 
Lay out with what they have laid on S^ river fifteen Hundred 
a^cres in Hundred acres Lots. 

Voted that Ira Allen Shall be Surveyor to Lay out S^^ Town. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to fort Fraderick in Col- 
chester on Onion River to be held on the first Monday of June 
Next at two Oclock the after Noon. 

Test Ira Allen Prop^^ Clk. 

The meeting was adjourned to the first Monday in July, then 
to July 25th, at which time it was voted among other things that 
Ira Allen should survey and lay out all the " publick Rights " in 
the town, and adjournment was taken to October 3d. 

The meeting was adjourned from Oct. 3 to May i, 1775, and 



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258 IRA ALLEN. 

adjourned again to the first Monday of September. At this date 
it is evident that they had other business of a more serious nature 
to attend to, and no further meetings of the proprietors were held 
until near the close of the Revolutionary War. 

All the later meetings had been held at Fort Frederick, which 
was located near the northern end of the present iron bridge, 
which spans the Winooski river, between Burlington and 
Winooski, either in what is now the hotel yard or on land 
adjoining it which has been worn away by the current of the 
river. Fort Frederick was erected in the latter part of 1772 or 
early in the year 1773. 

Ira Allen, in his history of Vermont, stated that it was a block 
fort, built by Remember Baker, himself, and a few companions 
" with a view to guard the coasts against settlers under the grants 
of New York." It contained "32 port holes in the upper story 
and was well furnished with arms and ammunition." 

The Connecticut Courant, No. 829, under the date of Tues- 
day, Dec. 12, 1780, contains a notice signed by Ira Allen assist- 
ant, and dated at Sunderland, Vt., Nov. 21, 1780, stating that 
" more than one-sixteenth part of the proprietors of the Towns 
of Colchester, Essex, Jerico, Georgia, Swanton and Highgate " 
were warned to meet at "the Dwelling House of Brigadier -Gen- 
eral Ethan Allen of Sunderland on the 31st day of Januar)^ Next 
at two of the clock afternoon." This meeting was held at the 
time appointed and transacted among other things the following 
business : — 

Sunderland Jany 31th 1781 — 

The Proprietors of Colchester being conveaned agreeable to 
the above Warning in the Connecticut Courant Proceeded to 
Business — ist Voted that His Excellency Thomas Chittenden 
Esq*" be Moderator of this Meeting 

2ly Voted that Col Ira Allen be Proprietors Clark of this Town 

3ly Voted That Col Ira Allen be Treasurer of this Town — 

4ly Voted That we will Examine the Proceedings of the 
former Proprietor Meetings — 



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IRA ALLEN. 259 

5ly Voted that on Examining the former Proceedings of the 
Proprietors and Considering the Peculiar situation of The Town, 
New Hampshire Grants being Claimed by New York Expense 
in Defending Setling Sec. and the Proceedings appearing Conso- 
nant with the Laws and usages of the Government of New 
Hampshire and the Proceedings of the People of the New 
Hampshire Grants before the Late Revolution, we do Therefore 
Hereby Ratify and Confirm all the Votes and Proceedings of the 
several Proprietors Meetings as Heretofore Recorded in this Book 
Respecting the Division of Lands Recording of Survey bills and 
every other matter and thing as fully and amply as though 
S^ Proprietors Meetings had been held under the present Laws 
and Customs of this State. 

Ye Vermont Gazette, No. 107, under date of Monday, 
June 20, 1785, contains a notice stating that more than a six- 
teenth part of the proprietors of the townships of Colchester and 
Essex, in the County of Rutland, have made application for a 
meeting, and a call is issued for one to be held at the dwelling 
house of Capt. Samuel Bradley, at Sunderland, July 18, 1785. 
The call was signed by Isaac Tichenor, 

Justice of the Peace. 

Gen^ Ethan Allen was chosen moderator of the meeting. 
Col. Ira Allen " proprietors dark " and the meeting adjourned 
to the following '•'• Fryday." It was then adjourned to the fol- 
lowing morning at seven o'clock, and again adjourned to the first 
Monday of the following July at the house of Col. Ira Allen in 
Colchester. 

There is no record of such a meeting and Ira Allen's work as 
clerk seems for the most part to have ceased about this time. 
. The records contain transactions in which Ira, Ethan, Heman, 
and Levi Allen bought and sold large tracts of land. 

In 1773, Levi Allen is mentioned as a merchant of Salisbury, 
Conn. 

On the 13th Day of May in the 13th year of his Majesty's 
Reign annogue Domini, 1773, Caleb Lawrence, Merchant of this 



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26o IRA ALLEN. 

city and province of New York, in consideration of Twenty 
pounds Current Money of the province of New York conveyed to 
Ethan Allen of Poultney in the County of Charlotte and Pro- 
vince of New York one full right or share of land Lying in the 
Township of Colchester. 

This document was witnessed by John Lawrence and Levi 
Allen, and before Henry Cruger, Esq., one of his Majesty's Coun- 
cil for the Colony of New York. 

On the 5th of April, 1773, John Burling of the city of New 
York sold to Heman Allen of Salisbury, Litchfield County, Con- 
necticut, five Rights or Shares in the Townships of Colchester, 
Essex, Jerico, and New Huntington for £7.'] . 

May 14th, 1773, Samuel Burling of the city and province of 
New York, Merchant, sold to Ethan Allen of Poultney in Char- 
lotte county and province of New York, Gentleman one share 
of land in Colchester for £20. 

May nth, 1773, Edward Agar, apothecary of the city, county, 
and province of New York sold to Ethan Allen of Poultney, 
Charlotte County, province of New York for £\o all his right 
in that Tract or Persal of land situate in the province of New 
York on the east side of Lake Champlain or near a stream of 
Water known by the name of Onion River, which Land was 
Granted under the Great Seal of the province of New Hamp- 
shire to Edward Agar, Original Grantee as by his Name on the 
Charter or Pattent for the Township of Colchester may appear, 
which Township of Colchester when Granted by His Excellency 
the Governor of New Hampshire was Represented to be in the 
Province of New Hampshire. 

It is recorded that on Oct. 14, 1774, "Remember Baker of 
Colchester, in Charlotte county and province of New York, in 
New England for and in consideration of the sum of twenty 
pounds lawful money of said province," sold to Henry Colvin, 
also of Colchester, 100 acres of land in that township, which was 
part of the original right of David Latham. It is recorded that 
"Said Town was granted under the great seal of the province of 



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IRA ALLEN. 261 

New hampshire now in the province of New York.*' The deed 
is witnessed by Ira Allen and Brown Chamberlin. 

April 19, 1783, Ira Allen of Sunderland sold to Ozi Baker of 
Sunderland for ;/^i,ooo, 100 acres of land in Burlington, 460 acres 
in Colchester, " beginning at a button wood tree standing by 
Onion River in a sand beach between the Great and Little Falls 
being about south from where Allen and Baker's old fort stood," 
etc — " except the priviledge of taking out of S^ river at any place 
a sufficient quantity of Water for any water works and carry the 
same by land to any such works that shall hereafter be erected 
below S^ button wood tree." He also sold 510 acres in Shelburne. 

Nov. 27, 1783, Moses Robinson of Bennington, then Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court of the State, later Governor and 
United States Senator, sold to Ira Allen of Sunderland for ^63 
the Governor's 500 acre lot in Colchester. 

Dec. 10, 1784, Colchester was said to be in the County of 
Rutland. 

June 17, 1785, Ira Allen of Sunderland, acting as administra- 
tor of the estate of Capt. Remember Baker, deceased, sold 100 
acres of land in Colchester. 

July 5, 1787, Colchester was said to be in Addison county. 

May I, 1787, Ethan Allen of Sunderland sold to Ira Allen, 
his brother, 20 rights or shares of land " being part in Colches- 
ter, part in Essex and one in Jerico, which rights I bought of the 
Bogarts," he says, " in the city of New York on the fifth day of 
August one thousand seven hundred and eighty five in company 
with John Kellcy," for ^^50. This John Kelley of New York, 
referred to, had emigrated from Ireland in 1756 and had amassed 
a large property through speculations in American lands. The 
town of Kelleyvale, named in his honor, was granted to him, the 
name being changed at a later day to Lowell. 

Oct. 19, 1796, South Hero was included in the county of 
Chittenden. 

In 1784, Abraham Ives, SherifFof the county of Rutland, sold 

large number of the rights of the original grantees to Ira Allen 






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262 IRA ALLEN. 

on account of unpaid taxes. The average price paid per share 
was ^i. 1 6s. Again, May 8, t 790, Ira Allen bid in a large num- 
ber of shares, or rights, of the original grantees, paying Phinehas 
Heath, constable and collector of Colchester, ;^2i, 8s, 9p. 

Dec. 8, 1787, Ehzabeth Wentworth, widow of Mark Hunk- 
ing Wentworth, " late of Portsmouth, N. H., esq. deceased " 
sold to Asa Porter of Haverhill, N. H., for ;^250, all her title in 
25 rights of land " in the State of Vermont which were granted 
by the Governor of New Hampshire to the said Mark Hunking 
Wentworth Esq. except such parts of any of said rights as he in 
his lifetime gave for settlement by deeds or otherwise, being one 
whole right in each of the following towns, viz., Pownal, Wind- 
sor, Arlington, Thetford, Weathersfield, Fairlee, Wells, Bruns- 
wick, Wenluck, Brumlcy, Andover, Middlebury, Weybridge, 
Leicester, Lemington, Newbury, Williston, Colchester, Jerico, 
Underbill, Berlin, Highgate, St. George, Peacham, and Corinth, 
except as before excepted." 

Wenlock was afterward annexed to the towns of Brighton and 
Ferdinand. Brumley, or more properly Bromley, is now the 
town of Peru. 

March 13, 1794, Ira Allen sold to John Coffin Jones of Bos- 
ton for ;^7,500, 2,240 acres of land in Colchester "including all 
the privileges of the falls on Onion river in S^ town of Colches- 
ter, to wit, Mills, forges, anchor shop, togather with the houses 
and barns on the afores^ land standing." 

April 14, 1794, Ira Allen sold to Henry Newman of Boston 
in consideration of ;$ J 3,000 of three per cent, stock, two tracts 
of land in Colchester, one containing 3,520 acres, and the other 
2,400 acres. Signed by Ira Allen and Jerusha Allen. 

June 12, 1794, Caleb Lawrence of New York city, sold to 
Thomas H. Brantingham of New York city, merchant, for ;^340, 
eleven rights of land, viz., — 350 acres each in Colchester, Under- 
bill, Bolton, and Williston, 350 acres in Burlington, 330 acres 
in Jericho and 300 acres in Georgia, all in the county of Chit- 
tenden ; 360 acres each in Averill, Brunswick, and Berlin, all in 



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IRA ALLEN. 263 

the county of Orange; and 360 acres in Orwell, county of 
Addison, With the exception of the rights in Bolton and Bruns- 
wick all these were originally patented to Sir John Temple. 

Dec. 5, 1795, Ira Allen sold to William Hull of Newtown, 
Mass., for $30,000, 8,000 acres of land in Essex; 15,000 acres 
of land in Colchester, about 5 miles on Onion river and 8 miles 
on Lake Champlain ; 10,000 acres of land in Burlington, about 
6 miles on Onion river and 5 miles on Lake Champlain ; 8,000 
acres of land in Georgia ; 5,000 acres of land in Shelburne, on 
Lake Champlain and the river Laplott, amounting in all to 46,- 
000 acres, with all the buildings, privileges and appurtenances. 

This instrument was executed in Boston, before Joseph Green- 
leaf, Justice of the Peace, just before Allen sailed for London, the 
sale having been made to Gen. Hull to raise funds for the pur- 
chase of arms for the Vermont militia and which were captured 
with the ship Olive Branch. 

Oct I, 1796, it was recorded that Henry Newman of Boston 
sold certain tracts of land in Colchester conveyed to him by Ira 
Allen " wherein the wife of the said Allen did release her dower." 
Also the sale of a certam tract in Burlington mortgaged to New- 
man as collateral security "for said Ira's bond," dated April 14, 
1794, " being in the penalty of £1^^120 lawful money conditioned 
to pay ;^i,56o on or before Aug. i, 1796 and interest annually 
on said sum (in which deed of mortgage the wife of S^ Allen did 
release her Dower) " 

Ira Allen's last recorded sale was on April 8, 1803, when he 
sold to Silas Hathaway of Swanton all his lands lying in Sheldon, 
Colchester, Burlington, and Essex, and Georgia (then in Franklin 
Co.), for 320,000. 

Aug. 8, 1800, Ozi Baker of Arlington sold to Sceley Bennett 
of Burlington for $50 all his interest in the town of Colchester 
which he held, as he says, " in consequence of my being heir to 
the estate of Remember Baker late of Colchester, deceased, which 
said Remember Baker in his lifetime was one of the Onion 
River Company, so called." 









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264 IRA ALLEN. 

One quaint record, under the date of March 8, 1774, bears 
witness to the fact that Brown Chamberlin sold to John Godfrey 
Miller of New York city, Breeches maker and Leather Dresser, 
one share of land in Colchester, for ^12. 

The dates affixed to the various sales of land made by Ira 
Allen show that he gave his residence of Colchester in the years 
1774, 1775, and 1776; at Sunderland in 1783, 1784, 1785, 
May I, 1787 ; and again in Colchester July 5, 1787, 1790, 
1792, 1793^ 1794. 1795, and 1803. 

Many suits were brought against Ira Allen in his later years. 
The following suit copied from the Colchester records, was 
brought a few months before Allen sailed for England, and was 
concluded while he was abroad. 

The writ read as follows : — 

District of Vermont. The President of the United States to 
the marshal of the district of Vermont, or his deputy : 

Greeting : 

By the authority of the United States, you are hereby com- 
manded to attach the goods, chattels, or estates of Ira Allen of 
Colchester in the county of Chittenden in said district to the 
value of One hundred and fifty thousand dollars and him notify 
thereof according to Law and for want thereof to take his body, 
if to be found within your precincts, and him safely keep so that 
you have him before the Circuit Court of the United States to be 
holden at Windsor within and for the district of Vermont on the 
twelfth day of May next, then and there to answer to Moses Cat- 
lin of Litchfield, in the county of Litchfield, and district of Con- 
necticut, and Lucinda Catlin his wife, daughter and only heir of 
Heman Allen, late of Salisbury in the S^ county of Litchfield in 
district of Connecticut, deceased, in a plea that he render to them 
the sum of Thirty thousand pounds lawful money of the State of 
Connecticut, which he unjustly detains from them ; for this, to 
wit, that whereas at Salisbury afores^ on the twenty second day 
of April in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred 
and seventy eight in the lifetime of the S^ Heman the said Ira 



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IRA ALLEN. 265 

by his certain writing obligatory, signed with the proper hand of 
the said Ira, and sealed with his seal, and ready to be shown to 
the Court, by the name of Ira Alien of Arlington in the County 
of Bennington and State of Vermont, acknowledged himself to be 
holden and firmly bound to be the said Heman in the penal sum 
of thirty thousand pounds to be paid to the said Heman Allen, 
his heirs or assigns, for which payment well and truly to be made 
and done, the S^ Ira did bind himself, his heirs, executors and 
administrators, with the following condition annexed, to wit. The 
condition of this bond is such that the above bound Ira Allen is 
to give a good quit claim deed to Lucinda Allen only daughter 
of Capt. Heman Allen of the one half of the lands included in a 
deed given to me by the said Capt. Heman Allen, bearing date 
the twelfth of November One thousand seven hundred and sev- 
enty seven, that is the One half the lands in quantity and quality, 
that shall appear to be his proportion of lands owned by the 
Onion River Co., after deeds are given to all those that bought 
lands of the said company that have or may hereafter fulfill the 
bargains heretofore made by any of S^^ company and after all 
the legacies and bequeathments arc fulfilled that are made in the 
afores"^ Capt. Heman Allen's will bearing date this twenty second 
day of April One thousand seven hundred and seventy eight in 
order to know the quantity of land to be included in the said 
deed to the S^ Lucinda Allen reference is to be had to the deeds 
now owned by the Onion River company, of which the said 
Heman owned one fifth part of all the lands owned in all the 
several towns mentioned in the above deed to me, besides what 
fell to him by his brother Zimri Allen deceased his proportions 
of the avails of all the lands, notes and accounts due to which 
estate, is also to be given to the S"^ Lucinda, the said deed togather 
with his the said Hcman's proportion of the avails of the lands 
heretofore sold by the Onion River company, and all his other 
estate, that has or may come into the hands of the above Ira 
Allen is to be given to the said Lucinda Allen on the- day she 
shall arrive to the age of eighteen years. If the above bound Ira 









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266 IRA ALLEN. 

Allen doth perform on his part then this obligation is null and 
void, otherwise to remain in full force. 

Nevertheless the said Ira hath never paid the said sum of thirty 
thousand pounds, either to the S^ Heman in his life-time or to 
the S^ Moses and Lucinda or either of them since the death of 
the S^ Heman ; nor hath he the S^ Ira deeded or in any way con- 
veyed to the said Lucinda the lands mentioned in the conditions 
of the said writing obligatory, to be by him the S^ Ira deeded to 
the said Lucinda. Altho the S^ Lucinda hath long time arrived 
at the age of Eighteen years, which was well known to the said 
Ira, but to perform his said Obligation, he the said Ira hath hith- 
erto refused and still doth refuse, and unjustly detain the said 
debt from the said Moses and Lucinda altho often requested to 
perform the same, to their damage as they say, the sum of One 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars; to recover which with the 
said debt and just costs they bring suit. Hereof fail not, but with 
this writ with your doings thereon make due return according to 
Law. 

Witness the Honorable John Jay Esq"" Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of the United States at Windsor the twentieth 
day of April One thousand seven hundred and ninety five and of 
the independence of the United States, the nineteenth. 

Frederick Hill Clerk. 

Endorsed as follows (viz.) 
District of Vermont. Colchester April 28, 1795, then served 
the within writ by attaching the whole of the township of Col- 
chester turned out by plaintiff — attest 

Jabez G. Fitch Marshall 
for Vert district 

District of Vermont Colchester 28th April 1795. The within 
is a true Copy of the Original Writ 

Attest Jabez G. Fitch Marshall 
for Vermont district. 



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IRA ALLEN. 267 

Received for recording the 28th day of April Anno Domini 
1795 — and the foregoing is a true Copy of the same. 

Attest Joshua Stanton J"". 
Town Clerk of Colchester. 

District of Vermont. 
The President of the United States to the Marshall of the Dis- 
trict of Vermont or other of his Deputies Greeting — 

Whereas Moses Catlin and Lucinda Catlin his wife of Litch'd 
in the County of Litchfield and District of Connecticut and 
citizens thereof by the Consideration of the Circuit Court of the 
United States begun and held at Rutland within and for the Dis- 
trict of Vermont on the third day of October A. D. one thous- 
and seven hundred and ninety eight recovered Judgment against 
Ira Allen of Colchester in the County of Chittenden in the State 
of Vermont and a citizen thereof for the sum of forty-six thous- 
and seven hundred and twenty eight dollars and Ninety Six cents, 
Debt and for the sum of one hundred and eighteen dollars and 
Eighty four cents costs of suit as appears of record Whereof 
Execution remains to be done. 

These are therefor by the authority of the United States to 
command you that the goods, chattels or lands of the S^ Ira you 
cause to be levied and the same being disposed of as the law 
directs paid and satisfied to the said Moses and Lucinda the afore- 
said sum of $46,847.80 the whole with fifty cents more for this 
writ and therefore also to satisfy yourself for your fees and for 
want of goods chattels or land of the said Ira to be shown unto 
you or found within your district to the acceptance of the said 
Moses and Lucinda to satisfy the aforesaid sums you are com- 
manded to take the body of the said Ira and him commit to the 
keeper of the goal in the City of Vergennes in said District within 
the said Goal who is hereby commanded to receive the said Ira 
and him safely keep until he pay the full sum above mentioned 
with his fees or that he be discharged by the said Moses and 
Lucinda Therein by order Law and of this writ with your doings 






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268 IRA ALLEN. 

thereon make due return according to Law at our said Court on 
the first day of May next. 

Witness the Honorable Oliver Ellsworth Esq Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court of the United States of Rutland aforesaid the 
ninth day of Oct'r A. D. one thousand seven hundred and ninety 
eight and of the independence of the said United States the 
Twenty third. 

Cephas Smith Jun*" Clerk 

District of Vermont, Colchester Nov'' the twenty third one 
thousand seven hundred and Ninety Eight. Know all men by 
these presents that Jabez G. Fitch marshall for the district of Ver- 
mont by virtue of the within writ of Execution to me directed 
and by direction of Aloses Catlin one of the within named plain- 
tiffs or creditors did at Colchester in the county of Chittenden in 
S^ District on the day and year above mentioned leavy this writ 
of Execution on a certain tract or parsel of Land shewn to me 
by the S^ Moses Catlin as the property of Ira Allen the within 
named debtor situate lying and being in Colchester aforesaid and 
bounded as follows to wit beginning at white pine tree spoted 
standing on the bank of Onion River and bearing north of the 
Eastern Extremity of the Island in S^ River which was the first 
above General Allen's Mill dam (so called) Thence north 36 
minutes west fifty two chains and eighty one links to a stake and 
stones thence South Eighty nine degrees and twenty four minutes 
west Ninety Nine chains and fifty four links to a Soft maple stub 
on the bank of S^ Onion River thence up S^ River or stream 
along the northerly edge or side of said River or southerly bounds 
of S'^ Colchester to the first mentioned bounds containing three 
hundred seventy three acres and one fourth of an acre of Land 
afterward (to wit) at Colchester aforesaid on the twenty eight day 
of November in the year aforesaid I caused the same land with 
all the Mills forges anker shops flooms dwelling houses barncs 
and all other buildings of any name whatever standing thereon 
with part of the mill dam meaning the north half and with all the 



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IRA ALLEN. 269 

appurtances thereof or therewith belonging to be apprised by 
Joshua Stanton Charles Ames and Dennis Downing good and 
Lawful free holders of the Vicinity within the town chosen and 
appointed and sworn as the Law directs who on their oths have 
apprised the same at the sum thirteen thousand four hundred and 
forty five dollars and thirty eight cents and the legal costs there- 
on arising as stated in the bill hereunto annexed. In witness 
whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed my seal 
this twenty ninth day of November 1798. 

Jabez G. F'itch Marshall. 

Received and recorded the 29th of Nov'' 1798 the foregoing 
Execution Moses Catlin and Lucinda Catlin vs Ira Allen with the 
Marshal's Return thereon endorsed. 

Aron Brownell 

Town Clerk. 

King George the Third, as is well known, by an order in 
council, made July 20, 1764, decreed that the Connecticut river 
should be considered the eastern boundary of the province of New 
York, and this order was made known by a proclamation issued 
by Lieut. Gov. Colden of that province, April 10, 1765. 

The following document, taken from the Colchester records, 
relates to the early struggle for territory now included in Ver- 
mont : — 

To all Peopple unto whom these Presents shall come, the sub- 
scribers, all of the Province of Massachusetts Bay send, 

Greeting 

Whereas the subscribers have by letters patent under the' seal 
of the Province of New Hampshire had sundry tracts of land 
lying on west side of Connecticut River Granted to them 
Respectively which Tracts of land have since been adjudged by 
his majesty's orders, in Council of the Twentieth day of July 
A. D. 1764 To fall within the limits of the Province of New 



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270 IRA ALLEN. 

York, and whereas the Governor of New York, with the Advice 
of the Council did on the sixth day of June seventeen hundred 
and sixty six order that all Persons holding or claiming lands 
under such grant, Do as soon as may be appear by themselves or 
their Attor^ and produce such grants together with all Deeds, 
Conveyances and other instruments, by which they derive any 
title or claim to the S^^ lands before his Excellency in Council* 
Now therefore Know Ye that we the subscribers for divers good 
causes and Considerations us thereunto moving have and by these 
presents do Nominate, Constitute, order and make and in our 
and each of our place and stead put Giles Alexander of Boston 
in County of Suffolk, Province of Massachusetts Bay Yeoman, 
To be our and each of our true, sufficient and lawful agent and 
Attorney for us and each of us and in our and each of our 
Names, To appear before the Governor and Council of New 
York and lay before them our several and Respective claims 
to any tract of land lying on the west side of Connecticut River, 
and then and there produce our Respective letters patents, 
and grants with deeds, Conveyances or other Instruments by 
which we derive our title and claim to the S^ lands, or such other 
proof as our said attorney shall think Necessary, and by all lavv- 
full ways and means Indeavor to obtain, from the S^ Governor 
and Council, or General Assembly of New York, Patents or 
grants to us and each of us of the several tracts of land we and 
each of us Respectively have grants to, from the Province of 
New Hampshire as aforesaid, and we do hereby give, and grant 
unto our said attorney our full and whole strength power and 
authority in and about the premises and to take and use all due 
and proper means for obtaining a confirmation of our and each of 
our Rights to the lands aforesaid. Also power to make Settle- 
ments on any of the Afores^ lands, or make and Execute deeds 
of sale of any or each of our Respective Rights as afores'^, 
and to Substitute one or more, attorney or attorneys under him, 
and the same again at pleasure to Revoke, transact, accomplish 
finish Matters, and things Necessary, about Touching and con- 



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IRA ALLEN. 271 

cerning the premises in as full and ample Manner as we the 
Constituents or either of us might or could do or cause to be 
done if we were then and there personally present, hereby prom- 
ising to allow Approve and hold valied and good, all and whatever 
our said attorney or his substitutes shall lawfully do or cause to 
be done in the premises by virtue of these presents in Witness 
whereof we the subscribers have hereunto set our hands and seals 
the Twenty Ninth day of July A. D. 1766, and in the sixth year 
of his majesty's Reign. Signed Sealed and Delivered In Presence 
of 

Witnesses. Signers. 

Abija Adams Henry Lloyd Seal 

Belcher Noyes Harrison Gray for him- 

Janc Hill self and son Lewis 

James Tilston Gray 

Nath^*" Noyes John Searl 

Joshua Fuller J. Temple 

John Fowle Benj'" Kent 

Jacob Wendell 
Thomas Hubbard 
John Moffatt 
Nath^^ Appleton 
William Brattle 
Thomas Miller 

Suffolk SS Boston, Aug 2^ 1766 then Henry Lloyd Esq*" Har- 
rison Gray Esq'' and the Rever^ Wm John Searls severally 
appeared before me 

Belcher Noyes Just Peace. 

Suffolk SS Boston Aug. 4, 1766, then John Temple Esq'" 
Benj" Hunt Esq'' Jacob Wendall, Thomas Hubbard Esq'' and 
John Moffatt severally acknowledged this instrument executed by 
them to be their act and deed before me 

Belcher Noyes Just Peace. 



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272 IRA ALLEN. . 

Suffolk SS Boston August 14th 1766, then the Revn^ Nath^f 
Appleton, Wm. Brattle Esq*" and Thos Miller severally acknowl- 
edged this Instrument Executed by them to be their Act and 
Deed before me 

Belcher Noyes Just Peace 
Colchester August 2th 1791 

The preseding Deed was Recorded 

I. Allen, T. Clk. 

The following deed explains why the foregoing document finds 
a place in the Colchester records : — 

March 5, 1782 Giles Alexander of Boston, yeoman, acting as 
attorney sold to Jonathan Parker jr., of Rindge, Cheshire Co. N. 
H. for ■£']0 "the following Rights or Shares of land drawn to 
John Temple Esq'' under the New Hampshire Grants, and now 
in the State of Vermont (viz) one in St. Albans, one in Colches- 
ter, one in Burlington, one in Jericho, one in Hinesburgh also one 
Right in Saltash (now Plymouth) Drawn to Sampson SheafFt, and 
one drawn to the Right of Arthur Brown or Arthur Brown Jun'' 
in the Township of Reading, which lands I convey by Virtue of 
their power to me made for said purpose. 

Signed before Elihu Smith Justice of the Peace for Rutland Co. 
July 2, 1770 in the presence of 

David Brewer 
Sally Brewer 

Colchester Aug 2th 1791 
Then Recorded the foregoing Deed 

I. Allen T. Clk. 

Several of the men whose names were attached to the Massa- 
chusetts Bay document figured prominently in the history of that 
colony before the Revolutionary V^ar. Harrison Gray, the first 
signer, was a provincial counsellor for a long period, was Receiver 









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IRA ALLEN. 273 

General of Massachusetts, and was the father-in-law of James 
Otis, his daughter Elizabeth having married that famous orator. 

The references to Sir John Temple are somewhat meagre. 
He was titular Lieutenant Governor of the province of New 
Hampshire in 1762, but never officiated in that capacity. He 
was also a commissioner of customs in Boston, was a man of con- 
siderable prominence in Massachusetts during the administration 
of Gov. Gage, and was a son-in-law of Gov. Bowdoin of Massa- 
chusetts. He was one of the original grantees of Colchester. 

Jacob Wendall was a provincial counsellor for Massachusetts 
from 1734 to 1760. 

The Rev. Nathaniel Appleton, D. D., a Harvard graduate, was 
for many years pastor at Cambridge and was a member of the cor- 
poration of Harvard college for 62 years, or from 1717 to 177 9* 
He was chaplain to the Continental Congress which met at 
Watertown and a firm patriot. His portrait and that of his wife, 
painted by Copley, are at Memorial Hall, Cambridge. He has 
descendants living in Burlington, (1900). 

William Brattle was a member of the well known Boston 
family of that name, a Harvard graduate, and a man of many 
vocations. Fie was at one time a preacher, later a lawyer, an 
able physician, for many years a member of the Legislature, a 
provincial counsellor form 1755 to 1768, a Captain of artillery, 
a Major General of militia, and withal a very popular man. He 
was an urdent loyalist, and after the evacuation of Boston by the 
British removed to Halifax. 

Colchester's first recorded town meeting was held March 18, 
1793 — Joshua Stanton was elected Moderator and Town Clerk; 
Joshua Stanton, John Law, and Thomas Hill selectmen ; Thomas 
Charlton, Hogg Hayward, and Ira Allen one of the petit jurors. 
At a town meeting held on the last Alonday of June, r793i ]^^^ 
Law, Esq''., was elected a member from the town of Colchester to 
attend the convention at Windsor for the purpose of ratifying or 
rejecting the proposed amendments to the constitution of Ver- 
mont as made by the Council of Censors. 



CCS 



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274 IRA ALLEN. 

At a town meeting held at the dwelling house of Joshua Stanton 
the last Monday of September, 1783, Ira Allen was chosen moder- 
ator and it was voted that " That part of Colchester now called, 
whose limits are hereafter mentioned be annexed and considered as 
part of Burlington, to wit, beginning at the southeast corner of 
the Town of Colchester — then extending north thirty six degrees 
cast to Sunderland Brook, so called, then down the brook as It 
tends to the falls, crossing said Brook leading from Onion River 
falls to Colchester Point, round the intervale, then down the new 
Road three quarters of a mile, then north ten degrees west to 
Lake Champlain, that all that part of Colchester south and Wes' 
of said Line be incorporated with the town of Burlington in one 
town." It was also voted "that a part of A/Iilton be annexed 
to Colchester as the Inhabitants of S^ Milton shall agree " and 
*'that a tax often pounds be levied upon the inhabitants of the 
town of Colchester for the purpose of repairing the great bridge 
over the Onion River, said tax to be paid in the articles following 
— to wit, in wheat at four shillings per bushel, corn at 2 shillings 
and six pence per bushel. Pork at 30s per hundred and Beef at 
20s per hundred." 

The following Notification appears : — 

" Whereas the Legislature of the State of Vermont have made 
it necessary that each town In this State shall constantly be supplied 
with a quantity of Gun Powder lead balls and flints in propor- 
tion to the number of Men enrolled in said town — to the intent 
that provision may be made in this particular and the Law be 
carefully attended a meeting shall be called." A meeting was 
therefore called for July 16, 1794, at which time a tax of ;^ 16 
was voted to provide a town stock of ammunition. 

At a town meeting held on the first Tuesday of Sept., 1794? 
Ira Allen was elected Representative to the General Assembly 
and the vote for Governor was as follows : Ira Allen 18, Isaac 
Tichenor 7, Thomas Chittenden 5. Thos. Chittenden was 
elected Governor in that year. 






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IRA ALLEN. 275 

In the records of 1794 are notices like the following: — 

Jjhabod Brownell's mark for cattle and sheep is a slit in the 
right car. Recorded July the 25th, 1794. 

Jos^ Stanton's mark on his cattle sheep and hoggs is a crop ofF 
the left ear and 2 halfpennies under the right. Recorded July 
the 25th, 1794. 

The Grand list of Colchester for 1797 shows the property of 
General Ira Allen to have been valued at ^1,168 "00 " " 00" ; for 
1708, General Ira Allen ;$900.70; for 1799, Ira Allen Esq*^ 
^^850. 60, and his name does not appear thereafter in the grand 
list. 

At a town meeting held at the house of Joshua Stanton, Oct. 
17, 1798, it was voted that the leases of the public lands be given 
up and new leases given, payable in Grain, Pork, and Beef at the 
cash price for the term of ten years. 

In 1798, Isaac Tichenor received 32 votes for Governor, 
Elijah Paine 4, Gideon Olden, Noah Chittenden, and A4oses 
Robinson one each. 

Among the officers elected at the March town meeting in 1799 
was Dorman Johnson, Tythingman. 

At a town meeting held March 24, 1800, among other things 
it was voted " that all Rams running at large from the first of 
Sept. to the loth of Nov. following be forfeited to the person who 
shall take up and secure the same." 

In 1800 the vote for member of Congress was: Israel Smith 
50, Ebenezer Marvin 3, Daniel Chipman 2, John Law I. 
Joshua Stanton was elected to the Assembly, receiving 33 votes 
to 20 for John Law. 

In the warning for a town meeting to be held the third Mon- 
day of March, 1802, one article was "to see if S^ town inhabi- 
tants will agree to have the Small Pox introduced into said town 
under certain regulations." 

At the town meeting held March 15, 1802, it was voted 
"that the Small pox be introduced into this Town under certain 
restrictions." 



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276 IRA ALLEN. 

The Vermont Legislature at a session held at Burlington, Nov. 
II, 1802, assessed a tax of 2 cents on each acre of land, public 
rights exempted, in the town of Colchester for the purpose of 
erecting a bridge over Onion River at the lower falls on said river 
between Colchester and Burlington. 

One of the last references to Ira Allen is this report. 

Colchester, June 21, 1802. 
To the Proprietors of the town of Colchester in Proprietors meet- 
ing assembled — 

The committee to whom was referred the third and fourth 
articles of general business of the meeting agreably to warning 
report — 

1st, that in the execution of their duties as a committee for the 
proprietors they have demanded of Ira Allen who pretends to 
be the former clerk of the proprietors, all records and papers rela- 
tive to the property — and that said Allen refused to give any sat- 
isfaction or deliver any papers relative to said interest, if any he 
had. 

2nd, that Benjamin Boardman the present clerk to the propri- 
etors also in his capacity as clerk and also under the direction and 
authority of the committee made the same application to the said 
Ira Allen and was by said Allen in same manner as the commit- 
tee denied the papers which are the property of the proprietors of 
Colchester and the permission to have any reference to or use of 
them. 



A new survey was then ordered. 
The report was signed by 



El Keyes 
Fran^ Childs 
Wm. Munson 
Simeon Hine 
Eli Baker. 

Committee. 



IRA ALLEN. 277 

The records contain many notices like the following : — 

State of Vermont, 
Chittenden County ss. 
To either constable of Colchester in said County of Chittenden, 

Greeting : 

You are hereby required to summon Jacob Crosset now resid- 
ing in Colchester to depart said Town. Hereof fail not, but of 
this precept and your doings herein due returns make according 
to law. 

Given under our hands at Colchester this 29th day of Ocf^ A. 
D. 1805. 

Benj^ Boardman, 
David Hill, 
Selectmen of Colchester. 

'^. Dec. 10, 1807, a tax of one cent per acre, payable in hard 
money or bills of the Vermont Bank was levied in accordance 
with an act of the Legislature held at Woodstock in Oct., 1807, 
to defray the expenses of erecting a State's Prison. 

The records of the Probate Court of Chittenden County con- 
tain the following will which, although not directly related to the 
topics treated in this paper, may be of some interest : — 

Williston, Jany 14, 1802 
At a probate Court holden etc following is proved and ap- 
proved — viz : Considering the mutability of all Finite nature and 
that my beloved wife Nancy is not Heir at Law to my property in 
case of my Deceas, and having no child living — -Therefore for 
Mortality sake Ordane and make this my Only Will. After my 
Just Debts are Discharged I give to my brother Ira Allen five 
Shillings and no more because he hath already enough and I give 
to Samuel Hitchcock Esq. of Vergennes One Hundred Pounds 
and to my neice Pamelia Allen ot said Vergennes fifty pounds 
and hereby appoint the said Sam^ Hitchcock Esq. my sole Exec- 



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278 IRA ALLEN. 

utor. In Testimony acknowledged this Instrument Executed 
Whereof I have given my hand and Seal, and lastly I Give all the 
remainder of my estate both Real and Personal to my said Wed- 
ded Wife Nancy Allen now resident at said Hitchcock's in Ver- 
gennes. 

Rutland, Jany ii, 1796 
Levi Allen. 

A later entry shows the estate to have been valued at ;^33,- 
542.56, and that it was insolvent. 



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BURLINGTON, VT., MARRIAGES 

AS RECORDED IN REGISTRATION RECORDS, VOL. I., 
1789=1820. 

[Note — Vol. I. covers the period to 1833.] 



Samuel Hitchcock, Lucy Caroline Allen, 26 May, 1789. 

John Storrs, Huldah Calender, 6 Aug., 1801. 

Peter Castle, Hannah Wilson of Shelburn, i^ Oct., 1809.** 

Samuel Taylor of ISIilton, Abigail Castle, 9 Sept., 1798.** 

John K. Baker,* Betsy Ross, 37 Nov., 1S08. 

Joseph Hodgman,*'" Rebecca Ames of Colchester, 25 Dec, 180S. 

Samuel Adams, Jr., ft of Leicester, Lucy Enos, 13 Jan., 181 1. 

Asahel Spoor, f Mary Doxey, 23 July, 1S09. 

Daniel Woodward, Betsey Williams, 31 March, 18 10. 

Samuel B. Farmer of Colchester, Sivilah Blish, 4 July, 1812.]: 

Return of Marriages by Rev. Daniel Haskell : — 

James Stearns of Jefferson Co., Hatty Ransom, 14 Nov., 

1813. 
Luther Parish of Milton, Lucy Gwin, 2 Dec, 1813. 
Silas Deane, Elisa Bedel, i June, 1814. 
Anthony Gebean, Sophia Magean, 11 Nov., 1814. 
Samuel Mills, Mary Damon, 27 Nov., 181 4. 
Heman Brace, Abigail Bates, 4 Dec, 18 14. 
Augustus F. Conant of Middlebury, Charity Lane, 15 Jan., 

1815. 

** By Joshua Isham, J. P. 
*By David Russell, J. P. 
tfBy Moses Robinson, J- T. 
fBy John Johnson, J. P. 
JBy William Allen, J. P. 

279 



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28o BURLINGTON, VT., MARRIAGES. 

Charles Adams, Miss Maria Wait of New London, Conn., 

published 6 June, 1S14.** 
Charles Adams, Miss Maria E. Wait, 20 June, 1814.* 

Return of marriages by Rev. Mr. D. Haskell : — 

David Green, Rachel Ormsby, 30 April, 1815. 

George Brocker, Reney Salter, 17 Sept., 18 15. 

Capt. William Coggswell of Gilmantown, N. H., May 
Ann Dudley of Addison, Vt., 7 May, 181 5. 

Elihua Atherton, 2d, Reste Ram of Jerico, 17 Dec., 1815. 

John Barstow^ of Shelburn, Matilda H. Grossman, 19 Dec, 
1815. 
William Calkins, Rosalinda Craig, 12 Feb., 18 16. 
Jason Chamberlain, -ft Eliza Williams, i Jan., 1815. 
Thomas Gill,t Mary Terry, 7 Aug., 1817. 
Aaron Bissel, Cloe Woodruff of Westford, 28 Sept., 1817.JJ 
Reuben Whicher, Joanna Wiley of Colchester, 29 Sept., 181 7. 
Jonathan Boardman, Anna Tuttle of Sheldon, 6 June, iSiS.f 
Nathan Dodge, Hannah Backus, 8 Oct., i8i8.t 
Israel Williams, Jr., Susan Straftbrd, 3 Dec, 18 18. 

Return by Rev. Daniel Haskell : — 

Mercy Bingham of St. Johns, Lower Canada, Sally Winans, 

9 March, 1816. 
George Luis, Loiss Collair, 25 March, 1816. 
Joseph Spear, Hannah L. Derby of Pittsford, 14 April, 

1816. 
Charles Daneux, Susan Chiat, 12 May, 18 16. 
Majory Joy of W^illiston, Abigail Bates, 2 June, 181 6. 
Stephen Mix Mitchell, Sophia C. Coit, 29 Oct., 1816. 
John Darmour, Mary Sears, 22 Dec, i8t6. 



**By Rev. Mr. Clark of Burlington. 
*By Lothrop Rockwell, clerk. 
ftBy Heman Allen, J. P. 
tBy Francis Childs, J. P. 
iJtBy Rev. Jas. Murdock. 



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BURLINGTON, VT., MARRIAGES. 281 

John Perean, Mary Dobbs, 13 March, 18 17. 

Davis Stone, Sarah Thompson Eaton of Northampton, 6 

April, 1817. 
Jabez H. Boardman of Royalton, Betsey Durkee, 12 July, 

1817. 
Bildad Hubbell of Cambridge, Susannah Follett, 5 Oct., 

1817. 
Edward Wecomb, Lucinda Carpenter, 14 June, 1819.* 
Samuel Weeks, Nancy D. Morse, both of Essex, at Essex, 

24 Oct., 1819.* 
Andrew B. Patchen, Minerva Collamore, 22 March, 181 7. f 

Return by George Robinson, J. P. : — 

Luther Loomis, Harriet Bradley, 2 Sept., 1809. 

Stephen Peart Lathrop, Sally Smith, 28 Aug., 1809. 

David Baofley, Nancy Hov/ard, 23 Jan., 1814. 

James West, Polly Lewis, 10 April, 18 14. 

James Daniels of Elisabethtown, N. Y., Julia Fall, 5 Sept., 

1814. 
Isaac Harris, Irene Miller, both of Colchester, i Jan., 1S16. 
Samuel Smith of Constable, N. Y., Frances Wilcox of 

Williston, II Feb., 1816. 
James Fitzsimmons, Mary Sumner, 27 March, 1S17. 
William McFarland, Betsey Bonett, 30 June, 1817. 
Ezekiel Holcomb, Rebecca Stewart, 14 Jan., 18 18. 
John Primbonchey, Julia Maria Meville, 22 Aug., 18 18. 
Isaac Choate, Amarrillo Bostwick, both of Colchester, 19 

Dec, 1818. 
Joseph Pero, Lucy Daman, 16 Jan., 1S19. 
Thomas Woodward, Patty Woodward, 17 May, 1819. 
Dorrick Barto, Lydia Tucker, 9 Nov., 181 7. 
John Fox, Nancy Perean, 6 July, 181 8. 
All to 1820. ' 

♦ By Davis Stone, J. P. 
t By David Russell, J. P. 









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ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., COURT RECORDS, 
IPSWICH TERxM, MARCH, 1659. 



[Reference should be made to pp. 11-13, Vol. VII., Old Series of this maga- 
zine. The present installment was prepared by the late Perley Derby, who con- 
tributed some of the earlier records to this publication several years ago. The | 
abstracts made by Mr. Derby are deposited in the office of the Clerk of Courts at f 
Salem, and cover twelve of the volumes of collections of original papers made by 
Mr. W. P. Upham for the county. The abstracts are of the papers filed in the cases 
and should be compared with the records of the court kept by the clerk. Vols. 
I. to IV. of the Deri^y AbsLracis aic ouii.ied as the Essex Antiquarian, a local 
journal, is engaged in printing the earlier records, much of which is already in | 
print, and will doubtless continue the series. The page of the Derby Abstracts 
are given in parenthesis, the original pagination in brackets. — [Editor.] I 



(0 I 

[2] Wright, John, of Newbury, settlement of estate. t 

Edward Bragg appointed Adm'r, 30 : 10 : 1658. Signed : Sam- | 

uel Symonds, Daniel Denison. Thomas Bishop, Robert Kins- | 
man, appraisers. 

Wharton, Edward, of Salem, | presented for absence from 
Gaskoyne, Samuel, of Salem, J neeting. 

Edmond Batter, Serg't John Porter, Thomas Putnam, Henry 
Skery, James Underwood, all of Salem, witneses, 8:2: 16^8. 
Hilliard Veren, of Salem, Clerk. Henry Skerry, of Salem, 
Constable. Depositions of Thomas Putnam, Edmund Batter, 
before Robert Lord, of Ipswich, Clerk. 

Gaskoyne, Samuel, of Salem, warrant to appear at court. 
Signed: Hilliard Veren. Samuel Archard, of Salem, Marshall. 

[3] Wharton, Edward, of Salem, warrant to appear on 
above complaint. Deposition of James Underwood, of Salem, 

282 











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ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., COURT RECORDS. 283 

20:1:1659; Wm. Hathorne, of Salem, Magistrate. Henry 
Skerry, of Salem, sworn ; Robert Lord, of Ipswicli, Clerk. 

(2) - 

Gould, Zacheus, of Topsfield, presented for disturbance in 
public worship. William Perkins, Isaac Comins, Sen'r., both 
of Topsfield, deps. : *' that in time of singing ye psalm one sab- 
bath P. M., said Gould sat down on the end of the Table about 
which ye minister and scribe of ye people sit, with his hatt full 
on his head and his back toward all the rest who sat about ye 
table, and although spoken to by the minister and others, he 
altered not his posture," etc. Isaack Comins, Sr., John Comins, 
both of Topsfield, dps : that said Gould spoke audibly when 
the minister was preaching. William Ewens, James Howe, 
Jr., both of Topsfield, depose. 

Proctor, John, Jr., of Ipswich, presented for slandering 
Richard Brabrook, of Ipswich. Thomas Giddings, Robeil 
Pouell, both of Ipswich, deps : Name the " Father of Jno. Proc- 
tor. Master Cureral, Cuerwell, or Curwen, and Goodman 
White in case. 

MooKE, Matliew, the Scotchman, presented for assault on 
Will (Neffe ?) Nesse, servant of John Knight, and also for 

(3) 

assault on Robert Downer. John Hale saw Matthew Moroe ty 
his horse to the fence and took up an axe and strike Robert 
Downer three times with the handle on his thigh. Joseph Muz- 
zey, being at work at John Knights with said IMoore, the latter 
went to Will Nesse (Neffe?) to borrow his shovel which Nesse 
refused to let him have, and said Ivloore threw him down, 
pinched him by the throat, nearly strangled him : etc. Edmund 
Moores, deposes concerning Moore striking Downer. 

[5] Johnson, John, of Hampton, complained of for inde- 
cent assault on An. Sawyer, of Newbury, who, in company with 
said Johnson and Thomas Fovv'ler, of Newbury, were walking 
together in Newbury till they reached the house of Anthony 
Morse of Newbury, wlien said Fowler told them he would go in 



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284 ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., COURT RECORDS. 

and see his countryman and she would go along with Johnson, 
which she did, when "not long after" he committed said assault. 
John Johnson of Hampton, examined, and confessed the crime, 
and said he was in liquor at the time. William Trotter, deposes 
that he was in the house of Stephen Swett of Newbury, when 
Johnson came there drunk. Said Trotter stands suretie for 
Johnson's appearance at Court. Daniel Denison, magistrate. 

[6] Johnson, John, of Hampton, petition to Court, being 
sick at Hampton and unable to appear, sends explanation by his 
friend, of his misconduct. He came out of Salem, Friday, Apr. 
15; ate nothing in morning; came to Ipswich, and drank cup 
of beer ; and so at Rowley ; and when I came to Newbury ferry 
I called at a house, and a woman gave me bread and cheese and 
afterwards some brandy, of which I drank 1-4 of a pint, and 
became much heated. Went over the ferry to Newbury and 
met a man who \vent with me till we overtook a girl, and the 
man desiring to stop at a house, requested me to go with the 
girl. The offence she accused me of I am not able to state cor- 
rectly, owing to the condition I was then in. 26 : 2 : 1659. 
Steven Swett of Newbury, bill of charges, in which is named 
Tristram Cofhn of Newbury. [4] 

[6] Godfrey, John, of Andover, complained of for witch- 
craft. James Daves, Sr., of Newbury ; petition in behalf of his 
son Ephriam : Whereas divers persons of esteme with us, and 
as we hear in other places, have for some time suffered losses in 
their estates and some aflickon their bodeys, also ; which they 
suppose do not arise from any natural cause ; but from ill-dis- 
posed person, arising from differences between themselves and 
represent Jno. Godfrey as one suspected of such a crime ; and 
we the said petitioners request the Court in their wisdom, if they 
can see cause for it to call him in question. 

Other signers : — 

John Haseldin, and Jane, his wife, of Newbury. 

Abraham Whittyker, of Newbury, for his ox and other things. 

Epharam Daves, of Newbury, in behalf of himself. 

Benjamin Swet, of Newbury, in case of his child. 

Esabel Houldred, hearing a voyce and afllicted in her body. 



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ESSEX COUNTY, MASS., COURT RECORDS. 285 

Jobe Tyller, of Andover, for a bird coming in to suck his 
wife. 

Browne, son of Charles, account of what he saw. 

Daughter of widow Ayres and Dau. of goodman Proctor, for 
a pail with something in it. 

Thomas Hayne, dep : — that being with Goodwife Holdridge, 
see tole me that shee saw a great horse and shewed me where it 
stood : I then took a stick and strok on the place, but felt noth- 
ing, and I heard the door shake and Goodw. : sayd it was gone 
out at ye doore : immediately after shee was taken with ex- 
tremely of feare and payne so that she presently fell into a sweat 
and thought she would swoon away : she trembled and shook 
like a leafe. 

Nathan Gould, dep : — being witli goody Holdredge one night 
there appeared a great snake, as slie said, with open mouth and 
that she being weak hardly ably to goe along yett then ran and 
laycd hold of said Gould by the hedd and could not speak for 
the space of half anower. 

Isabel Holdred, dep : — that John Godfrey came to the house of 
Henry Blasdal, her husband and herself being there, and said 
Godfrey demanded a debt of her husband, and that Goodman 
Lord of Ipswich, had issued a warrant and would come soon to 
collect it * * * * 2 days after, this deponent was taken with fits, 
which lasted a fortnight, night and day, and said several appa- 
ritions appeared, viz : a humble bee and a bear, which grinned 
his teeth and shook his claws and said he would have her heart's 
blood in a few hours. Then a snake appeared and she skipped 
to Nathan Gould * * and took hold the hair of his head and her 
speech was taken away for 1-2 hour * * * ; " names Goodman 

Cobby e. 

(To be continued.) 









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BOOK NOTES. 



Authors and publishers are requested to direct books, sent for notice, to the 
Editor, 49 North Prospect St., Burlington, Vermont. The space for a brief 
notice of any worthy publication is gladly given, as there is no doubt that in 
this manner many special publications are brought to the attention of pur- 
chasers. Publishers are requested to state the price of publication. 

Genealogy of the Descendants of John White of Wen- 
ham and Lancaster, Mass., 1638-1900; by Almira L. White. 
Vol. L, 8 vo., pp. 930, Haverhill, 1900. A compiler of a fam- 
ily history needs not only patience and perserverance, but a faculty 
for investigation and appreciation of the possibilities of error or 
fact. A lack of judgment in accepting or rejecting material or 
clews is the rock upon which most genealogists come to wreck. 

Miss White appears to have been eminently successful in 
establishing her various lines of descent. The student of New 
England genealogy will discover several instances of problems 
solved, and we doubt if it would be possible to discover many if 
any serious errors. The author states that she has confined her- 
self to plain facts ; she has made no distinction between the 
male and female descents ; in collecting her material all descendants 
of John White have been sought. 

John White, according to a tradition which was first recorded 
in 1784, though of older date, came from the West of England. 
He appeared in Salem in 1638 and was received as an inhabitant 
Aug., 1639, having a grant of sixty acres in Wenham. He 
does not appear to have been a member of the church, to 
which, however, his wife Joanc belonged. She died in 1654 
and he in 1673, leaving a good estate. In 1653 ^^ ^^^ ^^ 
Lancaster to which place he had removed, being among the first 
settlers. John White had the following children : Joanna mar- 

286 



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• BOOK NOTES. 287 

ried Capt. Thomas Fiske ; Elizabeth married Capt. Henry Ker- 
ley and was killed by Indians in 1676; Thomas of Wenham, 
who married Martha and, second, Ruth HafHeld ; Mary married 
Rev. Joseph Rowlandson, was captured by Indians in 1676 and 
left in print an account of her captivity ; Sarah married James 
Hosmer of Concord ; Josiah of Lancaster, married Mary Lewis 
(who d. s. p.) and he married, second, Mary Rice of Marlboro ; 
Hannah married Ensign John Divoll of Lancaster, who was 
killed while defending the Rowlandson garrison house, at which 
time his wife and children were taken into captivity. Savage 
gives a son, John, who is probably supposititious. 

Miss White has printed many wills and abstracts of wills and 
deeds, and has inserted in the book many interesting and valu- 
able prints. The arrangement and typography of the book is 
excellent and its binding, neat and strong. 

The Bemis History and Genealogy Being an Account 
in greater part of the descendants of Joseph Bemis of Water- 
town, Mass., by Col. T. W. Draper, 8 vo., cloth, pp. 287. Col. 
Draper enumerates twenty-two ways in which he has found the 
name spelled, the greatest divergence from the proper spelling 
being " Beman." " Bemics " is also given. Joseph Bemis died 
in Watertown in 1684, having lived there for forty-four years. 
He is said to have been born in 16 19. He took to wife Sarah 
in or before 1642. Sarah Bemis, sister to Joseph, mar- 
ried March 20, 1644-5, William Hagar. 

The author has had considerable experience in compiling 
genealogies, having published several works of like nature, and 
the arrangement adopted in this book has undoubtedly been 
chosen after due consideration. It is, however, not as clear as the 
arrangement advocated by the New England Historic-Genealogi- 
cal Society. The book is a credit to the printer as well as the 
author. 

Marriage Notices i 785-1794 for the Whole United 
States : Copied from the Mass. Centinel and the Columbian Cen- 



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288 BOOK NOTES. 

tinel by Charles Knowles Bolton, 8vo., pp. 139, Salem, 1900. 
Price $2. This valuable record is a reprint from the pages of 
this magazine. The marriage notices are alphabetically arranged, 
with cross references, and will prove very helpful to students of 
family history as they cover a period of migration and imper- 
fect records. 

The Practical Colorist, a Pathfinder for the Artist 
printer, by Frederic M. Sheldon, Imperial 8vo., pp. 233, Bur- 
lington, Vt., 1900. Price, $S. 

The author of this practical book is well qualified from long 
experience and unusual opportunities for observation, to deal 
with the subject. The sub-title is more truly descriptive of the 
work than the leading title. The author has dealt with the 
theory and practice of color effects in printing, and has shown 
the causes by which the effects are produced, and, by means of 
the many charts and simple presentation of the explanation, has 
given the public a valuable guide on the subject aside from its 
especial use to printers. Among the subjects noted at length are 
the use of cuts, three-color work, display advertising, ornaments, 
initial letters and striking effects germane to good job and book 
printing. For this reason the book has especial value to authors 
as well as printers. A large number of beautiful examples of 
color and display work are given. The initial letter of the 
opening chapter is worthy o" an illuminated manuscript of early 
times. 

The Expansion of Russia: Problems of the East and 
Problems of the Far East, by Alfred Rambaud, Senator of 
France, member of the Institute and author of the " History of 
Russia," i2mo., pp. 8-94, Bui'lington, Vt. Price, $1. 

The critical condition in the Far East and the predominant 
part taken by Russia has intensified the interest felt in that won- 
derful empire. The second edition of the great work of Rambaud, 
was crowned in 1883 by the French Academy. Since that day 
the influence of Russia in the East has steadily increased, even 



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BOOK NOTES. 289 

threatening the prestige of Great Britain. Coincident with the 
appearance of the United States as an eastern power, the long 
cherished and well sustained efforts of Pvussia to exploit her Asi- 
atic possessions and increase her influence in the East seem about 
to be rewarded. 

The story of the growth of Russia, her conquests and aims, 
is told by M. Rambaud, who omits more than passing reference 
to the civil and eternal economics of the empire and to palace 
intrigues and national politics. This little volume, printed from 
type, on heavy paper, attractively bound in cloth, tells of results, 
and affords the reader a comprehensive and authoritative history 
of Russia. The views of the author, particularly with regard to 
the diplomacy of Russia, are well worthy the attention of the 
historical scholar and may be accepted without reserve by the 
average reader. The inauguration of the era of oceanic de- -J 

velopment is the beginning of a new history for the Slav, whose >A y 

policy must command the attention of the whole world. i'\ 

The author sketches the evolution of Russian nationality, its I i 

subjection to the Mongols, Its revival after their withdrawal, 
the advance Into Western Europe, the struggles for domination 

in the Balkans, the advance Into Western Asia, the settlement of :| 

Siberia, encroachment upon the Persian and Indian frontiers, and ij 

finally the Interference with Japan and the beginnings of the t 

present upheaval in China. As a reference book, a book equally 
of instruction and pleasure, " The Expansion of Russia," will 
meet the every expectation of readers who do not care for a 
voluminous history, or for the internal policies, palace intrigues, 
and fractional wars of a foreign nation. Every library should 
possess this book. 



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INDEX, VOL. I. 
THE GENEALOGICAL QUARTERLY MAGAZINE. 

[The " Marriage Noticei, whole United States," being arranged 
alphabetically with cross references, arc not indexed.] 



Abbot, 20, 24. 

A.bercromby, 40. 

/Lborn, 15, 16, 17, 19. 

Acton, 248. 

Adams, 41,2,62,137, 41-4, 6, 

73, 230, 50. 
Addington, 43, 247. 
Addison, 247-9. 
Alabama, 87. 
Alden, 71. 
Alemery, 251. 
Alexander, 121, 45, 250, i. 
Alger, 120. 
Allen, 39, 43, 58, 71, 133, 

43-5. 51- 
Allison, 1 19, 
Amada, Spanish, 175. 
Ambrose, 253. 
American names, 103. 
Anderson, 40. 
Andrew, 15, 16, 22. 
Andros, 168, 238. 
Annis, 20. 
Anthony, 237. 
Ap— , 98. 
Archer, 47, 9. 
Archard, 49. 
Arnold, 39, 55, (>■], 128, 32, 

5» 7j 9> 5^- 
Atchiso|n, 43. 
Athay, 41, 3, 4, 248, 9, 
Atkins, 138. 
Atkinson, 125. 
Auger, 119, 20. 
Aulder, 249. 
Austin, 136, 228. 
Avery, 140. 

Babbitt, 235, 6. 

Bacon, 54, 64, 

Sagley, 53, 8, 62. 

Sagnal, 15. 

Sailey, Bayly, i7-i9> 45> ^^^ 

Saker,. 14, i9> n3- 



Balch, 23. 
Ball, 42, 3, 231. 
Ballard, 247. 
Bancks, 50. 
Banfield, 125. 
Bankson, 63, 137. 
Banning, 97. 
Banta, 175. , 

Baptisms, see Great Barring- 
ton, Maryland, Salem. 
Barbadoes, 253. 
Barber, 151. 
Barclay, 41, 2, 6. 
Barer, 119. 
Barker, 143, 247. 
Barnes, 42, 3, 60, 154, 247. 
Barney, 235, 8, 
Barrell, 45. 
Barrett, 41, 57, 64, 6, 127,. 

41-3. 54- 
Barrington, N. S., 72. 
Barronne, 121. 
Barsham, 250. 
Bartlett, 131, 228. 
Barton, 45, 153, 247. 
Bass, 140. 
Batchelder, 18, 37. 
Bateman, 132, 40-6. 
Bates, 151. 
Batter, 120, 5. 
Battis, 22, 
Baits, 249. 
Batty, 248. 
Bauman, 161. 
Baynes, 45, 248, 9. 
Beach, 58, 64, 130. 
Beadle, 17. 

Beall, 40, I, 3, 6, 246, 9. 
Bean, 37-9, 42, 3, 5. 
Becket, 43, 7. 
Beigne, 46. 
Bending, 114. 
Bener, 246. 
Bennet, 65, 118, 26, 252. 



Berkley, 168. 
Berney, 131. 
Berry, 20, 43, 4. 
Bershavvs, Bershears, 44-6. 
Bevens, 63, 246. 
Beverly, Mass., 49, 
Bibliography Pa. genealogy, 

i55> 64, 7. 
Bickford, 20. 
Bickus, 136. 
Bigsby, 17, 60. 
Billings, 168. 
Bingham, 137. 
Birch, see Burch, 247. 
BIrdsall, 48. 

Bishop, 21, 48, 73, 123. 
Bixby, 17, 141. 
Blackburn, 39. 
.^lackleach, 50. 
Blacklock, 249. 
Blackman, 145. 
Blagdel, 37. 
Blake, 43. 
Blanchard, 140, 6. 
Blancped, 103. 
Blaner, 103. 
Blaney, 103. 
Blanford, 237, 47. 
Fi'ss, 63, 14s, 6, 237. 
Blolse, 98, 140. 
Blood, 25. 
Bloss, 99, 141-5. 
Boer War, 175. 
Bonafield, 40. 
Boise, see Boyce, 21. 
Bond, 139. 
Booth, 247. 
Borden, 71, 234, 7. 
Boardman, 35. 
Bosanquet, 177. 
Boston, 16. 

Bostwick, 53, 59-61, 132-9. 
Boswell, 41, 2, 4, 249. 
Bosworth, 124. 






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INDEX, VOL. I. 



Boyce, 15, 21. 

Bowen, 228. 

Bowman, 74, 161. 

Boyken, 14, 

Bradford, 52, 246. 

Bradley, 58, 64, 130, 53. 

Bradstreet, 124. 

Branford, 100. 

Brantford, 237. 

Brawner, 247, 9. 

Brett, 49. 

Brewer, 124. 

Brice, 246. 

Bricket, 125. 

Bridgeman, 98. 

Bridges, 51, 98. 

Briggs, 234-8. 

Brlghtman, 235. 

Bristol, 58, 67, 128. 

Bryan, 44, 71, 249. 

Brook, Brookes, 45, 125, 43, 4. 

Browning, 52, 97, 152. 

Brown, 14, 16-20, 39, 41, 74, 

97, 120, I, 5, 30, 2-4, 

40-7, 253. 
Bruce, 141, 4, 6. 
Buacy, 249. 
Buck, 3 5, i4i-"5» 5~3- 
Buel, 135. 
Buftington, 20. 
Buffum, 14. 
Bulkley, 153, 4. 
Bullard, 252, 3. 
Bullis, 55. 
Bunt, 14, 130. 
Burch, 39, 44, 6, 143, 246. 
Buret, 247. 

Burnetfield, Mass., 61. 
Burcham, 5 i. 
Burghardt,43,57,8, 64,130-9, 

231. 
Burns, 151. 
Burrell, 41, 51. 
Burt, 51, 130, 251, 6. 
Burton, 20. 
Burzce, 54, 8, 60, i 30, 2, 4-9, 

229-3 '• 
Busdick, 1 52, 3. 
Busey, 46. 
Bush, 66, 127. 
Butler, 152, 234. 
Butt, 40. 
Bulterfield, 26, 7. 
Buxton, 14, 1 5, 1 7, 21, 23, 122. 
Buazell, 37. 



Cabot, 



[40. 



Cadwell, 60. 

Cady, 140-6. 

Galium, 23. 

Camp, 74. 

Campbell, 145. 

Canaan, 126. 

Carey, 63. 

Canfield, 132. 

Carlton, 14. 

CaroHnas, 86. 

Carpenter, 98, 123, 51, 44. 

Carrel, Carryl, Carroll, 18, 

19, 21, 70, 144. 
Carrold, 45. 
Carteret, 168. 
Case, 21. 
Cass, 152. 
Castle, 153. 
Catlin, 154. 
Cawood, 39, 4O) 3« 
Cecil, 40. 
Celley, 125. 
Chad well, 20. 
Chaffee, 144. 

Chamberlain, 153, 61, 232. 
Chambers, i3z. 
Chandler, 142, 5. 
Chantes, 136. 
Champernoun, 253. 
Chapin, 154. 
Chapman, 18, 124, 32. 
Charles, 50. 
Chase, 237. 
Chatfield, 128. 
Chester, Del., 158. 
ChevalHcr, 250, 2. 
Chevers, 15, 17, 20. 
Chichester, 47. 
Child, 144. 

Chittenden, 1535 Co.,Vt., 1 50. 
Choate, 37, 151. 
Chubb, 50, 5, 228, 9. 
Church, 129, 46, 52, 231. 
Churchell, 35. 
Cissell, 40. 
Clagett, 41, 246. 
Clark, 21, 37, 8, 43, 61, 120, 

36, 47, 51, 248. 
Ciarkson, 247. 
Classes, 91. 
Clavus, 218. 
Cleland, 246. 
Clements, 41, 2, 251. 
-Cleveland, 53, 66, 128, 33, 

34, 41, 58. 
Clifford, 3 7*, 8. 
Clough, 37, 144. 



Cloyce, 17. 

Club, 39. 

Coburn, 132. 

Cock, 120. 

Coe, Ai. 

Coggswell, 65, 127. 

Coghlen, 248. 

Cohagan, 43. 

Colcord, 37, 8. 

Cole, 45, 118, 50, 2, 3, 4. 

Coleman, 38. 

Collar, 144, 53. 

Collard, 246. 

Colonial Societies, 94. 

Colonial Records of Pa., 155. 

Collins, 22, 38, 42. 

Commings, 146. 

Commonwealth of England, 

176. 
Compstock, 150, 1. 
Conn, 41, 168. • I 
Connecticut settlements in 

Pa., 157. 
Connor, 163. 
Converse, 144, 5. 
Cooper, 151. 
Copy, 112, 
Cook, 16, 18, 19, 21, "2, '48, 

150. 
Cornbury, 168. 
Cornwel, 60. 
Corwethen, 50. 
Cottage, 98. 
Cottes, 21. 
Cotton, 144. 
Covel, 142,4,6, 236. 
Cowee, 151. 
Cowell, 252. 
Cox, 46. 
Crage, 161. 
Craig, 161. 
Cram, 235, 6. 
Crampkin, 41. 
Crawford, 40, 44. 
Crane, 6, 8, 2 3 6, ^"7. 
Cressy, 20. 
Croad, 118. 
Crocker, 18. 
Cromwell, 119, 20. 
Cross, 16, 43. 
Crossman, 57, 64. 
Crout, 161. 
Crow, 46. 
Crowel, 20. 
Crown, 40. 
Crusades, 177. 
Culver, 1 32, 4, 6, 8. 






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INDEX, VOL. I. 



Cunningham, 151. 
Curtin, 40. 

Curtis, 22, 35, 53, 5, 62, 6, 
127-31, 7, 231, 2. 

Daggett, 23. 
. Dandridge, 26. 
Daney, 39. 
Daniclson, 140, 6. 
Danvers, Mass., 93, Marriages, 

14. 
Darby, 23, 228. 
Darney, 45. 
Darrin, 53, 65. 

Dating, old and new style, 148. 
Daton, 6^. 
Davies, 134. 
Daversou, 251. 
Davidson, 71. 
Davis, 43, 131,3,6,8, 52, 234, 

52. 
Day, 41, 5, 140. 
Deal, 17, 249. 
Dealand, 14. 
Dean, 16, 145, 236. 
Deaths in Tauton, 238. 
Deaths in Dighton, 234. 
Deeds, see Essex, Rockinghani, 

etc. 
De Forest, 73. 
Delaware settlements, 157. 
DeLemetter, 62, 131. 
Denton, 230. 
De Peyster, 175. 
Dcming, 35, 6, 152, 247. 
Denison, 74. 
Dennis, 20, 4, 121. 
Dent, 37, 9. 40, 249. 
Derby, 17, 21, 64. 
Derey, 44. 
Devotion, 136. 
Dewes, 123. 
Dewey, 133, 8. 
Dickerman, 144. 
Dickinson, 248. 
Dighton, Mass., 234. 
Diltz, Dilsz, 161. 
Dissrnore, 15, 24. 
Dixon, 146, 248. 
Dod, 42. 

Dodge, 49, 123. « 

Dorrell, 44. 
Douglass, 247.--" 
Dove, 42. 
Dover, N. H., 250. 
Doud, 55. 
Doughty, 14, 21. 
Douglass, 22, 153. "^ 
Dow, 125. 
Downing, 21, 3, 50, 146, 53, 

227, 49. 
Downs, 42. 
Drake, 231. 
Draper, 146. 



Duckett, 43, 6. 

Dudley, 66, 127. 

Dulaney, 249. 

Dunbar, 66, 127. 

Dunning, 247, 8. 

Dunstable, Mass., 25. 

Durfee, 71, 142. 

Duro, 54. 

Dutch, 175; names, 102,3,6; 
records, N. Y., 175; settle- 
ments, 158; church records, 
170. 

D wight, 57, 129, 32. 

Dyer, 19, 39, 247, 9. 

Dykeman, 231. 

Eagins, 232. 

Earns, 154, 

Earl, 57, 71. 

Easeman, 37, 38. 

Eaton, 22, 143, 53. 

Eborne, 121. 

Edecott, 125. 

Edelen, 247, 8. 

Edgar, 249. 

Edminster, 66, 127, 236. 

Edmonds, 15. 

Edson, 129, 30, 7. 

i^^le, 157. 

Egleston, 59, 61. 

Egremont, Mass., 56, 228. 

Eligibility to societies, 89. 

Elison, 16. 

Elkins, 38. 

Elliot, 15, 19, 119, 25. 

Ellinwood, 22. 

El wood, 60. 

Emberson, 42, 3. 

Emerson, 39, 45. 

B^mery, 49, 125, 231. 

E^migrants to I'a., 160. 

Emigration from N, E., 89. 

Endicott, 16, 19, 23, 125. 

Engle, 161. 

English, 103; Sovereigns, 14?; 
names, loo; homes of emi- 
grants, 242. 

Ennis, 60. 

Epes, 23. 

Episcopal records, Mass., 53. 

Esland, 131. 

Essex Institute, 69; Probate, 
ii8r Deeds, 47. 

Estates claimed by Americans, 
244. 

Esty, 20. 

Evans, 23, 39, 40, 147, 235, 8, 
248. 

Everson, 40. 

Everts, 56, 8. 

Faitfield, 123, 5, 46. 
Fairman, 147. 
Falmouth, Me., 52. 



Family records, 239. 

Farechild, 62. 

Farnum, 59, 64. 

Farrington, 23. 

Fasburgh, 127. 

Fay, 153- ^ 

Feaveryeare, 118. 

Fellows, 37, 124. 

Felshaw, 141, 2, 6. 

Feltun, 14, 16, 18, 22, 3. 

Fendale, 45. 

Fenley, 37, 46, 249. 

Fenning, 97. 

Fenwick, 168. 

Ferrell, 44. 

Field, 44, 72, 3, 172, 3, 98.. 

Fifield, 37, 8. 

Film ore, 247. 

Finch, 63. 

Finn, 97, 130. . 

Firman, 141. 

First Meeting House, Salem, 

18, 70, 178. 
Fisk, 19, 48, 122, 23, 40. 
Fitch, 74, 139, 45, 51. 
Flanders, 37. 
Pleming, 230, i . 
Fletcher, 25, 120, 252. 
Flint, 14-21,23,47, 118. 
Fluent, 19. 
Fort, 18. 

Ford (Foord), 39, 40, 1,4,246. 
Forms for recording ancestry, 85. 
Foster, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21. 
Fouillee, 177. 

Fowler, 19, 66, 127, 230, I. 
Fowles, 55. 
Frail, 16, 20. 
Eraser, 44, 138, 247. 
Frasier, 41, 3. 
Fray, 53. 
Frayer, 130. 
Free, 42, 44. 
Freeman, 40, 141, 247. 
Freese, 65, 126, 32, 4, 7. 
French, 18, 20, 6, 37,- 150, 2, 

237, 8. 
Friends records, 170. 
Frimes, 53. 
Prome, 63. 
P^onde, 97. 
Fryar, 252. 
P>y-Ford, 42. 
P'ulford, 57, 67, 128. 
P^uller, 16-20, 98, 145. 
Fur bush, 121. 

Galwith, Galworth, 40, I, 5. 

Ganson, 22. 

Gantle, 45. 

Gardenier, 65, 127. 

Gardner, 19-24. 

Garlick, 54, 8, 129, 35, 54. 

Garvey, 59; 






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INDEX, VOL. I, 



Gates, 98. • 
GaufF, 50. 
Gay, 146. 

Gedney, 48, 9, 121. 
Genealogical serials, 116, 56. 
Genealogies, How to compile, 

75; how to print 75, 109. 
George, 37. 
Germans, 169; names of, 103; 

Emigration of, 159. 
Gerrish, 125, 251. 
Gibbons, 45. 
Gibbs, 40, 246, 9. 
Giddingz, 118, 77. 
Gilber, 65, 126. 
Gilbert, 21, 37, 123, 34, 6. 
Giles, 20, 3. 
Gill, 46, 8. 
Gillingham, 19. 
Gilman, 38. 
Gilsoii, 151. 
Gittine, 41. 
Givens, 146. 
Goddard, 40, 249. 
Godfrey, 235. 
Gold, 17. 
Goldsmith, 123. 
Goldthwaite, 21, 3, 73. 
Golittle, 249. 
Golt, 49. 

Goodale, 15-22, 68. 
Goodhue, 123, 5. 
Goodrich, 60, 132, 229. 
Goodspced, 146. 
Gorham, 87 ; Maine, 82. 
Gose, 135. 

Goshenhoppen, Pa., 176. 
Goss, 66, 127. 

Gott, 125. 

Goud, 54, 131, 3. 

Gould, 15-21, 143. 

Goulding, 232. 

Gowing, 48. 

J affurt, 254. 

Graiiger, 229. 

Grant, 40. 

Graves, 40, 8, 145. 

Great Harrington, Mass ,53, 126, 
227. 

Greeley, 37. 

Green, 14, 17, 23, 57, 65, 126, 
144, 5, 248, 9. 

Gregory, 42, 

Grey, (Gray), 22, 63. 

Griffin, 37. 

Grimes 41, 53, 138. 

Grinslet, 20. 

Groon, 248. 

Grove (Groves), 122. 

Grover, 145, 6. 

Grow, 146. 

Guernsey, 142, 6. 

Guilford, Conn., 168. 

Gun, 131, 6. 



Guppy, 19. 
Guttings, 46. 

Hadcock, 74. 

Hagian, 247. 

Halliock, 232. 

Hall, 62-6, 126-39, 231, 2,251. 

Hambleron, 21. 

Hamilton, 45.—""^" • 

Hamson, 45, 

Handford, 51. 

Handley, 40. 

Hanson, 40, i, 6, 251. 

Harbot, 44. 

Hard, 97. 

Harding, 97. 

Hardy, 39. 

Harenden, 145, 6. 

Harriman, 14. 

Harrington, 14, 151. 

Harris, 247. 

narrower, 176. 

Harson, 18. 

Hart, 150, 74. 

Hartwell, 146. 

Harvey, 44, 6, 55, 234. 

Harwood, 21. 

Haskell, 49, 124. 

Haskins, 234, 6, 7. 

Hathaway, 235-8. 

Hatch, 139, 47, 236. 

Hathorne, 48, 50, 121. 

Hatton, 39, 45, 247. 

Haukins, 43, 247. 

Hawley, 62, 3, 137. 

Hay, 44. 

Haydon, 35. 

Hay ward, 20, 125. 

Head, 55. 

Healet, 37. 

Heard, 251. 

Heasener, 45. 

Hedge, 9S. 

Heffenun, 22. 

Heisler, i6r. 

Heminway, 144. 

Henderson, 246. 

Hendrick, 141, 2. 

Henfield, 24, 

Henley, 1 21. 

Henney, 57. -.^ 

Henssler, 161. / 

Herbert, 20. 

Hereditary societies, 89. ■ 

Herrick, 18. 

Herrington, 14. 

Hersey, 236. 

Hervey, 235. 

Hibbins, 254. 

Hicks, 153. 

Hickok, 56-8, 62, 4, 5, 126, 30, 

2, 4, 7. 
Hier, 36. 
Higgins, 43, 232. 



Higginson, 47, 73. 

Hilton, 39. 

Hill, 20, 120, 34-6, 9, 42, 50. 

Hillerj, 43, 6. 

Hinnery, 143. 

Hinsdale, 61, 4. 

Hobbs, 44. 

Hodge, Hodges, 98, 153. 

Holbrook, 129, 152. 

Holcom, 61. 

Holden, 152. 

Holenbeck, Hollenbeg, 54, 60, 

7, 128, 31, 2, 5, 7, 229, 30. 
Holing, 247. 
Holland, 60, 87, 244,; Society, 

170, 5- 
Holly, 44, 247. 
Holibard, 150, 3. 
Hopley, 254. 
Holman, 23. 
Holt, 66. 

Holton, see Houlton. 
Homer, 143. 
Hooper, 119. 
Hopkins, 247. 
Home, 120. 
Horsford, 150, 4. 
Houck (Houk), 132, 6, 8, 9, 

229. 
Hough, 154. 
Houghton, 146. 
Houlton, 19, 20, 3. 
Howard, 36. 

Howe, 41, 5, 65, 126, 40-7. 
Howes, 74. 

Hubbard, 37, 8, 55, 67, 128. 
Hubbell, 63. 
Hubbs, 61. 
Hugar, 39. 
Huguenots, 103. 
Hulet, 140, 7. 
Humphrey, 119, 21, 2^8. 
Hunckhngs, 250, 1,2. 
flunking, 252. 
Hunsinger, 61. 
Hunt, 41, 5, 60. 
Hunter, 67. 
Huntoon, 38. 
Hurlburt, 35,59, 60, 133. 
Hurley, 39-43- 
Hussey, 252. 
Hutchins, 18, 74, 153. 
Hutchinson, 15, 16, 21, 2,39, 

122, 247. 
Hutten, 123, 3. 
Hyde, 152. 

lUsley, 104. 

Illustrations, Use of in Geneol- 

ogy, 113- 
Indians, 87, 230, I. 
Ingersol, 54, 60, 129-38, 228. 
Ingraham, 64, 5, 127. 
Ingram, 57. 



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INDEX, VOL. I. 



Ink, III. 

Irish, 242 ; names, loi. 

Isbel, 231. 

isham, 150, I _^- — - 

Ives, 123^5.-- 

>^- 
Jackson, 18, 22, 3, 47,"^ 9 

54, 253. 
Jacob (Jacobs), 18, 22, 41. 
Jaquith, 26. 
Jarman, 43. 
Jeffers, 143, 5. 
Jefferson, 43. 
Jeffries, 44. 

Jenkins, 40, 4, 6, 246, 8. 
Jennings, 71, 72. 
Jersey, New, proprietors, 108. 
Jersey, Isle of, names, 103. 
Jervis, 58, 137. 
Jevf'ell, 250, I. 



Knowles, 51. 
Knut, 97. 
Kraut, 161. 

Labaree, 14. 
La Chair, 175. 
133, Lp.man, 138, 229. 
Lambert, 47. 
Lander, 22. 
Land Office, Pa., 161. 
Landres, 28. 
Lane, 253. 

Lanesboro, Mass., 53, 126. 
Langdon, 17. 
Langford, 23. 

Lanham, 41, 2, 3, 6, 246, 8, 9. 
Lankton, 235. 
Lansdale, 42, 5, 247, 8. 
Larey, 44. 
Lassell, 67, 128. 
Latham, 129. 



Johns, 45. ,--:/. 

Johnson, 21,58, 61,6, 127, 36, I-athrop, 121. 

8, 42, 52, 231, 47, 9, 53. Latimer (Lattamore), 28 



Joiner, 60, 228, 9 

Jones, 40-5, 74, 246, 8, 53 

Jose, 250, 3. 

Joslin, i8. 

Joy, 142-6. 

Judd, 22, 73. 

Judkins, 37. 

Kee, 141, 6. 

Keech, 249. 

Keeler, 66, 127, 53, 232. 

Keise, 253. 

Keith, 45. 

Kellogg, 136, 228. 

Kellum, 123. 

Kemble, 232. 

Kennam, 152. 

Kennedy, 176. 

Kent, 57. 

Kenton, Eng., 1 19. 

Kenny, 19, 

Kerley (see Carley), 60. 

Ketcham, 61. 

Kettle, 14, 17, 18. 

Key-charts, 77. 

Keyes, 152. 

Kidnapped children, 242. 

Kidwell, 247. 

Kilborn (Kilburn), 28, 61, 153 

Killingly, Ct., 140. 

Kimball, 16, 22, 6, 47. 

King, 15, 17, 20, I, 2, 3, 40, I, Longley, 39,^4 

4, 5, 6, 82, 121 , 249. Looker, 46. 

Kingston, N. H., 37. 
Kirkham, 28. 

Lothrop, 124. 
. . . Louisiana, 87. 

Knight (Knights), iS, 147,249, Louk, 58, 64. 
50, 2, 3, 18. Lovelace, 41. 

Knott, 97. Lovellow, 253 



Lavit, 231 

Lawrence, 140, 3, 4, 5, 249 
Leach, 73, 122, 45, 6. 
Leader, 253, 4. 
J> Learned, 141, 2, 3. A'' 
Lease, 154. 

Leavens, 140, i, 3, 4, 5, 6. 
Leavensworth, 154. 
Lee, 60, 141, 3, 4, 6, 150. 
Leek, Eng., 246. 
Legrange, 62. 
Legroe, 125. 
Leman, 134, 7. 
Leonard, 71, 142, 6. 
Leverett, 250. 
Lewis, 42, 57, 129, 248, 9. 
Lenox, Mass., 231. 
Libby, 252. 
Lindall, 23, 125. 
Lindsay, 42, 43. 
Lindsey, 54, 227. 
Linscot, 153. 
Linkhom, 235. 
Livingston, 232. 
Lloyd, 44, 247. 
Lobdell, 54. 
Locker, 43, 248, 9. 
Lockwood, 53, 4, 64, 129, 
Loctimore, 39. 
^omis (Lomiss), 66, 121, 7, 8 

39. 227, 89. 
Longfellow, 99. 



50 



Kitchen, 118 
Knap, ^7, 12 



Loomes (see Lomis), 121. 
Lord, 49, 125. 



Loveless, 45. 

Lovett, 25. 

Low, 41, 45. 

Lowdon, 247. 

Lowe, 40. 

Lowrey, 29. 

Lucas, 44. 

Lull, 20. 

Lunt, 125. 

Luscomb, 24, 236. 

Lusk, 29, 35. 

Lutwych, 23, 

Lyndsey, 22. 
,^ Lynn, 39, Mass., 51. 
xLyon, 50, 62, 3, 4, 129, 31, 4. 

flag, 125. 
Maghess, 140. 
Magoon, 37. 

Magruder, 39, 40, 44, 246. 
t- Main, 40. 
Maine, 86, 243. 

Mallery,54, 5, 7, 63, 5, 126, 9, 30. 
Manchester, Mass., 50. 
Manhanc, 247. 
Manley, 41. 
Manning, 253. 
Mansfield, 23, 48, 51. 
Marble, 150. 
Marblehead, 50. 
Marbury, 246, 7. 
March, 147. 
Marriage records, 236, 46. 

See Great Barrington Ep. Ch. 

records, Marblehead, Salem^ 

Maryland, etc. 
Marietta, O., 86, 
Marks, 29. 
Marland, 42. 
Marloy, 248. 
Marriner, 48. 
Marsh, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, i, 2> 

63. 154- 
Marshall, 40, i, 2, 248. 
Marston, 19. 
Martain, 15. 
Martindale, 131, 232. 
Marthcr, 44. 
Marthus, 42. 
Marvel, 236. 
. Maryland marriage records, 39,^ 

246. 
, Mason,- 42, 251. 

Mass. Hist. Soc, 17, 8. 
Massachusetts, 92. 
Masters, 41, 4. 
Maston, 120, 
Masury, 15, 16, 20. 
Mather, 44, 154, 
Maverick, 50. 
May, 144. 
Mayson, 248. 
Mayo, 42. 
Mac, 98. 



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INDEX, VOL. I. 



MacKIenan, 247. 
MacKnew, 247. 
McArthur, 54, 129, 
McCabe, 71. 
McCarter, 121. 
McCasllin, 44. 
McClanan, 41. 
McDamal, 44. 
McEldey, 41. 
McFarland, 130. 
McGill, 41. 
McGravv, 135, 232. 
Mclntire, 15, 6, 9, 22. 
McKennie, 18. 
McKentire, 18. 
McNeil, 152. 

Meaker, 57, 60, 126, 30, 6. 
Meacham, 19, 21. 
Meeting Tiouse, Salem, 126. 
Meiggs, 154. 
Meker, 130. 
Merihew, 151. 
Merritt, 121, 248. 
Merwen, 232. 
Messenger, 39, 64, 228, 9. 
Michel, 45. 
Middleton, 247, 8. 
Mighill, Migill, 42, 143, 4. 
Michigan, 80. 
Milany, 44. 
Miler, 121. 
Millard, 137. 
'-7 Miller, 49, 63, 151, 2, 234. 
Milony, 46, 
Mills, 29. 

Ministers, Plundered, 176. 
Minkler, 60, 129, 33, 4, 7, 8, 

230, I . 
Mitchell, see Mighill, 20, 35, 

45, 6. 
Mocbcr (Mochabey), 44. 
^'offatt, 140, 5, 6. 
Monson, 139. 
Montgomery, 138. 
Moody, 37, 43i 125. 
Moore, More, 43, 58, 9, 63. 
Moorehouse, 151 , 
Moravians, 167, 70. 
Morris, 29, 39, 42, 1,3, 87, 171. 
Morrison, 61, 22S. 
Mortlake, Conn., 61, 144. 
Morton, 152. 
Moseley, 140. 
Moss, 146. 

Moulton, 14, 5, 8, 22, 3. 
Mower, 52, 154. 
Mowsall, 247. 
Mullikin, 40. 
Munger, 63. 
Munro,55. 
Murfey, 62. 
Myatt. 29. 
Myrick, 235, 7, 8. 
Mytinger, 71. 



Names, Authorities on, 107. 

Name, Change cf, 99. 

Names in Pennsylvania, 161. 

Names: 

Represented in families, 105; 
spelled one way, and pro- 
nounced another, 105. 

Narraganset townships, 86. 

Narramore, 144. 

Nash, 43, 13S. 

Naval Pension records, 93. 

Needham, 13, 17, 18. 

Neel (Necls), 229, 31. 

Negro, 34,44, 138. 

Nelson, 16, 152, 251. 

New Canaan, 156. 

New Concord, 55, 126. 

Newell, 132, 54, 236. 

Newfoundland, 48. 

Newhall, 17. 

New Haven, 168. 

Newington, Conn., 28. 

New Jersey Genealogy, 167. 
Counties of, 197. 

Newman, 21. 

Newton, 38, 246, 7. 

New Hampshire, 92; Deeds, 
250. 

New York Probate Records, 175 

Nichols, 15, 23,43,54,70, 235, 

37- 

Nicholson, 41. 

Nicholat, 120. 

Niles, 61. 

Nixon, 71, 246. 

Noal, 248. 

Noble, 60, 134, 5, 228, 48, 9. 

Nobletown, Mass., 53, 126. 

Nokes, 55. 

Nordam, 24S' 

Norman, 120. 

Northay, 40. 

Norton, 41. 

Northrop, 126. 

Norwich, Conn., 147. 

Norwood, 247. 

Notes, how to file, 82. 

Nott, 97. 

N. S. in Rev., 72. 

Novicow, 177. 

Noyce, 131, 5, 7- 

Nourse, 14-16, 23. 

Oaks, 19. 

O'Brien (O'Brvan), 138, 227, 

48. 
Odell, 61, 249. 
Odhner, 158. 
Odiorn, 253. 
Ogden, 41. 
O'Haro, 231. 
O'Hara, 139. 
Ohio, 86,87. 



Olmstead, 136,38. 

Oles, 134. 

Oldridge, 231. 

Oliver, 235. 

Olney, 147. 

Onetherloney, 246. 

Or me, 97. 

Orne (Home), 20, 50, 120. 

Orphans' Courts, (see Pa.) 

Orton, 55. 

Osborne, 20, I, 39-41. 

Osier, 120, i. 

Osufe, 121. 

Otis, 251. 

Overton, 18. 

Owen, 136, 247. 



Padgill, 45. 

Padgett, 42. 

Page, 16, 22, 124. 

Pain, 136. 

Padgill, 45. 

Padgett, 42. '■ 

Page, 16, 22, 124. 

Pain, 136. 

Paires, 44. 

Palfrey, 17. 

Palmer, 249. 

Pammer, 249. 

Paper, in. 

Parks, 141, 6, 7. 

Parkhurst, 144, 6, 233. 

Parnell, 16. 

Parrish, 151. 

Parrots, 23. 

Parsons, 131. 

Partridge, 63, 250, I. 

Pass, 40. 

Past, 61. 

Patch, 125. 

Paul, 147. 235, 6, 7. 

Paust, 15^ 

Payne, 43, 6, 235, 6. 

Peach, 50. 

Pearce, 15. 

Pease, 18. 

Peck, 74. 

Peel, 23. 

Peirce, 15' 

Pendleton, 254. 

Pengry, 124, 5. 

Penn, 86, 7, 92, 168. 

Pennsylvania Genealogy, 155. 

Church and Parish Records, 
163. 

Counties, formation of, 155. 

Names, 161. 

Probate, 162. 

Records, 156. 

Townships, 161. 
Pcnniman, 151. 
Pennman, I5i' 
Pensions and Pensioners, 91, 2. 



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INDEX, VOL. I. 



Perkins, 15, 19, 74, 125, 47, 
150,251. 

Pernn, 143, 4. 

Persons, 34, 137. 

Perry, 66, 127, 39, 45, 6, 228, 
231,2. 

Petherick, 119. 

Peters, 45, 50. 

Petersen, 66, 127. 

Pettit, 60, 64. 
^ Phelps, 8y, 131. 

Philadelphia, 155. 

Philbrick, 37. 
i Phillips, 42, 3, 8, 236. 
t Philemore, 102. 
j Phippen, 15, 17, 23. 

Pickett, 12, 119. 

Pickering, 47. 

Pickman, 49. 

Pickroll, 248. 

Pickworth, 121. 

Pier, 139. 

Pike, 25, 7. 

Piles, 39, 249. 

Piscataway, Md., 39. 

Pitcher, 119. 

Pitman, 119, 253. 

Pitts, 50, 234. 

Pixley, 54, 5, 8, 66, 127, 30, 
134, 229. 

Plasay, 249. 

Plastage, 54. 

Piatt, 58, 60,6, 127. 

Pomfret, Ct., 141. 

Pom ph rev, 45. 

Pooer, 248. 

Poole, 72, 145, 7. 

Pooler, 140. 

Pope, 14, 15, 16, 40, 2, 8. 

Porter, 14, 15, 17, 19, 20, 3,47, 
98, 154, 6. 

Portsmouth, N. ^I., 250. 

Posdick, 59. 

Posey, 45. 

Potter, 20, 98. 

Powell, 56, 65, 126. 

Prater, Prater, 40, 4. 

Pratt, 36. 

Prentice, Prentiss, 73, 4. 

Presbury, 104. 

Prescott, 16, 23, 38. 

Presson, 104, 240. 

Preston, 14, 6, 37, 76, 104, 27, 
140, 77. 

Priest, 140, 5. 

Prin, 40. ; 

Prince, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 2. ■ - 

Prindle, 133. 

Printz, 158. 

Pritchett, 16, 246. 

Privateers, Revolulionar)', 72. 

Probate records, Essex Co., 113; 
Vermont, 150. See under 
localities. 



Proctor, 17, 18, 19, 20, I, 2, 3. 

Providence, R. I., 72. 

Puddington, 104. 

Pudney, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 2. 

Purington, 104, 253. 

Puritans, 176. 

Putnam, 14, 15, 16, 17, iS, 19, 

20, 2, 30, 48, 86, 93, 103, 4, 

22. 
Pye, 248. 

Quakers, 71, 159. 

Queen, 248. 

Queries, 178; how to use, 81. 

Quilter, 124. 

Quimby, 37, 8. 

Rainer, 123. 

Rambaud, 177. 

Rand, 24S. 

Ranne, 143. 

Rantoul, 68. 

Rase, 58, 63,4, 130, 3,4-9. See 

Rose. 
Rawsou, 254, 
Kay, 45, 7, 9, 248. 
Rayn, 251. 
Rnyner, 123. 
Rea, 14, 16, 19, 
Read, 26, 61, 154, 232. 
Readen, 40. 
Reddin, 17. 
Redgway, 45. 
Redknap, 119. 
Redway, 142, 87. 
Reed, 19, 21, 228, 36. 
Reeves, 16, 18, 23.-"-< — 
Rehoboth, Mass., 142, 
Reith, 119. 

Remelee, Remmele, 133, 4, 5. 
Rerkard, 71. 
Resco, 135. 
Reston, 45. 
Revolutionary Privateers, 72; 

Records and rolls, 90, 2, 156; 

Service, 244. 
Reynolds, 152. 
Rex, 49. 
Rhyon, 42. 

Ricard, 45; Riccards, 71, 140. 
Rice, 61. 
Rich, 17. 

Richards, 17, 29, 30, 42. 
Richardson, 22, 4, 43. 
Richman, 143. 
Richmond, 142, 5, 6, 234, 7. 
Richmond, Vt., 150. 
Richaid, 71, 140, 5. 
Riddan, Ridden, 14, 17, 119. 
Ridcout, 43. 
Ridgway, 45, 6. 
Rigges, 247. 
Right, 59. 



Reglcy, 130. 

Riston, 40, 2. 

Rix, 123, 5. 

Roach, 18. 

Roberts, 63,97, 119,21, 41, 3, 6. 

Robertson, 40, 97. 

Robey, 43. 

Robbins, 30, 97, 140, 6, 7. 

Robinson, 22, 42, 97, 136, 42, 

6, 7, 247, 8, 9. 
Robison, 97, 
Robson, 97. 
Robre, 37, 8. 
Rockwell, 129, 232. 
Roff, Roffe, 8, 17. 
Rogers, 17, 22, 72, 228. 
Rollings, 45. 

Roman Catholic Records, 175. 
Root, 152, 4. 
Ropes, 120. 

Roropough, 53, 67, 128. 
Rose, 58, 9, 63, 4, 138, 228, 9, 

30, I. 
Roseboom, 227. 
Rosman, 138, 231. 
Ross, 41, 4. 
Round, 177. • 
Roundy, 17. 
Rowe, 38. 
Rowel, 37, 58. 
Ruck, 48, 121. 
Rumney Marsh, 51. 
Ruse, 59. 
Russell, 22, 30, 56, 74, 140, 3, 

4,56, 153- 
Russia, 177. 
Ryan, 43- 
Ryle, 43. 

Sabin, 141, 4. 

Sackett, 139. 

Sadler, 51. 

Safford, 125. 

Salem, Mass., 47, 68, 178; 

Marriages,i4; Burying places, 

49. 
Salem, N.J. , 168. 
Sailer, Sally, 103. 
Salter, 21, 229, 
Saltonstall, 125.- 
Samplers, 241. 
Sanborn, 37, 8. 
Sanders, 119, 45. 
Sandin, 50. 
Savage, 62, 6, 127, 8. 
Sawyer, 146. 
Saxon names, 102. 
Saxton, 150. 
Scarboro, Me., 120. 
Scam, 45. 

Scribncr, 58, 64, 130, 2, 3, 7, 9. 
Schermerhorn, 132. 
Schlingluft, 161. 



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Schneider, i6i. 

Schreiber, Schryber, i6i. 

Schussler, i6i. 

Seism, 53. 

Scotch-Irish, 86, 103, 159, 242,3. 

Scotch-Irish immigrants, 244. 

Scot, 40, 81, 5, 134. 

Scottish names, 100, i. 

Scottow, 119, 254. 

Scut, 132. 

Seaman, 152, 4. 

Sears, 124. 

Searett, 246. 

Selby, 44, 6. 

Seeley, 55, 230. 
^ Sellick, 253. 

Seley, 63, 129, 33, 5, 7, 8. 

Senacas, 87. 

Scverns, 37, 124. 

Seymour, 30, 6. 

Sharp, 53, 130, 3, 4, 68. 

Sharett, 246. 

Shattuck, 118. 

Shaw, 21, 139, 76. 

Shay's Rebellion, 233. 

Sheafe, 97. 

Sheffield, Mass., 227; bapt., 54. 

Sheldon, 16, 120, 54. 

Shelston, 248. 

Shepard, 144. 

Shepley, 48. 

Sherburne, 252. 

Sherman, 56. 

Sherwood, 44. 

Shewfell, 57. 

Shipbuilding, 1694, 252. 

Shirt, 253. 

Shissler, 161. 

Shoals, Isle of, 253. 

Short, 39, 44, 125, 

Shortridge, 252. 

Shove, 234, 5, 7. 

Shriver, 161. 

Sibley, 16, 122. 

Silsby, 118. 

Simonds, 17, 20. 

Simons, 144. 

Simpson, 40, i, 2, 3, 5, 6. 
'^'''Sinclear, Sinklar, 42, 154. 

Singer, 138. 

Sints, 137. 

Skerry, 47, 89. 

Sleeper, 251. 

Slinglief, 161. 

Slocum, 251. 

Small, 16, 18, 122. 

Smallwood, 40, 2, 248. 

Srnedley, 61, 154. 

Smith, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 2, 
3, 30, 5, 41,4, 53, 8, 61, 7, 
128, 46, 51, 2, 3, 4, 231, 

2, 5-9- 
Sommers, 44. 
Snider, 161. 



Snow, 16. 

Soaper, 43. 

Soper, 41, 4, 5, 6. 

Sommers, 44. 

Soul, 135. 

South, 229. 

Southwick, 17, 19, 20, 2, 3, 104. 

Spalding, 54, 142, 4. 

Sparks, 173. 

Spencertown, Mass., 61. 

Spigornell, 98. 

Spofford, 153. 

Spoomer, 121. 

Spoor, 54, 57, 8, 129, 31, 229, 

230. 
Sprague, 137, 44, 54. 
Sprigg, 44- 
Spring, 98. 
Squier, 30. 
Squire, 63. 

Stacy, 16, 1 7, 1 9, 22, 24, 50, 1 24. 
Stackhouse, 123. 
Stanley, 22. 
Star, 153, 
Statia, 59. 
Stations, 44. 
Stedman, 64. 
Steel, 30^ 152. 
Sleeper, 37, 8. 
St. Johns, Md., Parish Records, 

39, 246. 
Steinbernir, 161. 
Stephantown bapt., 61. 
Steroart, 44, 5. 
Stewart, 22, 40,2, 3,58, 130. 
Stevens, 25,37,56,237,47, 8. 
Stileman, 254. 
Stiles, 140. 
Still well, 131. 
Stimsom, 21. 
Stockbridge, Mass., bapt., 55, 

230. 
Stockman, 37. 
Stockwell, 37. 
Stoddard, 31, 230, 247. 
Stone, 17, 42, 55, 66, 127, 34, 

5, 7,9, 151,230, I, 2. 
Stoneburner, 161. 
Stonestreet, 246. 
Stoning, 20. 
Strange, 236. 
Street, 98. 
Streeter, 70, 98, 144. 
Strong, 153, 4. 
Strowbridge, 235. 
Stoll, 161. 
Stull, 161. 
Stuart, 15. 

Sudbury, Mass., 232. 
Suit, 44, 5, 247. 
Summers, 45. 
Sumner, 145. 
Suratt, 248. 
Surnames, 96. 



Swayne, 39. 

Sweat, 37. 

Swedes in N. J., 170, i. 

Swedish Settlements in Arrer- 

ica, 158. 
Sweringer, 42. 

Swinnerton, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 2, 
Symonds, 250. . 

Tabbs, 237. 

Taburs, 248. 

Talber, 249. 

Talbott, 41, 3, 6. 

Talbutt, 234, 47, 9. 

Tape, 46. 

Tapley, 14, 15. 

Tappon, 125. 

Tarbell, 15. 

Tarbox, 20. 

Tarlton, 40. 

Tarman, 44. 

Tasker, 247. 

Taunton, Mass., 234. 

Taro, 248. 

Taylor, 18, 23, 5, 42, 4, 51, 2, 

150, I, 2, 4, 228. 
Tell, 61,237. 

Terringham, Mass., baptisms, 55. 
Terry, 234, 52, 3. 
Terrill, 248. 
Thingey, 249. 
Thomkins, 248. 
Thomas, 43, 97, 248, 9. 
Thomson, 97. 
"Thompson, 41, 2, 3, 97, 141. 

52,4. 
Thralls, 40, 2. 
Thorn, 40, 2, 248. 
Tichenor, 154. 
Tilton, 251. 
Tinkham, 235. 
Tippett, 41, 249. 
Tisdale, 235, 6. 
Tobey, 234, 6, 7. 
Togood, 44. 
Tolbert, 249. 
Tolcutt, 152. ' 
Toles, 56. 
Tolson, 248. 
Tomkins, 97. 
Tompkinson, 97. 
Tonaly, 248. 
Tonkins, 97. 
Tonks, 97. 
Torrey, 141. 
Torrington, 131. 
Town, 16. 
Towne, 144. 
Townsend, 42. 51. 
Towsey, 230. 
Towsley, 56. 
Tradition, 239. 
Trask, 18,20, 1, 2, 3, 121, 3- 
Traut, 161. 



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INDEX, VOL. I. 



Treat, i68. 
Treman, 137, 9. 
Trout, 161. 
Trow, 21. 
Tubbs, 151, 234. 
Tuck, 49. 

Tucker, 38,42, 119, 254. 
t Turner, 43, 249. 
Tuttle, 251. 

Twiss, 14, 15, 16, 21, 2. 
Twist, 17, 19, 21. 
Tyng, 124. 
Tyler, 24, 134. 
Tyke, 112. 

Wach, 249. 

Wade, 39, 123, 46, 249. 

Wadley, 250. 

"Wadleigh, 37. 

Wainwright, 123, 5, 33,7,9. 

Walcott, 122. 

Waldron, 235. 

Walford, 250. 

Walker, 42, 59, 119, 30, 237, 48. 
^ Wall, 98, 153, 251. 
' Wallis, 22, 152. 

Walter, 97, 139. 

Walters, 44, 97. 

Walton, 50, 121. 

Wans, 46. 
■Ward, 39, 48. 

Ware, 249. 

Waring, 46. 

Warn, 59, 65, 126, 227, 8, 9. 

Warner, 32, 53, 6, 9, 135, 51. 

Warren 140, 52. 

Washburn, 235. 

Washington, 43, 72. 

Waters, 15, 18, 19,21, 2, 3, 46, 
71, 140, 4. 

Watkins, 97. 

Watkinson, 97. 

Watson, 37, 49, 97, 228, 9, 35. 

Wattel, 124. 

Walter, 97. 

Watts, 97. 

Waugh, 41. 

Waymouth, 253. 

Weaker, 65. 

Weaver, 32, 45>7i. 9S, 236. 

Webb, 23, 249. 

Webster, 37, 8, 9, 40, 4, 5, 152, 
227, 8, 47, 9. 

Weden, 41. 

Wedgeworth, 40. 

Welch, 37, 42. 

Weld, 144. 

Welden, 132, 232. 

Weller, 67. 



Welles, 32, 3. 

Welsh names, loi. 

Weltch, 58. 

Wenham, Mass., 48, 9. 

Wentworth, 34. 

Wert, 161. 

West, 51. 

Westgate, 71. 

Westinghouses, 61. 

West Jersey, 171. 

Westover, 54, 9. 

Weyman, 18. 

Whalin, 60, 2, 7, 128. 

Whaples, 32. 

Wheat, 42. 

Wheeler, 56, 60, 246, 7, 8. 

Wheet, 44. 

Whepley 230. 

Whipple, 15, 19, 20, 81, 118. 

Whitaker, 20. 

W^hitamore, 19, 20, 39. 

Whitcomb, 152, 3. 

White, 16, 43, 5, 67, 123, 5, 

128, 30, 44, 53. 
Whiting, 136. 
Whittlesey, 33. 
Whitlock, 65, 126, 231. 
Whitmore, 43, 140, 4-7, 249. 
Whitney, 46, 53. 
Wiat, 124. 
Wig, Wigg, 43, 97. 
Wigfield, 40. 
Wiles, 124, 236. 
Wilet, 119. 
Wilice, 119. 
Wilkins, 20-3. 
Wilkinson, 246. 
Willard, 33, 62, 131, 53. 
Willcoxon, 39. 
Wilier, 128. 
Willett, 44. 
Williams, 15,41, 3, 5, 65, 126, 

30, 40, 2, 6, 53, 234, 8, 49- 
Williamstown, Mass., baptisms, 

61. 
Willing, 45, 249. 
Wilson, 18, 40, I, 2, 4, 5, 55, 

62, 140, I, 3-7,53, 74. 231. 
Wilton, 131, 3. 
Wilnorth, 4I. 
Winchell, 33, 229. 
Wincoll, 120.' 
Winn, 248. 
Winter, 51, 141, 4, 5. 
Winslow, 37, 151, 234, 8. 
Winsor, 175. 
Winston, 65, 131. 
Wirt, 45. 
Wirtbeck, 138. 



Wise, 40, 1,2, 6. 
Wis. Hist. Soc, 176. 
Wolcot, 53, 9, 130, 228. 
Wood, 41, 129,45, 236. 
Woodbridge, 125, 230. 
Woodbury, 125. 
Woodcock, 65, 126. 
Wooden, 18, 19. 
Wolcott, 33, 4. 
Wolcott, Vt., 152. 
Woodmancy, 20. 
Woodstock, Ct., 141. 
Woodward, 55, 128. 
Woodworth, 153. 
Woody, 47. 
Wormer, 133, 7, 231. 
Woit, 161. 
Woster, 57, 62, 4. 
Wright, 34, 236. 
Wyman, 151. 



Valkenburgh, 66. 

Van Deusen, 54, 8, 66, 7, 127, 

8,31. 3-9- 
Van Gilder, 130, i, 228, 9. 
Van Huyck, 136, see Hank. 
Van Rensselaer, 52. 
Van Valkenburgh, 62, 3, 6, 128, 

26, 33. 
Van Vleck, 175. 
Vaughan, 130, 228. 
Vebey, 22. 
Velum, 44. 
Vener, 18. 
Venney, 14. 
Venning, 119. 
Veren, 118, 20, 21. 
Vermaz, 49. 

Vermian, Vermilion, 40, 3, 6. 
Vernidion, 43. 
Vernon, 43. 
Very, 15, 20, 2, 3. 
Vinson, 121. 

Virginia, 86, 7, 176, 243. 
Volkenburgh, 133. 
Vermont, 150; Antiq. Soc, 108. 



Yale, 253. 
Yarmouth, N. S., 72. 
Young, 37, 41, 2,59, 147- 
Younglove, 133, 8, 9, 228, 9. 



Underwood, 42. 
Upland, 158. 
Upton, 14, 16, 21,43. 
Urgurt, 45. 



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